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2006 international-plumbing-code
2006 international-plumbing-code
2006 international-plumbing-code
2006 international-plumbing-code
2006 international-plumbing-code
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2006 international-plumbing-code

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  • 1. s, i b A Member of the International Code Familya NTERNAT 0N AL $EL :;T ;:
  • 2. 2006 International Plumbing Code? First Printing: January 2006 Second Plintilig: March 2006 ISBN-1 3: 978- 1-58001-259-1 (soft-cover) ISBN- I 0: 1-58001 -259-0 (soft-cover) ISBN- 13: 978- 158001-258-4 (loose-leal) ISBN- 10: 1-58001-258-2 (loose-leaf] ISBN-] 3: 978- 1-58001-307-9 (e-document) ISBN- 10: 1-58001-307-4 (e-document) COPYRIGHT6 2006 by INTERNATJOYAL CODE COUNCIL, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This 2006 6zto-1~atioizal Pluuzbitzg Codeo is a copyrighted work owncd by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance wrjtten permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book rliay be rcprocluccd, distributed, or transmitted inany formorby any means, including, without limitation, electronic, opticalor mccha~lical mcans (by way ofexamplc, and not limitation2photocopying, or recording by or in an information storage retrieval system). For information on permission to use, please contact: Publications, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, L 60478-5795. L copy rnatcrial cxccecling Pho~lc1-888-LCC-SAFE (432-7233). 'li-ade~narlia:"International Code Council," the "Tnternational Code Council" logo and the "lntcrnational P1~111lblng Codc" arc trademark3 of the Intcmatlonal Code Council. tnc. PRINTED IN THE U.S.A
  • 3. PREFACE Introduction Internationally, codc officials recognize the need for a modern, up-to-date plumbing code addressing tlie design and installation of plumbing systctns thnjugh requirements emphasizing performance. The Ir'ten7ationc~lPlr~mbirigCoclele", this 2006 edition. is in designed to meet thcse nccds through ~nodcl codc regulations that safeguard the public health and safcty in all conlmunitics. large and small.. 'l'his comprchensivc plumbing code establishes minimum regulations for plumbing systems using prcscriptive and performancc-relatcd provisions, It is founded on broad-based principles that makc possible the use of new tnatcrials and ncw plumbing dcsigns. This 2006 edition is fully compatible with all the 11itenzci.tioilal code.^'" (I-Codes") published by the 1nternation;ll Codc Buildirzg CodeG), ICC Electriccrl Codecn, Irzter-riutionnl Erzer<yy(70~7.sc~r~,crtim Co~lc~~'), Council (ICC)", including thc Ir~fen~u?iorlnl Ir~ter7zc~tiorrrrl E.vistir~g Building Codcw",rzten~ationalFire C,'odeCD, hzterriationtrl Fuel Gus Coele@, Inter.r7.utior~ul Mec.hnrziccl1 C,'o(jc~'!~, 1CC Pe:r:fiirrr~(~rice h~tenzc~tional Privcrte Sc~wc~gr Di.spo,sal Code'!;,Irztmzc~tiorinlProperty Mc~irrrer~crr~ce Code"', 61terrlntior~trl Resitkiriic~lCodc~",lrzterrlatiol1al M'ildland-(JrDarl lrltet-fhre Coclc~'"and hzter-r~atiorzal Zoning Corie"'. Thc Intrrriertio~iul Plrrnzbirzg Code provisions provide Inany benefits, among which is thc niodcl codc devclopmci~t process that professionals to discuss performance and prescriptive codc requirerncnts. This fomm offers an intcniational forum for plu~nbing providcs a n exczllcrrt arena to debate proposeti revisiorrs. This model code also encourages international consistency in thc application of provisions. Development The first cdition of the lr~ter-rlationul Plct~rzhi~~g (1995) was the culmination of an effort initiated in I994 by a dcvcloplncnt Colf~ coiil~nittcc appointcd by the ICC and consisting of representatives of the three statutory members of the International Cotic Council of at that time, including: Building Officials and Codc Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA), International Co~lfercnce Building Officials (1CB0) and Southcm Building Codc Congress International (SBCCI). Thc intcnt was to draft a comprchensivc set of codes. Technical content of thc regulations for plurnbing systenls consistent with and inclusive of thc scope of the existing n~odel latest ]nodel codes pronlulgated by BOCA, ICBO and SBCCl was utilized as tlie basis for thc devclopnicnt. This 2006 edition prcscnts the code as origi~lally issued, with changes as reflected i n the subsequent editions through 2003 ane with changes approved through the ICC Codc Development Proccss through 2005. A new edition such as this is promulgated every three years. 'l'his codc is foundcd on principles intcnded to establish provisions consistent with the scope of a plumbing code that adcc]uately protccts public hcalth. safety and welfare; provisions that do not unnecessarily increasc constluction costs; provisions that do not rcstrict thc usc of new materials, products or methods of construction; and provisions that do not give preferential trcatnlcnt to particular typcs or classes of materials, products or methods of construction. Adoption Thc Irzrer~rz~~tio~~al Pl~inlhirigCmle is available for adoptio~r use by jurisdictions internationally. Its use within a go!ernmcntal and jurisdiction is intcndctl to be acco~nplishcd through adoption by reference in accordance with proceedings cstablisliing the jurisdicinsert the appropriate inforniation in provisions requiring specific local tion's laws. At thc time of adoption, jurisdictions sho~rld c thc These locations arc shown in braclcctcd words in small capital lcttcrs in information, s ~ ~ ash name of thc adopting jurisdictioi~. the cotlc and in the sample ordinancc. The sample adoption ordinance on page v addresses several licy elements of a code adoption ordinance. including the information rcttuired for insertion into thc codc text. Maintenance The I~zt~rr~c~tiorral Pl1~1rzbir1g Code is kept up to date through thc review of proposed changcs submitted by codc enSo~-cing officials, industry rcprescntatives, design professionals and other interested parties. Proposed changes are carefully cvnsidcrcrt through an open codc dcvelopnient proccss in which all interested and affected parties may participate. botly that The content.; of this work are subject to change both through the Code Development Cycles and the governmc~ltal enact.; the code into law. For nlorc information regal-ding ~ h code dcvelopnient process. contact the Code and Standard Devclopc mcnt Departnlent of the International Code Council. While the dcvelopmcnt proccdurc of the lrlfer.tzatiolla1Pl~nnbingCode ensurcs thc highest ckgrec of care, ICC and ICC's Incmbers and those participating in the de.elopment of this code do not accept any liability resulting from compliance or nonconipliancc with thc pl-cwisions,since ICC and its members do not have the power or authority to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this codc. Only the goverriniental body that enacts thc code into law has such authority. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 4. Letter Designations in Front sf Section Numbers In cach codc dcveloprrlent cycle, proposed changes to the code arc considered at the Code Developmen1 Hearings by the ICC Plu~nbing Codc Developnient Committee, whose action constitutcs arecommendation to the voting ruelllbership for final action on the proposed change. Proposcd changes to acode section that has a nunher beginning with a letter in brackcts are considered by a code sections that have [B] in front of them (c.g. IB] diffcrcnt code dcvclopment committee. For example, proposcd changes tc~ 300.1,) are considered by thc ICC Building Code Development Committee at the code development hearings. are The content of sections in this code that bcgin with a letterdesig~~ation maintained by another codc developnicnt commitlec in accordance with thc following: IB] [El (FI IM I = International Building Code Development Committee; = I~~tcrrlatiol~al Energy Conservation Code Development Committee: = International Fire Code Development Committee: = International Mechanical Code Dceloptnent Committee. Marginal Markings Solid vcr~ical lincs in thc margins within thc body of the code indicate a technical change from the requirements of the 2003 cdition. Deletion indicators in the form of an arrow ( I ) areprovidcd in the margin whcre an entire section, paragraph. cxccption or table ) has been delctcd or an item in a list of items or a table has been deleted. 2006 lNTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 5. ORDINANCE 'The I~~ter-rrcrtiotlal C'oclc..~ dcsigncd and pr~u~n~~lgatedadopted by refercnce by ordinancc. Jurisdictions wishing to adopt the arc to be 2006 hitc.rrtatio~tulPI~rnzOir~g Code as an enforceable regulation governing plumbing systems s h o ~ ~ensure that ccrtain factual ld ir~formation included in the adopting ordinancc at the time adoption is being considered by the appropriale govcrnmcntal body. is Thc following sample adoption ordinancc addresse,~ several key elements of a codc adoption ordinancc. including the ir~fornlation rcquircd tor insertion into the code text. SAMPLE ORDINANCE FOR ADOPTION OF THE INTERNABlONAL PLUMBING CODE ORDlNANCE NO. An ordinance of the [JURISDICTION1adopting the 2006 cdition of thc Iirler~zarionulPlrlr~zOirlg Code. regulating and governing thc design, construction. quality of materials, erection, installation, alteration, rcpair, location. relocation, rcplaccmcnt. addition to, use or niaintcnancc of plumbing systc~i~s the [JURISDICTION]: providing for the issaancc of permits and collection of fees therefor; in of the [JURISDICTION]and all other ordinances a n d p m s of the ordinances in conflict therewith. repealing Ordinance No. 7'hc [GOVERNING BODY] of the [JURISDICTION] does ordain as follows: Scction I .That a certain document, three (3) copies of which are on file in the office of the [TITLE OF JURISDICTION'S KEEPER OF RECORDS] of [NAME OF JURISDICTION]. being marked and designated as the Internotioilc~lPl~triibitzg Code, 2006 cdition, including .4ppcndix Chapters [FILL IN THE APPENDIX CHAPTERS BEING ADOPTED], as p~iblished the international Code Council, be and is by the licreby adoptedas the Plumbing Code of the [JURISDICTION], in the State of [STATENAME] rcgulating and govcr~~ing design, construction. quality of materials, crcction, installation, alteration, repair, location, relocation, replaccmcnt, addition to, usc or maintcnancc of plumbing systems as hcrein provided: providing for-the issuance of pernlits and collection of fecs thcrcfor; and cach and all of the regulations, provisions, penalties, conditions and tcmis of said Plumbing Code on file in the office of the [JURISDICTION] :Ire hcrcby rcfcrrcd to, adopted, and made a part hereof, as if Sully sct out in this ordinance, with ihcadditions. insertions, clelctions and changes. if any, prescribed in Section 2 of this ordinance. Section 2. The following sections arc hereby rcvised: Section 10 1.1. insert: [NAME OF JURISDICTION] Scction 106.6.2. Insert: [APPROPRIATE SCHEDULE] Section 106.6.3. Insert: [PERCENTAGES IN TWO LOCATIONS] Section 108.4. Insert: [OFFENSE, DOLLAR AMOUNT, NUMBER OF DAYS] Scction 108.5. Insert: [DOLLAR AMOUNT IN TWO LOCATIONS] Section 305.6.1. Inscrt: [NUMBER OF INCHES IN TWO LOCATIONS] Scction 904.1. Insert: [NUMBER OF INCHES] Section 3. That Ordinancc No. of [JURISDICTION] entitled [FILL IN HERE THE COMPLETE TITLE OF THE ORDINANCE OR ORDINANCES IN EFFECT AT THE PRESENTTIME SO THATTHEY WILL BE REPEALED BY DEFINITE MENTION] and all othcr ordi~lances or parts of ordinances in conflict herewith are hereby repealed. Section 4. 'That if any section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this ordinance is. for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affcct the validity of the remaining portions of this ordinance. The [GOVERNING BODY] hcreby dcclarcs that it would havepasscd this ordinance, and each scction. subsection, clause or phrase thereof, irrespective of the Pact that any one or morc sections, subsections. sentences, clauscs and phrascs be dcclared ~~nconstitutional. Section 5. That nothing in this ordinancc or in tile Plumbing Code hcreby adopted shall be constn~cd affcct any suit or-proceeding to impending in any court, or auy rights acquired, or liability incurred, or any cause or causes of action acquired orcxistinp, under any or act or ordinancc hcrehy 1.epea1'd as cited in Section 3 ofthis ordinancc; nor sliall any j u a ~ legal right or rerncdy of ally character be lost, impaircd or affected by this ordinance. Section 6. That the [JURISDICTION'S KEEPER OF RECORDS] is hereby ordercd and directed to cause this o~dinancc bc published. lo arid (An additional provision may be required to dircct the number of times the ordinancc is to bc p~~blishctL to specify that it is to bc in a ncwspapcr in gcncral circulation. Posting may also be rcquircd.) Section 7. That this ordinancc and thc rules, regulations, provisions, rcquirc~~ients, orders and matters cstablishcd and acloptcd hcreby shall take effcct and be in full force and effect [TIME PERIOD] from and after the date of its final passage and adoption. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ v
  • 6. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 7. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTEIP 1 Section ...............1 405 Installation of Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 406 ADMINISTRATION Automatic Clothes Washers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 101 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 407 Bathtubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 102 Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 408 Bidets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 103 104 I>eparttnent of IJlunibing Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Dutics and Powers of the Code Official . . . . . . . . . 2 409 410 Dishwashing hlachincs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Drinking Fountains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .?O Emergency Showers and Eyewash Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Pcrmits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Inspections and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Floor and Trench Drains Food Waste Grinder Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Garbage Can Washcrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lau11cl1-y Trays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Mcails of Appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 .................... Lavatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 CIIAPTEH 2 DEFINITIONS 9 Scctioii 201 Gencral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 102 General Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Water Closets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 ....... CMAPTEK 3 GENERAL. REGULATIONS 17 Section 301 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 302 Exclusio~l Materials Dctrilr~cntal of to the Scwcr System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 303 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 305 306 Trenching. Excavation 2nd R;~ckfill. . . . . . . . . . . 1S 307 308 Structllral Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Piping Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 309 Flood Hazard Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 10 3 11 3 12 3 13 and Toilet Room Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Toilet Facilities for Workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Tests and Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Equipinent Efficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 -I -- 3 14 Condcnsatc Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Whirlpool Bathtubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 . Health Care Fixtures and 13yuipme11t . . . . . . . . . 32 Specialty Plumbing Fixturcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Faucets and Other Fixturc Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Flushing Devices for Watcr Closets and Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Manual Food and Beverage Dispensing Equipinelit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Rodcntproofing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Prolcction of Pipes and I'lunlbing Systc~ii Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 303 CtlAP'SEP< 4 FIX'I'UREY. FAUCETS AND FTX'FURE FITTINGS .............25 Scction 401 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 402 Fixture Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 403 Minimllrn Plulnbing Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 404 Accessible Plumbing Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ .................... Floor Siriks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 CHAPTER 5 WATER HEATERS ...............35 Section 501 Gcneral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 502 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 503 504 505 Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Safety Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 CHAPTER 6 WXCEK SUPPLY A h U 1)ISTRIIRUTION ..................37 Section 601 Gcneral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 602 Water Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 603 604 Water Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Design of Building Watcr Distribution Systein . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Mntcrials, Joints and Conncctioiis . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 605
  • 8. TABLE OF CONTENTS lnstallntion of thc Building Water Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Com~llon Vcnt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Hot Water Supply System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Waste Slack Vent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Protection of Potable Water Supply . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Health Care Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Disinfccliorr of Potable Watcr System . . . . . . . . . 51 Drinking Watcr Trcatrnent Urlits . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Solar Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1 Temperature Control Devices and Valvcs . . . . . . 5 1 CHAPTER 7 SANITARY DKAINAGE ........... 53 Scction 701 Gcneral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 702 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 703 Building Sewcr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 704 705 Drainagc Piping Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 706 Conncctions Between Drainage Piping and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 707 Prohibited Joints and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 708 709 Cleanouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Fixture Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 7 10 Drainage System Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Oft-sets in Drainage Piping in Buildings of Fivc Stories or More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 711 Wet Venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Circuit Venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Comhinntion Drain And Vent System . . . . . . . . . 72 Island Fixturc Ventiilg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Relief Vents-Stacks of More Than 10 Branch Intcrvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 Vents for Stack Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Vent Pipc Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Air Admittance Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Engineered Vent Systcins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Colnputcrized Vent Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 CHAPTER 10 TRAPS. INTEIZCEPTOKS AND SEPARATORS ................... 77 Section I001 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 1002 Trap Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 1003 Interceptors and Separators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 1004 Materials. Joints and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE ..............81 Section 7 12 7 13 Sumps and E-jectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 I101 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Mcalth Carc Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 1 102 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 7 14 7 15 Computcrizcd Drainage Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 1103 Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 Backwater Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 CHAPTER 8 Scction INUIKEGT/SPECIAL WASTE .....67 1104 Conductors and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X2 1105 Roof Drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 1106 Size of Conductors. Leaders and Storm Drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 801 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 1107 Secondary (Emergency) RooT Drains . . . . . . . . . . 89 $02 Indirect Wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Spccial Wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Materials. J o ~ n t s Conncctions . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 and 1108 Combined Sanitary and Storm Systcrn . . . . . . . . . 00 803 804 .......................... CIIAVTEK 9 VENTS 69 Section 901 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 002 R/laterials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 ?03 Oucdoor Vent Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 904 Vcnt Tcr~liinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 . 905 Vent Co~lncctionc and Gradcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 906 Fixlure Vcnts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 007 Individual Vcnt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 1109 Valucs for Continuous Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 1 110 Controlled Flow Roof Drain Systcn~s. . . . . . . . . 90 11 1 1 Subsoil Drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 11 12 Building Subdrains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 1 1 13 Sumps arrd Pumping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .00 CHAPTER 12 SPECIAI, PIPING AN11 STORAGE SYSTEMS ............. 91 Section 1201 Gencr-al. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 1202 Medical Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91 1203 Oxygen Systcins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 9. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTISR 13 REFERENCED STANDARDS ......93 APPEKDIX A PCliiMBING PEIZMIT FEE SCI-IEDULE 101 Permit Issunticc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Unit Fcc Schcdulc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Othcr Inspections and Fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 ..................... APPENIIIX B RATES OF WAINF'A1.I. FOR 'AKIOUS CITIES ...............103 APPENDIX C GRAY WATER KECYCI. ING SYSTEMS 105 Scc~ion C101 Cicncrnl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 C 102 Systems for Flushing Water Closets and Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 C103 Subsurface Landcape Irrigation Systems . . . . 106 ...................... APPENDIX D DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN TEhlPER.4TURES ............... 111 APPKNDIX E SIZING OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM .......................117 Section El01 Gcncral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 El 0 2 Information Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 E l 0 3 Selection of Pipe Slzc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 E201 Selection of Pipe Si7e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 ......... APPENDIX F STKIJCTCWAI. SAFETY 137 Section FIOI Culting . Notching and Boring in Wood Mcinbcrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 APPENIlIX G VACIJIJMDRAINAGE SYSTERI INDEX ..139 ....................................... 141 2006 lNTERMATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 10. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE^
  • 11. CHAPTER 4 ADMINIISBRATION SECTION 101 GENERAL The owncr or the owncr's dcsignatcd agent shall be responsible for ~naintcnanccof plumbing systcms. To clctcrminc con>101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as thc h~trr-r~o- pliance with this provision. the code official shall h a w the authority to rcquire any plumbing systc~n bc rcinspccted. to tiolzal Phlrnhing Code of [ N A h E OF SURISDICTIOh] hereinafter refcrrcd to as "this codc." 102.4 Additions, alterations or repairs. Additions, altcrations, renovations or repairs to any plumbing system shall 101.2 Scope. The provisions of this code shall apply to the confonn to that requircd for a ncw plumbing system without erection, installation. alteration, rcpitirs, relocation, replacerequiring the cxis~ing plumbing systcm to coinply with all thc ment, addition to, use or ~iiaintenanccof plu~nbingsystcms requirements of this code. Additions. alterations or repairs within this jurisdiction. This codc shall also regulate nonflamshall not cause an existing system to become unsafe, illsanitary lnablc medical gas, inhalation anesthetic. vacuum piping, or overloaded. nonmedical oxygen systems and sanitary and condensate vacuum collection systcms. 7'he installation of fucl gas distribuMinor additions, alterations. renovations and repairs to tion piping and ecluipment. fuel-gas-fircd water heaters ant1 water hcater venting systems shall be regulated by thc I~zter~iu- existing pluinbing systems shall be pcrmittcd in the same manncr and arrangement as in the cxisting SYS~CITI, - O Y thatC ~ J I ~ ~ rio~iul F~1c.lC;o.s Code. Provisions in the ztppcndiccs shall not such rcpairs or rcplacenicnt are not hazardous and are apply unless specifically adopted. approved. Exception: Detached onc- and two-family dwellings and 102.5 Chailge in occupancy. It shall be unlawful to make any multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not morc change in the occupancy of any structure that will subjcct the than thrcc stories high with separate means of egress and approval shall corr~plywith the 111rm1n- structure to any special provision of this codc witho~it their accessory struct~~rcs of thc codc official. Thc code official shall certify that such iio~lal Reside~ziiulCode'. e structure meets the intent OF the provisions of law govcrninp 101.3 Intent. Thc DurDose of t h ~ code is to ~ r o v i d e s miniinurn building construction for thc proposed ncw occupancy and that standartls to safegllarcl lifc or limb, health, pl-uperty and public such changc of occupancy does not rcsult in any hazard to thc wclfr~rc regulating and controlling the design, construction, by public health. safcty or welfare. inslallation, quality of materials, location, operation and maintenance or LISC of plumbing ccluiyment and systcms. 102.6 Historic buildings. The provisions of this code relating to the constn~ction. alteration, repair. enlargc~ncnt, restoration, 101.4 Severability.If any section, subsection, sentence, clause relocation or moving of buildings or structurcs shall not he or phi-asc of this codc is for any rcason held to be unconstitumandatory for existing buildings or structurcs idcntificd and tional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remainclassified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings ing portions of this codc. when such buildings or structures are judgcd by thc codc official to be safe and in the public interest of health, safety and welfare regarding any proposed construction, alteration, SECTION 102 repairi enlargement. restoration. relocation or moving of buildAPPLICABILITY ings. 102.1 Ccneral. The provisions of this codc shall apply to all . & niattcrs affecting or relating to structures, as set forth in Section 101. Wherc, in any specific case, diffrrcnt sections of this code specify Jiffcrcnt materials, methods of co~~struction othcr or rcq~~ircinents, most restrictive shall govern. the 102.2 Existing installatio~ls.Plumbing systems Iawf~illyin existence nt thc tilnc of the adoption1 of this codc shall be pernlittcd to havc thcir use and maintenance continucd if the use, mainrcnnncc or rcpnir is in accordance with the original design and no hazard to life. health or property is created by snch plumbing S Y S ~ C I T ~ . 102.3 blaintenance. All plumbing systems. materials and appurtcnanccs, both existing and new, and all parts thereof, shall bc maintained in proper operating condition in accortl;~nccwith the original design in n safe and sanitary condition. All dcviccs or safeguards rcquired by this code shall be nuaintained in conipli~uice with thc code editior~ under which they MIC~C installed. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 102.7 Moved buildings. Exccpt as dctermincd by Section 102.2, plumbing systems that arc a part of buildings 01- strucwith tures moved into or within the jurisdiction shall co~nply the provisions of this code for new installations. 102,8 Referenced codes and standards. The codcs and standards referenced in this codc shall hc thosc that arc listed in Chapter 13 and such codes and standards shall bc considcrcd as part of the requirements of this codc to the prescribed cxtcnl of each such reeference. Whcre the diffcrcnces occur between provisions of this code and the rcfcrcnccd standards, tlic provirequircmcnts. sions of this code shall be the ~ninimum 102.9 Requirements not covered by codc. Any rcq uircmcnts necessary fol- thc strength, stability or propcr operation of an cxistingor proposcd plumbing systcnl, or for the public snfcty, hcalth and gencral welfarc. not specifically covcrcd by this by code shall be detern~ined the code official. ~
  • 12. SECTION 103 DEPARTMENT OF PLUMBING INSPECTION permits have bcen issued. and enforce conipliancc with [he provisioris of this code. 103.1 General. Thc tlcpartrnent of plumbing inspection is hcreby creatcd and thc executive official in ctiargc thcreof shall be I C ~ O W I Ias the code official. 104.4 Inspections. The code official shall makc all the requircd inspections, or shall accept reports of inspcctioll by approvcd agencies or individuals. All reports of such inspcctions ahall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officcr of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deer~iednecessaql to report on unusual technical issucs that arise, subject to the approv;~lof the appointing authority. 103.2 Appointment. Thc code official shall be appointed by the chicf appointing authority of the jurisdiction, and thc code official shall not bc removed from office except for cause and aftel fill1 opportunity to be heard on specific and relevant charges by and before the appointing authority. 103.3 Deputies. In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jur~sdictionand with the concumcnce of the appointing autho~itq, h codc official shall have the authority to appoint a ~ c deputy codc official, other related technical officers, inspcctors and other etnployees. 103.4 Liability. The code oflicial, officcr or employee charged will1 the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction. shall not thereby he rendered liable personally, and is hcrcby rclievcd from all personal liability for any damage accruing to pcrsons or property as a result of any actrequired or pcrnmitted in the discharge of ofticial tiuties. Any suit instituted against any officer or employee because of an act pel-formcd by that officcr or employee in the lawful discharge of dutics and under the provisions of this code shall bc defended by the legal representative of the jurisdiction until thc final termination of thc proceedings. The code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code. and any officer of the department of plumbing inspection, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be frce from liability for acts performed i~nder any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith. 1.04.5 Right of entry. Whenever it is ncccssary to makc an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or whenever thc code official has reasonable cause to bclievc that thcre exists in any building or upon any premises any conditions or violations of this code that make the building or premiscs unsafc, insanita~y, dangerous or hazardous. thc code official shall havc the authority to enter the building or prc~nises all at reasonable times to inspect or to perfom? the duties imposcd upon the codc ofticial by this code. Jf such building or premises is occupied, the code official shall prcsent crctlentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or prcinises is unoccupied, the codc official shall first makc a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the building or prerliises and request cl~try. entry is If refused. the code official shall havc rccoursc to every rcmcdy provided by Jaw to secure entry. When the code official shall have first obtaincd a propcr inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure or entry, no owner or occupant or person having charge. ~211-e control of any building or prcrnises shall fail or ncglcct. after proper request is made as herein providcd. to PI-0111ptly permit entry therein by the code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code. 104.6 Identificalion. The codc official shall carry propcr identification when inspecting structures or premiscs in thc performance of duties under this code. SECTION 104 DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE CODE OFFICIAL 104.7 Notices and orders. Thc code official shall issue all nccessary notices or orders to cnsure compliance with this codc. 104.1 General. The code ofticial shall enforce all of the provisions of this code and shall act on any question relative to the repair. lnaintcnancc or operation of all installation, altclxtio~l, plunlbing systems, devices and equipment except as otherwise specifically provided for by statuto~-y requirements or as provitled for in Sections 103.2 tllrough 104.8. 104.8 Department records. The code official shall Bcep official records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and noticcs and orders issucd. Such records shall be retained in thc official records as long as the building or structure to which such records relate remains in existence unlcss othcrwisc providcd for by other regulations. 104.2 Rule-making authority. The code ofticid shall have authority 21s neccssarjl in the interest of public health, safety and and gcncral wclfare to ~itlopt promulgate rules and rcgulations to interpret and in~plemcnt provisions of this codc to the secure the intent thereof and to designate requirements applicable because of local climatic or other conditions. Such rules shall not ha1,e thc cffcct of waiving structural or fire performance requirements specifically provided for in this code, orof violating accepted engineering practice involving public safety. 104.3 Applirations and permits. The code official shall receive applications and issue permits for the installation and alteration of plu~nbing.inspcct thc premises for which such SECTION 105 APPROVAL 105.1 Modifications. Whenever there are practical difficulties involvcd in carrying out the provisions of this code, the cotfc official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases. provided the code ofticial shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this codc impractical and the motlification is in confornrity with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification tlocs not lessen health, life and fire safety requircmcnts. The derails 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 13. ADMINISTRATION of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered 111 Ilic tiles of the plumbing inspection dcpartnle:~t. cate the direction of fionl. a11 pipe s i ~ c sp a d c of horizontal , piprng, loading, and location of fixtures and appliances. 105.2 Alteinative materials, methods and equipment. The provisions of this codc arc not intended to prevent thc installation of any ntaterial or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code. provided that any such alternativc has becn approved. An alternative material or method of consti-uction shall he approved where the codc official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this codc, and that thc rnaterial, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended. at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in cluality. strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. 105.4.5 Design approval. Where the code official dctcrmines that thc alternative engineercd design confor~iis the to s intent of t h ~ codc, the plumbing system shall be approvcd. If the alternative enginccrcd design 1s not appro~cd, the code official shall notify thc registered design professional in writing, stating the reasons thereof. 105.3 Required testing. Whenever there is insufficient cvidcncc of compliance with the provisions of this codc, or evidencc that a inaterial or method does not conform to the rcquiremcnts of this codc, or inol-der lo substantiate claims for altcrnatc materials or methods, the code official shall have the autliority to r e q ~ ~ itcsts as evidenceof conlpliance to be made re at IIO cxpcnse to the jurisdiction. 105.3.1 Test methods. Test methods shall be as specified in this codc or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the code official shall approve thc testing procedures. 105.3.2 Testing agency. All tests shall bc performed by arl approved agcncy. 105.3.3 Tcst reports. Rcports of tests shall be rctaincd by for the code offic~al the period required for rctcntlon of public records. 105.4.4ltcrnatiue engineered dcsign. The design, documentation. inspection, testing and approval of an alternative enginccred design plun~bingsystem shall comply with Sections 105.4.1 through 105.4.6. 105.4.1 Design criteria. An alternativc engineercd design shall conform to the intent of the provisions of this codc and shall provide an equivalent level of quality. $trength, cffectivencss, fire resistancc, durability and safety. Material, equipment or components shall be designed and installed in accordance with thc manufacturer's installation instructions. 105.4.2Submittal.The registered design professional shall indicate on the permit application that the plumbing system is an alternative cngineercd design. The permit and permanent pcrmit records shall indicate that an alternative engineered dcsign was part of the approvcd installation. 105.4.3 'Fechnical data. The registered design professional the shall subiiiit sufficient technical data to s~tbstantiate proposed altcrnativc engineercd dcsign and to prove that the performance mects the intent of this code. 105.4.4 Construction documents. The registered design professional shall submit to the codc official two complete sets of signed and sealed co~lstructiondocuments for the alternative cnginecretl design. The construction documents shall include floor plans and a riser diagram of the work. Wlicrc appropr-iatc. the construction documents shall indi2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 105.4.6 Inspection and testing. The alternative cngineercd design shall be tcsted and iiispccted in accordance with the requirements of Sections 107 and 312. 105.5 Material and equipment reuse. Materials. equipment h and devices shall not be reused unless such cle~ncnts a w becn reconditioned. tested, placed in good and proper working condition and approved. SECTION 106 PERMITS 106.1 When required. Any owner, authorized apcnt or contractor who desires to construct. enlarge. altcr. repair. move, demolish 01-chargethe occupancy of a building or structure. or to crect, install. enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convcrt or rcplace any plumbing system, the installation of which is regulated by this codc, or to cause any such work to bc done, shall first maltc application to the code official and obtain the requircd permit for the work. 106.2 Excmpt work. The following work shall bc cxcrnpt froin thc recluiremenl for a pcrmit: 1. The stopping of leaks in drains. water. soil, waste or vcnt pipe provided, however. that if any concealed trap, drainpipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe bcconics dcfective and it becomes necessary to rcmove and replace the sanic with nevY material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtaincd and inspection made as provided in this codc. 2. The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of lcalis in pipes, valvcs or fixturcs, and the reinoval and reinstallation of water closets, providcd such rcpairs do not involve or require the replaccmcnt or rearrangement of valves, pipcs or fixturcs. Exemption from the permit requircmcnts of this codeshall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be donc in violation of the provisions of this codc or any other laws or ordinances of this jurisdiction. 106.3 Application for permit. Each application for a pcrnlit, with the required fee, shall be filed with the code official on n for-111furnihhed for that purpose and shall contain a general description of the proposcd work and its location. The application shall be signed by the owner or an authorized agent. The pcrmit application shall indicatc the proposed occupancy of all parts of thc building and of that portion of thc sitc or lot, if any, not covered by the building or structure anti shall contain such other information required by the codc official. 106.3.1 Construction documents. Construction documents, engineering calculations. diagranls and other such data shall be submitted in two or more scts with cacll appli-
  • 14. ADMINISTRATION cation fol-a prrn~it. codc official shall reiluirc construcThe tion documents, cornputations and specifications to be prepared and designed by a registered design professional when required by state law. Cor~struction documents shall be drawn to scale and shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in dctail that thc work conforrns to the provisions of this code. Const~uction documents for buildings more than two stories in height shall indicate where penetrations will be made for pipe, fittings and conlponcnts and shall indicate thc materials and n~cthods maintaining reqnired str~lcfor t ~ ~ rsafety, fire-resistance rating and fireblocking. al Exception: The code official shall have the authority to waive the suhniisqic~n col~struction of documcnts, calculations or othcr data if the nature of the work applied for that is is s ~ ~ c l i reviewing of constl-uction docu~ncnts not ncccssary to dctcrmine cornpliance with this code. 106.4 By whom application is made. Application for a permit e shall bc n ~ a d by the person or agent to install all or part of any plurubing systcm. Thc applicant shall meet all qualifications cstahlislied by statute, or by nllcs promulgated by this code, or by ordinance or by resolution. The full name and address of the applicant shall be statcd in the application. 106.5 Pcrn~it issuance. Thc application, construction documcnts and othcr data filed by an applicant for permit shall be reviewed by the code official. If the code official finds that tlie proposcd work confornls to the requireincnts of this code and all laws and ordinances applicable thereto, and that the fees spccificd in Section 106.6 have bcen paid. a permit shall be issucd to the applicant. 106.5.1 Approved construction documcnts. When the code official issucs tlie pentlit where construction documcnls are requil-cd, the construction documents shall be cndorsed i n writing and stamped "APPROVED." Such approvcd construction docunlents shall not be changed, nlodificd or altered without author-i~ation from thc codc official. All work shall bc done in accordance with the approvcd construction documents. Thc code official shall have the authority to issue a permit for the constr~tction a part of a plumbing system before of the entire construction documents for the whole systcm lii~vc been subniitlcd or approved. provided adequate information and detailed statements have been filed coinplying with all pertinent requirements of this code. The holders of assursuch permit shall yrocccd at their own risk w~thout ancc that the penuit for the entirc plumbing system will be grantcd. 106.5.2 Validity. The issuance of a permit or approval of construction documcnts shall not be construed to be a permit for, or on approval of. any violation of any of t l ~ c provisions of this code or any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. cancel No pcrmit presuming to give authority to violatc 01the provisions of this code shall bc valid. 'I'hc issuancc of a permit based upon constmction documents and other data shall not prevent thc code official from tlicrcaftcr requiring the correction of errors in said construction documcnls and othcr data or from preventing building operations being carried on thcreunder when in violation of this codc or of other ordinances of this jurisdiction. 106.5.3 Expiration. Evcry perrnit issucd by tlic codc official ~uider provisions of this code shall cxpirc by Iimitathe tion and become null and void if thc work authorized by such pennil is not commenced within 180 days from thc date of such pennit. or if the work authorized by such pcrmi t is suspended or abandoned at any time aftcr the work is commenced for a period of 180 clays. Before such work can hc recommenced, a ncw permit shall hc first obtained and the fee therefor shall be one-half the aniouiit required for a new per~nit such work, providcd no c h ~ i ~ ~havc been for ges inade or will be madc in the original construction documents for such work, and provided further that such suspcnsion or abandonment has not exceedcd 1 year. 106.5.4 Extensions. Any pcrmittee I~oldingan unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an cxtcnsion of thc lime within which the permittee will commence work under that permit when work is unable to bc comrnenccd within the time required by this section for good and satisfactory reasons. The code official shall cxtcnd the time for action by the permittee for a period not exceeding 180 days if thcrc is reasonable cause. No permit shall be extended morc than once. The fee for an extension sliall be onc-half the a~nount required for a ncw permit For such worli. 106.5.5 Suspension or revocation of permit. 'I'hc code official shall revoke a permit or approval issucd under thc provisions o17thiscode in case of any false statement or misrepresentation of fact in the application or on the construction docuilients upon which tlie pennit or approval was based. 106.5.6 Retention of construction documents. One set of construction documents shall bc retained by thc codc ofticia1 until final approval of the work corcrt.d therein. One set of approvcd construction docurnents shall bc rcturned to thc applicant, and said set shall be kept on thc site of the builtling or work at all tiines during which thc work authorized thereby is in progress. 106.6 Fees. A perinit shall not bc issuetl until tlic tees prcscribed in Section 106.6.2 havc bcen paid, and an arncndincnt to a per~ilit shall not be released until the additional fce. if any, due to an increase of the plunlbing systems, has been paid. 106.6.1 Work comrne~lcing before permit issuance. Any person conui1ences any work on a plumbing systenl beforc obtaining the necessary pern~itsshall bc sul3jcct to 100 percent of the usual permit fcc in addition to the required p e ~ m i fees. t 106.6.2 Fee schedule. The fees for all plumbing work shall bc as indicated in tlie following sclicdule: [JUKISDJCTION TO INSERT IPPRC)I'RIITI: SCI-IElICldi] 106.6.3 Fee refunds. The code official shall authorize the refunding of I'ees as iollows: I . The full amount of any fee p a d hcrcunder that wa crroncously paid or collccted. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 15. 2. Not Iliorc than [SPECIFY PERCEKTAGE percent of the pernlit fee paid whcn no work has becri done undcr a permit issued in accord:mce with this code. 3. Not 111ore than [SPECIR PERCENTAC;E~percent of the plan rcvicw fee paid whcn an application for a permit for which a plan review fce has bcen paid is withdrawn or canceled before any plan revicw effort has bcctl expended. Thc codc official shall not authorize the refunding of any fee paid except upon writtcn applicatioll filedby the or~ginal permittee not later than IS0 days after the date of fee payment. SECTION 107 INSPECTIONS AND TESTlNG 107.1 Required inspections and testing. Thc code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agcnt, shall make the following inspections and such other inspcctio~ls neccssary. and shall either release that portion of as the construction or shall notify the permit holder or an agent of any violations that nmst bc corrccted. The holder ofthe permit shall be responsible for the scheduling of such inspections. I . Undcrgro~~nd inspcction shall he made after trenches or bedded. piping installed, and ditches arc excavated a l ~ d bcforc any backfill IS put in place. 2. Rough-in inspection shall be made after the roof, f r m ing, fi~cblocking, firestopping, draftstopping and bracing is in place and all sanitary, stol-m and water distribution piping is roughed-in, and prior to the installation of wall or ceiling membranes. 3. Final inspection shall be made nitcr the building is complete, all plumbing fixtures arc in place and properly connectcd. and the structure is ready for occuancy. 107.1.1 Approved agencies. Test rcports submitted to the codc official for consrdcratron shall be developed by approved agcncics that have sat~sficd requirements as to the qualitication and reliability. 107.1.2 Evaluation and follow-up inspection services. Prior to the approval of a closed, prefabricated pl~unbing systcln and the issuance of a plumbing permit, the code official shall require the submittal of an evaluation report on each prcfabricatcd plu~nbingsystcm indicating the cornplctc details of the plumbins systcm, including adescription ot the systeln and its components, the basis upon which the plumhing systcm is being cvaluatcd, tcst results and similarinformation, and other data as neccssary for the codc official conforlnancc to this code. to dclc~minc 107.1.2.1 Evaluation service. The codc ofticial shall des~gnatc evaluation aervice of :III approved agency thc as thc c~aluation agency, and review such agency's evaluation report for adccluacy and conformance to thts codc. 107.1.2.2 Follow-up inspcction. Except where ready acccss is provided to all plu~nbingsystems, servicc cquipmcnt and acccssolies for complcte inspectio~~the at sitc without disassembly or dismantling, the code official shall conduct thc frequency of in-plant inspections nec2006 INTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@ essary to ensure confo1711anccto lhc approved cvalu:ltion report or shall dcsignate an indcpcndcnt, approved inspcction agency to conduct such inspcctions. Thc inspection agency shall furnish the code official with the follow-up inspection manual and a rcport of inspcctions upon request, and the plumbing systeln shi~llhnvc all identifying label permanently affixcd to the systcm indihave becn performed. cating that factory i~lspections 107.1.2.3 Test and inspcction records. All requircd tcst and inspection records shall be availaiblc to the codc offithe cial at all timcs d u r ~ n g fabrication of the plumbing system and the erection of the building. or such records as the code official designates shall be filed. 107.2 Special inspections. Special inspcctions of altcrnativc engineered design plumbing syhtc~nsshall be conducted in accordancc with Scctions 107.2.1 and 107.2.2. 107.2.1 Periodic inspection. The registered dcsign professional or designated inspector shall periodically inspcct and observe the alternative enginecred design to ctcterminc that the installation is in accordance with thc approved construction documents. All discrepancies shall bc brought to the i~nlnediatc attention of thc plulnbing contractor for correction. Records shall be kept of all inspections. 107.2.2 Written report. Thc rcgistercd dcsign profcssio~~~ll shall submit a fi nal report in writing to thc code official L I P ~ I I complctiou of the installation, certifying that the alternativc engineered design conforms to tlie approved construction documents. A notice of approval for thc plumbing systcln shall notbe issued until a wr~itten certification has beell subnlitted. ~ - 107.3 Testing. Plumbing work and systems shall be tcsted as req~rircd in Section 312 and in accordance with Sections 107.3.1 through 107.3.3. Tests shall be made by the permit holder and observed by the codc official. 107.3.1 New, altered, extended or repaired systems. New plumhing systems and parts of existing systc~us that have been altered, cxtcnded or repaired shall be tested as prescribe~l I~ercin disclose leaks and dcfccts, esccpt that tcstto ing is not requircd in the following cases: 1. In any case that does not include addition to, rcplacement. alteration or relocation of any water supply, drainage or vent piping. 2. In any case whcrc plumbing ccluipn~cnt sct up temis porarily for exhibition purposes. 107.3.2 Equipment, material and labor for tests. All ecluipment, material and labor required for tcsting a plumbing system or part thereof shall bc furnished by thc pcrn~it holdcr. 107.3.3 Reinspection and testing. Whcrc any work (11. installation docs not pass any initial tcst or inspection. the neccssary corrections shall be nudc to con~plywith this code. The work or installatio~ishall then he i-csubmittcd to the code official fcx inspection and testing. 107.4 Approval. After the prescribed tests and inspections indicate that the work complies in all I-cspoctswith this codc, a notice of approval shall be issued by the codc official.
  • 16. ADMINISTRATION 107.5 Temporary connection. The code official shall havc the authority to authorize the temporary connection of the building source fos thc purpose of testing plumbor system to thc i~tility ing systems or for use undcr a temporary certificate of occupancy. unlawful construction or to restrain, correct or abatc LI violation. or to prevent illegal occupancy of a building. structure or premises, or to stop an illegal act. conduct. business or utilization of the plumbing on or about any premises. SECTION 108 VIOLATIONS 108.1 Unlawful acts. It shnll be unlawful for any pcrson, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, rcpair. remove, demolish or utilize any plumbing system; or cause same to be done, in contlict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this codc. 108.7 Unsafe plumbing. Any plumbing I-egulatcdby this codc that is unsafe or that constitutes a lire or health hazard, insanitary condition, or is otherwise dangerous to human lifc is regulated by this hereby declared unsafe. Any use of plu~nbing code constituting a hazard to safety, health or public welfare by reason of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, obsolcscc~~ce, fire hazard. disaster, damage or abandonment is hcrcby declared an unsafe use. Any such unsafe cquip~ncnt hereby is declared to be a public nuisance and shall be abated by rcpair, rehabilitation, demolition or renioval. 108.2 Notice of violation. The code official shall serve a notice of violation or order to the person responsible for the erection. installation, alteration. cxtcnsion, repair, removal or dcmolition of plumbing work in violation of the provisions of this codc, or in violation of a detail statement or the approved constriction docunlcnts thcreundcr, or in violation of a permit or ccltificate issued under the provisions of this code. Such order of shall dirccr the disco~ltinuance the illegal action or condition of and thc abatc~nent the violation. 108.7.1 Authority to condemn equipment. Whencver the code official tictcrmincs that any plumbing, or portion thercof. regulated by this codc has bccomc hazal-tlousto life, health or property or has become insanitary, the codc official shall ordcr in writing that such plumbing either be removed or restored to :I safe or sanitary condition. A time limit for compliance with suchorder sh;~ll specificdin the bc writtcn notice. No pcrson shall use or maintain dcfcctivc plumbing after receiving such noticc. 108.3 Prosecutionof violation. If thc notice of violation is not complicd with promptly, the code official shall request the legal counscl of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceeding at law or in ecluity to restrain. correct or abate such violation, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of thc structurc in violation of the provisions of this code or of the ordcr or direction made pursuant thercto. When such plumbing is to be disconnectcd. writtcn notice asprescribed in Section 108.2 shall be given. In cascs of immediate danger to life or property, such discon~~cction shall be made immediately without such noticc. 108.4 Violation penalties. Ally person who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter or repair plumhing work i l l violation of the approvcd construction documents or directive of the code official, or of a pennit or certificate issucd under the provisions ofthis code, shall be guilty of a [SPECIFY OFFENSE]. punishable by a fine of not more than [AMOUNT] dollars or by irnprisonmcnt not exceeding [NUMBER O F D A Y S I ~ both such f i ~ and imprisonment. Each day that a or ~e violation c o ~ ~ t i i ~ after due notice has bcen served shall be ucs deemed a separate offcnse. 108.5 Stop work orders. Upon notice from the codc oficiall work on any plumhing systein that is being done contrary to the provisions of this code or in a dangc~.ous unsafe marlncr shall or i~nn~ctliately ccasc. Such notice shall be in writing and shall be given to the owncr of thc property. or to the owner's agent, or to the person doing the work. The noticc shall state the conditions under which work is authorized to resume. Where an cmcrgency cxists, the code official shall not be required to give a writtcn notice prior to stopping the work. Any person who shall continue any work in or about the structurc after having bcen served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed lo perform to rclnove a violation or unsafe condition,shnll bcli:~bleto a fine of not less than [AMOUNT] dollars or nlorc than (,h40r.iNT dollars. 108.6 Abatement of violation. The i~nposilion the penalties of herein prrscribcd shall not preclude the lcgal ofticcr of the jurisdiction from instituting appropriate action to prevent 108.7.2 Authority to disconncct service utilities. The codc official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building. structurc or system rcgulated by the technical codes in case of an crnelgcncy, where necessary, to eliminate an immediate danger to lifc or property. Where possible, the owncr and occupant of the buildor ing, st~ucturc service systcrn shall bc notified of thc decision to disconnect utility scrvicc prior to taliing such action. If not notified prior to disconnecting, the ourncr or occupant of the building. structure or scrvicc systclns shall be notified in writing, as soon as practical thcrcaftcr. 108.7.3 Connection after order to disconnect. No pcrson shall make connections from any energy. fuel, power supply or water distribution system or s ~ ~ p pcncrgy, fuel or water ly to any equipment regulated by this code that has been disconnected or ordered to bc discunncctcd by the code official or the use of which has been ordered to be discontinued by the code official until the codc official authorizes the rcconncction and use of such equipment. When any plumbing is maintained in violation of this codc, and in violation of any noticc issued pursuant to the c provisions of this section, t l ~ codc official s1i;lll institute any appropriate action to prevent, restrain, correct or abatc the violat~on. SECTION 109 MEANS OF APPEAL 109.1 Application for appeal. Any person shall havc the right to appcal a decision of the codc official to thc board of appeals. An application for appcal shall be based on a claim that thc true 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 17. ADMINISTRATION intcnt of this code or the nrlcs legally adopted the]-eundcr havc becn incorrectly intcrpretcd, the provisions of this code do not fully apply. or an cqually good or better form of construction is proposed. The application shall be filed on a form obtained from thc code official within 20 days after the notice was served. 109.2 Men~bership board. The board of appeals shall conof rs sist of fivc ~ n e ~ n h eappointed by the chicf appointing autliority as iollows: one for 5 ycars, onc for 4 years. one for 3 years. one for 2 years and one for 1 year. Thereaftel; each new mellibcr shall scrvc for 5 years or until a successor has been appointed. 109.2.1 Qualifications. The board of appeals shall consist of fivc indi~~iduals. from each of the following profesone sions or disciplines: 1. Registered design professional who is a registered architect: or a builder or superintendent of building construction with at least 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall have bcen in responsible charge of work. 2. Registered dcsigri professional with structural cngineering or a~chitecturalexperience. 3. Registered dcsign professional with mechanical and plumbing cnginecring experience; or a mechanical and plumbing contractor with at least I0 years' cxpcI-icnce,5 ycars of which shall have been in responsible charge of work. 4. Registered design professional with electrical engineering cxpcrience; or an electrical contractor with at lcast 10 ycars' experience, 5 years of which shall have bcen in responsible chargc of work. 5 . Rcgiste~.ectdcsig~iprofessional with fire protcction engineering cxpcrience; or a fire protection contractor with at lcast 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall havc becn in responsible charge of work. 109.2.2 Alternate members. The chief appointing aurhority shall appoint two altclnaic mcmbers who shall bc callcd by thc board chairnian to hear appeals during the absence or Alternate mcmbers shall posdisqualification of a n~cmber. sess the rlualifications required for board ~ncnlbership.and shall bc appointed for 5 ycars or until a successor has been appointed. 109.2.3 Chairman. The board shall annually select one of to its mc~riberx scrve as chairman. 109.2.4 Disqualification of mernber. A mc~nbcr shall not hcar an appeal in which that member has any pcrsonal, profcssional or fillancia1 interest. 109.2.5 Sccret:lry. Thc chicf administrative officer shall designate n qualified clerk to serve as secretary to the Imard. The sccrctary shall filc a detailed record of all proceedings in the officc of the chief administrative officer. 109.2.6 Compensation of members. Compensation of members shall I>cdetermined by law. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 109.3 Notice of meeting. The hoard 5hnll mcct upon noticc from thc chairman. within 10 days of the tiling of an appcal or at stated periodic meetings. 109.4 Open hearing. All hearings before thc board shall bc open to the public. 'l'he appellant, the appellant's reprcsentative, thc code official and any pcrson whose interests are affected shall he givcn an opportunity to be hcard. 109.4.1 Procedure. The board shall adopt and makc available to tlie public through the secretary proccdul-cs under which a hearing will be conducted. Tile proccdurcs shall not require compliance with strict rules of cvidencc, but shall be mandate that only relevant infor~nation received. 109.5 Postponed hearing. When five niemhcr~ not przwnt are to hear an appeal. either the appellant or the appcllant's reprcsentative shall have the right to request a postponement of the hearing. 109.6 Board decision. The board shall modify or reverse the decision of the codc official by aconcurring of thrcc mcmbcrs. 109.6.1 Resolution. The decision of the hoard shall hc by resolut~on. Certified copies shall be f~irnislied the appelto lant and to the codc official. 109.6.2 Administration. The code official shall takc i~nmediatc action in accordance with the dccision of the board. 109.7 Court review. Any person, whether or not a previous party of thc appeal, shall have the right to apply-to the appropriate court for a writ of certiorari to correct crrors of law. Application for review shall be made in the manner and timc required by Inw following the filing of the dccision in thc officc of the chicf administrative officer.
  • 18. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBlNG CODE@
  • 19. CHAPTER 2 SECTION 201 GENERAL waste pipe and the flood level rim of the receptacle into which the waste pipc is discharging. 201.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terrns shall, for the purposes of this code, have the ~nea~iings shown in this chapter. AIR GAP (Water Distribution System). The unobstructed 201.2 Interchangeability. Words stated in thc present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender ~ncludc feminine and neuter; the singular number include5 the the plural and the plural thc singular. vertical distance through the free atmosphere between thc lowest opening from any pipc or faucet >upplying water to a tank, plurr~bing tixtuie or other dev~ce thc flood levcl rim of thc and receptacle. A1,TERNATIVE ENGINEERED DESIGN. A plumbing system that perfo~ms accordance with the intent of Chapters in 3 through 12 and provides an equivalent levcl of perforrnar~ce 201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the Tntpniatiorzal B ~ ~ i l d - for the protection of public healtli, safety and wcll'are. The system dcsign is not specifically regulated by Chapters 3 through iizg COIILJ, Ii~teu~u~io1zu1 Code: ICC Electricul Code, InterFire 12. rlniior~ul /"LLL'~ GUSCode ortheInrerilaliorz~l1 Mecl~ctrzical Code, sucll terms shall have thc meanings ascribed to thern as in thosc ANCHORS. See "Supports." coclcs. ANTISIPHON. A tern1 applied to v a l ~ e sor mechanical 201.4 Ternis not defined. Where terms are not defined dcviceh that elirninatc siphonage. through the rncthodh authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted ~ncaiiiilgssuch as the context APPROVED. Acceptable to the codc official or other n11t11or- I ity having jurisdiction. i~~iplies. SECTlQN 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS ACCICPTED ENCINEEKING PRAC'TICE. That w h ~ c h conforms to acccptccl principles. tcsts or standard3 of nationally recogni7ed technical or scientific authorities. ACCESS ('SO). That which enables a fixture, appliance or ecluip~r~cnt be reached by ready access or by a ineans that first to rccluircs the ~.cmov:ilor inovclncnt of a panel, door or similar obstruction (see "Ready :~cess"). ACCESS COVER. A relnovablc plate, usually secul-cd by access to a pipe or pipe fitting for the bolts or screws, to ~ ) e r ~ n i t purposes of inspection, repair or cleaning. ADAP'TIICR FIT'I'ING. An approted co~lncctingdevice that APPROVED AGENCY. An established and recognized agency approvcd by the code official and that is regularly engaged in conducting tests or f~imishing inspcctio~~ services. AREA DRAIN, -4 receptacle designed to collcct surface or storm watcr from an open area. ASPIRATOR. A lilting or dcvice supplied with watcr or other fluid under positive pressure that passes through an intcgnll orifice or constriction, causing a vacuum. Aspirators are also I-efcrrcclto as suction apparatus. and are similar in ol~cration to an ejector. BACKFI,CIW. Pressirre creatcd by any means in tlic water disprcssure in the tribution system, which by being in excess o f ~11c water supply mains causes a potential backflow condition. suitably and properly joins or adjusts pipes and fittings which do not otherwise fit together. Backpressure, low head. A pressure less than o r equal to 4.33 psi (29.88 kPa) 01- the pressure cxcrtcd by a 10-f'oot (3048 mni) column of watcr. AIR ADMITTANCE VALVE. One-way valve designed to Backsiphonage. The backtl'low of potentially conta~ninatcd negative allow air to enter the plumbing drainagc system wlic~i pressures develop in the piping system. The device shall close by gravity and seal the vent terminal at zero differential prcssure (no flow contlitions) and under positive internal pressures. The purpose of an air admittance valve is to provide a method of allowing air to entcr the plumbing drainagc system without the usc of a vcnt extended to open air and to prevent sewer gases from escaping into a building. AIR BREAK (Drainage System). A piping arrangement in water into the potable water system as a I-esi~lt the prcsof surc in the potable watcr system falling below atmospheric pressure of the plumbing fixtures. pools. tanks or vats connected to the potablc water distribution piping. Backwater value. A device or valve installed in the building drain or sewer pipe where a sewer is subject to backflol: and which prevents drainagc or waste f i o ~ n backing up into a a low levcl or fixtures and causii~g tlooding contlition. which a drain from a fixture, appliance or dcvice discharges indilcctly into anothcr fixture, receptilclc or interceptor at a point below the flood levcl rim and above the trap seal. Drainage. A recrsal of flow in the drainagc sgstcm. AlK GAP (Drainage System). The unobstructed vertical dis- ble watcl- supply from any source cxccpt thc intended source. tnrlcc through the free atmosphere between the outlct of the 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ Water supply system. The flow of water or other liquids. mixtures or substances into the distribution pipes of a pota-
  • 20. DEFINITIONS BACKFLOW CONNECTION. Any arrangement whereby backflow is possible. Storm. A building sewer that conveys stornl water or othcr drainage, hut not sewage. BACKFLOW PIIGVENTEII. A device or means to prevent BUII,D%NG SUBDIUIN. That portion of a drainage system bacl<flow. that does not drain by gravity into the building scwer. BALL COCK. Sce "Fill valve." BUILDING TRAP. A device, fitting or asscinbly of fittings BASE FL001) E1,EVATION. A I-eferer~ce point, determined installed in the building drain to prevent circulation of air between the drainage system of the building and the building sewer. in accordance with the building code. based on the depth or peak elevation of flooding, including wave height, which has a 1 percent (100-year flood) or greater chance of occul-ring in any given year. BATHROOM GROUP. A group of fixtures consisting of a watcr closet, lavatory, bathtub or showcr, including or cxcluding a bidet. an emergency tloor drain or both. Such fixtures arc locatcd together on the same floor level. BEDPAN S'TEARIER 01% BOILER. A fixture utilized for scalding bcdpans o r urinals by direct application of steam or boiling watcr. BEDPAN SrASHER AKD STERILIZER. A fixture designcd to wash bcdpans and to flush the contents into the sanitary drainage system. tncluded arc fixtures of this type that providc for disinfecting utensils by scalding with steam or hot water. BEDPAN WASHER HOSE. A device supplied with hot and cold water and locatcd adjacent to a watcr closet or clinizal sink to be utilized for cleimsing bedpans. BRANCH. Any part of the piping system except a riser, main or stack. BRANCH INTERVL4L. vertical measurement of distance. A 8 fcct (2438 m ~ n 01- more in developed length, between the ) corincctions of horizontal branches to a drainage stack. Measurcments arc taken down the stack from thc highest horizontal branch connection. BRANCH VENT. A vent connecting one or more individu,iI vents with a vent stack or stack vent. BUI1,DlNG. Any structure occupied or intended for supporting or sheltering a i y occupancy. CIRCUIT VENT. A vent that connccts to a horizontal drainage branch and vents two traps to a niaximun~ eight traps or of trapped fixtures connected into a battery. CISTERN. A small covered tank for storing water for a home or farm. Gencrally, this tank stores rainwater to be utilized for purposes other than in the potal~le water supply, and such tank is placed underground in most cases. CLEANOUT. An acccss opening in thc drainage system utilized for the removal of obstructions. Typcsof cleanouts include a removable plug or cap. and a removable fixture or fixture trap. CODE. These regulations. subsequent amendments tlicreto, or any emergency rule or regulation that the administrative authority having ju~isdictionhas lawfully adopted. CODE OFFICIAL. The officer or othcr designated authority charged with the administration and enforce~ncnt this code, of or a duly authorized representatlvc. COMBINATION FIXTURE. A fixture conlhining one sink and lauridry tray or a two- or three-co~upartment sink or laundry tray in one unit. COMB~ATION WASTE AND VENT sYsrrE:n4. A spccially designed system of waste piping e~nbodying horizonthe tal wet venting of one ormorc sinks or floor dl-ainsby rncans of a conimon waste and vent pipe adequately sized to providc free movement of air above the flow line of the drain. COMBINED BUILDING DHABN. See "Building drain, combined." COMBINED BUILDING SEWER. See "Buil(1ing sewc~-, BIJJ1,DING DRAIK. That part of thc lowest piping ~ T L drainI combined." age system that receives the discharge from soil, waste and othcr drainagc pipcs inside and that extends 30 inches (762 mm) in developed length of pipe beyond the exterior walls of the building and conveys the drainage to the building sewer. COMMON VENT. A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains or to a fixturc branch and scrving as a vent for both fixlures. Combined. A building drain that conveys both sewage and stomi watcr or othcr drainage. Sanitary. A building drain that conveys scwagc only Storm. A building drain that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage. BUIL1)ING SEWER. That part of the drainage systerl~tkdt extends from thc end of the huilding drain and conveys the discharge to a public scwer, private sewer, individual sewage disposal system or other point of disposal. Combined. A huilcling scwcr that conveys both sewage and storm water or othcr drainage. Sanitary. A building scwcr that conveys sewage only. CONCEALED FOULING SURFACE. Any surface of a plumbing fixture which is not readily vis~blc is not scoured and or cleansed with each fixture operation. CONDUCTOR. A pipe inside the building that conveys stol.m water from the roof to a storm or conibined building drain. CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS. All of the written, graphic and pictorial tiocuments prepared or asselllblcd for describing the design, location a i d physical characteristics of thc clcments of the project necessary for obtaining a building permit. The construction drawings shall be drawn to an appropriate scale. CONTAMINATION. An ilnpairment of the cluality of the potable water that creates an actual hazard to the public hcallh 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 21. thro~lgh poisoning or through the spread of disease by sewage, industrial fluids or wastc. Storm. A drainage system that carries rainwater, surface water and similar liquid wastes. watcr. s~ibsurface CIII'rICAI, LEVEL (C-I,). An elevation (height) reference point that deterrnines thc minimum height at which a baclcflow prcvcnter or vacuunl breaker is installed above the flood level rim of Lhc fixture or receptor served by the device. The critical lcvel is the elevation lcvcl below which there is a potential for baclcflow to occm.. If the critical level marking is not indicated on the dcvicc, the bottom of the device shall constitute the critical Icvel. EFFECTIVE OPENING. The mininium cross-scctior~al arca at the point of water supply discharge, ~ncasured cxprossed or in tc1-111~ ~ t l diameter of acircle or, if the opening is not circuof c lar, the diameter of a circle of equivalent cross-section:ll arcn. For faucets and sirnilnr fittings. the effective opening shall be measured at thc s~nallest orifice in the fitting body or in the supply piping to the fitting. C R O S S CONNECrrION.Any physical connection o r arrangement between two o t h e ~ ~ v i separate piping systems, se one of which contains potable water ant1 the other either water of unknown or questionable safety or steam. gas or chemical, whereby thcre cxists thc possibility for flow liom one system to the otller. with the direction offlow depc~~ding the pressure on differential between the two systems (see "Backflow"). DEAD END. A branch lcading ~ I - ~ IaI soil, waste or vent pipe; I a building drain; or abuilding scwcr, and terminating at adcveloped length of 2 fcet (6 10 mm) or more by mcans of a plug, cap or other closed fitting. DEI'TN O F WATER SEAL. The dcpth of water that would have to bc removed froin a full trap beforc air could pass through the trap. DESIGN P'1,OOD ELEVATIOK. The elevation of the "clcsign flood," including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the eornmunity's legally designated flood hazard map. DEVELOYEII LENGTH. The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of thc pipc and fittings. DISCHARGE PIPE. A pipe that conveys thc discharges from plumbing f~xtures appliances. or DRAIN. Any pipe that carries wastewater or water-borne wastes in a building drainagc system. DRAINAGE FITTINGS. Type of fitting or fittings utilized in thc drainage systenl. DI-ainagcfittings are similar to cast-iron fittings, except that instead of having abell and spigot. drainage fittings are recessed and tapped to eliminate ridges on thc insidc of the installed pipe. DRAINAGE FIX'ITJRE UNIT Drainage (dfi~). nlcasure of the probable discharge into A the drainage system by various types of plumbing fixtures. The drainage fixture-unit value for a particular fixture dcpcnds on its volun1c rate of drainagc discharge, on the time duration of a single drainage operation and on the avcragc time between successive operations. DRAINAGE SYSTEM. Piping within a public or private premise that convcys sewage, rainwater or other liquid wastcs to a point of disposal. A drainage system does not include the mains of a public scvcr systcm or a private or public sewage treatment or disposal plant. Building gravity. A draiuagc system that drains by gravity into thc building sewer. Sanitary, A drainagc systcm that carries scwagc and cxcludes stornm, surface and ground water. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ EMERGENCY FLOOR DRAIN. A floor drain that docs no[ receive the discharge of any drain or indirect wastc pipc. and that protects against damage f r u ~ naccidental spills, fixture overflows and leakage. ESSENTIA1,LY N O N T O X I C 'TRANSFER FLUIDS. Fluids having a Gosselin rating of 1, including propylcnc polydin~cthylsiloxanc; glycol; mineral oil; hydrochlorofluoro-carbon, chlorofluorocarbon and cnrhon refrigerants; and FDA-approved boiler watcr additives for steam hoilcrs. ESSENTIALLY TOXIC TRANSFER FLIJIDS. Soil, wastc or gray water and fluids having a Cosselin rating of 2 or Inore including ethylene glycol, hydrocarbon oils, am~nonin rcl'rigerants and hydrazine. EXISTING INSTAL1,ATIONS. Any plumbing system regulated by this code that was legally installed prior to thc effcctivc date of this code, or for which a pcr~rlitto install has been issued. E'illJCET. A valve end of a watcr pipc through which water is drawn from or held within the pipe. FILL VALVE. A water supply valve. opcncd or closed by Incans of a float or similar dcvice, utilized to supply water to a tank. An antisiphon fill valve contains an antisiphon dcvice in the form of an approved air gap or vacuum breaker that is an integral part of the fill valve unit and that is positioned on tlic discharge side of thc water supply control valve. FIXTURE. See "Plumb~ngtixturc." FIX'FCRE XRANCII. A dl3111berving two or mole fixtures that discharges to another drain or to a .;tack. FIXTURE D I U I N . The drain fi-om the trap of o fixt~lre a to junction with any other drain pipc. FIXTURE FITTIKG Supply fitting. A fitting that controls the volumc and/or directional flow of water and is either attached to or acccssihle from a fixturc. or is uscd with an opcn or atmosphe~ic discharge. Waste fitting. A combination of co~nponcnts that conveys the sanitary waste from the outlct of afixtu1.c to the connection to the sanitary drainage system. FlXTlJRE SUPPI,Y. The water supply pipc connecting a fixture to a branch water supply pipe or directly to a main watcr supply pipe. FLOOD LEVEL RIM. The edge ot the rcccptaclc from which watcr overflows.
  • 22. DEFINITIONS FLOOD HAZARD AKEA. The greater of the following two LlTCLIS: 1 . Thc arca within a floott plain subject to a 1-perccnt or grcatcr chance of flooding in any given ycar. 2. The area designated as a flood hazard arca on a community's flood hazard map or as olherwisc legally dcsignated. FLOW CONTROL (Vented). A device installed upstream from the interceptor having an orificc that contl-01s the rate of flow through the interceptor and an air intake (vent) downstream from the orificc that allows air to be drawn into the flow strcam. FLOM' PRESSURE. The presure in the water supply pipc near thc faucet or water outlct while the faucet or watcr oullct is widc open and flowing. F1,USH TANlC. A tank designcd with a GI1 valve and flush valve to flush thc contcnts of the bowl or usable portion of the fixture. FLUSWOnlETEli TANK. A device integrated within an air accumulator vcsscl that is designed to discharge a predctermined clua~itityof water to fixtures for flushing purposes. FLUSHOMETEK VALVE. A valvc attached to a pressurized watcr supply pipe and so dcsigned that whel~ activated it opens thc linc for dircct flow into thc fixture at a ratc and quantity to operate the fixture properly, and then gradually closes to reseal fixturc traps and avoid watcr hammcr. GREASE INTERCEPTOR. A plumbing appurtenance that is installed in a sanitary drainagc system to intercept oily and grcasy wastcs h-om a wastcwaler dischargc. Such device has thc ability lo interccpt frce-floating fats and oils. GREASE-LADEN WASTE. Eftlucnt dischargc that is produccd from food processing, food preparation or other sourccs where grcasc, fats and oils enter automatic clishwatcr prerinse stations, sinks or other appul-tcnances. GREASE REMOVAL DEVICE, AUTOMATIC (GRD). A plumbing appurtenallce that is installedin the sanitary drainage system to intercept frce-floating fats, oils and grease from wastewater dischargc. Such a device operates on a time- or evcnt-contr-olled basis and has thc ability to remove free-floating fats. oils ancl greasc autoluatically witl~outintervention from thc user cxccpt for maintenance. GRIDDED WATER 1)ISTRJBUTION SYSTEM. A water distribution system where cvery waterdistribution pipe is intercnnnccted so as to provide two or more paths to each Fixture supply pipc. HANGERS. See "Supports." HORIZONTAL BRANCH DRAIN. A drainagc branch pipe cxtendi~lg laterally from a soil or wastc stack or building drain, wit11or without ~crtic:~l scclio~ls branchcs, that receives the or disd1ai.g~ from twoor morc fixture drains or branches and conducts thc discharge to the soil or waste stack or to the building drain. HOHJZONTAI- PIPE. Any pipc or fitting that makcs an angle of less than 45 dcgrccs (0.79 rad) wit11 the horizontal. HOT WATER. Water at a telnperaturc greater than or cyual to 110°F (43°C). HOUSE 'TRAP. See "Building trap." IKDIRECT WASTE PIPE. A wastc pipe that docs not connect directly with the drainage system, but that discharges into the drainagc systcm through an air break or air gap into a trap, fixture, receptor or interceptor. INDliVIDUAL SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM. A systc~n for disposal of domestic sewage by mcans of aseptic tank,ccsspool or mechanical treatment. designcd for utilization apart from apublic sewer to serve a single establishment or building. INDIVIDUAL VENT. A pipe installed to vcnt a f i x t ~ ~trap re and connects with thc vcnt system abovc thc fixture scrvctl or terminates in thc open air. INDIVIDUAL WATER SUPPLY. A watcr supply that scrvcs one or more families, and that is not an approvcd public watcr supply. INTERCEPTOR. A devicc designed and installeti to scpnratc and retain for re~noval, automatic or ~nanual by means. dclctcrious. hazardous or undcsirnblc matter fro111 liorn~alwastes, while permitting normal sewage or wastcs to dischargc into the drainage systcnl by gravity. JOINT Expansion. loop, return bend or relurn offsct that proi vides for the expansion and contraction in a piping systcm and is utilized in tall buildings or wherc there is a r a p ~ d change of te~npcrature, in power plant?. stcam roollls a ~ ~ r i as similar occupancies. Flexible. Any joint betwecn two pipes that pelnl~t pipc onc t of to bc dcflccted or 111oved~ i l h o umovenlcnt or dcflect~on the other pipe. Mechanical. See "Mechanical joint." Slip. A type of joint made by means of a washer or a qxcial type of packing compound in which one pipe 1s slippcd into the end of an adjacent pipe. LEAD-FLPEE PIPE AND FITTINGS. Containing not nioi-e than 8.0-perccnt lead. LEAD-FREE SOLDER AND F1,CIX. Containing not nlorc than 0.2-percent lead. LEADER. An cxtcrior drainagc pipc for conrcying stnrni water from roof or gutter drains to an approved mcans of disposal. LOCAL VENT STACK. A vertical pipc to which connections are made from the fixture sidc of traps and through which vapor or foul air is I-cmovedfrom thc fixturc or dcvicc utilixcd on bcdpan washers. MACERATING TOILET SYSTEMS. An asscmbly consisting of a water closet and sump with a macerating pump that is designed to collect, grind and pump wastcs fi-om thc water closet and up to two other fixtures conncctetl to thc sump. MAIN. The principal pipe artcry to which branchcs arc conncctcd. MANIFO1,l). See "Plumbing appurtenaiicc." 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 23. DEFINITIONS MECHANICAL JOINT. A cconcction between pipes, fittings, or pipes and fittings that is not screwed, caulked. threaded, soltiered, solvcnt cemented, brazcd or welded. A joint in which compression is applied along the centerline of the pieces bcingjoined. In some applications; the joint is part of a coupling, fitting or adapter. MEDICAI, GAS SYSTEM. The con~plctc system to corivey medical gases for dircct patient application from central supply systerils (bulk tanks, manifolds and medical air compressors), with pressure and operating controls, alarm warning systcrns, related components and piping networks extcriding to station outlet valves a1 patient use points. MEDICAL VACUUlLl SYSTEMS. A systern consisting of central-vacuum-producirig e q u i p m e ~with przssure and opcr~t ating controls, shutoff valves, alann-warning systems, gauges and a nctwoikof pipir~g extending lo and terminating with suitable station inlets at locations where patient suction may be requircd. NONPOTABLE WATER. Water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary utilization. NUISANCE. Public nuisance as known in conimon law or in eqnity jurispmdcnce; whatcvcr is dangerous to hurna~i or lifc detrinicntal to health: whatcvcr structure or premises is not sufiicicntly ventilated, scwcrcd, drained, cleaned or lighted, with respcct to its intcndcd occupancy; and whatcver rendcrs the air. or human food, drink or water supply unwholcsome. OCCUPANCY. The purpose for which a building or portion thcrcoi is utilized or occupicd. OFFSET. A combination of approved bends that makes two changes in direction bringing one section of the pipc out of line but into a line parallel with the othcr section. OPEN AIR- Outs~dc structure. the PLUMBING. The practice, materials and fixtures utilized in P1,KJMBING FIXTURE. A rcccptaclc or dcvicc that is cither permanently or ten~porarily connected to the water distribution system of the prctnises and demands a supply of water therefrom: discharges wastewater. liquid-bornc waste mntcl-ials or sewage either directly or indirectly to thc drainage system of the premises; or requires both a water supply connection and a disdiarge to the drainage systc~n the pl.cmiscs. of PLUMBIR'G SYSTEM. Includes the water supply and distribution pipes; plumbing fixtures and traps; water-treating or watcr-using ccluipment; soil, waste and vent pipes: and sanitary and storm sewers and buildilig drains; in addition to thcir rcspcctive conncctions, devices and appilrtenances within a structure or premises. POLLUTION. An impairrncnt of the quality of the potablc water to a degree that does not crcate a hazard to the public affcct thc acshealth but that does advcrwly and onrcaronal~ly thctic qualities of 911c~h potablc watcr for domestic use POTABLE WKI'EK. Water frec from impurities prcsent in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological ei'fccts and conforming to the bactcriological and chemical quality requircmcnts of the Public Health Servicc Drinking Watcr Standards or the regulations of the public hcalth authority having jurisdiction. PRIVATE. In the classification of plumbing tixtur-es, "private" applies to fixturcs in residences and apartmerits, and to fixtures i n nonpublic toilet rooms of hotels and motels and similar installations in buildings where the plumbing fixtul.cs arc intended for utilization by a family or an individual. PUBLIC OR PUBLIC UTILJZATION. In the classification of plumbing fixtul-cs, "pitblic" applies to fixturcs in general toiIct rooms of schools, gymnasiums, hotcls. airports. bus and railroad stations, public buildings, bars, public comfort stations, office buildillgs, stadiums, stor-es, restaurants and other installations where a number of fixtures arc installed so that their utilization is similarly unrestricted. the installation, maintcnancc, extension a ~ alteration of all ~ d piping, fixtures, plumbing appliances and plumbing appurtenances, within or ad,jacent to any structure, in connection with sanitary drainage or storm drainage '~cilitics; vcnting systems; and public or private water supply systems. PUBLIC' FVATEII MAIN. A watcr supply pipe for public uti- P1,UMBING APPLIANCE. Any one of a special class of READY ACCESS. That which cnablcs a fixturc, appliarlce or equipment to be directly reached without requiring the remov:~l or movement of any panel, door or similar obstruction and without the use of aportable laddcr, stcp stool or-similar dcvice. plumbing fixtures irltended to perform a special function. lncludcd are fixtures having the operation or control dcpcndcnt on onc or more energized components, such as motors. controls, hcntiu;! clcments, or pressure- or tcrnperature-sensing elcmcnts. Such fixturcs ase manually adjusted or co~itrolledby the owncr or operator, or are operated automatically through one or morc of the following actions: a time cycle, a temperature range, a pressure range, a measurcd volmne or weight. PLUMBING APPURTENANCE. A ~nanofacru~.ed dcvice, or prefabricated :~ssen~bly an on-the-job assembly of componeut parts that is an adjunct te, thc basic piping systern and plumhing fixturcs. An appurtenance dcmands no additional watcr supply ant1 does riot add any discharge load to a fixture or to thc drainngc systcni. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ lization controlled by public authority. QUICK-CLOSING <4I,VE. A valve or f i ~ ~ ~thatt closcs ce automatically when released manually or that is controlled by a mechanical means for fast-action closing. REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE BACKFLOW PREVENTEK. A baclcflow prevention dcvicc consisting of two independently acting checkvalvcs, internally force-loaded to a normally closed position and scparatcd by an internicdiate chamber (or zone) in which thcre is an automatic relief mcans of vcnting to the atmosphere, interr~allyloadcd to a ~lornlally open position between two tightly closing shutoff valves and with a nicans for testing for tightness of the checks and opening of the relief mcans. REGISTERED DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. An individual who is rcgistcred or licensed to practice professional architccture or engineering as defined by the statuto~y requirc~ncnts of
  • 24. DEFINITIONS the professional registration laws of the state or j~lrisdiction in which t l ~ c project is to be constructed. RELIEF VALVE Pressure relief valve. A pressure-actuated valve held closed by a spring or other means and designed to relieve pl-essurc automatically at the pressurc at which such valve is set. Temperature and pressure relief (T&P) valve. A combio nation relief valve designed L [unction as both a temperature relief and a pressurc rclicf valve. a'enrperaturc relief valve. A temperature-actuated valve dcsigncd to discharge automatically at the temperature at which such valve is set. RELIEF VENT. A vent whose pnmary function is to provide circulation of air hctwecn drainage and vent systems. RIM. An unobstructed open edge of a fixturc. RISER. See "Watcr pipe. riser." 1100F DRAIN. A drain installed to rcccivc water collecli~lg on thc surface of aroof and to discharge such water into leader or a conductor. IPOUGN-IN. Parts of the plumbing system that are installed prior to the installation of fixtures. This includes drainage, watcr supply, vent piping and the necessary fixture supports and any fixtures that are built into the structure. SELF-CLOSING FAUCET. A faucet containing a valve that autoniatically closes up or^ dcacrivation of the opening nlcans. SEPARATOR. See "I~~te~ccptor." SEWAGE. Any liquid waste containing animal or vegctablc matter in suspension or solutiorr, including liquids containing chemicals in solution. SEV17AGE EJECTORS. A device for lifting sewage by entraining Ihc sewagc in a high-velocity jet of steam, air or water. SEWER Building scwer. Sce "Building scwcr." Public sewer. A common sewer directly contr-olled by public authority. Sanitary sewer. A sewer that carries sewage and excludes storm, surface and pround watcr. Stor111 sewer. A sewcr that conveys rainwater, surface water and s i ~ ~ ~ i l a r wastes. liquid watcr, subsurf~cc SLOPE. 'The full (pitch) oi'a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane. In drainaze, thc slope is expressed as the fall in for units vefiicnl per units horizontal iperce~lt) a Icngth of pipc. SOIL PIPE. A pipc that conveys sewage containing fecal matdr-ain or building sewcr. ter to the b~tildiny SPILLPROOF VACUUM BREAKEK. An assembly consisting of one chccli valve force-loaded closed and an air-inlct vcnt valve force-loaded open to atmosphere, positioned dawnstl-carn of ~ l i c chcck valve, and located between and including two tiphtly closing shutoH'valves and a test cock. STACK. A general term for ally vertical line of soil, waste. cnt or inside conductor piping that cxtcnds through at lcast one story with or without offsets. STACK VENT- The extension of a soil or waste stack ahovc the highest horizontal drain cor~ncctcd the stack. to STACK VENTING. A mcthod of venting a fixturc or fixtures through the soil or waste stack. STERILIZER Boiling type. A boiling-type stcriliacr is a fixturc of a nonpressure type utilized for boiling instruments, utcnsils or other equipment for disinfcction. These devices are portable or arc connected to the plumbing system. Instrument. A device f o ~ sterilization of various instruthe ments. Pressure (autoclave). A pl-e5sul-evesscl fixturc dcsigncd to utilize steam under prcssure for stcrilizing. Pressure instrument washer sterilizer. A pressure ir~strunlerlt washer sterilizer is a pressure vcsscl fixture dcsigncd to both wash and sterilize instruments during the operating cycle of the fixture. Utensil. A device for the sterilization of utensils as utili7ed in health care services. Water. A water sterilizer is a device for stcrilizing watcr and storing sterile watcr. STlrERI1,IZER VENT. A separate pipe or stack, indirectly connected to the building drainage systcn1 at thc lower tcrminal. that receives the vapors from lionpressure sterilizers, or thc exliausL vapors from pressure sterilizers, and conducts the vapors directly to the open air. Also called vapor, steam, atn~ospheric or exhaust vent. STORM DRAW. Scc "Drainage system, sto~.m.'' STRUCTURE. That which is built or constt.uctcd or a portion lhercof. SUBSOIL DRAIR. A drain that collects subsurface watcr or scepagc water and collJeyssuch water to a place of disposal. SUMP, A talk or pit that receives sewagc or liquid waste. located below the normal grade of thc g r a ~ i t y system and that must be empticd by mechanical means. SUMP PUMP. An automatic water pump powcrcd by an clectric motor for the re~noval dra~nagc. of except raw sewage, fiom a sump. pit or low point. SUM? VENT. A vent from pl~clin~atic sewagc cjcctors, or sin]ilar equipment, that terminates separately to the open air. SUPPORTS. Devices for supporting ant1 securing pipc, fixtures and equipment. SWIMMING POOL. Any structure. basin. chambcr or tank containi~~g artificial body of water for swirnmirlg. diving or an a ~) recreational bathing hav~ng depth of 7 feet (6 10 ~ n nor mole at any point. TEMPERED WATER. Watcr having a temperahlrc range between 85°F (29°C') and 1 10°F(43°C). 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 25. THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION AGENCY. An approved agency operating a product or material certification sytcln that incorporatcs initial product testing, asscss~nent and survcillancc of a manufacturer's quality control systeni. 1'HIRl)-PAlZTY CERTIFIED. Certification obtained by the ~nanufactureriildicaling that the function and performance characteristics of a product or matcrial have hecn determined by lesting and ongoing surveillance by an approved third-party certification agency. Assertion of certification is in the for111of identification in accordance with the requirements of the third-party certification agency. THIRD-PARTY TESTED. Procedure by which an approved testing laboratory provides documentatio~l t h a ~a product. material or system confor~ns specified requirements. to TRAP. A fitting or dcvice that provldes a liquid seal to prevent the cnlision of scwcr gases without materially affecting the flow of sewage or wastcwater through thc flap. TRAP SEAI,. The vcrtical distance between the weir and thc top of the dip of the trap. UNS'I'ARLE GROUND. Earth that does not provide a nuiform bearing for the barrel of the scwcr pipe bctween thejoints at the bottom of the pipe trench. VACUUM. Any pressure less than that exerted by the atnlosplic~e. VACUURT BREAKER. A typc of backflow preventer installed on openings subject to nornml atmospheric pressure that prevents backtlow by admitting atmospheric pressure or through ports to thc discharge a ~ d e the device. VKN'I' PIPE. Sec "Vcnt system." VENT STACK. A vertical vcnt pipe installed primarily for the purpo5c of providing circulation of air to and from any part of the dl ai~lage system. VENT SYSTEM. A pipc or pipcs installed to provide a tlow of air to or frcjrn a drainagc systern. or to provide a circulation of air within such system to protect trap seals from siphonage and backpressurc. VER'TICAI, PIPE. Ally pipc or fitting that inalccs LIII angle of 45 degrees (0.79 rad) or morc with tlie horizontal. WALL-HUNG WKTER CLOSET. A wall-mounted water cloct i~tstallcd such a way that thc hxturc docs not touch the in floor. WASTE. The dicllnr~c from any fixture, appliance, area or appurtenance that docs not contain fecal matter. WAS'I'E PIPE. A p ~ p c conveys only waste. that WATER-HAMMER AKRESTOR. A device utilizcd to ;~bsorb pressure snrge (water hammer) that occurs when thc water flow is suddenly stopped in a water supply system. WKI'ER MEA'PER. Any hcating appliance or equipment that heats potable water ant1 aupplics such watcr to thc potable hot water distribution system. WATER MAIN. A water supply pipe or system of pipes, installed and m;iintainc[l by a city, township, county, public utility company or other public entity. on public pmpcrty, in the 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ street or in an approved dedicated cascmcnt of pulilic or community use. WATER OUTLET. A discharge opening through which watcr is supplied to a Cixlure, into the atmosphcrc (except into an open tank that is part of the water supply system), to ahoiler or hcating system, or to any devices or equipnicnl requiring watcr to operatc but which are 11otpart of the plumbing systcln. WATER PIPE Riser. A water supply pipe that extends onc full stoiy or more toconvey watcr to branches or ton group of fixtures. Water distribution pipe. A pipe within the stlxlctLlre or on thc prc~niscs conveys watcr fro111 tlic watcr service pipe. that to or from the meter when the lnctcr is at thc st~.ucture, the points of utilization. Water service pipe. The pipc from the walcr main or othcl. source of potahlc water supply, or from the mctcr when the meter is at the public right of way, to the watcr distribution systern of the building served. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM. The water service pipe, water distribution pipes, and the ncccssary connecting pipes, fittings. colltrol valves and all appurtenances in or adjacent to tlie structure or premises. WELL Bored. A well constructed by boring a hole in the ground with an auger and installing a casing. Drilled. A well constructed by making a hole in the ground witha drilling machine of any typc and installir~gcasing and screen. Driven. A well constructed by driving a pipc in thc ground. Thc drive pipc is i~sually fitted with a well point and screen. Dug. A well conctructcd by cxcavati~~g large-diamctcr a shaft and installing a casing. WHIRIA'OOL BATHTUB. A plumbing appliance consisting of a bathtub fixture that 1s equipped and tilted with a circulating piping systeni designed to accept. circulate and discharge bathtuh water upon each use. YOKE VENT. A pipc connecting upward from a soil or wastc stack to a vcnt stack for thc purposc of prcvcnting prcssurc changes in the stacks.
  • 26. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PEUMBlNG CODE@
  • 27. CHAPTER 3 GENERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 301 GENERAL 301.1 scope. ~h~ provisions of this chapter sllall the geneml regulations regarding the installation of plulnbillg [lot specitic to other chapters. 301.2 System installation. Plumbing shall be installed with due ~egard prescrvatlon of thc strength of structural nicmto bcrs and prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage 301.3 Co~inectionsto the sanitary drainage system. All plumbing fixtures. drains, appurtenances ant1 appliances used to rcccive or discharge liquid wastes or sewage shall be directly sanitary drainage system o r the building or conncctcd to t l ~ e prclnises, in accordance with thc requirements of this code. This section shall not be construed to prevent the indirect waste systcnls rcquircd by Chapter 8. 301.4 Connections to water supply. E v e ~ y plumbing fixture, device or appliance rcquiringor using water for its proper operation shall bc dircctly or indirectly connected to the water supply systcln in accordancc with thc provision? of this code. 301.5 Pipe, tube and fitting sizes. Unless otherwise specified, the pipe, tubc and tittins sizes specified i r ~this codc are cxprcssccl in nominal or standard sizes as designated in the refcrcnccd matcrial standards. 301.6 Prohibited locations. Plumbing systems shall not be located in an elcvator shaft or in an elevator equipment room. Exception: Floor drains, SLIIII~Sand sump pumps shall be pe~initted the hasc of the shaft provided they are indirectly at system. connected to the plu~ubing 30'1.7 Conflicts. Where conflicts between this code and the conditions of tlic listing or the nianufacturer's installatio~~ illstmctions occur, thc provisions of this code apply. Exception: Wherc a codc provision is less restrictive than the conditions of the listing of the cquipmcnt or appliance or the rna~lufacturer'sinst;~llationinstructions, tlic conditions of the listing and manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply. sewel. until it has been dctern~incd the codc official or other by a~~thority having jurisdiction that thc introduction thereof will not dan~age public sewer system or interfere with the functlic tioningOf the sc'age treatlnerlt plar1t. SECTION 303 MATERIALS 303.1 Identification. Each l e n ~ t h pipe and each pipe fitting. of trap, fixture, material and device utilized in a plumbins system shall bear the identification of the manufacturer. 30'3.2 installation of materials. All materials uscd shall he. installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approvcd. 111the abscncc of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's installation instructions shall be followctl. Where the requirements of rcfercnced standards or manufacturer's installati011 instructions do not conform to minimum provisions of this codc, the pl-o,isions of this code shall apply. 303.3 Plastic pipe, fittings and components. All plastic pipe. fittings and components shall bc third-party certified as conforming to NSF 14. 30'3.4 Third-party testing and certification. All plunibing products and materials shall comply with the referenced standards, specilications and performance criteria of this code and shall be identified in accordance with Scction 303.1. When requircdby Table 303.4, plumbing products and materials shall either be tested by an approved third-party testing agency or certified by an approved third-party certification agency. SECTION 304 RODENTPROOFING 304.3 General. Plu~-nbingsystems shall bc dcsigned and installed in accordancc with Sections 304.2 through 304.4 to prevent rodents fro111entering structures. 304.2 Strainer plates. ,411 strainer plates on drain inlets shall SECTION 302 bc designed and installed so that all openings are not greater EXCLUSION OF MATERIALS DETRIMENTAL than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) ill least dimension. TO THE SEWER SYSTEM 302.1 ~ ) ~ ~ dangerous materials. ~t ~~cinclers or ~ 304.3 Meter boxes. Mctcr boxcs shall be constructed in such a or ~ i ~ ~ ~ l h ~ . manner that rodcnts are prcvcnted from cntcring a structure by rags: flammable. poisonous or explosive liquids or gases; oil, way of the water service pipes connecting the lnetcr box and or any insoluble material capable of lhe structure. damaging or overloading the building drainage or scwcr systcm, or capablc of interfering with tlic normal operatior, of the 304.4 Openings for pipes, In or on ht,.uctul.es openings scwagc treatment processes, shall not be deposited. by any have been made in walls; floors or ceilings for the passage of means, into such systcms. u i ~ e . .such o~eninrrsshall be closed ant1 ~ r o t e c ~ chv the s d 302.2 Industrial wastes. Waste products From manufacturing installation of approved metal collars that are securely fastcncd or industrial operations shall not be introcluccd into the public to the adjoining structure. - - . 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ &
  • 28. GENERAL REGULATIONS TABLE 303.4 PRODUCTS -- -- MATERIALS REQUIRING THIRD-PARTY TESTING AND AND --- -- - THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION -- I PRODUCT OR MATERIAL - - t r - - - - - - + - - -- - - ! I'o~ablc water s~pply system components and potable wilter .f _x t_u ~ ~ _ i fittings ~_ - - - - THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED - - - -- - - - - - -- - I I THIRD-PARTY TESTED I -- - Requircd - jSanltary di-ainngcand.- . system compouerlls vcnt &. . ---. -- ~ ~- ~ -- -~ - ~ I !Waste Fixture fittings I I , ( S L.O Idrainan? system .. I ~ ~ . .. I ~ l t ~ r n hfixturcs in~ . . cornpollents .- . _--. . ~-.L . - ~ a ~ l. ~ f prevention devices. l o -w - - . . ~ ~~ ~- - I - - - - j~lil~soil-~ . - syslern components - drai~~age~~ . - 1 . . -. _ Required - Required ~ - 1 All ~ others ,.-_ ~ -~ ~- ~~ Required ~. ~~ t1 i ~ I ~. - . ! . - ~ I i - ~ - _- . -~ ~- All olhc1.s ! i~ ~ -.I 1 ~ l ~ ~ e c iwaste system colnponelits al . . , ~ - . - -. I ~ a L cdisll.ibu~ionsystcm safety dcvices r . P&sLic pipc, ~. fittings and pipe-related-components - I appliances 1'Plulnbi~~n . . .-5 - ~- . I ! A1 othcrs 1 . -. - ~ - L. I 1 - 1 / - Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components . Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-1,elatcd components ~ - i i -. i ~ Requircd - ---- ~ 1 -- 1 . SECTION 305 PROTECTION OF PIPES AND PLUMBING SYSTEM COMPONENTS 305.1 Corrosion. Pipcs passing through concretc or cinder w:llls and floors or otlicr corrosive matcrial shall be protected against external corrosion by a protectivc sheathing or- wrapping or otlicl. mcans that will withstand any reaction from the lime and acid of concretc, cinder or other corrosive material. Shcatliing or wrapping shall allow for expansion and contraction of piping to prevcnt any rubbing action. Minil~ium wall thickness of matcrial shall be 0.025 inch (0.64 mm). 305.2 Breakage. Pipes passing through or under walls shall be protcctctl from brcakagc. 305.3 Stress and strain. Piping in a plumbing systcln shall be installed so as to prevent strains and stresses that exceed the sti-uct111-a1 strength of the pipc. Whcre necessary, pro:isions skull be niadc to protcct piping fiom damage resulting from cxpansion. contraction and structural settlement. 305.4 Sleeves. Annular spaccs between sleeves and pipes shall be lillcd 01-lig111ly caullicd in an approved manner. Annular spaces bctwecn slccves and pipcs in firt-resist~ncc-rated assemblies shall bc fillcd or tightly caulked in accordance with the I~ztcrfzatio~zul Rllikli~l,(: Code. 305.5 Pipes through or under footings or fo~tndation walls. Any pipc that passes undcr a Sooting or through a foundation wall slrall bc provided with a relieving arch, or a pipe slecve pipc shall bc built into the foundation wall. The sleeve shall be two pipc sizes greatcr than thc pipc passing through the wnll. 305.6 Freezing. Water, soil and waste pipcs shall not be installed outsitlc of a building. in attics or crawl spaccs, concealcd in outsidc walls, or in any other place subjcctcdto ti-eezing tcniperature unless adcquatc provision is made t o protect by such pipcs from frcezi~ig insulation or hcat or both. Exterior water supply systcni piping shall be iiistallecl not less than 6 inches ( I 52 mln) below the frost lint and not less than 12 inchcs ( 3 0 5 mni) bclow grade. - 1 . I . . ~- Required ~ j 305.6.1 Sewer depth. Building sewers that connect to private sewagc disposal systcms shall bc a mini~iium [NLiMof BER] inches (mm) bclow finished g1-adca thcpoint of scptic 1 tank connection. Building scwcrs shall bc a ~ i ~ i n i m u n ~ of [NUMBER] inches (inm) below grade. 305.7 Waterproofing o f openings. Joints at the roof and around vent pipes, shall be made water tight by thc use of Icad, copper, galvanized stcel; aluminum, plastic or otlier appro~cd flashings or flashing material. Exterior wnll opcnings shall be nude waier tight. 305.8 Protection against physical damage. In conccnlcd locations whcrcpiping, other than cast-iron or galvanized stcel. is installed thl-ough holes or notches in studs. joists, raftcrs or similar members less than 1.5 inchcs (38 mm) from the nearcst cdge of thc mcmber, thepipc shall be protected by shicld platcx. P r o t e c t i v e s h i c l d p l a t e s s h a l l bc a r n i n i ~ n i ~ m of 0.062-inch-thick ( I .6 mm) steel, shall cover thc ;Ireit of thc pipe whcrc the nieiiiber is notchcd or borcd. and shall extend a niini-. nlum of 2 inchcs (51 mm) abovc sole plates and bclow top plates. 305.9 Protection o f components o f plumbing system. Components ot a plumbing system installcd along alleyways. cirivcways, parking garagcs or other locations expocd to danagc shall be recessed into tlic wall or othcrwise pn>tectcd in an approved manner. SECTION 306 TRENCHING, EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL 306.1 Support of piping. Buried piping l1:111 hc 5opported throughout its cntire length. 306.2 Trenching and bedding. Where trcnclics arc cxcav:~ted such that the bottom of thc trench foniis the hcd for tlic pipc, solid and continuous load-bearing suppc>rtshall bc provided bctwecn joints. Bell holes, hub holes and coupling holes shall bc provided at points whcrc the pipc is joi~lcd. Such pipe shall on not be s~~pportcd blocks to gradc. In instances where the 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 29. GENERAL REGULATIONS ~natcrials manuPacturcr's installation instructions are morc rcstrictivc than lhosc prescribed by the codc. the material shall be installed in accordance with the morc rcstrictivc requircnlcnl. 306.2.1 <)verexcavation. Wherc trenches arc excavated below the in~tallat~on of the pipc such that thc bottonl level of thc trench docs not form the bed for the pipc, the trench sllall be backiillcd to the intallaliou level of the bottom ot the pipe with sand or fine gravel placed in layers of 6 inchcs (1 52 mm) maximum depth and such backfill shall be cornpacted after each placement. 306.2.2 Rock removal. Wherc rock is encountered in trenching, the rock shall be removed to a minimum of 3 inches (76 mrn) below the installation levcl of the bottom of thepipe, and the trench shall be backfilled to the installation lcvcl of the bottom of thc pipe with sand tamped in place so as to provide unii'orm load-bearing support for the pipe bctwec~~ joints. The pipe, including the joints, shall not rest on rock at any point. 386.2.3 Soft load-bearing materials. If soft ~natcrialsof poor load-bearing quality are found at the bottom of the trench, stabilization shall be achieved by overexcavating a minimum of two pipe diameters and backiilling to the installatio~i lcvel of the bottom of'thc pipe with fine gravel. crushed stone or a concrete foundation. The concrete foundation sllall bc bedcled with sand tamped into place so as to provide uniform load-hearing support for thc pipe hetwezr~ joints. 306.3 Backfilling. Backfill shall bc free from discarded construction matcrial arid debris. Loose earth free from rocks. hro-ken concrctc and frozen chunks shall bc placed in the trench in 6-inch ('1 5 1 mm) layers and tamped in place until the crown of the pipc is covercd by 12 inclies (305 mm) of tamped earth. The backfill ~nlder beside the pipc shall be compacted for pipe and support. Backtill shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe so thai the pipc remains aligned. In instances where the manufact~~rer's installation instructions for inaterials are more rcstricti7c than those prcscribed by the code, the material shall hc installed in accol-dance with the more restrictive requirement. 306.4 Tunneling. Whcre pipe is to be installed by tunneling. jacking or a combination of hoth, the pipe shall be protected from danlagc during installation and froin subsequent uneven loadirig. Whcre cal-th tunncls arc used, adequate supporting structorcs shall bc providedto prevent future settlillgorcaving. 307.2 Cutting, notching or bored holes. A framing mc~nber shall not he cut, notched or bored in excess of limitations specified 111 the Interizutiarzul Rrtildirzg Codc. 307.3 Penetrations of floor/ceiling assemblies and fire-resistance-rated assemblies. Penetrations of floorlceiling assemblies and assemblies recl~iiredto !lave a tire-rektancc rating shall he protected in accordancc with the Iizterriat~onul BuiMii~g cod^. [B] 307.4 Alterations to trusses. Truss mcinbcrs and components shall not be cut, drilled. notchcd, spliced or otherwisc alteredin any way without written concurrence and :~pproval of a registered design profcssional. Alterations resulting in thc addition of loads to any member (e.g., HVAC ccluipment. water heater) shdl not be pcrrnittcd withoul verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading. 307.5 T r e ~ ~ c h location. Trcnchcs installcd parallel to footings shall not extend belov, the 45-degree (0.70 rad) bearing plane of the footing or wall. 387.6 Piping materials exposed within plenums. All p~ping materials exposed with~n plenums shall comply with the prowsions of the Ir~tenz~~tio~iul Mechuiric(11Code. SECTION 308 PIPING SUPPORT 308.1 General. All plumbing piping shall be supportccl in accordancc with this section. 308.2 Piping seismic supports. Wherc carthqlrakc loads arc applicable in accordance with the building codc, plumbing piping suppons shall he designed and installed for thc seismic forces in accordancc with the Irztc~rrzatiovzal B~~ildiilg Code. 308.3 Materials. Hangers, anchors and supports shall support the piping and the contents of the piping. Hangcrs and strapping nlatcrial shall be of appl-oved ~rlatcrialthat will not promote galvanic action. 308.4 Structural attachment. Hangers and anchors shall bc attached to the building construction ill an approved manner. 308.5 Interval of support. Pipc shall bc supportccl in accordance with Table 308.5. Exception: The interval of support for piping systcms dcsig~~cd PI-ovidc for expansionfcontraction shall conto form to the cngineercd design in accordancc with Section 105.4. 308.6 Sway bracing. Rigid support sway brac~ng shall be provided at changes in dircction grcatcr than 45 dcgrces (0.79 rad) for pipe sizes 4 inches ( 102 rnm) and larger. SECTION 307 STRUCTURAL SAFETY 307.1 General. In the process of installit~g repairing any part or of a plu~nbinzand drainage installation, the finished floors. orprewalls. ceilings. tile workor any other part of the buildir~g nlises that must bc changed or replaced shall be left in a safe struct~~ral condition in accordancc with the requirenlent:; of the hztcntcttio?rcllIlrtilcling Code. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 308.7 Anchorage. Anchorage shall be prob~dedto restrail) drainagc piping from ax~al moement. 308.7.1 Location. For pipc sizes grcater than 4 inchcs (102 mm), restraints shall he provided for drain pipes at all changes in dircction and at all changes in dianlctcr greater than two pipc sizes. BI-aces,blocks. rodding and other suitable methods as specified hy rhc coupling manufilcturer shall be ~~tilized.
  • 30. GENERAL REGULATIONS TABLE 308.5 HANGER SPACING . - 1 1- PIPING MATERIAL - - I MAXIMUM VERTICAL MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL SPACING (feet) - -_ with thc manufacturer's installation instructions. I-lot and cold water piping shall not he grouped in tllc aamc bundle. . . - ~ -- SPACING SECTION 309 FLOOD HAZARD RESISTANCE (feet) --. ,AUS pipe 309.1 General. Plumbing systems and equipmerl~ structures in I Brass pipc - - ~ ~~ ~ - . - ~ !copperor. . ~.- . pipc. . copper-:~lloy - 1 I-. 12 4. , 1 Copper or coppel.-alloy tubing, Ii I ' j s 1 Cast-iron pipe I -~ -~ _ - _ 1 15 .~-. .i 10 6 I I/,-inch diarneter ; ~ n d smaller i i . _- ~ ~- ~ - , i 1I 10 -. ! , . . - ~ !cross-linked polyethylene I1 (lJES). pipc . . - ~ . ~ ~ .-.. ~ I 4 IC~YS-linked polyelhylenel j 2.67 jI 10 .--.' i I 2.67 (32 inches) -. - ) ' ,ICPVC i 1 ( a~;rni~ium/cl-~~bs-li~iked ~)olyt.thylene (PGX-AL-PEX) 1 C! P! . _ . _ . pipe or tubing. 1 inch and smaller . - ICPVC ' , 3 -- and larger Stecl pipe ,~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . i ~. . - j I - - I? .. . - - 2. Pump seals in individual water supply systcins whcre thepilmp is located below the d e s i y floodclcvation. 10" - .~ - I I 10" -- ~L - . loc;~tcdbelow the design flood clevation provided that the systems are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or acculnulating within their components and the syslenis are constructed to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresscs, including the cffccts of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to the design flood elcvation. 1. All watcr service pipes. -. 4 j ~ ~ . * *. -~ -~~ 1 i I pij~mol. tubing. 1 I/, inches I 1 i (32 inches) I [B] 309.2 Flood hazard. For structures located in flootl hazzu-d areas, the following systems and eqoipn~ent shall be located at or above thc design flood elevation. Exception: The following systcn~sarc: permitted to bc ~ !copperor. copper-alloy tubing, 1 1 'I2-inch. . . and larger diarneter . I - -- --. . . . l5 -. 1 3. Covers on potable water wells shall hc sealed. except where the top of the casirip well or pipe sleeve is elevated to at least 1 foot (305 r111n) above the dcsign flood clevation. 4. All sanitary drainage piping I 5 . All storm drainage piping. 2.57 1 4 1 6. Manhole covers be sealed. (32 inches) - . - - . . _ . . _ ~_--, or above shalldesign flood except whcre cle.t.--.-. vated to the elevation. I i ~~ol~~thylenelalurnin~~~nl 1 2.67 7. All other plumbing fixtures, faucets; fixture fittings, 11 . P olyrithylrne (YE-At-PE) pipe 1 (32 inches) . . - ~+ -.I piping systcms and cquipnicnt. 1 ~ ~ o l ~ ~ r o ~ ~pipe n e (PP) l c or i 2.67 [32 inchesj ) I Oh ; 8. Water heaters. 1 ~ubino1 inch and snlaller 1 i IPR pipe or tubing .-~L - ~-~ - I erected in flood hazard areas shall bc constl-uctcdin accordance with the requirements of this section and the Ir~terr~c~tio~rul Buildirzg Code. ~ 1 9. Vents and vent systcms. [B] 309.3 Flood hazard areas subject to high-velocity wave action. Structures locatcd in flood hazard areas subject to I inch = 15.4 mm, I loot = 304.8 mm. a. The m n x i m ~ ~ m l~orizontnlsp:lcing of cast-iron pipe lianpcrs shall be increased to 10 t'cet where 10-foot lengths of pipe ;lur ~nst;~lled. h, hlidsc~>~y~ i d c i/cs 1- inches and slnallen g ~ for Fur- ST: * 308.8 Expansion joint fittings. Expansion joint Fittings shall bc usetl only whcrc necessary to provide for expansion and contraction of the pipes. Expansion joint fillings shall bc of the typical material suitable for use with the type of piping i l l which such fittings are installed. high-velocity wave action shall meet the rccluircincnts of Section 309.2. The plulllbing systems, pipes and fixtures shall not bc mounted on or penetrate through walls intcntlcd to hrcali away under flood loads. SECTlON 310 WASHROOM AND TOILET ROOM REQUlREMENTS 310.1 Light and ventilation. Washrooms and toilet rooms shall he illuminated and ventilated in accor-clailcc with the I~zter~iutiorznl R~lil~iinfi Code and Ii~.tc~rl~ntionrrl M~clinr~ic.nl Code. 310.2 Location of fixtures and piping. Piping, fixtures or 308.9 Parallel water distributionsystems. Piping hurldles for manifold systcms hall he wpported in accordance with Tahlc 308.5. Support at changes in dirxction shall he in accordance equipment shall not be located in such a mantiel as to intcrfcsc with the normal operation ofwiildows, doors or other tncans of egress openings. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 31. GENERAL REGULATIONS 310.3 Interior finish. Interior finish surfaces of toilet rooms shall co~iiply with the Itlrcrr~atior~nl B~iilliilgCocie. ascertain wlicther the pressurc has rcachcd all parts ofthe sy5Icm. 310.4 Water closet compartment. Each watcr closct utilizcd by the public or cmployecs shall occupy a scparate compartrrlcnt w ~ t h walls or partitions and a door e~iclosing flxtures the to cnsurc privacy. 312.1.1 Test gauges. Gauges used for testing shall bc as follows: Exceptions: I. Water closct compart~nents shall not be required i l l a singlc-occupant toilct room with a locliable door. in 2. Toilet rooms Ivca~ed day care and child-care faeilitics and containing two or more water closets shall be permitted to havc one watcr closet without ari enclosing compartment. 310.5 Urinal partitions. Each urinal utilized by the public or c~nployecs shall occupy a scparate area with walls or partitions to providc privacy. The conskuction uf such walls or partitions shall incorporate warcrproof, smooth, readily cleanable and nonabsorbent finish surfaces. The walls or partitions shall bcgin at a height not more than 12 inches (305 mni) from and extcnd not less than 60 inches (1534 mn1) above thc finished from the wall floor surfacc. The walls or partitions shall extc~id surface at each side of the urinal a mininiurn of 18 inches (457 mm) or to a point not less than 6 inches ( I 52 mrn) beyond thc outermost front lip of the urinal measured from the finishcd back wall surtacc, whichever is greater. Exceptions: 1. Urinal partitions shall notbc required in a single occupant or unisex toilet rooiii with a lockable door. 2. Toilct rooms located in day care and child care facilitics and containing two or illorc urinals shall be permitted to havc one urinal without partitions. SECTION 311 TOILET FAClLlTlES FOR WORKERS 311.1 Gencr:~l. Toilet facilities shall be provided for constmction workers and such facilities shall be maintained in a sanitary condition. Construction worker toilet facilities of the nonsewcr type shall conform to ANSI 24.3. SECTION 312 TESTS AND INSPECTIONS 312.1 Required tests. The permit holdcr shall niake the applicable tcsts prescribed in Sections 3 12.2 through 3 12.9 to detcrniine compliance with the provisions of this codc. The permit holdcr shall give rcasonablc advance notice to lhe code official whcn thc plumbing work is ready for tests. The ecluipment, material, power and labor necessary for tlie inspection and test sliall bc fi~rnislledhy the permit holder and the permit holder sliall be responsible for determining that tlie work will wilhstand thc tcst prcssure prescribed in the following tcsts. All plumbing systenl piping shall be tested with either watcr or. for piping systcnis other than plastic, by air. After the plumbing fixturcs h a w hccn set and their traps filled with watcr, ttic entire drainage systcm shall IE submitted to final tests. Thecode official sliall rcqi~ire removal of any cleanouts if nccessary to the 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ I. Tests requiring a pressure of 10 pounds per squarc inch (psi) (69 kPa) or lcss shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 0.10 psi (0.69 kPa) or Icss. 2. Tests requiring a prcssure of grcatcr than 10 psi (69 liPa) but less than or equal to 100 psi (683 hP,l) shall utilize a testing gauge having tncrcrncnts of I psi (6.9 kPa) or less. 3. Tests requiring a pressure of grentcr t1i;ui 100 psi (689 kPa) shall ulilizc a testing gaugc having incrc~ncnts of 2 psi ( 14 kPa) or Icss. 312.2 Drainage and vent water test. A watcr tcst shall bc applied to the drainage systcm either in its cntircty or in sections. If applied to the entire system, all opc~iings the piping in shall be tightly closed, exccpt the highest opcning. and thc system shall be filled with waterto thc point of ovcrflow. If tlie system is tested in sections, each opcning shall be tightly plugged exccpt the highest opcnings of the scction undcr tcst, and each scction shall bc fillcd with water, but no section shall be testcd with less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) hcad of water. In testing successive sections. at least thc uppcr I 0 fect (3048 ~ n mof the ) next preceding section shall be tested so that no joint or pipe in the building, except the uppcmiost 10 feet (3048 nini) of the systcm, shall havc becn submitted to a tesl of less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water. This pressure sliall bc hcld for at least 15 minutes. The systcm shall then be tight at all points. 312.3 Drainage and vent air test. An air test sliall bc rr~adc by forcing air into the system until therc is a uniform gaugc pressure of 5 psi (34.5 kPa) or sufiicicnt to balance a 10-inch (254 mm) column of mercury. This prcssure shall bc held for a test period of at least 15 minutes. Any adjustments to thc test pressure I-equircdbecauseof changes in anlbient tempcraturc or thc seating of gaskets shall bc made prior to thc beginning of the test period. 312.4 Drainage and vent final test. The final tcst of the conipleted drainage and vent system shall bc visual and insufficient with the provisions cif this codc detail to detel-mine co~npliance except that the plumbing shall be subjected to a smoke test whcre tlecessary for cause. Wherc the smokc tcst is utilized. i t shall bc ~ n a d c filling all traps with watcr and t11c11introducby ing into the entire systcrn a pungent, thick smoke producecl by one or more smoke machines. Whcn the smoke appears at stack openings on the roof, the stack opcnings shall bc closcd and a pressure equivalent to a I-inch watcr column (248.8 I'a) shall be held for a test pcriod of not less than 15 ~ninutcs. 312.5 Water supply systerli test. Upon completion of a scction of or the entire water supply system, thc system, or portion completed shall be tested and proved tight undcr a watcr prcssure not less than the working pl-essurc of the systcln: or, for piping systems other than plastic, by an air tcst of not lcss than 50 psi (344 kPa). 'This pressure shall bc hclcl for at lcast 15 nlinLltes. Thc water utilized for tests shall bc obtained fl-o~u potaa ble source of supply. The rcquired tcsts shall bc performed iu accordance with this section and Section 107.
  • 32. GENERAL REGULATIONS 312.6 GI-avity sewcr test. Gravity sewer tests shall consist of plugging thc end of thc building sewer at the point of connection with the p ~ ~ b lSCWCI-. filling the building scwer with water, ic tcsting with not lcss than a 10-foot (,3048 mm) head of water and m:lintaining such pressurc for 15 minutes. [MI 314.2.1 Condensate disposal. Condensate from all cooling coils and cvaporcltors shall be convcycd fro111the drain pan outlet to an approved placc of disposal. C o ~ ~ d c ~ i sate shall not discharge into a street, alley or other arcas so as to cause a nuisance. 312.7 Forced sewcr test. 1;orced sawer tests shall consist of plugging the end of the builtling sewer at the point of conncction with the public scwer and applying a pressure of 5 psi (34.5 I&) greater than the pump rating, and maintaining such pressure for 15 minutes. [R4] 314.2.2 Drain pipe materials and sizes. Co~nponents of the condensate disposal system shall be cast iron, galvanized steel, copper, cross-linked polycthyle~ie. polybutylcnc. polycthylene. ABS. CPVC, or PVC pipe or tubing. All coniponcnts shall bc selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the instr~llation. Condensiite waste and dmin line sizc shall not be less than 'I.,-inch (19 uun) internal dianlctcr and shall not decrease in size from the drain pan conncction to thc place of condensate disposal. Where tlle drain pipes from Inore than one unit are manifolded togcther for condellsate drainage, the pipe or tubing shall be sizcd in accordmcc with an approved method. All horizontal sections of drain piping shall be installed in uniform alignment at a uniforin slope. 312.8 Storm drainage system test. Storm drain systems within a building shall he tcsted by water or air in accordance with Section 3 12.3 or 3 12.3. 312.9 Inspection and testing of backflow prevention assernblies. Inspection and testlng shall comply with Sections 3 17.9.1 and 3 12.9.2. 312.9.1 Inspections. Annual inspections 5hall be made of ancl air gaps to deterall backflow prevention asscn~blies niinc whether they arc operable. 312.9.2 Testing. Reduced pressure principle baclcflow prcvcnter assemblies, double check-valve assemblies, pressure vacuum breaker asscniblics. reduced pressure detector firc protection hackflow prevention assemblies, double chcck detector fire protection backflow prevention assemblies, hose connection backflow prcventcrs. and spill-proof vacuum brcakers shall be tested at the time of installation. i~imiccliaicly after rcpairs or relocation and at least annually. The tcsting proccdurc shall be performcd in accordance with one of the following standards: pi ASSE 5013. ASSE 5015, ASSE 5020, ASSE 5047. ASSE 5048. ASSE 5052, ASSE 5056, CSA B64. I0 or CSA B64.10.1. SECTION 313 EQUlPMENT EFFICIENCIES 313.1 General. Ecjuipmcnt efficiencies chall bc in accordance ETI(J~ O' C rode. with thc JIIT(~~II(I~~OII(I/ ~ I I Z S ~ I - V ~ ~ ~ O I I SECTION 314 CONDENSATE DISPOSAL [MI 314.1 Fuel-burning appliances. Liquid combustion byproducts of condensing appliances shall be collected and discharged to an approved plumbing fixture or disposal arcs in accordance with the ~uanuft~cturcr's installation instructions. Condensate piping shall be of approved corrosion-resistant malcrial ant1 shall not be sniallcr than the drain conncction on the appliancc. Such piping shall maintain a minimum hol.izontul slope in the direction of dischargc of not less than onc-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1-percent slol.'c). [Mj 314.2 Evaporators and cooling coils. Condensate drain systems shall bc provicicd for equipment and appliances containing evaporators or cooling coils. Condensate drain systerns shall bc designed, constructed and installed in accordance with Scctions 3 14.2.1 tl11.ough 3 142.4. [M] 314.2.3 Auxiliary and secondary drain systerns. In addition to the requirements of Section 3 14.2.1. a secondary drain or auxiliary drain pan shall be required for each cooling or evaporator coil or fuel-fired appliance that produces condensate, where damage to any building components will occur as a result of overflow from the equipment drain pan or stoppage in the condcnsatc drain piping. One of the f o lowing methods shall he used: 1 . An auxiliary drain pan with a scparatc d r n i ~ ~ bc shall provided under the coils on which condensation will occur. The auxiliary pan drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alcrt occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. Thc pan shall have a minimum clepth of 1.5 inchcs (38 mm), shall not be lcss than 3 inches (76 mm) larger than the unit o width and length and shall hc or the coil d i ~ ~ ~ c n s iinn s constructcd of corrosion-resistant material. Mctallic pans shall have a mini~iium thickness of not lcss than 0.0276-inch (0.7 mm) galvanized sheet metal. Nonmetallic pans shall have a minimum thicl<ness of not less than 0.0625 inch (I .h mm). 2. A separate overflow drain line shall be conncctcd to the drain pan provided with the cquipnient. The overflow drain shall clischarge to a conspicuous point ol' disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the priinav drain. The overflov drain line shall connect to the drai~i at a higher lcvcl than the pripan mary drain conncction. 3. An auxiliary drain pan without a separate drain linc shall be provided under the coils on which condc~isate will occur. The pan shall be ecluipped with a water-level detection device conforming to IJL 508 that will shut off the equipment served prior to overflow ofthe pan. The auxilia~y drain pun shall he constructed in accordance with Itern 1 of this section. I 3. A water level detectiondevice conforn~ing UI, 508 to shall be provided that will shut off the etluipn~cnt served in thc cvcnt that the primary drain is bloclccd. The dcvice shall be installed in thcpriniary drain linc, the overflow drain line or in the equipnicnt-supplicd 2006 lFdTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 33. GENERAL REGULATIONS drain pan loca~ed a point higher than the p r i ~ n a ~ at drain line connection and below the overflow rim of such pan. Exceptiu~l:Fuel-fired appliances that automatically shut down operation in the event of a stoppage in the condensate drainagc system. [MI 314.2.3.1 Water level monitoring devices. On downflow units and all other coils that have no seconda~y drain and no li~eans install an auxiliary drain pan, a to water. level monitoring device shall hc installed inside the primary drain pan. This device shall shut off the equipment served in the event that the primary dr-ain becomes rcstrictcd. Externally installed devices and devices ins~alled the drain line shall not be permitted. in [MI 314.2.4 Traps. Condensate drains shall be trapped as rciluircd by the equipment or appliance inanufacturcr. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 34. 2006 lNTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 35. CHAPTER 4 FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS SECTION 401 GENERAL 401.1 Scopc. This chapter shall govern the materials, design and installation of plumbing fixturcs, faucets and fixture fittings in accordance with thc type of occupancy. and shall provide for thc rnininlum nun-rberof fixtures for various types of occupancies. 401.2 Prohibited fixtures and connections. Water closets having a conccaled tlap seal or an unventilated space or having walls that arc not thoroughly washed at each discharge in accordance with ASME A 1 12.19.2R.1sl~all prohibited. Any be wcltcr closet that pcrnlits siphonage of thc contents of the bowl Trough urinals shall be back into the tank shall be prohib~tcd. prohibited. 401.3 Wiltcr conservation. The maxirnurn water flow ratcs and flush volulnc for plumbing fixturcs and fixture fittings shall comply with Section 604.4. SECTION 402 FIXTURE MATERIALS 402.1 Quality of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be constl-uctcd of approved rnatcrials; with slllooth, iinpervious surfaces, fsec frcl~n defects and conccaled fouling surfaces, and shall conform to standards cited in this code. All porcelain enarnclccl surfaccs on plumbing fiutures shall be acid resistant. 4022 Materials for specialty fixtnl-es.Matcrials for specialty fixtures not otherwise covered in this codc shall bc of stainless steel. soapstone, chemical stoneware or plastic, or shall hc lincd with lead, coppel--base alloy. nickel-copper alloy, corrosion-resistant stccl or other material cspecially suitetl to the application for which the fixture is intcndcd. 402.3 Sheet copper. Sheet copper for general applications shall confonii to ASTM B 152 and shall not weigh less than 12 ounces per square foot (3.7 kglrn'). 402.4 Sheet lead. Shcet lead for pans shall not wcigh less than 4 pc>uncisper square foot (10.5 Iigim') coated with an asphalt paint 01- other approved coating. SECTION 403 MlNlMUM PLUMBING FACILITIES 403.1 Minilnum number of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be provided for the type of occupancy and in the minimum number shown in Table 403.1. Typcs of occupc~ncics shown not in Table403.1 shall bc considered individually by the code official. ?'he number of occupants shull be dcter~liincd the Inrcrby r~crrioiztrlBrtiliirzg Code. Occupancy cl:~ssification shall bc determined in accordance with the Irzter.rrntior7nl Bcriltlir~g Code. TABLE 403.1 MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURES" 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 36. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS TABLE 403.1-continued MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURESa (See Sections 483.2 and 403.3) i 1 i I I I I I I r i I I i sink exceeding 50 I 1 per 50 I per 50 1 per 100 I I per 10 1 per 10 1 pcs room' 1 per 35 I I / - 1 pcr t e l l i I 1 I per 500 I 1 per 15 ' I 1 per 15 -. . 1-4 ~ ~~~- ~ I per 15 (~~l7l7t;lz~ie'~j 2006 INTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 37. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS TABLE 403.3-continued MlNliUUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURESa (See Sections 403.2 and 403.3) 1 I NO. 6 I - 7 I 1 i OTHER 410.1) - (see j Sections 403.2, 1403.4, 403.1.1 and !403.4.1) I (SEE SECTION R- I 1 L . . - 1 . - . . - 1 llotels, ~nolels. i I_- 1 boarding houses I (transient)41 / 1 par 500 1 I. , - 1 / 1 ~elvice st~ations. shops. aaleimonis, 1 ' markets and shoppino centers ' 3 M ~ I I Retail scores, i bIel.c:lntilc ! l7esidcntial FOUNTAIN SHOWERS - . ; - CLASSIFICATION - ' BATHTUBS1 ' I LAVATORIES I scsvice I per750 sink i - .. _ _ ~_ . . - . i - .- ~ ~ ~ - ~ - . ~ ~ ~. ~~ ~ i poi sleeping unit I psr sleeping w i t I I pet. 1 sleeping unit 1I 1 scl~ice sink -- - 11 frateliiities, sororities and R-3 1 bonl-ding houscs !(not Wnnsirnt) I pcr 10 1 per I 0 ! 1 sink per I 1 1' dwelling unit " !I 1 j dwelling / unit: I I 1 per dwelling unit 1 a~~tornalic I withher i ( connectio~~ ! per 20 1 T i I . ) dwellillg . . _ . 1 1 1 1 R-3 i i 1 ~ I t ~ lhmily o dwellings - ~-~ -- i -~~, ~~ ~ I carelnssisted Living R-4 1f ,.a c ~ l l t ~ e s .- I Scoiage (see . . I I kitchen dwclling - I ;iutomatic I clothcs j wilshcr ) - 1I- ~~~-- I I 1 units~.~~ . , . 1 unit; I I con~~cction 1 ~ . -~ ~ ~ - ~ - ~--- ~ I per dwciling itnit I ! sink pet- / I pcr dwelling unit i j i I Rcsidclttiill ~ 1 per dwelling utiit 1 Ii I i~.. ~. 'i , j / One- and kitchen I clolhes -I :~nd 403.4.1 ) I i 1 1 I 403.4 i 1 D o m ~tories. i 1 8 -~~ I per dwcllin~ j unit ~ -1 ~~ ~~~ ~- I pel R I per 10 J ) S T I . L I ~ ~ I I T C S the 1i ti)r 1 storage of goods; S-l S-2 I warehouses, I / storehouse a1d 1 I freight depots. Low I 1 per 100 1 pel 100 See Section 41 1 I pet- 1,000 I and Moduratc 1 Harard. - - -- . - - a. Thc fixlures show^^ arc haserl o n one tixture bcilig the minimum reqiiil-cdIor tl!e nomher of prrsoils lndicatcd or any Traclioo of thc nuirihcr of pel-~otls indiu~tcd. 'l'hc niimhc~- oscup,tncs shall he determined hy thc Iiitrrilrrrioiirrl Ri~ilrli~lg or C'orlc. h. Tbilct hicilitics for, eiilplc~yrc? l ~ i l he sfparate from tilcilities For inmates or patients. s l L. A singlc-occupant toilet room w,ith une water closet and one 1:lmtory serving not marc than two ailjaccnt patient sleeping units shall hc permitted vhercsuch n)om . is provided with direct access from each paticnt room and with provisions for privacy. d. The occupant load for seasonal outdoor seating aud cnicrtainrnent al-eas shall he il~cluded xvhcn determining the m i n ~ n ~ u numbcr ol'licllicizs required. rn 1 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE^
  • 38. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS [B] 403.1.1 Unisex toilet and bath fixtures. Fixtures loca~cd within u ~ ~ i s c x and bath~ng toilet roo111s conlplying with Scction 404 are pe~mittcd be included in determ~nto ing thc minimum reyuired numhcr of fixtures for asscrnbly and mcrcantilc occupancies. 403.2 Scparatc facilities. Where plumbing fixtures arc rerluircd, scparatc Facilities shall bc provided for each sex. rn 1. Sep:trute facilities shall not be required f o ~ dwelling units and slcening units. . - I ) 2. Seoaratc facilities shall not be reuuircd in structures or tenant spaccs with a total occupant load. including both crnployecs and customers, of 15 or less. 3. Separate facilitics shall not be required in mercantile occupancies in which the maximurn occupant load is 50 or less. 403.3 Number of occupants of each sex. The required water closc(s. lavatories. arid showcrs or bathtubs shall be distributed equally between the sexes based on thc percentage of each sex itnlicipatcd in the occupant load. The occupant load shall be colnposcd of 50 percent of cach sex, unless st;itistical data approved by the code official indicate a different distribution of the sexes. sS 403.4 Reyuired public toilet facilities. Customers. patrons and visitors shall be provided wilh public toilet facilities in structures and tenant spaccs intended for public utilization. The acccssiblc route to public facilitics shall not pass through kitchens, storage roorus, ciosets or similar spaccs. Employees shall be provided with toilet facilities in all occupancies. E~~iployee toilet facilitics sliall bc cithel- scpa-att: or combined employee and public toilct facilities. 403.4.1 I,ocation of toilet facilities in occupancies other than covered malls. In occupancies other than covered malls. the rcquired public and ernployec toilet facilities shall hc located not more than one story above or below the space requir-ed to bc provided with toilet facilities, and the path of t~xvelto such facilities shall not cxceed a distance of 50U feet (I52 n ~ ) . Exception: The location and maxiniunl travel distances to I-ccluircdenlployee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are pem~itted exceed that required hy this to section, provided that the location and maximum travel distance are approved. 403.4.2 Location of toilet facilities in covered malls. In covered Inall buildings, the rcquired public and employee toilet facilities shall bc located not rnorc than one story abovc or bclow thc space required to be provided with toilct facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 300 feet (91 430 mm). In covered rnall huildings, the requir-cd facilities shall be based on total square footage, and facilities shall be installed in each individual store or in a central toilet area located in accordance with this section. The 111axirnum travel distance to central toilct facilitics in covercd nlall buildings shall be measured from the main entrance of any store or tenant space. In covcrcd 11ial1buildings, where employees' toilet f -clI '~ 't ~ are ~ ' es . 28 no1 provided in the individual store, the masin~umtravel distance shall be measured from thc employee's work area of the store 01. tenant space. 403.4.3 Pay facilities. Where pay facilities arc ir~stallcd. such facilities shall be in excess of thc rcquircd minilnu~u facilities. Required facilitics shall bc frce of cli~u-ge. 403.5 Signage. Rcquired public facilities shall be designatcd by a legible sign for each sex. Signs shall be readily visible and located near the entrance to cach toilet facility. SECTlON 404 ACCESSlBLE PLUMBING FACILITIES 404.1 Where ~Vequired.Accessible plu~nbingfacilities and be the fixtures bl~all provided in accordance w ~ t h I~ltet.~zatro~l~rI Building Code. SECTION 405 INSTALLATlON OF FIXTURES 405.1 Water supply protection. The supply lines and fittings for every plumbing fixlure shall be installed so as to prevent backtlow. 405.2 Access for cleaning. Plurnbirig fixtures shall be installed so as to afford easy access for cleaning both the fixture and the area around the fixture. 405.3 Setting. Fixtures shall be set level tund in proper align ment with reference to adjacent walls. 405.3.1 Water closets, urinals, lavatories and bidets. A water closet, urinal, lavatory or bidet shall not he set closcr than 15 inchcs (381 mm) from its center to any sidc wall. partition, vanity or other obstruction, or closcr than 30 inches (762 n ~ l n )centcr-to-ccntcr betwucn adjacenl fixtures. There shall bc at least a 2 1-inch (533 mm) cleal.ance in front of Lhe water closet, urinal, lavatory or bidet to any wall, fixture or door. Water closet conlpart~nents shall not be less O than 30 inches (762 mm) wide and h inches (I524 mm) deep (see Figure 405.3.1). I 405.3.2 Public lavatories. In e~nployceand public toilct roonis, :he required lavatory shall be located in the same loom as the required water closet 405.4 Floor and wall drainage connections. Connections between the drain and floor outlet plumhing fixtures shall be made with a floor flange. The flange shall be attached to the drain and anchored to the structure. Connections between the drain and wall-hung walel- closets shall be madc with an approved extension nipple or horn adaptor. Thc water close1 shall bc bolted to the hanger with corrosion-rcsist;i~~t bolts or screws. Joints shall be sealed with an approved claston~eric gasket. flange-to-fixture connection coinpl ying with ASME A1 12.4.3 or an approved sctting compound. 1 405.4.1 Floor flanges. Floor flanges for water closets or similar fixtures shall not be less than 0.125 inch (3.2 ~ n m ) thiclc for brass, 0.25 inch (6.4 nim) thick for plastic, and 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) thick and not less than a 2-inch (51 nim) caulking depth for cast-iron or galvanized malleable iron. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 39. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE Fl?TlNGS dimension or other approved arrangcmcnt so as to provide folaccess to the slip joint connectio~is inspection and rcpair. 405.9 Design and installation of plumbing fixtures. Integral fixture fitting mounting surfaces on manufactured plumbing fixtures or plumbing fixtures constructed 011 site, shall mcet the design requirements of ASME A1 12.10.11vI or A S M E A1 12.19.1M. SECTION 406 AUTOMATIC CLOTHES WASHERS 21 IN CLEAHPNCE 406.1 Approval. Domestic automatic clothes washers shall conform to ASSE 1007. FIGURE 405.3.1 FIXTURE CLEARANCE Floor flanges of hard lcad shall weigh not less tt~anI pound, 9 ounces (0.7 kg) and shall be composed of lead alloy with not less than 7.75-percent antimony by weight. Closct scrcws and bolts shall bc of brass. Flanges shall be secured to thc building structure with corrosion-resistant scrcws or bolts. 405.4.2 Securingfloor outlet fixtures. Floor ourlet fixtures shall be secured to the floor or floor flanges by screws or bolls of cosrosion-1.esistant material. 405.4.3 Securing wall-hung water closet bowls. Wall-hung water closct bowls shall bc supported by a concealed metal carrier that is attached to the building structural n ~ c n ~ b eo that strain is not translnittetl to thc closct conrs ncctor or any other part of the plumbing system. Thc carsicr shall conform to ASME A1 12.6.lM or ASME A1 12.6.2. 405.5 Water-tight joints. Joints formed where fixtures come in contact with walls or floors shall be sealcd. 405.6 Plulnbing in nlental health centers. In mental health ccnters, pipes or traps shall not be cxposed. and fixtures shall be bolted through walls. 405.7 Design ofoverflows. Where any fixture is provided with an overflow, the wastc shall he dcsigned and installed so that standing watcr in the fixture will not rise in the overflow when the stopper is closed, and no water will remain in thc o?erilow when the fixture is empty. 405.7.1 Connection of overflows. Tlic overflow fi-om any fixture shall discharge into the drainage system on the inlet o~ tjx~ure sidc of the trap. Exception: Thc ovcrflow from a flush tank senling a water closet or urinal shall dischargc into thc fixture scrvcd. 405.8 Slip joint connections. Slip joints shall be made with an approved elastomcric gaskct and shall only hc installed on the trap outlet, trap inlet and within the trap seal. Fixturcs with concc;rlctJ slip-joint connections shall bc provided with an access pancl o r utility space at least 12 inches (305 mm) in its sniallest 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 406.2 Water connection. The water supply to an automatic clothes washer shall be protected against backflow by an air gap ~nstalledintegrally within the mach~ncconforming to ASSE 1007 or with the installation of a backflow prcvcntcr i n accordance with Section 608. 406.3 Waste connection. The wastc from an automatic clotlies washer shall discharge through an air breali into :I standpipe in accordance with Section 802.4 or into a laundry sink. The trap and fixture drain for an automatic clothcs washer standpipe shall be a rainimuni of 2 inches (5 1 111111)i n diameter. Thc automatic clothes washer fixture drain shall conncct to a branch drain or drainage stack a minilnum of 3 inches (76 rnm) in diameter. Automatic clothes washers that discharge by gravity shall be permitted to drain to a waste receptor or an approved trench drain. I SECTION 407 BATHTUBS 407.1 Approval. Bathtubs shall conform to ANSI 2124.1, A S M E A1 1 2 . 1 9 . 1 M , A S M E A1 1 2 . 1 9 . 4 M , A S h I E A1 12.19.9M, CSA B45.1, CSA R45.3 or CSA B45.5. 407.2 Bathtub waste outlets. Bathtubs shall have waste outlets a minimum of 1.5 inches (38 mm) in diameter. The wastc outlet shall be equipped with an approved stopper. 307.3 Glazing. Wlndows and doors within :I bathtub encloqure shall conform to tlie safety glaz~ng recluircrnents of the I~rrer~rrltioizal Buildirz,q Code. 407.4 Bathtub enclosure. Doors within a bathtub cnclosure shall confonu to ASME A1 12.19.15. SECTION 408 BIDETS 408.1 Approval. Bidets shall conforin to ASME A 1 11.19.2M, ASME A1 12.19.9M or CSA B45. I. 408.2 Water connection. The water supply to a bidct shall be protected against backtlow by an air gap or backflow prevcnter in accortiance with Scction 608.13.1. 608.13.2, 608.13.3, 608.13.5. 608.13.6or 608.13.8. 408.3 Bidet water temperature. l h e dlschargc watcr tcmperature from a bidct fitting shall be li~nitcdto1 maximum temper1
  • 40. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FlTTlNGS aturc of 110°F (43°C) by a water ternjlerature limiting device conforming to ASSE 1070. lime a minimum outlet of not less than 3 inchcs (76 nim) in diametcs. SECTION 409 DISHWASHING MACHINES 409.1 Approval. Donicstic dishwashing ~nachinesshall conl-i)rni to ASSE 1006. Commercial dishwashing machirles shall conform to ASSE 1004 and NSF 3. SECTION 413 FOOD WASTE GRINDER UNITS 413.1 Approval. Domestic food wastc grinders sh:~Il co11hr11i to ASSE 1008. Commercial food wastc grinders shall conform to ASSE 1009. Food waste grinders shall not incrcase ~ l i c drainage fixture unit load on the sanitary drainagc sysicm. 409.2 Water connection. The water supply to a dishwashing machinc shall hc protected against backtlow by an air gap or backtlow prcvcntcr in accordance with Section 608. 409.3 Waste conncction. T h c waste conncction of a dishwashing ~liacliineshall comply with Section 802.1.6 or 802.1.7, as applicable. SECTION 410 DRINKING FOUNTAINS 410.1 Approval. Drinking fountains shall conform to ASIME Al11.19.1M,AShilEA1 12.19.2MorASMEAl 12.19.9Mand water coolcrs sl~all contbrrn to ARI 1010. Drinking fountains and watcr coolers shall conform to NSF 61, Section 9. Where water is scrved in restaurants, drinking fountains shall not be rcquircd. In other occupancies, where drinking fountains are required, water coolers or bottlcd watel-dispensersshall be per1~1itted be substituted for not more than 50 percent of thc to required drinking fountains. 410.2 Prohibited location. Drinking fountains shall not he installed in public restrooms. SECTION 41 1 EMERGENCY SHOWERS AND EYEWASH STATIONS 411.1 Approval. Emergency showers and eyewash stations shall conform to ISEA Z35X.1. 411.2 Waste connection. Waste connections shall no1 be recluired for emergency showers and eyewash stations. SECTION 412 FLOOR AND TRENCH DRAINS 412.1 Approval. Floor drains shall conform to ASME A1 12.6.3, ASME A1 12.3.1 or CSA B79. Trench drains shall comply with ASME A1 12.6.3. 112.2 Floor drains. Floor drains shall have reinovcuble strainers. Thc floor drain shall be constructed so that the drain is c;rpablc of being cleaned. Access shall be provided to the drain inlet. 412.3 Size of floor drains. Floor drains shall havc a mini~nuni 2-inch-diameter ( 5 1 mm) drain outlet. 412.4 Public laundries and central washing facilities. In public coill-opcmicd laundrics and in the central washing facildwellings, the rooms containing autoities of multiple-fa~ilily matic clothcs washers shall he provided with floor drains located to rcadily drain the entire floor area. Such drains shall 30 413.2 Domestic food waste grinder waste outlets. Dolnestic food waste grinders sliall bc conncctcd to a drain of not less than 1.5 inches (38 mm) in diameter. 413.3 Commercial food waste grinder waste outlets. Commercial food wastc grinder-sshall be conncctcd to a drain a min) food waste imum of 2 inches (5 1 m ~ nin diameter. Con~mercial grinders shall be connected and trapped scparatcly from any othcr fixtures or sink co~npartments. 413.4 M'ater supply required. All food waste grinders shall be providcd with a supply of cold water. SECTION 414 GARBAGE CAN WASHERS 424.1 Water coimection. Thc water supply to a garbage can washer shall be protected against backflow by all air gap or a baclctlow preventer in accordance with Section 608.13.1. 608.13.2, 608.13.3, 608.13.5, 608.13.6 or 608.1.3.8. 414.2 Waste connection. Garbage can was1icl.s shall bc trapped separately. 'l'he reccptaclc receiving thc waste frorn the washer shall have a rclnovable baskct or strainer to prevent [lie discharge of large particles into the drainage system. SECTION 41 5 LAUNDRY TRAYS 415.1 Approval. Laundry trays shall conform to ANSI 2124.6, ASME A1 12.19.1M, ASME A1 12.l9.3M, ASME A1 12.J 9.9M, CSA B45.2 or CSA B45.4. 415.2 Waste outlet. Each cornpal-tment of a la~indry tray shall be provided v;ith a waste outlet a niiiiimum of 1.5 inches (18 mm) in diameter and a strainer or crossbar to restrict tlie clcar opening of the waste outlet. SECTION 416 LAVATORIES 4116.1 Approval. Lavatories shall conform to ANSI Z124.3, A S M E A 1 1 2 . 1 9 . 1 M , ASlME A 1 1 2 . 1 9 . 2 M , ASIMF, A112.19.3M.ASME.AlI2.19.4M~ ASMEAI 12.19.9M. CSA B45.1. CSA B45.2, CSA B45.3 orCSAI345.4. GI-oupwahh-up equipment shall confol-111to the requiremcnls of Section 402. Every 20 inches (508 lnm) of rim space shall be considered as one lavatory. 416.2 Cultured marble lavatories. Culturerl marhlc vanity tops with an integral lavatory sllall cor~for~nANSI Z124.1 or to C'SA 845.5. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 41. FIXTURES. FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FlTTlNGS 416.3 Lavatory waste outlets. Lavatories shall have waste ouilcts not lcss than 1.25 inches (33 nlm) in diametcr. A strainer. pop-up stoppcr, crossbar or othcr cLevice shall be providctl to rcstrict thc clcar opening of the waste outlet. 416.4 Moveable lavatory systems. lMoveable lavatory systems shall comply with ASME A l 12.19.12. 416.5 Tempered water for public hand-washing facilities. 'Tempered watcr shall bc delivered from public hand-washing facilities through an approved watcr temperature limiting dcvicc that conforms to ASSE 1070. SECTION 4 7 1 SHOWERS 417.1 Approval. Prefabricated showers and shower cornpartmcnts shall confor~n ANSI 2 124.3, ASME A l 12.19.9M or to CSA Bil-5.5. Shower valves for individual showers shall conform to the rcquiremcnts of Section 424.3. 417.2 Water supply riser. Evcry water supply riser from thc shower valve to the shower head outlet. whcthc~exposed or not, shall bc attached to thc mucture in an approved manner. 417.3 Shower waste outlet. Wastc outlcts scrving showers shall bc at lcast 1 inches (38 mm) in diamcter and, for other than waste outlets in bathtubs. shall have removable strainers not lcss than 3 inches (76 mrn) in diametcr with strainer openings not lcss than 0.25 inch (6.4 nnn) in minimum dimension. Wherc cach showcr space is not providcd with an i~ltlividual wastc outlet, thc waste outlet shall he located and the floor pitchcd so that wastc from onc shower does not flow over thc floor area serving another shower. Waste outlcts shall be fastcned to thc wastc pipc in an approved manner. 417.4 Shower compartments. All shower compartments shall have a minimum of 900 square inches (0.58 n12) of interior cross-scctional area. Shower compartments shall not be less than 30 inches (762 mm) in minimu111 dimension ~neasured from thc finished intcrior dimension of the compartmcnt; cxclusivc of fixture valves, showcrheads, soap dishes, and safcty grab bars or rails. Except as required in Section 404, the minimum required area and dimension shall be measured from thc fi nishcd interior dimension at a height equal to the top of the threshold and at a point tanscnt to its ccnterline and shall be continucd to a hcight not less than 70 inches (I778 mm) ahovc the showcr drain outlet. Exception: Shower compartments having not less than 25 inches (635 ~ n min minimum dimcnsion measured from the ) finishcd in~crior dimension of thc compartmentl provided that the shower compartment has a minimum of 1,300 square inches (.838 m2) of cross-scctional arm. 417.4.1 Wall area. The wall area above built-in iubs with shall be installed shower hcads and in showcrcompartrr~rnts constructed of smooth, noncorrosive and nonabsorbent waterproof materials to a height not lcss than 6 feet (1829 mm) above the room floor level, and not lcss than 70 inches (1778 mm) where measured from the compartmcnt floor at Such the tlr;~i~i. walls shall form a water-tightjoint with cach other and with either the tub, receptor or shower floor. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 417.4.2 Access. The shower compartmcnt ~lccess cgress and opening shall havc a minimum clear and unohstructcd finished width of 22 inches (559 mm). Shower compartments required to bc designed in conforlnancc to accessibility provisions shall comply with Section 404.1. 417.5 Shower floors or rcceptors. Floor surfaccs shall bc constructed of inlpervious, noncorrosivc, nonahsorbcnt andwaterproof materials. 417.5.1 Support. Floors or rcceptors under shower compartments shall be laid on. and supported by, a smooth and structurally sound base. 417.5.2 Shower lining. Floors utldcr shower compartments, except where prefabricated receptors have been provided, shall be lincd ant1 made water tight utilizing matcrial complying with Sections 4 17.5.2.1 through 417.5.3.4. Such liners shall turn up on all sides at least 2 inches (51 ~ n m ) above the finished threshold level. Liners shall bc recessed and fastened to an approvcd backing so as not to occupy thc space requircd for wall covering, and shall not he nailed or perforated at any point lcss than I inch (25 intn) above the finished threshold. Lincrs shall bc pitched onc-fourth unit vertical in I 3 units horizontal (2-perccnt slope) and shall be sloped toward the fixture drains and be sccurcly fastcncd to the waste outlet at the scepage cntrance. making a water-tight joint between the liner and thc outlet. Exception: Floor surfaces onder showcr hcads providcd for rinsing laid dircctly on thc ground arc not rccluircd to con~ply with this section. 417.5.2.1 YVC sheets. Plasticized polyvinyl chloridc (PVC) sheets shall be n mi~lirn~u~n of 0.03C) inch (1.02 mm) thick, and shall meet the rcquircments of ASTJMD 4551. Sheets shall bc joincd by solvcnt w c l d i n in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instl-uctions. 417.5.2.2 Chlorinated polycthyle~ieICPE) sheets. Nonplasticizcd chlorinated polyethylcnc shcet shall be a niinimurn 0.030 inch (1.02 mm) thick. and shall n ~ e cthe t requirements of ASrTR4D 4068. The liner shall bc joincd in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. 417.5.2-3 Sheet lead. Sheet lcad shall not weigh less than 4 pounds per squarc foot (19.5 kg/m2) coated with an asphalt paint or othcr approvcd coating. The lead sheet shall be insulated from conducting substanccs othcr than thc connecting drain by ~ S - I J O L(6.80 kg) III~ asphalt felt or itscquivalent. Sheet lead shall bcjoined by burning. 417.5.2.4 Sheet copper. Sheet copper shall conform to ASTM B 152 and shall not wcigh less than 12 ourlccs pcr squarc foot (3.7 kg/m2). 'UIC copper shcet shall be insulatedfrom conducting substances other than the connecting drain by 15-pound (6.80 kg) asphalt felt or its equivalent. Sheet copper shall bc joined by brazing or soldering. 417.6 Glazing. Wlndows and doors w~thin howc~ a enclourc shall conform to the safety glazing requircmcnts ofthc 11rtenli~tionul R~~lldiizg Co~fe.
  • 42. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS SECTION 418 SINKS 418.1 iipproval. Sinks shall conform to ANST Z124.6, ASME A112.19.1M, ASME A112.19.2M. ASME A112.19.3M, ASME A l 32.19.4M, ASME A1 J2.19.9M, CSA 845.1, CSA B45.2, CSA B45.3 or CSA B45.4. 418.2 Sink waste outlets. Sinks shall be provided with waste outlets a minimum of 1.5 inches (38 rnm) in diameter. A strainer or crossbar shall bc provided to restrict the clear opening of Lhc waste outlet. 418.3 Moveable sink systems. Moveable sink systems shall comply with ASME A1 17_.19.12. SECTION 419 URINALS 419.1 Approval. Urinals shall confol-nl to ANSI 2124.9, ASME Al12.19.2M, CS.4 B45.1 or CSA R45.5. Urinals shall confol-m to the water consuniption requirements of Scction 1 604.4. Water supplied urinals shall confornl to the hydraulic perfomlance requirements of ASMB A1 12.19.6, CSA B15.1 or CSA B45.5. 419.2 Substitlition for water closets. In ench bathroom or toilet roonl. urinals shall not be substituted for more than 67 percent of lhc required water closets in assembly and educational occup:~ncies.Urinals shall not be substituted Sor more than 50 percent of the required water closcts in all other occupancies. [B] 419.3 Surrounding material. Val1 and floor space to a point 2 feet (6 10 nim) in front of a urinal lip and 4 feet (12 19 n i n ~abovc the floor ancl at least 2 feet (610 mni) to each side of ) the urinal shall hc waterproofed with a rnooth, readily cleanal>lc. nonabsorbent material. SECTION 420 WATER CLOSETS 420.1 Approval. Water closets shall conform to the water consumptiohArequirements Section 604.4 and shall conform to of ANSI 2124.4, ASME '41 12.19.2M. CSA B45.1, CSA B45.4 or CSA B45.5. Water closets shall conform to tlie hydraulic perforniance requiren~ents ASME Al 12.19.6. Water closet of tanks shall collform to ANSI 2124.4, ASME A1 12.19.2, ASME A l 12.19.9h5, CSA B45.1, CSA B45.4 or CSA B45.5. Elcctro-hydraulic water closcts shall colllply with ASME A112.19.13. 420.2 Water closets for public or employee toilet facilities. Water closet bowls for public or en~ployee toilet facilities shall be of the elongated type. 420.3 Water closet seats. Water closets shall be equipped with seatsof snlooth. nonnbsorbcnt material. All scats of watesclosets provided for puhlic or employee toilet facilities shall he of the hinged open-front type. Integral water closct seats shall be of thc same material :is the fixturc. Water closet seats shall be si7cd for the watcr closct bowl type. 420.4 Water closet connections. A 4-inch by 3-inch ( 102 mm by 76 mm? closct bend shall be acceptable. Where a 3-inch (76 mm) bend is utilized on water closets. a 4-inch by 3-inch (102 mni by 76 nun) flange shall be installed to receive the lixturc horn. SECTION 421 WHIRLPOOL BATHTUBS 421.1 Approval. Whirlpool bathtubs shall comply with ASME A1 12.19.7M or with CSA B45.5 and CSA B45 (Supplement 1). 421.2 Installation. Whirlpool bathtubs shall be installed and tested in accordance with the manuhc~urer'sinstallation inst~uctions. Tlie pump shall be located abovc the weir of thc fixture trap. !t 421.3 Drain. T i c pump drain and circulation piping shall be sloped to drain the water in the volute ancl the circukition piping when the whirlpool bathtub is empty. 421.4 Suction fittings. Suction fittings for whirlpool bathtubs shall comply with ASME A1 12.19.8M. 421.5 Access to pump. Access shall be provided to circulatiou pumps in accordance with the fixture or pi~nlp manufacturer's installation instructions. Where the manufacturer's instructions do not specify the location and minimum size offield-fahricated access openings, a 12-inch by 12-inch (305 rnm by 305 ~nm) minimum sizcd oper~ingshall be insttlllcd to provide access to the circulation pump. Wherc pumps arc located mol-c than 2 feet (609 mm) from the access opening, an 18-inch by 18-inch (457 mm by 457 mm) minimum sized opening shall be installed. i door or pane! shall be permitted to closc the opening. In all cases. the access opcning shall be unobstructed and of the size necessary to permit the removal and replaccmcnt of the circulation pump. 421.6 Whirlpool enclosure. Doors within a whirlpool cnclosure shall conforni to ASME A l 11.19.15. SECTION 422 HEALTH CARE FIXTURES AND EQbllPMENT 422.1 Scope. This scction shall govern those aspects of health care plumbing systems that diffcr from plumbing systcms in other structures. Health care plumbing systelns shall confor111 to the requirements of this section in addition to the other requirements of this code. The provisions of this section shall apply to the special devices ant1 ecluipmcnt installcd and maintained in the following occupancies: nursing honlcs, homcs for the aged, orphanages, infirmaries, first aid stations, psychi:~tric facilil.ies, clinics, profcssio~ial offices of dcntisrs and doctors, rescarch mortuaries, educational facilities, surgery, dcntist~y, and testing laboratories, establishments manufacturing pharnlaceutical drugs and medicines, and other structures with siniilar apparatus and equipment classificd as plumbing. 422.2 Approval. All 5pecial plu~r~bing fixtures, cqu~pn~ent, dcviccs and apparatus shall he of an approved typc. 422.3 Protectiora. All devices, appurtenl~nces, appliances and apparatus intended to serve some special fi~nction, L I L as sterS ~ ilization, distillation, processing, cooling, or storage of ice or foods, and that connect to either the water supply or drainage system, shall be provided with proteclion against backtlow, 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 43. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS flooding, fouling. contamination of thc water supply system and stoppage of thc drain. 422.4 Materials. Fixturcs designed for therapy. special cleansof ing or disposal of wastc m:~terials,co~nbinations such purposes, or any other special purpose, shall be of smooth. inipcrvious, cor~osion-resistant materials and. where subjected to tenlperatures in excess of 180°F (82"C), shall be capable of withstanding. wilhout damage. higher temperatures. 422.5 Access. Access shall be provided to concealed piping in connection with special fixtures where such piping contains steam traps, valves, relief valves, check valves. vacuum breakers or othcr sinlilrrr items that require periodic inspection, servicing, maintenance or rcpair. Access shall be provided to concealed piping [hat requires periodic inspection, maintenance or rcpair. 422.6 Clinical sink. A clinical sink shall have an integral trap a in which the upper portio~iof visible trap scal provides a water surface. 'Thc fixturc shall be designed so as to permit complete I-enloval of the contents by siphonic or blowout action and to reseal the trap. A flushirlg rim shall provide water to cleansc thc inlerior surface. Thc fixture shall have the tlushing and cleansing characteristics of a watcr closet. 422.7 Prohibited usage of clinical sinks and service sinks. A room shall not he considclinical .sink scrving a soiled util~ty crcd as a subslitute for. or be utilized as, a servlce sink. A service sinli shall not bc utilizcd for the disp~s;ll of urine, fecal lnattcr or othcr hurnan waste. 422.8 Ice prohibited in soiled utility room. Machines for manufacturing ice, or any device for the handling or storagc of icc, shall not bc locatcd in a soilctl ulility room. 422.9 Sterilizer eijuipment requirements. The approval and installation of all stcrilizcrs shall conform to the requirements ~~al Code. of thc I ~ ~ r e n r a r i oMec,hunic~rl 422.9.1 Sicrilizer piping. Access for thc purposes of inspect~on and niaintenance shall he provided to all stcrilixrpiping and dcvices necessary for the operation of stcrilizcrs. 422.9.2 Steam supply. Steal11supplies to sterilizers, including those connected by pipes fi-on1 overhead mains or bra~~ches, shall be drained to prevent any moisture from rcaching thc sterilizer. Thc condensate drainagc from thc steam supply shall be discharged by gravity. 422.9.3 Stearn condensate return. SLeam condensate returns froni sterilizers shall be a gravity return system. 422.9.4 Condensers. Pressure sterilizers shall be equipped with a means of condensing and cooling the exhaust steam vapors. Nonprcssure sterilizers shall bc equipped with a dcvice that will aulotuatically control the vapor. confining the vapors within thc vessel. 422.10 Special elevations. Control valvcs, vacuum outlets and dcvices protruding from a wall of an operating, cmcrgency. recovery, exanlining or dclivcry room. or in a corridor or other location whcrc patients are lransportcd on a wheeled stretcher. shall bc located at an elevation that prevents bumping thc patient crr stretcher against the cievice. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ SECTION 423 SPECIALTY PLUMBING FIXTURES 423.1 M'ater connections. Baptisteries, orn;~mcntaland lily pools, aquariums, ornamental fountain basins. swimming pools, and similar constructions. whcrc providcd with water supplies, shall be protected against backtlow in accordat~ce with Section 608. 423.2 Approval. Specialties requiring watcl- and wastc conncctions shall be submitted for approval. SECTION 424 FAUCETS AND OTHER FIXTURE FITTINGS 424.9 Approval. Faucets and fixture fittings shall conform to AShlE A1 12.18.1 or CSA B125. Faucets and fixlure fittings that supply drinking watcr for human ingestion shall conform to the requirements of NSF 61, Section 9. Flexible water connectors exposed to continuous pressurc shall conforn~to the requirements of Section 605.6. 424.1.1 Faucets and supply fittings. Faucets and supply fittings shall conform to [he water consunlption rcquircnlcnts of Scction 604.4. 424.1.2 Waste fittings. waste fittings shall conforni to ASME A1 12.18.2, ASTM F 409. CSA B 125 or to one of thc standards listed in Tables 702.1 and 702.4 for above-ground drainage and vent pipe and filtings. 424.2 Hand showers. Hand-held showers shall confbnn to ASME A l 12.18.1 or CSA B 125.1. Hand-hcld showcrs shall provide backflow protection in accordance with ASME A112.18.1 01 CSA 3125.1 or shall be p~otcctcdagainst backflow by a device coniplying with ASME A1 12.15.3. 424.3 Individual shower valves. Individual shower and tub-shower combination valves shall be balanced-pressure. thermostatic or combination balancetl-PI-essul.c/tllc~-111ostatic valves that conform to the recluirenients of ASSE 10 16 or CSA B175 and shall be installcd at the point of use. Shower and I tub-showcr comhination valves required by this section shall to be equipped with a ~neans limit the maximum selling of thc valvc to 120°F (3g°C), which shall bc field adjusted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. In-line thcrnmostatic valvcs shall not be utilizcd for co~npliance with this section. I 424.4 Multiple (gang) showers. Multiplc (gang) showcrs supplied with a single-temper-ed water supply pipe shall have the water supply for such showcrs controlled by an approvcd autoto matic temperature control mixing valve that confor~ns ASSE 1069 or CSA B 125, or each shower head shall be individually corltrolled by a balanced-pressure, thermostatic or combination balanced-pressure/thermostatic valvc that confornls to ASSE 1016 or CSA B125 and is iustalled at thc point of use. Such valves shall be ccluipped with a means to limit thc maximum setting of the valve to 120°F (49°C). which shall he ticld adjusted i n accordance with thc manufacturer's instructions. 424.5 Bathtub and whirlpool bathtub valves. Thc hot watcr supplied to bathtubs and whirlpool bathtubs shall bc limitctl~o a maximum ternpcraturc of 120°F (49°C) by a water te~upcrature limiting dcvice thatconfonns to ASSE 1070, except whcrc
  • 44. FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FlXTURE FITTINGS such protection is otherwise providccl by a combination tublshowcr valve in accordance will1 Section 424.3. B 424.6 Hose-connected outlets. Faucets and fixture fittings with tiobe-connected outlets shall conform to ASME A111.18.3M o r C S A B l 2 5 . 424.7 Il'cmperatu~-e-acltuated, flow reduction valves for individual fixture fittings. Temperature-actuated, flow reduction devices. where installed for indiviclual fixture fittings, shall conform to ASSE 1062. Such valves shall not be used alonc as a substitute for thc balanced prcssure, thermostatic or combination shower valves required in Section 424.3. 424.8 'l'ransfer valves. Deck-mountcd bath/showcr transfer valvcs containing an integral atmospheric vacuum breaker of shall conform to the requil-cme111s AShlE A1 12.18.7. SECTION 425 FLUSHING DEVICES FOR WATER CLOSETS AND URINALS 425.1 Flushing devices required. Each water closet. urinal. clinical sink and any plunlbing fixture that depends on trap siphonape to dischargc the fixture contents to the drainage systen1 shall be provided with a flushomcter valvc, flushometcr tank or a flush tank designed and installed to supply water in cluantity a l ~ d rate of flow to flush the contents of thc fixture. cleansc the fixture and rcfill the lixture trap. the tank at the maximum rate at which the tanks arc supplictl with water according to the manufacturer's design conditions. The opening of the overflow pipe shall be located above the flood level r11n of the water closet or urinal or above a secondary overtlow in the flush tank. 425.3.3 Sheet copper. Sheet copper utilized for flush tank linings shall confonn to ASTM B 152 and s11;111 not wcig11 less than 10 ounces pcr squarc foot (0.03 kgln~'). 425.3.4 Access required. All parts in a flush lank shall hc accessible h r repair and replacement. 425.4 Flush pipes and fittings. Flush pipes and filtings shall be of nonferrous material and shall conform to ASMI5 A112.19.5 or CSAB125. SECTION 426 MANUAL FOOD AND BEVERAGE DISPENSING EQUIPMENT 426.1 Approval. Manual food and beverage dispensing equipto ment shall confor~n the requirements of NSF 18. SECTION 427 FLOOR SINKS 427.1 Approval. Sanitary floor sinks shall conform to thc requircmcntx of ASME A1 12.6.7. 425.1.1 Separate for each fixture. A flushing dcvice hall not serve more than one fixture. 425.2 Flushometer valves and tanks. Flusho~ncter ralvcs and m tanks shall c01np1y with ASSF. 1037. V a c ~ ~ ubreakers on flushomcter valves shall conform to the performance requirenlents of ASSB 100 1 or CSA B64.1.1. Access shall be providcd to vacuum brcalcers. Flushotneter valvcs shall he of the water-c.onservation type and shall not bc utilized where the watcr pressure is lower than the minimum requircd for nor~nal operation. When operated, the valvc shall auto~natically cornplctc the cyclc of operation, opening f~tllyand closing positively undcr the watcr supply prcssure. Each flushornctcr valve shall be provided with a means for regulating the flow through thc valvc. The tl.ap acal to the fixture shall bc automatic:~lly ~.cfillcd aftcr each valve flushing cyclc. 425.3 Flush tanks. Flush tanks equipped for manual flushing shall be controlled by a device designed to refill the tank after each discharge and to shut offco~nplctely watcr flow to the the tank whcn the tank is fillcd to operational capacity. The trap scal to thc fixture shall bc automatically refillcd aftcr each flushing. The water supply to flush tanks equipped for automatic flushing shall be controlled with a timing devicc or sensor control deviccs. 425.3.1 Fill valves. All flush tanks shall bc equipped with an antisiphon fill valve conforming to ASSE 1002 or CSA I 125. The fill valve backflow prcvcnter shall be loc:~tedat 3 least 1 inch (75 111111)abovc the full opening of the overflow pipe. 425.3.2 Overflows in flush tanks. Flush tanks shall be proidcd with o,crflows discharging to thc water cloaet or urinal connected thereto and shall be si7.ed to prevent tlooding 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 45. CHAPTER 5 VVABER HEATERS SECTION 501 GENERAL 501.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the ~natcrials,dcsign and installation of water heaters and the related safcty devices and appurtenances. 502.2 Rooms used as a plenum. Water heaters using solid, liquid or gas fuel shall not be installed in a room containing when such roorn is used as a plenum. air-handling niachi~iery 502.3 Water heaters installed in attics. Attics cont;~ining a water lleater shall be provided with an opellinp ;ind unobstructed passageway large enough to allow relnoval of the water heater. he passageway shall not be lcss than 30 inches (762 mm? high and 22 inches (559 nim) wide and not more than 20 feet (6096 mm) in length when mcasured along the centerline of thc passagcway from thc opcning to the water hcater. The passageway shall have continuous solid flooring not lcss than 21 inchcs (GI 0 mm) wide. A level scrvicc spacc at least 30 inclies (762 mm) deep and 30 inchcs (762 urn) widc shall be present at the front or service side of the water heater. The clear access opening dimensions shall be a minimum of 20 inches by 30 inches (508 mm by 762 mm) whcre such dimensions 31-e large enough to allow removal of the watcr heatcr. ~ 501.2 Water heater as space heater. Where a conlbinat~oil potahle water hcating and spacc heating system requires water at for space hcat~ng tcmpcratures higher than 140°F (60°C), a mastcr thermoqtatic mixing valve complying with ASSE 1017 shall be providcd to limit the water supplied to the potable hot watcr clistrihution system to a temperature of 140°F (60°C) or less. The potabilily of the watershall bema~ntaincd throughout the system. 501.3 Drain valvcs. Drain valvcs for emptying shall he ~nstallcd the bottom ot each tank-type watcr heatcr and hot at water storage tank. Drain valvcs shall conforn~ ASSE 1005. to 501.4 Location. Water heaters and storage tanks shall be located and conncctcd so as lo provide access for observation, maintcnancu, wrvicing and replacement. 501.5 Water heater labeling. All watcr hcaters shall be third-party certified. 501.6 M7atertemperature control in piping frotn tankless heaters. The temperature of water from tanl<lesswater hcaters shall be a ~naxi~iium 140°F (60°C) when intended for of domestic uses. This provision shall not supersede thc rcquirement for protective shower ~alvcs accordance with Section in 124.3. 501.7 Pressure marking of storage tanks. Storage tanks and watcr heaters installed for doniestic hot water shall have the ~naximuniallowable working prcssurc clcarly and indelibly stanipcd in the 111elalor marked 011 a plate welded thereto or otherwise permanently attached. Such markings shall bc in an acccssiblc position outside of the tank so as to make inspcction or reinspection rcadily possible. 501.8 'Temperature controls. All hot walcr supply systems shall he equippcd with automatic te1nper:lturc controls capable of adjustments from the lowest to the highcst acceptable temperaturc settings for thc inte~rdcd temperature operating range. - 502.4 Seismic supports. Where earthquake loads are applicaBuilding Cod@, watcr ble in accordancc with thc Inteulatio~zul heater supports shall be designctl and installed for the seismic forces in accordance with the Irztenlationtrl Blrildi~rgCodc. SECTION 503 CONNECTIONS 503.1 Cold water line valve. The cold water branch line from the main watcr supply line to each hot water storage tank 01. watcr heater shall be provided with a valvc. located near the equiprncnt and serving only thc hot water storage tank or water of heater. The valve shall not interfere or cause a disr~~ption the cold water supply to the remainder of thc cold water system. The valve shall bc probided with access on {hesame floor level as thc water hcatcr served. 503.2 Water circulation. The method of connecting a circulating water heater to the tank shall providc proper circulation of tubes required for watcr through the watcr heatcr. Thc pipe 01the installation of appliances that will draw from the watcr hcatcr or storage tank shall comply with the provisions of this code for material and installation. SECTION 504 SAFETY DEVICES SECTlON 502 INSTALLATION 503.1 Gencral. U'atcr heaters shall he installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instmctions. Oil-fired water- hcatcl-s shall conform to the requirements of this code L / ~ ~ o I / L I /Code. Elcctric water hcaters and the I ~ I . ~ L > I . I z IWe~Iiuizir(11 shall conform to the requirements of this code and provisions of thc ICC Elrc.it.ic.cil Codc. Gas-fired water healers shall conFuel form to the requircmcnts of the Ii~tet~r~rrtiorir~l Giis Code. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 504.1 Antisiphon devices. An approved nicans, such as a cold watcr "dip" tube with a holc at thc lop or a vacuum rclicf valve installed in thc cold water supply line nbovc thc top of the heatcr or tank, shall be provided to prevent siphoning of any storage water heatcr or tank. 501.2 Vacuunl relief valve. Bottom fed watcr hcaters and bottom fed tanks connected to water hcillcrs shall have a ~ ; I ~ U L I I ~ relief talve installed. The vacuum relief valvc shall coi~lply with ANSI 2 2 1.22.
  • 46. WATER HEATERS 504.3 Shutdown. A rncans for disconnecting an clectric hot water supply systeni from its energy supply shall be provided in accordance with the ICC Electrical Codr. A separate valve sh:11 I bc provided to shut off the energy fuel s~ipply all other to lypcs of hol water supply syste11is. 504.4 Rclief valvc. All storage water heaters operating above atlilosphcric pressure shall be provided with an approved, sclf-closing (Icicred) pressure rclief valve and temperature relicf val~e corubinntion thereof. The relief valve shall conor for111to ANSI 221.22. The relief valve shall not be used as a means of controlling thcrnlal expansion. 504.4.1 Installation. Such valves shall be installed in the shcll of thc wakr hcatcr tank. Tc~llperaturcrelief valves shall he so locntcd in the tank as to bc actuated by the water c in ~ l i top 6 inches (152 nun) of thetank scrvcd. Fnr instailations with scparatc storage tanks, thc valves shall be installed on the tank and therc shall not be any type of valvc installed hctwcen the water heatcr and thc stol-age tank. Thcre shall not be a chcck ~ a l v or shutoff valve betwcen a e relief valvc and thc hcatcr or tank served. 504.5 Kelief valve approval. Temperature and pressurc relief valvcs. or conibinntions thereof, and encrgy cutoff devices agcncy and shall have a temshall bcar the labcl of a11a p p ~ o ~ c d pcraturc sctting of not more than 210°F (99°C) and a pressure setting not cxcecding the tank 01-watcr heater manufacturer's ratctl worlcing pressure or 150 psi (1035 m a ) : whichevcr is Icss. The relieving capacity of cach pressure relief valve and each tc~npcl.aturerclicf valvc shall equal or cxcecd the lieat input to thc watcr heater 01-storage tank. 504.6 Requirements for discharge piping. The discharge piping scrving a pressure relief valve, temperature relicf valve or combinatin11 thereof shall: 12. Not have valves or tee fittings. 13. Be constructed of those materials lisrcd in Section 605.4 or matc~ials Icsted. ratcd and ~lpproved such for use In accordance with ASMt: A1 12.4.1. 504.7 Required pan. Wherc water heaters or hot water storage tanks are installed in locations whcrc lcakagc of thc tanlis or collnections will cause damage: the tank or water hcnter shall be installed in a galvanized steel pan having a minimwn thicliness of 24 gage, or other pans approved for such use. 504.7.1 Pan size and drain. The pan shall be not less than n) 1.5 inches (38 ~ n ~deep and shall be of sufficient size and shape to receive all dripping or cvndcnsatc froin tho tank or water heater. The pan shall be drainctl by an intlircct waste pipe having alninilnum diameter of 0.75 inch ( I9 mm). Piping for safety pan drains shall be of thosc materials listcd in Table 605.4. 504.7.2 Pan drain termination. The pan tl~-ain shalL c,xtcnd full-size and terminatc ovcra suitably located indircct waste receptor or noor drain or cxtend to the cxtcrior of thc buildterminate not less than 6 inches (152 m ~ n and not ) ing ar~d more than 24 inchcs (610 mm) above the ad.jacent ground surfacc. SECTlON 505 INSULATION [El 505.1 Unfired vessel insulation. Unfircd hot watcr storage tanlis shall be insulatcd so that heat loss is li~nitcd a maxito mum of 15 British thermal units per hour (Btuih) per square al-ca. Fol- plirposes of foot (47 W/m2) of cxtcrnal tank SUI-face determining this heat loss. the dcsign ambient tcn1pcrature shall not be higher than 65°F (I 8°C). 1. Not he dircctly connected to thc drainage systcm. 2. Dischargc through an air gap located in the same room as the water hcater. 3. Not he sn~allcr than the diamcter of the outlct of the valve scrvcd and shall discharge full s i x to the air gap. 1.Sene a single ~clief device and shall not connect topiping scrving any other relief device or equipment. 5. Discharge to the floor, to an indirect waste receptor or to the outdoors. Whcre discharging to the outdoors in arcas subjcct to freezing, discharge piping shall be first piped to an indirect waste receptor through an air gap located in a conditioncd arca. 6. Discharge in a inanner that docs not cause personal injury or stnlctural dasn:~ge. 7. Dischargc to a termination point that is rcadily obse~vable by the building occupants. 8. Not bc trapped. 9. Bc installed so as to flow by gravity 10. Not tcrminatc molc rhan 6 inches ( 1 52 mm) abovc the floor or wavtc rcccptor. 1 1. Not have a threaded connection at the end of such pipislg. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ +r I
  • 47. CHAPTER 6 WATER SUPPLY AND DlSTWlBLlPlOlM SECTION 601 GENERAL 601.1 Scope. This chapter shall govcrn the materials, design and installation of water supply systems, both hot and cold, for utilization in conncctio~l with human occupancy and habitation and shall govern the installation of individual water supply systems. 601.2 Solar energy utilization. Solar energy systems used for hcating potable wntcr or using an independent medium for hcating potable watcr shall comply with the applicable requircments of this code. The usc of solar energy shall not compromisc the rcquire~nents cross connection or protectiorl of the for potablc watcr supply system rcquircd by this codc. 601.3 Existing piping uscd for grounding. Exihtirlg metallic watcr scrvice piping uscd for electrical grounding shall not be replaccd with non~netalllc plpe or tubing until other approved mcans of grounding is provided. 601.4 Tests. The potablc water distribution systcm shall hc tested in accordancc with Scction 3 171.5. SECTION 602 WATER REQUliRED 602.1 General. Every structure equipped with plu~nhingtisturcs and utilizcd for human occupancy or habitation shall be provided with n potablc supply of watcr in the amounts and ar the pressures specified in this chapter. 602.2 Potable water required. Only potablc water shall bc supplicd to plun~bil~g fixtures that providc watcr for drinking, bathing or culinary purposes, or for the processing of food, medical or phannaceutical products. Unless otherwise provided in this code, potable water shall bc supplied to all plunlbing fixtures. 602.3 Individual water supply. Where a potable public water supl.~ly not available, iridividual sources of potablc water supis ply shall bc utilized. 602.3.1 Sources. Depcndcnt on geological and soil conditions and thc amount of rainpall, individual water supplies arc of thc followin? types: clrilled well, driven well, dug well. borcd well. sp1.111g.stream or cistern. Surfacc bodies of water and land cisterns shall not be sources of individual watcr supply unless properly trcatcd by approvcd means to prevcnt contamination. 602.3.2 Minimum quantity. 'l'he combined capacity of the source and storage in an individual watcr supply systcln shall supply tile f i x t ~ ~ rwitli watcr at rates rtndprcssures as cs rccluircd by this chaptcr. 602.3.3 Water quality. Water froln an individual water supply shall I?c approved as potablc by the authority having jurisdiction PI-iorto conncction to the plumbing system. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 602.3.4 Disinfection of system. After construction or major rcpair. thc individual water supply systcln shall be p ~ ~ r g e d deleterious matter and disinfected in accordance of witli Section 610. 602.3.5 Pumps. Pumps shall bc ratcd for the transport of potable watcr. Pumps in an individual water supplj :y stcm s shall be constructed and installed so as to prevent contamination tiom entering a potable water supply through the pump units. Pumps shall be sealed to the well casing 01.covercd with a water-tight seal. Pun~psshall be designed to maintain a primc and installed such that ready access is provided to the pump parts of the entire asscmbly for repairs. 602.3.5.1 R ~ m p enclosure. The pump room or cnclosure around a well pump shall he drained and protcctcd from freezing by heating or othcr approvcd means. Where pumps arc installed in basements, such pumps shall be mounted on a block or shelf not less lhan 18 inches (457 mm) above the basement floor. Wcll pits shall be prohibited. SECTION 603 WATER SERVICE 603.1 Size of water service pipe. Thc watcr scrvice pipe shall be sized L supply water to the structure in thc cluantitics and at o dia~nctcr of the pressures required in this code. Thc rnini~num watcr servicc pipe shall be -1, inch (19.1 ~ilm). 603.2 Separation of water service and building sewer. Water service pipe and the building sewer shall be scparatcd by 5 fcct (1524 mm) of undisturbed or cornpactetl earth. Exceptions: 1. The rcquircd scparation distance shall not apply where the bottom of the water service pipc within 5 feet 11524 m ~ n ) the sewer is a r n i ~ ~ i m ~of o17 of lr inches (305 mm) above the top of the highest point of the sewer and the pipe materials conforn~lo Tablc I( 702.3. 2. Water service pipe is pcr~nittedto be localed in thc same trcnch with a building scwer, providcd such scwer is constr~~cted materials listcd in Tablc of 702.2. 3. Thc required scparation distance shall not apply where a watcr service pipc crosscs a sewer pipe, provided the water service pipe is sleeved to at lcast 5 feet ( I 524 mm) horizontally fro111the scwcr pipc centcrlinc on both sides of such crossing with pipe matcl.ials listcd in Tablc 405.3, 702.2 or 702.3. 6032.1 Water service near sources of pollution. Poiablc watcr service pipcs shall not be located in, undcr or abovc cesspools, scptic tanks, scptic tank drainagc ficlds or seepage pits (secSection 605.1 for soil and grou~ldwatcrconditions). 37
  • 48. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION SECTION 604 DESIGN OF BUILDING WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM 604.4 Maxinlu~nflow and water consumption. l'hc maxiconsumption flow rates and quantities for all plumbing fixture!: and fixture fitti~igsshall be in acco~.dance with Table 604.4. I I ~ L ~ water II~ 604.1 General. The design of the water distributio~isysten~ shall conform to acccpted engineering practice. Mcthods ntilized to dctcnnlnc pipc sizcs shall be approved. Exceptions: 1. Blowout dcsign water closcts hav~nga ~ ~ ~ ; l x i m u r n 6 water consumption of 3.5 gallons (13 L) per flu5hing cycle. 604.2 System interconnection. At thc points of interconnection between the hot and cold water supply piping systems and the individual fixtures, appliances or devices, provisions shall be matlc to prcvcnt tlow betwccn sac11 piping systems. 604.3 Water distribution system design criteria. The water distribution system shall be designed, and pipe sizes shall bc selectcd such that under conditions of peak demand, the capacities at the fixturc supply pipe outlets shall not be lcss than shown in Table 604.3. The minimum flow rate and flow pressure providcd to fixtures and applia~lccsnot listed in Table 604.3 shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instnlctions. 1 FIXTURE SUPPLY OUTLET SERVING . . - 1 - ~ OR FIXTURE FITTING - . .. . . - - FLOW - -PLUMBING - . . . -. - . . .- . I -- . -~. '1-~ a v_a t o rpubl~c, _- ~ , (met~.rjr~g) pRESSsEjpi)+ (gpm) r-~I TABLE 604.4 MAXIMUM FLOW RATES AND CONSUMPTION FOR PLUMBING FIXTURES AND FIXTURE FITTINGS -- i-~ - FLOW RATEa 5. Emergency showers ~ a v a t o rprivate -~ , -- TABLE 604.3 WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESIGN CRITERIA REQUIRED CAPACITY AT FIXTURE SUPPLY PIPE OUTLETS - - --- --- - 1 2. Vegetable sprays. 3. Clinical sinks having a maximum water consumption of 4.5 gdllons (17 L) per flushing cyclc. 4. Service sinks. - - - -- d" - . I . . .. Water clohct - - . . - ~! 1 1 , I t. ! I . - 1~ ~ ~ 0.5 gprn at 60 psi i . - - i - - ~~ - ~-_/ ! s i n k faucet 4 -- I ~ i l v r i o rpublic ~, (other than nletering) I Shol~cr he - 72 _ at -. . . z.gpn~ 60-psi . 1 0 25 galion p c ~ metcnng cqcle 4 1 . - '' i- gpm at 60 psi : . 9 4 1 "t-"!'."i~ ? ~I . !. P ' i - - ~ i I - 1 ~1 ~: I I R e l l r pcxfl~lshin~cycle 1.6 gallons per flushing cyclc 1 --- ,-~ ~- . . . -~ ~ .~ ~~ ~- - - 1 gallon = 3.785 I.; 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 Lim, 1 pound per squat-e inch = 6.805 kPa. a. ;Zhardheld shnver spruy is a showcr head. b. C o n s u ~ n p t i c ~ ~ ~ ivlrrances shall hc determined from ~.ckrenced stnndn~'ds. For SI: Ishowel., temperature controlletl-~! Ii Slllcc)~k, : hoscbi@ - - - - - ~ i~Tnk, . residential - ~~ [ S i i , hcrvicc Urinal. valve ~ ~ -~ I i - - -- - - ~ ( ~ a t cciosct. blow out, r. I flusholneter valve. _ . . '-5 . - I ,. -~ - . _ . ~ . ~ - closet, siphonie. !usll?meler~valve-- !I 1 Water / ~~~ - I I.~ I i l l L _. ._) I 1 1 /water closet, Ilucl~on~cte~~J - . rank - . ! ~-.- 35 - . . - -' - I.(, 25 - I ,!. -- -. I i 25 I 1 1 -- 15 -! -~~-- -- --( = For SI: I pound pcr squal'c inch = 6.895 kRt. 1 gallon per rnir~clte -7.785 I,!m. Foradtlitioll:~l ~~cquirerncr~tsfo~~llowratcs nlldqu:~ntiLiuh. Sedion 604.4. see 21. I ! 15 - - ~ 604.5 Size of fixture supply. The minimum size of a fixture supply pipc shall he as shown in Tablc 604.5. Thc fixturc supply pipe shall not tennillate more than 30 inches (762 nun) fro111 the point of co~inection the fixture. A reduced-size flexto ible water conncctor installed b e ~ w e e 1hc supply pipe and the ~i fixture shall be of an approved type. The supply pipc shall extend to the floor or wall adjacent to the fixture. The minimum size of individual distribution lines utilized in griddcd or parnl- B lel water distribution systems sllall beas shown in Table 604.5. 604.6 Variable street pressures. Wherc strecl water main pressures fluctuate, thc huilding watcr distribution systcm sl~all be designed fbr the minimum pressure availablc. 604.7 Inadequate water pressure. Wherever water prcssurc tiorn the strect main or other source of supply is insufficient to providc fiow pi-essures at tixturc outlels as required under Tablc 604.3, a water pressure booster systc~n conforming L o Section 606.5 shall be installed on thc building watcr xupply system. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 49. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION TABLE 604.5 MINIMUM SIZES OF FIXTURE WATER SUPPLY PIPES - I - -'- >lilMUM FIXTURE - I - i~alhluhs" x 32" and smaller) (60" L -~ - - - - - - - - / - - - .~+. . - ~ . - - ~ . ~ ~ ~ I Hose hibbs . .. ' I . , .. - .. 1 'Showcr, single head" ( . ._ . - - (~Inks. flushing rim - - I !sinks, service I . - . . . .- ) , .-A - ii I I? +I ~ water hammer. A water-hammer arrestor shall be inslalletl where quick-closing valves are utilized. Water-hani~mcr arrestors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. Water-hammer arrestors shall conform to ASSE 1010. 604.10 Gridded and parallel water distribution system I manifolds. Hot water and cold watcr mnnifoltis installed with gridded or parallel connccted individual distribution lines to I each fixture or fixture fitting shall be designetl in accordancc with Sections 604.10.1 through 604.10.3. 604.10.1 Manifold sizing. Hot water and colt1 water maniTable 604.10. I . The fold!, ,hall be sized in accordancc w ~ t h total gallons per 111inuteis the demand of all outlets supplied. 1 I !Laundry? 1. 2 or 3 compartments" 1 . . jI ~-i/" i iI i -- - ~--] ~= . . - !Kitchen.sink". .. . I I .L 4 I 4 i - ~~ !+ ~ ~- ' - + I I1 Drink~ngfountain - . -- . - , !combination sink and tray - - - 'I2 _ _ . i I iBathtobs"ilargcr-than 60" x 32") /Bide( 1 PIPE SITE ~nch) - - - I z ~ . - . i~- ---. TABLE 604.10.1 MANIFOLD SIZING I - . - -I 2 1 - i -. - { .; I _ . . I~rinal, flush tank I I 1 Watcl closcc. tluh tdnk 1 Wlrte~ closet. tluh valve , - - - I ~ a t e closet. r Ilurhomcte~~ tank . . - _ - I -_I- I -- - - - _ . 1 ~.i ~- - - Ii '4 1- - - ._ 3/8 ~ I .- !I? - - . ~- , 1 : .----. 1 For ST: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, I foot = 304.8 mm, I pound per squme inch = h.S')SliPa. a. Where rlie dc,elopcd lcrlyth of Ihe distributiv~~ is 60feec or less, and the line available prcssurc at hi: metel is a minimum of 35 psi, the mininru~n of size an irulividual distribution iinc supplied iron1 u ~nn~~ifoldirlst3lled as p1 1 2nd i1 of a parallel waterdislribution system shall be one nc~minal tube size smallel. than Ihr s i x e s indicated. 604.8 Water-pressure reducing valve or regulator. Where water pressure within a building exceeds 80 psi (552 kPa) static. an approved watcr-pressurc reducing valve confornling to ASSE 1003 with strainer shall be installed to reducc thc pressure in thc building water distribution piping to 80 psi (551 kPa) static or Icss. Esception: Service lines to sill cocks and o ~ ~ t s i d e hydrants, and main supply riscrs whcre prcssure fro111 the mains is reduced to 80 psi (552 kPa) or less at individual fixtures. 604.8.1 Valve design. Thc pressure-rcducing valve shall be dcsignetl to remain opcn to permit uninterrupted water flow in case of valvc ftiilure. 604.8.2 Kcpair and rcmoval. All water-prcssure reducing valvcs, regulators and strainers shall be so constructed and installcd as to pernlit repair or removal of parts without strainer from breaking a pipeline or rcmoving the valve a l ~ d the pipeline. 604.Water harnmer. Thc flow velocity of thc water distribution system shall bc controlled to reduce the possibility of' 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 Inm, 1 g:~llnr~ lninule = 3.785 I.hn, per 1 fool per second = 0.305 n~is. 604.10.2 Valves. Individual fixture shutoff valvcs installed at tllc manifold sllall be idenrilicd as tothc fixturc bcing supplied. 604.10.3 Access. Access shall bc provided to manifolds 604.11 Individual pressure balancing in-line vdves lfur il~dividuill fixture fittings. Wherc inttividual prcssure balancing in-linc valvcs for individual fiuturc fittings arc installcd, such valves shall comply with ASSE 1066. Such valves shall be installed in an accessible location aud shall not bc utilizcd alonc as a substitute for the balanccd pressure, thcr~nostatic or combination shower valvcs required in Section 424.3. SECTION 605 MATERIALS, JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS 605.1 Soil and grountP water. The installation o r a water scrvice or water distribution pipc shall bc prohibited in soil and ground water contaminated with solvents. filels, organic compounds or other detrimental materials causing pcrmcation, corrosion, degradation or structural Failure of thc piping ~na~crial. Whcre detrimental conditions are suspected, a chemical analysis of the soil and ground water conditions shall bc rcquircd to ascertain thc acceptability of the wakr scrvice or watcr clistribution piping material for the specific installation. Whci-ecletrimental conditions cxist. approved alternative materials or routing shall bc required. 605.2 Lead content of water s ~ ~ p ppipe and fittings. Pipe ly and pipe fittings. including valves and fauccth, utili~cd thc in
  • 50. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION water supply system shall have a 11iaximumof 8-percent l a d content. 605.3 Cl'atcr service pipe. Water servicc pipe shall corlform to NSF 61 and shall conform to one of tlie standards listed in Table 605.3. All watcr service pipe or tubing. installed underground and outside of the structure, shall have a m i ~ ~ i m u m working pressure rating of 160 psi (I 100 kPa) at 73.4"F (23°C). Whcre the water pressure exceeds 160 psi (1 100 Wa), piping material shall haven minimum rated working prcssure equal to the highcst available pressure. Water service piping materials IIOLthird-party certified for water distribution shall terminate at or before the full open valve located at the entrance to the structure. All ductile iron water service piping shall be cement l o r tar li~lccl accordance with AWWA C 104. in respective pipe standards or one of the standards listed in Table 605.5. All pipe fittings utilized in water supply systems shall also co~iform NSF 61. The fittings shall not have ledges. to shoulders or reductions capahlc of retarding or obstructing flow in the piping. D ~ c t i l c gray iron pipe fittings shall bc and cement mortar lined in accordance with AWWA C 104. 605.5.1 Mechanically formed tee fittings. Mcchanically extracted ontlcts shall have a height not less than threc tirr~es the thickness of the branch tube wall. 605.5.1.1 Full flow assurance. Branch tubcs shall not restrict the flow in the run tube. Adimpleldepth stop shall be Cormed in the branch tube to ensure that penetration ct into the collar is of the c o ~ ~ edepth. For inspection purposes, a second dimple shall be placed 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) above rhe first dimple. Di~nplcsshall bc aligned with the tube run. 605.3.1 Dual check-valve-type backflow prcventer. Whcre a dual check-valve backflow prcvcntcris installedon tlie water supply system. it shall cornply with ASSE 1024 or CSA B64.G. I - 605.5.1.2 Brazed joints. Mechanically formcd tee tittings shall be brazed in accol.dance with Section 605.14.1. 605.4 Mratcrdish-ihutian pipe. Water distribution pipe shall conform to h'SF 6 1 and sliall conform to one of the standards 41 listed in Table 605.4. . 1 hot water distribution pipe and tubing shall havc a minimum prcssure I-ating of 100 psi (690 M a ) at 180°F (82°C). 605.6 Flexible water canncctors. Flexible water connectors exposed to continuous pressure shall conforni to ASME A1 12.18.6. Access shall be provided to all flexiblc watcr connectors. 605.5 Fittings. Pipc fittings shall be approvcd For installation with the piping material installed and shall conform to the . ~~ ~- ~ ~ I i - -~~ -~ ~~ .~ --- ~~ ~. TABLE 605.3 WATER SERVICE PIPE ~-.. ~- -~ ~ M'CERIAL-~... _ .~ - l ~ ~ r ~ l o n ~but;@iencstyrene (ABS) plastic pip^ trilc - - ~ - jisbcs(os-celnenl l ~ i ~ t l ~ ~~ - - ~ - ~~ -- ~ -- -- -- - - L - iIASTM . ~-~~ ~ ~ D 1527:ASTM ~~ I I -- 1 - BI"~pipc ~- - - ~ .~ - - - - ~ - ~ ~ ;ASTM B 43 ~ - - ~ - - - ~ - DucliJe;roil ~~Q!:LP~I'~. - - - - ~ ~ ~-~ ---. --- ~~~~ -- ; ,' A W W A C I S I-. . -X ~ -~ 4-( : 1 1 5 . -- A 53 -J 'ASTM- .~~ -. IASTM -?GTM ~ . - ~ ~ - - ~~- ~-~ ~~~~- - --- 40 ~ ~~ - - I ~~ . . - - ~ - ~ . . . . ~-~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~- ~ - - -- ~ - - . ~l - ~ -~ ~ ~~ ~ ~. . -- - . . ~ .. i j ~ ~~ -- I . I I ~ 'ii~ir*;I 2 ASrM A 778 3 _ 1 .~ . . - ~ 1I . - ~ ~ -- - - - - ~ ~ , I , ~ ~ 'ASTM D 1755. XSTM D - . -2ASTM.D 2672 CSA B137.3 1 '241. 2. _ . i ASTM A 312; ASTM A 778 .- -~ ~- . ~ D 2662; ASTM D 2666; ASTM D 3.709; CSA B 137.YM D 2239: CSA R 137.1 - - ~ ~ ~ . - S t ~ j n l c s ~ s tpill?l (Typc~3 e~ i6/31kL) ~-- ~ Polj,vinyl chloride (PVCj plastic pipc -. . . . Sb~inlchs stecl pips (Typc 3041104L) - ~ ~~-.. ~~ ~ ~ ~- Pol~~!!!~lcne! ? E i _ y l + ~ ~ i ~ n ~ . ~ n.e . . - . - - - . ( ~ _ !AX:!02737: C_SA8EL! . Poly~thyl~~l~alyminunlip~le!I~y1~n~~~P~-AL-PE~pILp~ _ IASTM F 1282; CSA B 137.9 ~ - . Polypropylene (PI-')plaslic pipe o rtubing .. -- L. I ASTM F 2 1 CSA B137.1 I "489. : - i ~~ ~ ~ ASTM F 1281. CSA B137.10h4 - ~ - -~ Polycthyleile (PE)- ~ . -~ . . -~ . plastic pipe . . ~ . - .- . . sipc . . Polyhutylctic iP6) plastic-pip?-and L~~binf _ ~~ - . ~ ~ - ! ~~~~ ~ ~~-.- - - . . -- IAS'I'M F 876; ASTM F 877; CSA B--. 137.5 .- - - ~~-~ /ASTM B 75; ASTM B 88: ASTM B 251; ASTM B 447 ~ ICro-l~nksd o l y c t h y l r n c / n l i ~ ~ n ~ n ~ ~ d c r o ~polycthllc~ie p -11nM ; (PEX-AL-PEX)plpe - -- - - - ~- ~ i / --! 'ASTM B 42. ASTM-.B 302L.-. . ~ iCro~>~-li!lkcd~. polycthylcne (PEX) plastic tubilrg ~. -. ~.~ ~- ~~ ~~- . . I (Copper or copper-alloy tubing (Type K, WK, L, WL. M or WM) ~ ~ ~ASTM 2846; ASTM F 441 : ASTM F 412; CSA £3-137.6 . D ~ ~ - ~ ~- ~~~ I. I C:hlorinatcd polyvinvl chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe ~- !Copperor copper-alloy _pipe-. _ . , . _ . -_ ~. I ~- . . .. - . ~ ~ - ~~ 4, i 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ . ~ ~
  • 51. WATER SUPPLY AND DlSTRlBUTlON - . . . ................ TABLE 605.4 WATER DISTRIBUTION PIPE - - . .. . . . , !Br. . . pipe. CISS . . _~ . . -_ .... ... . . pol)rinyl .chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe and tubing . . Chloiinried . . .. ~ - ~ . . . --.. !Copper or coppel--alloy pipe.. ............... . , ~ - ~ ~ - . . i . . . . . polyethylene (PEX) plastic tubing . . I ICross-linkcd . - .. ~- ~ . IASTM ! ASTM ~ F 877; CSA B 137.5 ~ ,. ~ . - . . . . . . - - Stilinlcss stcel pipe (Type 3(14/304L) . ............. . . . . . . . . - ~- - i ! . . -~ ... ... -- -- -~ - i ..... - . F 1287 .. ... .--- I . -I . . . . . . . - Stainless s~cel . (Typc 3 161316L) - .......... pipe . . -- I . . ~-~~--1--~ ~ . I I /ASTMF~~~~;CSABI -~ . --- I i 1 1ASTM D 7309. CSA B137.SM - Polypropylene (PP) plastic pipe or tubing . . ~~- .-..--.~ ~. ...... ..... , i ASTM A 53 .. . Polyctl1ylencIAluminu1nIPc~1yethylcne (PE-AL-PE) composite pipe i~~~~ - .---. -. ~- ~ Galvanired steel pipe . . . . . . . . . . . _ . _ - . - .. -~ .. Polyhutylene (PB) plastic pipe and tubing . . -~ ~~ 1IASTM F 1986 /cross-linked polyellrylene/alu~ni~~~~m/l~igl~-density polyethylene (PCX-AL-HDPE) . - -~ ~ ~ASTM 1281; CSA B137.10M F ... . - ~~ -~ - - B 75; ASTM B 88; ASTM B.. 251; .... . + - /Cross-linked polyetIryle11e/alu1ninu1~1/cross-linkcd polyethylene 1I-.. . . . . . . . . . . (PEX-AL-PEX) pipe .. ...... ... ... .. I -. .. 42: ASTM --i ASTM - - -. - - . ...-- . . lCopper or copper-alloy tubing (Type K, WK, L, WL, M or WM) . . . j ...................... D 2846; ASTM F 441: ASTM F442; CSA B 137.0.......... -- - - ......................... -- STANDARD .. .. -. I ! ASTM B 43-- -- ......... - .... .... - . -1 MATERIAL - ..... .- ~~.-- .~ ~ - - ~ ~ IN ASTM A 31 2 L ASTM - 778 A - . -- ASTM A 312: ASTM A 778 L . TABLE 605.5 PIPE FITTINGS 11 Acrylonitrile butadi~nc . . . . .styrene (ABS) plastic . . .- . .- -. - / ASTM D 2468 -- . -~~ Chlo~~na~etl polyvinyl chlorldc ICPVC) p l a s h ~ - - - F 1ASTM - 437, ASTM -- -- - - -- . . F 438, ASTM F 439, CSA B 137.6 - I C o p p c ~ coppcr alloy or I '~ASTMF 1986 (Cross-linked polyethylenc/al~~mi~~~~nlhigl~-density polycthylene ! (PEX-AL-HDPE) I iASTR/I F 877; ASTM F 1807: ASTM F 1960; ASTM F 2080: j ASTM F 2159: cs.4 B 137.5 -...................... Fittings Sor cross-linlcrd polyethylene (PEX) plastic tubing I ............................. GI-nyiron and ductilc iron .......... .~ . . . . . . . ~ h4allenblc il-on . . . . . . . . . .. . - - - .. 4'ASME B16.3 .. .. . . !AWWA.C J10: AWWA ~ 1 5 3 . - ... .- . . .................... ..-$ . . -...... . ... . . , - . - . -- ~ 1 Metal (brass) insert fiuings for Polycthylcnc/AIurninu~i~/Polyctlrylcne (PE-AL-PE) and C~.oss-linked ASTM F 1971 I Polyethylcnc/Alun~i~~u~~i/Polyethylenc (PEX-AL-PEX) ............... - . ................... .. L. . . . -- 7 I 1 .................... I . ~ ~~ 1 ~ I 1 : I . . .. .. Pol~~lltylcnc(PB2 plastic ~ + - ~ o l y c t l i y l (PE) c ~. .~. .n plas~ic .................. . I ! ~ o l y ~ r o p ~ l(PP) plastic enc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- . - . - . - ~ __ 1 - ~- - .................... - . .- I . ~.-. - pipe ortubing . . . [ASTM 1 + - F 2389; CSA R 137.1~- . . - .. . 1 Stninlcss steel (Type 3 1613 16L) 1 ........................... 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE' - - ~- -- .. . . . - - I ; ASTM D 2600; CSA.B. 137.1 . ..... .. . . -~ ..... ..... I steel r F~ainless (Type 3041304L) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - .... .... I IPolyvinyl. chloridc. .(PVC) plas~ic ........... .......... . - . CSA B137.8 . ... .. 'ASTM D 2464. ASTM D 2366: ASTM D 2 .. . ............. ..-l~ . ..... .... .... -. . . . . . I .... . . . - . - ~1 -- . . - - ASTM A 3 1 1.ASTM A 778 . : ~ L I ........................ - . --- . - . -~ -~ .~ - ~ . ~ Ii
  • 52. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION 605.7 7aTalvt.s. All valves shall be of an approvcd type and co111patihle with the typc of piping material installed in the systcm. Ball v a l ~ ~ cgate valves, globe valvcs and plug valves intended s, to supply drinking water shall meet the requirements of NSF 61. 605.8 Manufactured pipe nipples. Manufactured pipe nipples shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 605.8. - I -- TABLE 605.8 MANUFACTURED PIPE NIPPLES -. -- -- -- - MATERL*L --- - - I 605.12.3 Threaded joints. Thrcads shall confolm to ASME B1.20.1. Pipe-joint compound or tape hall bc applied on the male threads only. 605.12.4 Welded joints. All joint surfaces shall bc clcancd. The joint shall be welclcd with an approved filler mctal. 605.13 Gray iron and ductile iro~~,joints. Joints for gray and ductile iron pipe and fittings shall comply with AWWA C1 1 1 and shall be installed in accorclancc with the manufacturer's installation instructions. I 605.14 Copper pipe. Joints between copper or copper-alloy pipe or fittings shall comply wit11 Sections 605.14.1 through 605.14.5. 605.9 Prohibited joints and connections. The following types of joints and con~lcctions shall be prohibited: 605.14.1 Brazed joints. All joint surfaces shall be clcancd. An approved flux shall be applied where recluirccl. Thejoint shall be brazed with a filler metal conforming to AW S A5.K. - - Bras, I - - - .coppel-, chromrum-plated - - - - (Stcrl - - _ - STANDARD_-- - ASTM B 687- ---1LGICIA?3i -L-_- j - -_-_I 1. Cemenr or concrete joints 2. Joints ~ n a d c with fittings not approvcd For the specific installation. 3. Solvent-ccnicnt joints bctwcen differcnl types of plastic pipc. 4. Saddle-type fittings. 605.10 ABS plastic. Joints bctween ABS plastic pipe or fittings shall comply with Scctions 605.10.1 through 605.10.3. 605.10.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints on water pipes shall bc madc with all elastomeric seal conforming to ASTM D 7 139. Mechanical joints shall only be installetl in underground systems, unless otherwise approvcd. Joinls shall hc installed only in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 605.10.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaccs shall be clean and frce from ~noisturc.Solvent cement that c,onfornls to ASTXj D 2125 shall be applicd to all joint surfaces. The joint shall he made whilc the cement is wet. Joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D 2235. Solvent-cement joints shall be pcrniittcd above or below ground. 605.10.3 'Threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ASME R 1.20.1. Schedule 80 or heavier pipe shall bc permitted to be threaded with dies specifically designed for plastic pipe. Approved thread lubricant or tapc shall be applied on the male threads only. 605.11 Aslaestos-cement. Joints bctween asbestos-cement c pipc or fittings shall be ~ n a d with a slcevc coupling of the same composition 3s the pipe, scaled with an elasto11ie1-ic ring confon~iinp ASTM D 1869. to 605.12 Brass. Joints bctwcen brass pipe or fittings shall comply with Scctions 605.12.1 through 605.12.4. 605.12.1 Brazed.joints.All joint surfaces shall be cleaned. An approved flux shall he applied where required. The joint shall be brazed with afillermctal conforming to AWS A5.S. 605.12.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installcd in accordance wit11 Lhc manufacturer's inst~uctions. 605.14.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall he installed in accordance with thc manufacturer's instructions. 605.14.3 Soldered joints. Solder joints shall be made in accordance with the methods of ASTM B 828. All cut tubc ends shall be reamed to the full inside diilmcter of thc tubc end. All joint surfaces shall be clcancd. A flux col~forrriing to ASTMB 813 shall be applicd. The joint shall be soldcrcd with a solder conforming to ASTM B 32. The joining of watcr supply piping shall be made with lend-free solder and fluxcs. "Lead free" shall mean a chcmical colnposition cclua1 to or lcss than 0.2-perccnt Icacl. 605.14.4 Threaded joints. Thrcads shall confo~-mto ASME B1.20.1. Pipe-joint compound or tape shall be appliecl on the male threads only. 605.14.5 Welded joints. All joint surfaccs shall be cleancd. The joint shall be weldcd with an approvcd filler mctal. 605.15 Copper tubing. Joints betwecn copper or copper-alloy tubing or fittings shall comply with Sections 605.1 5.1 through 605.15.4. 605.15.1 Brazed joi~lls. joint surfaces shall he clcaned. All An approved flux shall be applied where required. 'The joint confonnir~g AWS A5.X. to shall bc brazed with a fillcrn~ctal 605.15.2 Flaredjoints. Flared joints for watcr pipc shall bc made by a tool designed for that operation. 605.15.3 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the nlan~rfacturcr's instructions. 605.15.4 Soldered joints. Solder joints shall be mndc in accorclancc with the methods of AS'I'M B 828. All cut tube cnds shall be rearncd to the full inside tli:~mcterof the tubc end. All joint surfaces shall bs cleancd. A flux conforming to ASTM B 81 3 shall bc applied. The juirit shall be soldered with a solder conforming to ASTM B 32. The joining of water supply piping shall be made with Izad-free soldcrs and fluxcs. "Lcad free" shall rncan a chemical composition equal to or lcss than 0.2-percent lead. 605,16 CPVCplastic. Joints between CPVC plastic pipc or fittings shall comply with Sections 605.10.1 through 605.16.3. 2006 lNTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 53. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION 605.16.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall bc installed in accordancc with the manufacturer's instructions. 605.16.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaces shall be clean and frcc from moisture, and an approvcd primer shall be applicd. Solvent ccrnent, orange in color and conforming to ASTM F493, shall be applied to all joint surfaces. The joint shall be made while the cement is wet, and in accordance with ASTM D 2836 or ASTM F 493. Solvent-cement ioints shall bc pcrnmittcd above or below ground. Exception: A primer is not requircd where all of the following conditions apply: I. The solvent cemcnt uscd is third-party certified as conforming to ASTM F 493. 3. l'he solvent cement used is yellow in color. 3. Thc solvent cemcnt is used only for joining inch (12.7 mni) through 2 inch (51 mni) diameter CPVC pipe and fittings. 4. The CPVC pipe and fittings arc manufacturcd in accorda~ice with ASTM D 2846. 605.16.3 Threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ASME B 1.20. I. Schcdulc 80 or heavicr pipc shall be permittcd to bc threaded with dies specifically dcrigned tor platic pipe. but the pressure ~ a t ~ n g the plpe shall be of retlucecl by 50 percent Thread by socket ~ilolcledfittingb shall bc permitted. Approved thrcad lubricant or tape shall be applied on the malc threads only. 605.17 Cross-linked polyethylene plastic. Joints betwecn cross-linkcd polyethylene plastic tubing or fittings shall comply with Sections 605.17.1 and 605.17.2. 605.17.1 Flared joints. Flared pipe ends shall be made by a tool dcsipncd for that operation. I 605.17.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall bc installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Fittings Sor cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plastic tubing as described in ASTM I 877, ASTM F 1807, ASTM : F 1960, and ASTIvI F 2080 shall be installed in accordance with thc manufacturcr's instructions. 605.18 Steel. Joints between galvanized stccl pipc or fittings with Sections 605.18.1 and 605.18.2. shall con~ply 605.18.1 Threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ASME R1.1-0.1.Pipe-joint co~npoundor tapc shall be appliecl o11 thc rnalc threads only. 605.18.2 Mechanical joints. Joints shall bc made with an approved clastomct.ic scal. Mechanical joints shall be installcd in accordance with thc manufacturcr's instructions. 605.19 Polybutylene plastic. Joints between polybutylene plastic pipe and tubing or fittings shall comply with Sections 605.19.1 through 605.19.3. 605.19.1 FLared joints. Flarcd pipe cncls shall bc made by a tool designed for that operation. 605.19.2 Heat-ft~sion joints. Joints shall he of the sockct-fusion or butt-f~~sion type. Joint surfaces shall be 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ clean and free from moisture. All joint surfaces shall bc heated to melt temperature and joinccl. The joint shall be undisturbed until cool. Joints shall bc niacle in accordance with ASTM D 2657. ASTM D 3309 or CAN3-B 137.XM. 605.19.3 Mechanical joints. Mcchanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the niunufacturcr's instructions. Mctallic lock rings employcd with insert fittings as described in ASTM D 3309 or CAN3-B 137.8M sh:rll bc installcd in accordance with the manufacturcr's instructions. 605.20 Polyethylene plastic. Joints bctwccn polyctliylenc plastic pipe and tubing or fittings shall comply w ~ t h Scctions 605.20.1 through 605.20.4. 605.20.1 Flared joints. Flared jonits shall hc pcrm~ttcd where so indicated by the pipe rnanufacrurer. Flared joints shall be made by a tool tlcsigned for that operation. 605.20.2 Heat-fusion joints. Joint surfaces shall bc clean and free from nloisture. All joint surfaces sllall be heatcd to melt temperature and joined. The joint shall bc undisturbed until cool. Joints shall he made in accordance with ASTM D 2657. 605.20.3 Mechanical joints. Mechnnlcal joints shall bc installed in accordance with the manufacturcr's instructions. 405.20.4 Installation. I'olyethylene pipe shall bc cut square, with acutter designed for plastic pipc. Except where joined by heat fusion, pipe ends shall bc charnfcred to remove sharp edges. Kinked pipe shall not he inslallcd. The minimurn pipe bending radius shall not bc ICSS than 30 pipe diameters, or the minimum coil radius. whiclievcr is greater. Piping shall not be bent beyond straightening of the curvature of thc coil. Bends shall not be permitted within 10 pipc diamcters of any fitting or valve. Stiffener inscrts installed with compression-type couplings and fittings shall not extend beyond the clamp or nut of the coupling or fitting. 605.21 Polypropylene (PP) plastic. Jo~nts betwecn PP plastic pipe and fittings shall coniply with Scction 605.21.1 or 605.21.2. 605.21.1 I-Ieat-fusion joints. Heat-fusion joints for polypropylene pipe and tubing joints shall be installcd with socket-type heat-fused polypropylene filtings, butt-fusion polypropylene fittings or electrofusion polypropylenc fittings. Joint surf'~ccsshall be clean and free Tram nioisturc. Thc joint shall be undisturbed until cool. Joi~ltsshall be made in accordance with ASTM F 2389. 605.21.2 Mechanical and compression sleeve joints. Mechanical and compression sleeve joints shall bc installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 605.22 PVC plastic. Joints between PVC plastic pipe or fittings shall comply with Sections 605.22.1 through 605.22.3. 605.22.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints on water pipc shall be made with an clastomeric scal conforming to ASTM D 3 139. Mechanical joints shall not bc installed in above-ground systems unless othcralisc approved. Joi~lts shall bc installcd in accordance with the rn:~nt~fxturer's instructions.
  • 54. WATER SUPPLY AND BlSTRlBUTlON 605.22.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaces shall be clcan and free from moisture. A purple primer that conforms t o ASTM F 656 shall be applied. Solvent cement not purple in colcrr and confomming to AS'l'lVl D 2564 or CSA-B 137.3 shall bc applied to all joint surfaces. The joint shall be madc while the cemcnt is wet and shall be in accordance with ASTM D 2855. Solvent-cement joints shall he permitted above or below ground. 605.22.3 Threaded joints. Threads shall confonn to ASME B 1.20.1. Schedule 80 or heavier pipc shall be perlnitted to bc threaded with dies specifically designed for plastic pipe, but the pressure rating of thc pipe shall be reduced by 50 percent. Thread by socket molded fittings shall be pemmittcd. Approvcd thrcad lubricant or tape shall be applied on the malc threads only. 605.23 Stainless steel. Joints between stainless steel pipe and with Sections 605.23.1 and 605.23.2. fittings shall con~ply 605.23.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 605.23.2 Welded joints. All joint surfaces shall be cleaned. The joint shall be welded ;~utogenouslyor with an approvcd filler metal as referenced in ASTM A 312. 605.24 Joints between different materials. Joints between different piping materials shall be made with a mechanical or joint of the con~pression 11iechanical-sealing type, or as permitted ill Scctions 605.24.1. 605.24.2 and 605.24.3. Connectors or adapters shall have an clastoincric seal conforming lo ASTiVl D 1869 or ASTR4 F 477. Joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 605.24.1 Copper or copper-alloy tubing to galvanized steel pipe. Joints between copper or copper-alloy tubing with a brass fitting and galvanized steel pipe shall be ~ n a d e or dielectric fitting. Thc coppcr tubing shall be soldered to the fitting in a11 approved manner. and the fitting shall be screwed to thc threaded pipe. 605.24.2 Plastic pipe or tubing to other piping material. Joints betwcen different gracics of plastic pipe or between plastic pipc and othcr piping malerial shall be made with an approved adapter litting. 605.24.3 Stainless steel. Joints between stainless steel and different piping materials shall be rllacte with a mechanical joint of the comp~.cssionor mechanical scaling type or a dielcctric fitling. SECTION 606 INSTALLATION OF THE BUILDING WATER DlSTRlBUTlON SYSTEM 606.1 Location of full-open valves. Full-open valves shall be installed in the following locations: I. On the building water service pipe from the public water supply near the curb. 2. 011 the watcr distribution supply pipc at the entrance into thc structul-c. 3. On thc discharge side of cvcry watcr meter. 4. On the base of every watcr riser pipe in occupancics other than multiple-family rcsitlentinl occupancics that are two stories or lcss in height and in one- and two-family residential occupancies. 5. On the top of every watcr down-fccd pipc in occupancics othcrthan one- and two-family residential occupnncics. 6. On the entrance to cvery watcr supply pipc to a dwelling unit, except wherc supplying a single fixture equipped with individual stops. 7. On the water supply pipe to a gravity or pressurized water tank 8. On the water supply pipe to every watcr hcater. 606.2 Location of shutoff' valves. Shutoff valves shall bc installed in the following locations: 1. On the fixture supply to each plumbing fixture othcr than bathtubs and showers in one- and two-family rcsidential occupancies, and other than in individual sleeping units I that are provided with unit shutoff valves in hotels, n~otels, boarding houses and sirnilar occupancics. 2. On the water supply pipe to each sillcock 3. On the waler supply pipe to each appliancc or mcchanical equipmcnt. 606.3 Access to valves. Access shall bc provided to a11 I full-open valves and shutoff talvcs. 606.4 Valve identificatior~. Service and hose bibb valvcs shall bc identified. All other valves installed in locations that arc not adjacent to the tixture or appliance shall be identified. indicating the fixturc or appliance served. 606.5 Water pressure booster systems. Water prcssure booster systems shall be provided as required by Scctions tj06.5.1 through 606.5.10. 606.5.1 Water pressure booster systems required. Where thc water pressure in the public watcr main or it~dividual water supply system is insufficient to supply the minimum pressures and quantities specified in this code, the supply shall be supplemented by an clcvatcd watcr- tank, a hydropneurnatic pressure booster system or a watcr pressure booster pump installed in accordance with Section 606.5.5. 606.5.2 Support. A11 water supply tanks shall be suppol tcd the Code. in accordance ~vith Itzret-r7ntroniJ R~liltlir~,i. 606.5.3 Covers. All water supply tanks shall be cove~.cd lo keep out unauthorized persons, dirt and vermin. The covcrs of gravity tanks shall be vented with a return bend vent pipc with an arca not lcss than the arca of the down-fccd riscr pipe, and the vent shall be screencd with a corrosion-resistant screen of not lcss than 16 by 20 nlcsh per inch (630 by 787 rnesh per In). 606.5.4 Overflows for water supply tanks. Each gravity or suction water supply tank shall be provided with an ovcrflow with a diameter not less than that shown in T a l h 606.5.4. The overflow outlet shall discharge at a point not I less than 6 inches (152 mm) above the roof or roof drain: floor or floor drain: or ovcr an opcn water-supplied fixturc. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 55. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION The ovcrilow outlet shall bc covered with a corrosion-resistant scrccn of not lcss than 16 by 20 mesh per inch (630 by ) 787 mcsh per n ~and by 0.7-5-inch (6.4 mln) hardware cloth or shall terminate in a horizontal angle scat chcck valvc. Drainagc from overflow pipes shall be dirccted s o as not to trceze on roof walks. TABLE 606.5.4 SIZES FOR OVERFLOW PIPES.FOR .. - .- . SUPPLY TANKS WATER . .. . .. . - - - MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF WATER SUPPLY LINE TO TANK (gpm) I, . . - o rI : Over 1,000 . . - ( DIAMETER OF OVERFLOW PlPE . . 1 : i 8 . 606.5.5 Low-pressurccutoff required on booster pumps. A low-pressurc cutoff shall be installed on :ill booster p ~ ~ n in p swatcr pressure booster system to prevent crc~ a ation of a vacuum or ncgativc prcssure on the suction sidc of the pump whcn a positive pressure of I 0 psi (68.94 kPa) or ICSS O C C L I ~ S thc suction sidc of the pump. on 606.5.6 Potable water inlet control and location. Potablc watel inlets lo gravity tanks shall be controlled by a fill valve as or other automalic bupply valve ~nstalledso to prcvent the tank from ovcrtlowing. The inlet shall be terminatcdso as to provide an alr gap not lcss than 4 inchcs (102 mm) above the O ~ ~ m ~ ~ . 606.5.7 'rank drain pipes. A valvcd pipe shall be provided at the lowest point of each tank to permit emptying of the tank. Thc tank drain pipe h a l l discharge as required for overflow pipes and shall not be smaller in size than ipecified in Tablc 606.5.7. ( / ... - TABLE 606.5.7 SIZE. OF DRAIN PIPES FOR WATER TANKS . --. .~~ ~ - -TANK CAPACITY (gallons) . . - ~- . /' . 606.5.10 Pressure relief for tanks. Every pressure tank in a hydropneumatic prcssurc booster syste~n shall be prorcctcd with a pressure rclief valve. Thc prcssure rclicf valvc shall pressurc equal to the rating of thc tank. be set at a ~naximum The relief valve shall be installed on the supply pipe to thc tank or on the talk. The relicf valve shall discharge by gravity to a safe place of disposal. -:! I ~nilh 25.4 mm, I gallon per nlinutc = 3.?85 I,/ni. = -~ Exception: This section shall not apply to pressurized captive air diaphragnv'bladdcr tanks. 606.6 Water supply sgsten~ test. Upon completion of a rcction of or the entire water supply system, thc system, or portion completed, shall be tcsted in accordance with Scction 317. I ~.. - 606.5.9 Pressure tanks, vacuum rclicf. All water pressurc tanks shall be providcd with a vacuum rclicf valvc at the top n atcr of the tank that will operate up to a i n a x ~ ~ n u ~ n prcssure ~i~ of 200 psi (1380 kPn) and up to a n ~ a x i t n utcmpcraturc of 200°F (93°C). The minimum sizc of such vacuum lclief valve shall bc 0.50 inch (12.7 mm). . . DRAIN PIPE (inches) ~ -1 7 SECTION 607 HOT WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM 607.1 Where requii-ed.In residential occupancics. hot watcr utishall bc supplied to all plumbing fixtures and cquipn~ent lized for bathing, washing, culinary purposcs, clcansing, laundry or building maintcnancc. In nonresidential occupancics, hot water shall be supplicd for culinary purposcs. clcansing. laundry or building ~naintcnance purposes. In nonrcsidcntial occupancies, hot water or tc~npcred water shall be supplied for bathing and washing pulposes. Tempcred watcr shall bc supplied through a water temperature limiting device that conforins to ASSE 1070 and shall limit (he tcmpcrcd watcr to a lnaxirnum of 110°F (43°C). 'This provision shall not supersede thc rccluircmcnt for protective shower valves in accordancc with Section 423.3. 607.2 Hot water supply temperature maintenance. Wl~erc the developed length of hot watcr pip~ngr o ~ n source o hot t thc f water supply to thc fartheat fixturc excceds 100 fect (30 480 mm), the hot water supply sytem shall I,e providcd with a method of maintaining the temperature in accordancc with thc Ivztertzatioi~al Eizergy Coiz~rn~utioil Code. 607.2.1 Piping insulation. Circulating hot watcr system p~pingshall be insulated in accordancc with the I~tei-~rcltinr?nl Et~ergyC n i ~ s e n a t i nCode. i~ [El 607.2.2 Hot nater systeli~ controls. Automatic clrculating hot watc~ 5ystcm pumps or hcat tlace sliall he arranged to be conveniently turncd off automat~cnllyor manually. when the hot water system IS not in open~tion. For SI: I ~ n c h 1-5.4 mtn, 1 gallon = j.785 I, = 606.5.8 Prohibited location of potable supply tanks. Potablc watcr gravity tanks or manholes of potablc water eaure tanhs sllall not be located ducctly under any soil or wastc piping or any source of contamination. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE' 607.2.3 Recirc~~latingpump. Whcre a thermostatic niixing valve is used in a system with a hot water recirculating water return line shall bc pump. the hot w:~tcror ten~pcred and routed to thccold watcr inlet pipe of the watcr hc,i~tcr the cold water inlet pipc or the hot water- I-ctur-11 connection of the thennostatic mixing valve. 607.3 Thern~al expansion control. A means of controlling increased pressure caused by therinal expansion shall bc pro-
  • 56. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION vided whcrc ~ccluired accordance wlth Sect~ons in 607.7.1 arid 007.1.2. 607.3.1 I9essure-reducing valve. For water service system sizes up to and including 2 inches (5 1 ~ n m )a device for con, trolling pressure shall bc installed whcre, because of thermal expansion, the pressure on the downstream side of a prcssurc-reducing valve exceeds thc pressure-reducing v:llvc setting. 607.3.2 Bacl(flow prevention device or check valve. Wherc n hackflow prevention device, check valve or other device is installcd on a water supply system utilizing storage watcr heating equipment cuch that thermal expansion causes an 1ncrea5ein pressure, a device for controlling pressure shall be ~nbcalled. 607.4 Flow of hot water to fixtures. Fixture fittings, faucets and divertcrs shall be installcd and adjusted so that the flow of 1101 watcr from Ihc iittings corresponds to the left-hand side of fitting. the t?xtl~re I 608.5 Chemicals and other substances. Chcrt~icals othcs and substances that producc either toxic conditions. taste: odor or shall not he introduced discoloration in a potable water systc~u into, or utilized in, such systems. 608.6 Cross-connection control. Cross conncclions shall bc prohibited, except where approved protective devtccs arc installed. 608.5.1 Private water supplies. Cross connections betv~een private water supply and a potablc p ~ ~ b lsupply a ic shall be prohibited. 608.7 Stop-and-waste valves prohibited. Combination stop-and-waste valves or cocks shall not he installcd underground. 608.8 identification of potable and nonpotable water. 111all buildings whcre two or rnorc watcr distribution systems, one potable watcr and the other nonpotablc watcr, are installed, each system shall be identified either by ctjlor marking or metal tags in accordance with Sections 608.8.1 through 608.8.1. Exception: Showcr and tub/shower mixing valves conforming to ASSE 1016 or CSA B125, wbcre the flow of hot to on watcr cor~csponds the ~narkings the device. 608.8.1 Information. Pipe identification shall includc the an the contents of the piping system a r ~ d arrow indicat~ng direction of flow. Hazardous piping systems shall also contain infoimatlon addressing the nature of the hazard. Pipc identification shall be repeated at maxi~num intel-vals of 25 feet (7620 n ~ u and at each point where the piping passcs ) through a wall. floor or roof. Lettering shall be readily obsel-vablc tvithin the room or space whcrc thc piping is located. SECTION 608 PROTECTION OF POTABLE WATER SUPPLY 608.1 General. A potable water supply system shall be designed, installed and maintained in such a manner so as to prcvent contaniination from ionp potable liquids, solids or gases being introduccd into the potable water supply through cross-conncctior~sor any other piping connections to the system. I3acktlow preventcr applications shall conform to Table 608. 1, except as specifically stated in Sections 608.2 through 608.16.10. I 608.2 Plumbing fixtures. The ?upply lines ancl littings for cvery plumbing fixture shall bc installcd so as to prevent backflow. Plulnblng fixture fittings shall provide backflow protection in accordance with ASME A1 12.18.1. 608.3 Devices, appurtenances, appliances and apparatus. All devices. appurtenances, appliances and apparatus intended such as steriliz;~tion,distillato serw some special fi~nction? tion: processing. cooling, or storage of ice or foods, and that shall be provided with proconnect to the water supply syste~n, tection against backflow and contaniination of the water supply system. Water pumps, filters. softeners, tanks and all other appliances and devices that handle or treat potable. water shall he protected against contamination. 608.3.1 Special equipment, water supply protection. The water supply for hospital iixtures shall be protected against backflow with a reduced pressure principle backflow prcvcliter, an at~nospheric spill-proof vacuum breaker, or or an air gap. Vacuum breakers for bedpan washer hoses shall not be locntcd Icss than 5 lee1 (1523 mm) above the floor. V~lcuum brcalcers for hosc connections in health care or lahor:ltory areas shall not be less than 6 feet (1 829 mm') above the floor. 608.4 Water service piping. Water service piping shall bc protcctcd in accordance with Sections 003.2 and 603.2.1. 608.8.2 Color. The color of the pipe identification shall be discernablc and consistent throughout the building. 608.8.3 Size. The size of the background color field and Icttering shall comply with Table 608.8.3. -, .; - ~ ~~ 1 ! 1 TABLE 608.8.3 SIZE OF PlPE IDENTIFICATION ~ PlPE DIAMETER - - LENGTH BACKGROUND I COLOR FIELD (inches) . .~ --, L Ainc"eS!_ . ~ ~ ~ I SIZE OF LETTERS (inches) 1 I I--.~ over 10 1. ~ -32 . .~ For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm. 508.9 Weutilization prohibited. Watcr util ired for the cooling of equipment or other processes shall not be rcturncd lo the potable watcr system. Such watcr shall be dlschargccl into a dlainage s)lstcm through an ulr gap or shall be utilized for ~lonpotahle purposes. 608.10 Reuse of piping. Piping that has been utilized for any purpose other than conveying potable watcr shall )lot bc utilized for conveying potablc water, 608.11 Painting of water tanks. The interior surface (>fapotablc water tank shall not be lined, painted or repaired with any material that changes the taste, odor, color or potability of the watcr supply when the tankis placed in, or returned to, scrvicc. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE'
  • 57. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION - - . .- TABLE 608.1 APPLICATION OF BACKFLOW PREVENTERS- . -- . ' APPLICATION^ DEGREE OF HAZARDa 1 . - - .- -. - .~ - , - - .I i .-t~ - .- I . Becltl'low preventcr with i~ltcrrnediate ntn~osphcricvents .~~~ -~ -~ ~ -- ~ -- ~ . ~. ~ ' ~ l L i ~orl low hazard . -- .-. ~ ! - ASSE ~ ., ~ ~ --_. ~ I - - - I . - . - . - ~ - -. - - . .~ . Sizes 'I,," - 1 I" . . .. 1 1 . .-+. ~. . I 1Backsiphonage only I Sizes 'I4'' - 4" Reduced pressure detcc~or protection fire birckflov prcvc~rtion assc~nblies , !Hifih or low h z a r d ~. . . i ~ i gor low hazard l~ 1 I I High or low hazard - 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ ~ ASSE 024. CSA 864,6 . - ~- - . -~ - - ~- - - ~~ - . ~- ~ -~ IAS E 1020, CSA B64.1.2 lASSE 1047 j-~ I - 1 - ~- 1056 --- - 1.ow head backpressure or backsiphonage i Sizcs 'I,,", I" 2 ~ /ASSE 1035, CSA B64.7 l ~ a c k s i ~ h o n only a~e ~ i ~ 'I.,"-2" e s / I 1 ~--! . + - . ---- -- I 1 or backpressurc I~acksipltona~e , (Fire sprinkler svstcnis) ~ . . . . . ~ I~acuurn hrcakcr wall Irydrnnts. frost-resistanl, aulo~natic draining Iype : . _ . . . For ST: I inch = 75.4 ulnl. a. 1,ow h:~~ard-See P(1llutio1i(Section 202). Hljili Iin/a~-d--See Cotrtalnit~ation iSectioli 202). 1). Scc Hachpl-cssurciSection 202). Scc Hackpl-chsuse. lo, head (Section 202). Sec Hi~cksiphonage (Section 207). - 'ASSE I01 I, CSA B63.3, (CSA 864.2.1 1~acksiyhona~e only i ~ i or low hazard ~ h ~- ---. ~. .- - - 1 Low head bba~kp~cssure d a backsiphonage ~~-~. -4-- . . Pressure vacuurn brcaker asscmhly Spillproof vacuum breaker ~- j ASSE 1052: CSA 864.2.1 .I head haclcp~.es~urc or backsiphonage sizes 'I,", 'I,", I " 1 -~. -~ I /LOW I ~ i g h low liazard or 1 .--.::~~- ~1.~ ~~ - I -~ - - !,A.SsE l 0 l 5 , AWWA C 5 10, iCSA B64 iCSA B65.5.1 /working pressur.c, backpressule or [backsiphonage Isires1b"- 1" . . / ~ - a h o r ~ o rf'auccl backflow prcrcntcr -y ~-~ -- JLUM bnckpresiure. l-ated head lHilh or low hr~nu-d I I --- . A I - - -- -- I- I Backpressure or baclcsiphonage iHigh or low hazard I -- - I (See Sect~on608.13.4) - 1 1 Hosc ~onnrclron acuum breaker -. -- 2_ CS4 B64,3 1 1 Low h a ~ a r d -I - .- -. I - 1st connection h ~ i c l d l o r ~ a i e n t c r p . . .. I (Fire sprinklcr systems) 1 Sizcs 2" - 16" ..~ ' ~ ~ - ~~ - 1 - i Dual-chec1,->alve-type backtlow preventcr - - 1 I~ackpressurc baclcsiphonage or Sizes 1 - 16' '; Double check detector tire protection backClow prcvcntior~ assemblies - - - T ~ i~a e ~.-/c l a i p h o n a p only 1 - _0 ~ I - - -- 'jASSE 1022, CSA B64.3.1 ~ ~ a c l ~ ~ r c sor u r e s backsiphonage I Sizes 1 - "/a" : ' Doublc check backflow PI-evention Low hazard assembly and double check fire ororccrion baekflow orevention asse~nhly -~ - - ~ASSE1002, CSA B 125 ~ --~ - ~-~-? Imw hazard B;~r.o~nctric loop .. - iBackpressure or backsiphonage ! I Sizes 'I "- 'I,." ILow hazard -. - . . . i~acksiphona~c only . . - iBnckl'low prevencer for carbonated beverage machines .. , - .. - . - -. . . - - I +.-APPLICABLE STANDARDS - i / ~ n l i s i p h u n - t ySill ;al;es for gravity ~e 1I water closct flush tanks. .. .. . - .{ - - - - ~ DEVICE -- - I - ~ -~ . - 1 ASSE 1019, CSA B64 2.2 I ,- - . ~ - - ~
  • 58. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION 608.12 Purnps and other appliances. Watcr pumps, ljlters, soficncrs, tanks and all other devices that handlc or treat potable water shall be protected against contamination. 608.13 Backflow protection. Means of protection against backflow shall be provided in accordance with Sections 608.13 1 through 608.13.0. I I I 608.13.9 Chemical dispenser backflow devices. Backflow devices for chcmical dispensers shall comply with ASSE I055 or shall be equipped with an air gap fitting. 608.13.1 Air gap. The minimum recluircd air gap shall be mcasurcd vertically from the lowest end of a potable water outlet to [he flood levcl rim of the fixture or receptacle into which such potablc water outlet discharges. Air gaps shall con~ply with ASME A 1 12.1.2 and air gap fittings shall comply with ASME A1 12.1.3. I are dcsigned for installation under con~inuous-prcss~~re co~lditioris when thc c1itica.1level is installcd at thc rccluircd height. 608.14 Localion of backflow preventers. Acccss shall be provided to backtlow preventers as specified by the inst;tllntion instnictions of the approvcd manufacturer. 608.13.2 Reduced pressure principle backflow preventers. Keduced pressure principle backflow preventers shall conform to ASSE 1013, AVVA C511, CSA B64.4 or CSA B64.4.1. Reduced pressure detector assembly backflow prcvcntcrs shall conform to ASSE 1047. Thcsc devices shall be perrnitted to bc installed where sub, j e c ~ continuous pressure conditions. The relief opening to shall discharge by air gap and shall he prevented from being su b~nergcd. 608.13.3 Backflow preventer with intermediate atmospheric vent. Backflow prcventers with intermediate atmospheric vents shall conform to ASSE 1012 or CSA B64.3. Thcsc devices shall be pcrtnittcd to bc installed where subject to continuous pressure conditions. The relief opening shall discharge by air gap and shall be prevented tiom being submerged. 608.13.4 Barometric loop. Barornctric loops shall precede the point of conncction and shall extend vertically to a height of 35 fect ( 10 668 mm). A barometric loop shall only bc utilized as an atmospheric-type or pressure-type vacuum breaker. 608.13.5 Pressure-type vacuum hreakers. Pressure-type vacuum breakers shall conform to ASSE 1020 or CSA R64.1.2 and spillproof vacuum breiikcrs shall comply with ASSE 1056. Thcse devices are dcsigned for installation ~ ~ n dcontinuous Dressurc conditions when the critical levcl cr is installcd at thc rcquired height. Pressure-typc vacuum breakers shall not bc installed in locations where spillage could cause damage to the structure. 608.13.6 Atmospheric-typc vacuum breakers. Pipeapplicd atmospheric-type vacuum breakcrs shall conform to ASSE 100 I or CSA B64.1.1. Hose-connection vacuum brcakcrs shall confor111to ASSE 101 1, ASSE 1019, ASSE 1035> S S E ,052. CSA BM.2; CSA 864.2.1. CSA B64.2.1. I . CSA B61..2.2 or CSA B64.7. These devices shall operate under normal atmospheric pressurc when thc critical lcvel is installcd at thc required height. 608.13.7 Double check-valve assemblies. Double checkvalve assemblies shall conform to ASSE 1015, CSA B64.5, CSA BhJ.5.l or AWWA CSLO. Dod,lc-detector check-valve assemblies shall conform to ASSE 1048. These devices shall be capable of operating urlclcr continuous pressure conditions. 608.13.8 Spillproof vacuum hreakers. Spillproof vacuunl brcakcrs (SVB) shall confor~n ASSE 1056.Thcse devices to 608.14.1 Outdoor enclosures for backtlow prevention devices. Outdoor enclosures for h;rckflow prevention tievices shall comply with ASSE 1060. 608.15 l'rotection of potable water outlets. All potablc water openings and outlets shall be protected againsl backtlow In accordancc with Section 608.15.1, 608.15.2, 608.15.3, 608.15.4,608.15.4.1 or608.15.4.2. 608.15.1 Protection by air gap. Openings and outlcts shall be protected by an air gap between the openlng and the fixturc flood level I irn as specified in Table608. 15. 1. Opening$ and outlets equipped for hose connection shall he protectcd by means other than an air gap. 608.65.2 Protection by a reduced pressure principle backflow preventer. Opcnings and outlets shall he protected by a I-educed pressure principle backflow prcvcntcr. 608.15.3 Protection by a backflow preventer with intermediate atmospheric vent. Openings and outlcts shall bc protected by a backtlow prevcnter with an intermcdiatc atmospheric vcnl. 608.15.4 Protection by a vacuunl breaker. Opcnings and outlets shall be protected by atmospheric-type or prcssure-type vacuum breakers. The critical levcl of thc vacuuln brcaker shall be set a minimum of 6 inchcs ( 152 m ~ a abovc ) thc tlood level rim of the fixture or device. Fill valvcs shall be set in accordance with Section 425.3.1. Vacuum breakcrs exhaust hoods or similar locashall not be instalIed ur~dcr tions that will contain toxic fumes or vapol-s. Pipc-applied vacuum breakers shall bc installed not lcss than 6 inchcs (1 52 mrn) above the flood level rim of the fixture, rcccptor or device served. 608.15.4.1 Deck-mounted and integral vacuum breakers. A p p r o v e d d e c k - m o u n t e d o r equipment-mounted vacuum breakers and faucets with intcgral atmospheric or spillproof vacuum brcakcrs shall be instrucinstallcd in accordancc with the manuhcl~irer's lions and the requircmc~ltsfor labeling with thc critical level not lcss than 1 inch (25 mm) abovc the flood level rim. 608.15.4.2 Hose connections. Sillcocks, llosc hihbs. mall hydrants and other openings with a hose col~nection shall be protected by an atmospheric-typc or prcssurc-type vacuuln hrcakcr or a pcrmancntly attached hose connection vacuum brcakel-. Exceptions: 1. This scctiori shall no1 apply to water heater and boilcr drain valvcs that arc prcw~dedw ~ t hhocc 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 59. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION ,- . . .-~-~ ~ TABLE 608.15.1 MINIMUM REQUIRED AIR GAPS . ~ -~ - ~ ~.~ . ~ ~. ~. . . ~ - MINIMUM AIR GAP .c.w a v f r o m a . ~ ~ ~_/~ ._:lo?se ~ ~ ~to~a.vval!(inches) n ~~ FIXTURE -~ 1 ~.; .~ ~ lLavatorics and other fixtures with effective opening not greater than 'I, inch i I .in diamctcr - . . . ~. . .+--- , ~- - 'Sink, laundry trays, gooseneck back Pducrta and other fixtures with effective i , openings not gres~er . ih;m 3/4 inch in diamcter ~~ - ~- - -~ -~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ 10vcr-rim bath iillcrs and other fixtures with effective openings 1101 greater I than 1 inch in di;unetcr 1 . . - . - . - - ._ . . - I .i iDrinlting water t'ountains, single orifice not grcaler than 'It6 inch i l l diamcter / 1 or multiplc oriliccs with a total area of 0.1 50 square inch (ama of circle 'I,, incll ir14i;lmeler) . . . - . 1 1 ( ~ ~~ 1 I ~ffefect~vc openings greater than 1 ~nch I - - . .. .. _ . ^ _ -.-. . - -i . ._ . . .- . - - .. .-- - .--. _--. - / Two times the diameter of'the effective o~eninn i L -_-- Three limes the diameter of .. cfkctivc or,e~lirl!: thc . . . . 1 I i i For SI: I inch = 75.4 mm. a. A p p l i c a h l c w h ~ ~ ~ e I ) I . O ~ ? ~ ~ I - ~ I Carespaced from thencarest inside-edge of [hespout opening adistzmcs grc:lttrthan three Lirncs llle di;iinctcr~)f~hc. walls ~~OIIS ci'fc~tivc opening 111. n single wall, o r a distance greater than four tinies the diameter o f the effective opening for to intersecting walls. connection tlirc;~dsand that are intended only for tank or vcscl draining. Exceptions: 1. Where systems arc installed as a portion of thc 2. This section shall not apply to water supply valves intcndcd for connection of clothes washing machines whcrc bacliflow prevention is otherwise provided or is integral with thc n~achinc. watcr distribution systcm in acco~.dancewith thc requirements of this code and arc not providcd with a fire dcpart~ncnt connection; isolation ol'thc water supply system shall not be requil.cd. 608.16 Conilectioi~sto the potable water system. Connections to the potablc wzltcr system shnll conform to Sections 608.16.10. 608.16. I 1h1-ough 2. Isolation of the water distribution system is not 608.16.1 Beverage dispensers. The water supply conncc- 1 tion to beverage dispensers shall bc protected against backflow by a backflow preventer conforming to A S S E 1022, CSA B63.3.J or by an air gap. The bacl<flow preventcr device and the piping downstl-cam therefrom shall not be affected by carbon dioxide gas. 608.16.2 Connections to boilers. The potable supply to the boiler shall bc equipped with a backflow preventer with an intcrmcdiate ;~tmospheric vent complying with ASSE 1012 or CSA B64.3. Wherc conditioning chcmicals arc introduced into the systcm. the potable water connection shall be protected by an air gap or a reduced pressurc principle backflow preventer, complying with A S S E 1013. C S A B64.4 or AWWA C5 I I . 608.16.3 Heat exchangers. Heat exchangers utilizing an essentially toxic trimsfer fluid shall be separated from the potablc watcr by double-wall construction. An air gap open to the atrnosphcre shall be provided between the two walls. Heat cxchangcrs utilizing an essentially nontoxic transfer fluid slyall bc permitted to be of single-wall construction. 608.16.4 Connections to al~tornaticfire sprinkler systems and standpipe systems. The potable water supply to automatic fire sprinkler and standpipe systcms shall be protccted against b:~ckflowby a d o ~ ~ bcheck-valve asselllbly lc or a reduced pressure principle backflow prevcnter. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ required for clelugc, prcaction or dry pipc systems. 608.16.3.1 Additives or nonpotablc source. Where system5 under continuous pressurc contain chc~nical addrt~ves antifreeze, or urhcre systcni arc connectctl or to a nonpotahlc secondary watcr supply, the potable watcr supply shall be protccted against hackflow by a reduced pressure principle backflow prcventer. Wherc chemical additives or antifreeze are ztddcd to only a por-tion of an automatic firc sprinkler or standpipe system. the rcduced pressure principle backflow preventer shall be penilitted to hc located so as to isolate that portion of the system. Where systems are not under continuous pressure, the potable water supply shall bc protected against backflow by an air gap or a pipc applied atmospheric vacuum breaker conforming to ASSE 1001 or CSA B64.1 . l . 608.16.5 Connectioi~sto lawn irrigation systems. Thc potablc water supply tolawn irrigation systen~s shall be protcctcd against backflow by all atmospllcric-type vacuum breaker, a pressure-type vacuurn breaker or a 1.cducet1 prcssure principle baclcflow prcventer. A valvc shall not be installeddownstrcain fi-om an atmospheric vacuum hreakcr. Where che~nicals introduced intolhc system: lhe potable are water supply shall be protected against b;rckflow by a reduced pressure principle backflow prevcnter. 608.16.6 Connections subject to backpressurc. Where a potablc water cor~ncction madc to a nonpot:tble I~ne, is lixture, tank. vat. pump or other equlplrlcnt subjcct to
  • 60. WATER SUPPLY AND DlSTRlBUTlON back-pressure, thc potable writer connection shall bc protccted by a reduccd prcssure principle backflow prcvcnter. 608.16.7 Chemical dispensers. Where che~nical dispensers connect lo the potable water distribution system, the aratcrsupply systcm sllall bc protected against backflow in accortlancc with Section 508.13. I, 608.13.2. 608.13.5, 608.13.6, 608.13.8 or608.13.9. 608.16.8 Portable cleaning equipincnt. Where the poitahle cletu~ing cquipn~ent connccts to the water distribution systcm, thc water supply systcni shall be protected against backflow in accordance with Section 608.13.1, 608.13.3, 608.13.3. 608.l7.7 or608.13.5. 608.16.9 Dental pump equipment. Where dcntal pulnplng equipnlent connects to the watcr distribution system, the bacl<tlow in watcr supply system shall bc protected aga~nst accordance with Section 608.13.1, 608.13.2. 608.13.5, 608.13.6 or 608.13.8. 608.16.10 Coffee machi~les and noncarbonated bcverage dispensers. The watcr supply connection to coffec n~achincsand noncarbonated bcveragc dispenscrs shall be protected aga~nst backflow by a backilow preventer conforming to ASSE 1022 or by an air gap. 608.17 Protection of individual water supplies. An individual water rupply shall be located and constructed so as to be safcguardcd against co~~tan~inationaccordance w ~ t h in Sec608.17.1 through 608.17.8. tion~ 608.17.1 'c.ll locatious. A potable ground water source or punlp suction line shall not be located closer to potential sources of contamination than thc distanccs shown i n Table 608.1 7. I. In the event the underlying rock structure is limestone or fragmented shale, the local or state health departlllent shall be consulted on well site location. The distanccs in Tahle 608.17.1 constitute minimum separation and shall be incrcased in areas of creviced rockor liniestone, or where the dil-cction of movement of the ground water is from sources of contaniination toward the well. i ~- TABLE 608.17.1 DISTANCE FROM CONTAMINATION TO PRIVATE WATER. SUPPLIES~-- ~ PUMP SUCTION LINES AND - ..~ .-. . ~ .. ---~ - ~~ ~ - -~ ~ ~~ - ~~ i Barnyard . - j ~- ~ ~ ~~ . ~ ~~ -~~ ~- lSecpagcpils (Septictank / .. . - 4 -,.. ~ - -- . . . - ~ ~ --- . -- -~ - .. iselver . . . Isubsul-f~ce disl~osal fields .~ - r ~ -1 L?!L -. 25 . ~. ~ I - ~ ~ . . - ~ - 1 1- SO~.. - . SECTlON 609 HEALTH CARE PLUMBING 609.1 Scope. This section shall govern those aspects of health care plunlbing systems that clifier from plumbing systems in other structures. Health care plumbing systems shall collform to the requirements of this section in addition to Ihc othcr rcc]uirements of this codc. The provisions of this scclioli shall apply to thc spccial devices and equipment installed and rnaintained in the following occupancies: nursing horncs, homes for the aged, orphanages, infirmarics, first aid stations, psychiatric ~ -- ~- 10 50 - ~-..? ~ ! 1 . 608.17.7 Cover. Every potable water well shall be ccluippcd with an overlapping water-tight cover at the lop of the well casing or pipe sleeve such that contaminated watcr ol-other substances are prcvcnted from entering the well through the annular opening at the top of the well casing, wall or pipe sleeve. Covers shall extend downvard at least 7, inchcs (5 1 mm) over the outsidc of the well casing or wall. A dug wcll cover shall be provided with a pipe sleevc permitting the withdrawal of the pump suction pipc, cylinder or jet body without disturbing the cover. Where pump sections or discharge pipcs enter or leavc a well through the side of the casing, the circle of contact shall be watcr tight. 608.17.8 Drainage. All potable watcr wells and springs shall hc constructed such that surface drainage will bc diverted away from the wcll or spring. ~--- 1 ~! 1 ~ For SI: 608.17.6 Dug or horcd well casings. Dug or bored well casings shall be of water-tight concrete, tile, or gal,anized or corrugated metal pipe to a niinirnum distance of I0 feet (3048 mm) below the ground surface. Where the water table is more than 10 feet (3048 mm) below the ground surface, the watcr-tight casing shall extend bclow the tablc surface. Well casings for dug wells or bored wells constructed with or sections of concrete, tile, or g a l ~ a n i ~ c d corrugated nictal pipe shall be surrounded by 6 inchcs (152 mru) of grout poured into thc hole betwecn the outsidc of the casing and the ground to a minimum dcpth of 10 feet (3048 mm). I 25 , . I 1~. Subsurfacc piis . 608.17.5 Drilled or driven well casings. Drilled or driven well casings shall be of steel or othcr approved material. Where drilled wells extcnd into a rock forrnafion, the well casing shall extcnd to and set firmly in the formation. Thc annular space between the earth and the outside of the casing shall be filled with cement grout to a minimuni distance of 10 fcet (3048 mm) below the ground surface. In an instance of casing to rock installation, the grout shall cxtcnd to the rock surface. ~ 100 - . , -- - _.. -- - -- ) _ - 1 608.17.4 Water-tight casings. Each we1 l shall be providcd with a water-tight casing to a minimum distance of 10 feet (3048 mni) below the ground surface. All casings shall cxtend at least 6 inches (153, nun) al3ove the wcll plalform. The casing shall he large enough to permit installation of a separate. drop pipc. Casings shall bc scaled at thc bottom in an impermeable stratum or extend several fect into thc water-bearing stratum. ~- -. ~~~~ . I I ~ / Pu~nphousc drain of cast iron draining floor I1~~ to ground surface - -~ DISTANCE (feet) -- - - - [Far111 silo 1 Paslur-c . - ~ SOURCE OF CONTAMINATION 605.17.3 Depth. Private potable wcll supplics shall not bc developed from a watcr tablc less than 10 Feet (3048 m ~ n ) below tlie ground surhcc. ~ I ~L ~ 50 ~ I _. --. I foot = 304.8 mm. 608.17.2 Elevation. Well sites shall be positively drained and shall bc at higlicr elevations than potential sources of contamination. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 61. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION .' I.~ I I I ~ S , L clinics, professional offices of dentists and doctors, ~nortuarics,educational facilities, surgery. derltistry, research and tcsling laboratories, establishments manufacturing pharmaceutical d n ~ g and medicines, and other structures with sin)s ilar nppzu-atus and cquipment classified as plumbing. thcreof shall bc valved off and allowcd to stand for 1 4 hours; or the system or part thereof shall bc filled with a waterlchlorine solution containing at least 200 parts per million (200 mg/L) of chlorinc and a1 lowed to stand for 3 hours. 609.2 Water service. All hospitals shall have two water service pipes installcd in such a manncr so as to minimize the potential For an interruption of the supply of watcr in the event of a water main or watcr service pipe failure. 3. Following the required standing time, the systcm shall bc flushed with clean potable water until the chlorine i s purged from the system. f, ~ ' ' 609.3 Hot water. Hot water shall be provided to supply all of requirements. Special the hospital lixturc, kitchen and laund~y fixtures and cquipment shall have hot water supplied at a tempcrature specified by the manufacturer. The hot water system shall bc installed in accordance with Section 607. 609.4 Vacuum breaker installation. Vacuum breakers shall be installed a rninimuni of 6 inches (1 52 mm) above the flood level rim of the flxturc or device in accordance with Section 608. The flood lcvel rim of hosc connections shall be the maximum height at which any hosc is utilizetl. 609.5 Prohibited water closet and clinical sink supply. Jetor water-supplied orifices, except those supplied by the flush connections, shall not be located in or connected with a watcr closet bowl or clinical sink. 'This section shall not prohibit an approved bidet installation. 609.6 Clinical, hydrotherapeutic and radiological equipment. All clinical. hydrotherapeutic, radiological or any cquipmelit that is supplicd w ~ t h water or that d ~ s c h x g e to the waste s system shall conform to the require~ncntsof this section and Sect~on 608. 609.7 Condensate drain trap seal. A water supply shall be provided for cleaning, flushing and resealing the coildensate trap. and the trap shall discharge through an air gap in accordance with Section 608. 609.8 Valve lenltagc diverter. Each water sterilizer filled wilh watcr through directly connected piping shall be equipped with an approved leakage diverter or blced line on the water supply control valve to indicate and conduct any leakage of unsterile watcr away from the sterile zone. SECTION 61 0 DISINFECTION OF POTABLE WATER SYSTEM 610.1 Gencral. Ncw or repaired potable watcr systems shall be purged of deleterious matter and disinfected prior to utilizato tion. Thc ~ilcthod be followed shall be that prescribed by the health authority or watcr p ~ ~ ~ v c y o ~ ~ l ~ a v i ~ i g j u r i s dinc the n or, i t i o absence of a p~cscribedmethod, the procedure described in either AWWA C65 1 or AWWA (2652, or as described in this scction. This I-ccluirementshall apply to "on-site" or "in-plant" fabrication of a systcm or to a rnodula~. portion of a systern. 1. The pipe systcrll shall be flushed with clean, potable water until dirty water docs not appear at the. points of outlet. 2. 'The system or part thcreof shall be fillcd with a watcrlchlorinc solutio~i containing at least 50 parts pcr million (50 mg/L) of chlorine, and the system or part 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 4. The procedure shall be repeated where shown by a bactcriological examination that contamination re~nains present in the system. SECTION 61 1 DRINKING WATER TREATMENT UNITS 611.1 Design. Drinking water treatment units shall nicct the requirements of NSF 47, NSF 44, NSF 53 or NSF 62. 611.2 Reverse osmosis systems. The discharge from a revcvsc osmosis drinking water treat~ncnt unit shall enter the drainage system through an air gap or an air gap device that lnccts the requirements of NSF 58. 611.3 Connection tubing. The tubing to and from drinking water treatment units shall bc of a size and material as rccommended by the manufacturer. The tubing shall comply with NSP 14, NSF 41, NSF 44, NSF 53, NSF 58 or NSF 61. SECTION 612 SOLAR SYSTEMS 612.1 Solar systems. The construction, installation, alterations equipment and appliances intended to and repair of sysle~ns, utilize solar energy for space heating or cooling, domestic hot water heating, swimming pool heating or process healing shall Mec,ltcrrlic.~~I Cnile. be in accordance with the J ~ ~ t e n ~ a t i o ~ r i ~ l SECTlON 613 TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICES AND VALVES 613.1 Temperature-actuated mising valves. Tempcrat~~rcactuated ni~xing valves. which arc i~lstalledto rcducc watcr temperatures to defincdlim~ts. shall comply with ASSE: 10 17.
  • 62. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUWBlNG CODE@
  • 63. CHAPTER 7 SANITARY DRAINAGE SEGT~ON aol GENERAL TABLE 702.1 ABOVE-GROUND DRAINAGE AND VENT PIPE -- 701.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, construction and installation of sanitary drai nagc systems. 701.2 Sewer required. Every building in which plumbing fixtures are installed and a11 pren~ises having drainagc piping shall be connccted to a public sewer, where available, or an approved private sewage disposal system in accordance with the liitenrutio1z~11 Private Secvage Di.spnsul Code. 701.3 Separate sewer connection. Every building having plumbing fixtures installed and intcnded for human habitation, occupancy or use on prcrnises abutting on a street, alley or easement in which there is a public sewer shall have a separate connection with the scwcr. MThcrelocated on the same lot. niultiplc buildings shall not be prohibited from connecting to a conlnion huilding sewer tliat connects to the public sewer. 701.4 Sewage treatment. Sewage or other wastc from a plun~bingsystem tliat is deleterious to surface or subsurface waters shall not bc discharged into thc ground or into any watcrway unless it has first becn rcndered innocuous through subjection to an approved fomi of treatment. 701.5 Da~rnagc drainage system or public sewer. Wastes to defri~~~cntal public sewer system or to the fi~nctioning to the of the sewage-treatment plant shall hc treated and disposed of in accordance with Section 1003 as dil-ccted by thecode ofticial. 701.6 Tests. The sanitary drainagc system shall be tested in accordance with Section 3 12. 701.7 Connections. Direct connection of a steam exliaust, blowoffos drip pipc shall not be made with the building drainage system. Wastewater when discharged into the building drai~iagc system shall be at a temperature not higher than 140°F (60°C). When higher tenlpcratures exist, a p l ~ ~ ~ v e d cooling methods shall be provided. 701.8 Engineered systems. Engineered sanitary drainagc systems shall cvr~lbrm the provisions of Sections 105.4 and 714. to 70'1.9Drainage piping in food service areas. Exposed soil or wastc piping shall not be installed a b o ~ any working, storagc c or eating s~irfaces food service cstablishmen~s. in SECTION 702 MATERIALS 702.1 Abuve-ground sanitary drainage and vent pipe. Ahove-ground soil. waste and vent pipe shall conforrn to oneof the standards listed in 'kble 702.1. 702.2 Underground huilcling sanitary drainage and vent pipe. U~ider~round building sanitary drainage and rent pipe shall conform to vrlc of the standards listcd In Table 702.2. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE" ~-. ~- ~ I ~- ~- - ~ - . - ~ -~ - . ~ ~- ~ .. - . ~~- - STANDARD I j. ~ MATERIAL .~ -~ - ~. . . ~ -~ 1 ! . ~1 - i Acryloni(ri1ebutadiene styrene jASTk1 D 22661: ASl'M F 628; (ABS)plastic pipe !CSAB~~~.I -. .. -- -- ~ t- - - ~ -~ i ~ Blass pipe - - -- I ASTM A 74: ASTM A 888; I CISPL 1 4-. 30-- .. . - .~ .. Cast-iron pipe -~ Corxlruded composite A R S DWV schedule 40 IPS pipe (solid) . - - -- ~ 2 '. ~ . - .. . . . - - Glass - - p~pe -- - Polyolefin prpe - - - - 1 + _- 1 -. - i - . - - . , ~ I, ~ 1I ASTM F 891 ; ASTM F 1488 i. . . .- - ' - . . . j I ~ - - - -- - - ~ ~ ~ - . -~ . II ,ASTM B 42. ASTM B 302 r - - I 1 ASTM B 75, AS'TM B 88, ASTM B 251, ASThl B 306 I - I ~XSTM 53 A I - . 1 copper-alloy pipe -Copper or copper-alloy tubrng (Type K - -- - _ _ - --. L, M ur DWV) I Galvanized ateel plpc - . , ASTIvl F 1488 -~ - - - Coextruded composite PVC ; ASTItl F 1388 IPS-DR,PS 140, PS200 DWV 1 --.b-- ! 1 - .. 1 Coextruded composite PVC DWV schedule 40 IPS pipe (cellular core) . . Copper - - or ~~ / ASTM F 1488 .+ Coextruded composite PVC DWV sclledule 40 IPS pipe - I ~ j Coextruded cornposile ABS DWV schedule 40 IPS pipe ASTM F ,488 (cellular core) ~. -+-~. ~ - ASTM C 1053 - ---2 - I - . - I - Polyvmyl chlor~de (PVC) pipe (Type DWV) - plast~c . - - -- i ~ A S T DT ~ 2665, ASTM D 2939: IASTMP 1488, CSA B 18 1 2. - ' - Stainless steel drainage IASMEAI svstems. Tvues 304 and 3 16L I 12.3.1 702.3 Building sewer pipe. Building setvcr pipe shall conform to one of thc standards listed in Tablc 702.3. 702.4 Fittings. Pipe fittings sh;lll be approved for installation with the piping material installed and sliall confvrlu to tlic respective pipe standads or one of the standards listed in 'l'uhlc 702.4. 702.5 Chenlical waste system. A chcniicol waslc system shall be completely separated from the sanitary drainagc system. The chemical wastc shall be trcatcd in accordance will1 Section 803.2 before discharging to the sanitary drainagc system. Scparate drainage systems for chemical wastes and vcut pipes shall he of an approvccl material that is resistant to corrosion and degradation for the concentrations of chemicals involved.
  • 64. SANITARY DRAINAGE TABLE 702.2 UNDERGROUND BUILDING DRAINAGE AND . VENT PlPE ~~-.. STANDARD . TABLE 702.3 BUILDING SEWER PlPE MATERIAL i -. ! :Ac~.ylo~~it~.ile buladicne styrene (ABS) plastic D ~ D C I~cryloa~ltrile butadlene 5ty1enr ASTM D 266 1 ; ASTM D 175 1 . (ABS I_plastic p ~ p e IASTM 628 - -- - 1 - ! - ~ ~ 30 1 - lCoexlruded compoltc ABS 1 1 DWV 5ciledule 40 IPS plpe ASTM F 1488 (wlidl / I C~ . I ICISPI i - ~ 'ASTM F 1488 ~- -- ~ I j~oestrudcdcomposile ARS I DWV schetlulc 40 IPS pipe ). (cellular. core). . - . . . ~.. . ~ . IIASTM A 71. AS? M A 888: 1Cast-iron pipe 1 1 --- I /ASTM A 71; ASTM A 888: !CISPI 301 - . 4 - . J ~ a s t - i r opipe n l~ocx.tlllded~oniposite ABS DWV schedulc 40 IPS pipe j. .(solid) . . . - - STANDARD !AS'I?t F 1488 4 - ~ASTM 1488 F DWV schedule I IPS pipe 0 . . 1L . . (solid). . - . . . . . . . - - 1Copper or copper-alloy tubing I (Typc I<, L; M or DWV) 1 . . . . . - - - , - ~~ ~- ~~ . - I. I -- !coextrudcd composite PVC ) IPS-DR. PS 140, PS200 I1 DWV . . . .- . . . - I I - 'Cocxlnlded compos~te PVC i DWV xhcdule 40 IPS plpe ! (cellular cole) ! - I / Polyolcfin pipc JCoexlrudcd con~posile PVC DN'V schedule 40 IPS pipe i ASTM F 1488 (solid) i . + . .. . . 1 I - . ~- ~ ! C ~ C X ~ S L con~positc I ~ C ~ PVC - !Cocxtruded composite ABS 1 DWV schedule 40 IPS pipe ,ASTM F 1488 (cellular core) - - . - .. - - - --- - -- - - IiASTM F 1488 . . -- . - !ASTM B 75: ASTM B 88; 'AsTM B 251; ASTM B 306 ~_ ASTM F 1412: CSA B181.3~ ~. .-. . --~- I I I'olyvi~~yl chloi-idc (PVC) I i ~~ plastic pipe (Typc DWV) ~- Sracnlc ~ ~ drdin~pe el 1 sytem. Type 3 16L - /ASTM U 2665; ASTM D 2049: jCSA 8 18 1.2 l~ --~ ~ -- I [AShlEAl 12 3.1 _ -_ - - 1 I - - -- . ~ ~~ ~- IIASTM F 1488 PS2002 -.-DWV - 1- - - jcoextruded composite ABS 1 / sewer and drain DR-PS in IIASTM / PS35, PS50, PS100, PS140, i ! I-- PS700 - _ . . 1 / Coextruded composite PVC 1 scwrr and drain DR-PS in / PS35, PSSO, PS L O PS140. O, PS200 1 - - - -4 lI coexrruded PS 140. PVC IPS-DK, composite f . ~ !Coextludrd compoute PVC i DWV rsl~cdulv IPS plpe ASTM F 89 I : ASTM F i 488 40 (cellular colc) I -- -- ASTM F 891, ASTM F 1488 ! ' ~ I ICoextruded PVC iewel- ~ n d , dram PS25, PS50, PS 100 I (cellular core) 11 -- F 1488 ~ ~ - - ~ ASTM 1 1488 ' I I 1 ASTM F 89 1 IASTM C 14; ASTM C76; CSA iA257. I M; CSA A257.2M I Concrztc pipe I I ~ o p or coppel-alloy ~ u b ~ n~ A S T B 75, ASIR1 I3 88, ASTh ~ e ~ g R~ ( (Type K 01 L) I - El lPolyethylene (PE) plastic pipe ASTM F 714 1 (SDR-PI<) lB ! polyvinyl chloride (PVC) 1 IASTM D 2665: ASTM D 29-LC): plas~ic pipe ( T Y P ~ D ~ V ~ASTMU 3034,: CSA B 182.2; , SDR26, SDR35: SDR41, 8182.4 PS50 or PS 1 00) I ICSA i 1I Ct,t1nle5s steel dralnnge 1 - IASM6Al123 1 ystem ,Tvpe 304 and 3 16L 1 -+ - -- 'Vjtrlfied clay p ~ p c L- - - i ~ A S T R ~ ASTM- 700-- .-C 4, C -- 2006 INTERNATlONAL PLUMBING COD€.@
  • 65. SANITARY DRAINAGE . ~ . - . - . ~ . TABLE 702.4 PlPE FITTINGS ~ i MATERIAL .- ~ ~--i ...-~~- -~ -~ I STANDARD ~ ~ ~. ' Acrylonitrile bahdiene /ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 331 I; slyrenc (ABS) plastic pipc .CSA B IS 1.1 ..- 1 -~-~ --! /ASME B 16.4: ASME B 16.12: Cnsl iron IASTM A 74; AS'TM A 888; ! - !CISPI-301. . -- .. +-~ i -- - ~ - - - 1 - i I /~oex~rudcd corrlposite ABS ASTMD2661;ASTMD33ll; DWV scbcdule 40 IPS pipe h2S i(so1id or ccllular core) .~ .. - IASTM I , - - - - - i I ..+ ~ / I I i~oexlruded composite PVC ! DWV schedule 40 IPS-DR, IASTkI D 2665; ASTM D 33 11; PS140, PS100 [solid or ~ASTM 891 F . 1 Coexlruded compo5itc ABS . . . .. . .. i 703.4 Existing building sewers and drains. Existing building sewers and drains shall connect with new building sewer and drainage systems only whcre fouild by exarnir~atiorl test to and c o ~ ~ f o m ithe ncw system in quality of material. Thc code ofGto cia1 shall notify the owner to malie the changes necessary to conform to this code. 703.5 Cleanouts on building sewers. Cleal~outson building sewers shall be located as sct fort11i n Section 708. - I SECTION 704 DRAINAGE PIPING INSTALLATION 1 ...- i 1 sewer and drain DR-PS in ! 'ASTM D 2751 PS35, PS50, PS 100, PS 140,j ~ ~ 2 0 0 i sanitary drainage and storm drainagc arc installcd in the same property, the sanitary and storm building sewers 01.drains shall be perrnitted to be laid side by side in one trcnctl. 11 1 i 703.3 Sanitary and storm sewers. Whcre separate systems of 704.1 Slope of horizontal drainage piping. Hoi i/orital drainage piping shall be installcd in uniform alignment at uniform slopes. The minimum slopc of a horizontal drainage pipe ahall be in accordance with Table 701.1. I coextruded cornposlte PVC / sewcl and drain DR-PS in I ASTM D 3034 PS35. PS50, PS 100, PS 140, PS200 I -- - -- - - / 1 I I - 1 . . . I I I Icoppcl."1. copper alloy ~ jASME B 16.15: ASME B 16.18; i ASME B 16.22: ASME B 16.23: ! ASME B 16.26 ..... ASME B 16.") 1 ' - 1 1 IGI,I~ IAWWA - 7 //ASME B 162. IASTMF 1412;CSAB181.? . . .~-l I 1 I 1 ASME A 1 12.3.1 systems. Typcs 304 and . .--31bL . . _ . .- ci Steel ASME B 16.9;ASME ~ 1 6 . 1 1 ; ASME B 16.28 .,-_ ~-. . . ~_.-! . . .. . . .. . - _ .. I i . . . .- 702.6 Lead bends and traps. Lead bends and traps shall not be less than 0.125 inch (3.2 mm) wall thickness. SECTlON 703 BUILDING SEWER 703.1 Building sewer pipe near the water service. Wliere the building sewcr is installed within 5 feet ( 1524 mm) of the water scrvicc. the irlstallatio~ishall comply with the provisions of Section 603.2. 703.2 Drainage pipe in filled gl-ound.Where a buildiu.r!sewer or building drain is installed on filled or unstable ground, the drainage pipe shall conform to one of the standards for ABS plastic pipe. cast-iron pipc, copper or copper-alloy tubing. or PVC plastic pipe listcd in Table 702.3. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ (inche_sl--~~ (inch-perlfoo!) 3 lo 6 . . - - . - 8 or largel- _ . - - ~- I . . . . -~ 1 - - _ - , ~ - ! __ - . . -1i.-- - . I!. - - . ... - j 1 1 i .~ For SI: I inch = 25.4 mm. 1 inch per foot = 0.OX3.3 n~rn/rn. . ~ I . . ~ I- C 1 I0 . . 2'1, or less j 11.onand ductllc iron MINIMUM SLOPE SIZE I :. I Glass ! . TABLE 704.1 SLOPE OF HORIZONTAL DRAINAGE PlPE -- 704.2 Change in size. Thc size of the drainage piping shall not be reduced in size in the direction of the flow. A 4-inch by 3-inch (102 lnin by 76 mm) vIatercloset connection shall not be considered as a reduction in sine. 704.3 Connections to offsets and bases of stacks. Holizol~tal branches shall connect to thc bases of slaclis at a point located not less than 10 times the diameter of the drailla_rcslack clownstream from the stack. Except as prohibited by Section 7 1 1.2: horizontal branches shall connect to hurizontal strick offscts at a point located not less than I O times the diameter of the drainage stack downstream fro111the upper stack. 704.4 Future fixtures. Drainage piping for future fixtures shall terminate with an approved cap or plug. 704.5 Dcad ends. In the installat~on rerno.al of any part of a or drainage system, dead ends shall be prohibited. Cleanout extensions and approved future fixture drainagc piping shall not be considered as dead ends. SECTION 705 JOINTS 705.1 General. This section contains provisions applicable to joints specific to sanitary drainage piping. 705.2 ABS plastic. Joints between ABS plastic pipe or fittings shall comply with Sections 705.2.1 through 705.2.3.
  • 66. SANITARY DRAINAGE 705.2.1 Rlechariical joints. Mechanical joints on drainage pipcs shall be made with an clastorncric scal conforming to ASTM C 1 173, ASTM D 3212 or CSA B602. Mechanical joints shall be installed only in undergl.ound systcrns ur~less otherwise approved. Joints shall bc installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.2.2 Solvelmt cementing. Joint surfaces shall be clean and fi-ce from moisture. Solvent cement that conforms to ASTM D 2235 or CSA B 18 1.1 shall be applicd to all joint surfaces. Thc joint shall be rnade while the cerncnt is wet. Joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D 2235, ASTM D 2661; AS'l'M F 628 or CSA B181.1. Solvcnt-cement joints shall bc permitted above or helow ground. 705.2.3 'Threaded joints. Thrcads shall conform to ASME El 1.20.1. Schcdule 80 or heavier pipe shall bc permitted to bc thrcadcd with dies specifically designed for plastic pipe. Approvcd thread Inhncant or tape shall be applied on thc malc threads only. 705.3 Asbestos cement. Joints between asbestos-cement pipe or fittings shall be rnade with a sleeve coupling of the same con~positionas the pipe, sealed with an elastomeric ring conforming to ASTM D 1869. 705.4 Brass. Joints between brass pipc or fittings shall comply with Scctions 705.4.1 through 705.4.3. 705.4.1 Brazed joints. All joint surfaces shall be cleaned. An approvcd flux shall he applicd wherc required. The joint shall be brazed with a filler metal conforming to AWS A5.8. 705.4.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installcd in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.4.3 Threaded joints. Thrcads shall conform to ASME B1.20.1. Pipc-joint componnd or tape shall be applicd on thc male threads only. 705.4.4 Welded joints. All joint surfaces shall be clcaneci. Thc joint shall be welded with a n approvcd tiller metal. 705.5 Cast iron. Joints between cast-iron pipe or fittings shall conlply w ~ t h Scctions 705.5.1 through 705.5.3. 705.5.1 Caulked j o i ~ ~ tJo~nts hub and spigot pipe shall s. tor bc firnnly packed with oakum or hemp. Molten lead shall he p o ~ ~ r indonc operation to a dcpth of 11ot lcss than 1 inch (25 c ~ n m ) Thc lcad shall not ~ c c c d c . more than 0.125 inch (3.2 mm) below thc rlm of the hub and shall he caulked tight. Paint, varnish or other coatings shall not be pernlitted on the jointing matcrial until aftcr the joint has beell tcstcd and approved. Lead shall be run in one pouring and shall bc caulkcd tight. Acid-resistant ropc and acidproof cement shall bc permitted. I 705.5.2 Compression gasket ,joints. Compression gaskets to for hub and spigot pipc and fittings shall confor~n ASTM C 564 and shall be tcstcd to ASTM C 1563. Gaskcts shall be comprcsscd when the pipe is fully inscrtetl. 705.5.3 Mechanical joint coupling. Mechanical joint couplings for hublcss pipc and fi ttings shall comply with ClSPl 3 10, ASTM C I377 or ASTM C 1540. Thc claslomcric seal- I ing slecve shall conform to ASTM C 564 or CSA B602 and shall be provided with a centcr stop. Mechanical joint coilplings shall be installed in accorclancc with tlic 111;lnuf;icturer's installation instructions. 705.6 Co~lcrete joints. Joints bctwccn concrctc pipc and fittings shall be made with an clastomcric scnl conforming to AS'I'M C 443, ASTM C 1173. CSA A257.3M or CSA E602. 705.7 Coextruded composite ABS pipe, joints. Joints between coextrudedcomposite pipe with an ARS outer layer or ABS fittings shall conlply with Sections 705.7.1 and 705.7.2. 705.7.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints on drainage pipc shall be made with an elastomcric seal conforming to ASTM C 1173. ASTM D 37 12 or CSA B602. Mcchanical joints shall not be installed in above-ground syqtcms, unless otherwise approved. Joints shall be installed in accordancc with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.7.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaces shall be clcnn and free from moisture. Solvent cement that coufo~msto ASTM D 2235 or CSA B 181.1 shall be applied to all joint surfaces. The joint shall be made while thc ccment is wct. Joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D 2235, ASTM D 2661, ASTM F 628 or CSA B181.1. Solvcnl-cement joints shall bc perrnittcd abovc or below ground. 705.8 Coextruded composite PVC pipe. Joints between cocxtruded co~r~posite with a PVC outer layer or PVC litpipe tings shall comply with Sections 705.8.1 and 705.8.2. 705.8.1 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints on drainagc pipc shall be made with an clastomeric seal conforming to ASTM D 3212. Mechanical joints shall not be installed in above-ground systems, unless otherwisc approved. Joints shall be installed in accordance with the n~anuf:~cturcr's instmclions. 705.8.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaces shall bc clean and free from moisture. A purple prirncr that confol-ms to ASTM F 656 shall be applied. Solvent cement not purplc in color and confonuing to ASTM D 2564, CSA B 137.3. CSA B 181.2 or CSA B 182.1 shall bc applied to all joint s~~rfaccs. The joint shall be made while thc ccmctlt is wet and shall be in accordance with ASTM D 2855. Solvent-ccmcnt joil~ts shall bc ycr111itLedabovc or below ground. 705.9 Copper pipe. Joints bctwccn copper or copper-alloy pipc or fittings shall comply with Sections 705.9.1 through 705.9.5. 705.9.1 Brazed joints. All joint surfaccs shall hc clcancd. An approved flux shall bc applicd where required. Thc joint ~ ~ l shall bc brazed with a filler n ~ cconforming to AWS A5.8. 705.9.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall bc installed in accordance with thc manufacturer's instructions. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 67. SANITARY DRAINAGE 705.9.3 Soldered joints. Svldcr joints shall be made in accordance with thc methods of ASTM B 828. All cut tube cncls shall be reamed to thc fill1 insidc diamcter of the tube cnd. All joint surfaccs shall be cleaned. A flux conforming to ASTM B 8 13 shall be applied. The joint shall be soldered with a solder conforming to ASTM B 33. 705.9.4 Threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ASME B 1.20.1. Pipe-joint compounci or tapc shall be applied on the male threads only. 705.9.5 Wc4ded joints. All joint surfaces sllall be cleaned. The joint shall he wrldcd with an approved filler metal. 705.10 Coppcr tubing. Joints between copper or copper-alloy tubing or fittings shall comply with Sections 705.10.1 through 705.10.3. 705.10.1 Brazed joints. All joint surfaces shall be cleaned. An approved flux shall be applied where required. The joint shall be brazed with a filler metal conforrning to AWS A5.8. 705.10.2 Merl~anicaljoints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.10.3 Soldered joints. Solder joints shall be made in accordance with the methods of ASTM B 828. All cut tube ends shall be reamed to the full inside diameter of the tube end. All joint surfaces shall be cleaned. A flux confor~ning to ASTM B 8 13 shall be applicd. The joint shall be soldercd with a solder conforrning to ASTM B 32. 705.1 1 Uorosilicate glass joints. Glass-to-glass connections shall be made with a boltcd co1npressior1-type stainless steel (300 series) coupling with contoured acid-resistant elastomeric comp~csion ring and a fluorocarbon polymer innel. seal ring: or with caulked joints in accordance with Section 705.1 1.1. 705.11.1 Caulked joints. Every lead-caulked joint for hub and spigot soil pipc shall be firmly packed with oakum or hcmp and filled with molten lead not less than 1 inch (25 mm) deep and not to extcnd more than 0.125 inch (1.2 rnm) bclow thc rim of thc hub. Paint, varnish or other coatings shall not be permitted on thc jointing material until after thc joint has bcen tested and approved. Lead shall be run in one pouring and shall be caulkcd tight. Acid-resistant rope and acidproof cemcnt shall be pernlittcd. 705.12 Steel. Joints between galvanized steel pipe or fittings shall comply with Sections 705. I?. 1 and 705.12.2. 705.13.2 Wiped. Joints shall be fully wipctl. with an of exposed surface on cach s~cle the joint not lcss than 0.75 inch (10.1 nlm) The joint shall be at lea^ 0.325 inch (9.5 mm) thick at thc thickest point. 705.14 PVC plastic. Joints between PVC plastic pipc or fittings shall coniply with Sections 705.14.1 through 705.14.3. 705.14.1 rvlechanical joints. Mechanical joints on drainage seal confornling to pipe shall bc made with an elasto~nerie ASTM C 1173, ASTM D 3212 or CSA B602. hlcchanical joints shall not be installed in above-ground systenis, unless otherwise approved. Joints shall be installcd in accordancc with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.14.2 Solvent cementing. Joint surfaccs shall be clcan and free ti-om moisture. A purple primer that conforms to ASTM F 656 shall bc applicd. Solvent cemcnt not purple in color and conforming to ASTlM D 2564, CSA R137.3, CSA B 18 1.1or CSA B 182.1 shall be applied to all joint surfaccs. while the cemcnt is wct and shall be The joint shall be ~ n a d c in accordance with ASTM D 2855. Solvent-ccment joints shall be permitted above or bclow ground. 705.14.3 Threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ASME B 1.20.1. Schcdulc 80 or heavicr pipc shall be permitted to be threaded with dies specifically designed for plastic plpc. Approved thread lubricant or tapc shall bc applicd on the rnalc threads only. 705.15 Vitrified clay. Joint5 bctween vitr~fied clay pipe or fittings shall be lnade with an elastomeric scal conforming to ASTM C 425, ASTM C 1173 or CSA R602. 705.16 Polyethylene plastic pipe. Joints between polycthylcne plastic pipe and fittings shall bc untlerground and shall comply with Section 705.16.1 or 705.16.2. 705.16.1 Heat-fusion joints. Joint surfaces shall bc clean and free from moisture. All joint surfaccs shall be cut, heated to lllclting tcmpcrature andjoincd using tools spccifically designed for the operation. Joints shall be undistnrbcd until cool. Joints shall be madc in accordance with ASTM D 2657 and the manufacturer's instructions. 705.16.2 Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints in drainagc piping shall be made with an clastomeric seal confom~ing to ASTM C 1 173, ASTM D 32 12 01-CSA B602. Mcchanical joints shall be installed in accorda~ice with the ~ n a n i ~ h c turer's instl-uctions. 705.12.1 Threaded joint3. Threads shall conform to ASME B 1.20.1. Pipe-joint co~llpoundor tape shall be applied on the male threads only. 705.17 Polyolefin plastic. Joints betwec~ipolyolcfin plastic pipe and fittings shall comply with Sections 705.17.1 and 705.17.2. 705.12.2 Mechanical.joints. Joints shall be made with an approvcd elastomeric seal. Mechanical joints shdl be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.17.1 Heat-fusion joints. Iicat-fusion joints for polyolefin pipc and tubing joints shall be installcd with soclcct-type heat-fused polyolefin fittings or elcctrofusion polyolefin fittings. Joint surfaces shall be clean and free from moisture. The joint shnll be undisturl~cduntil cool. Joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM F 1412 or CSA B 181.3. 705.13 Lead. Joints betwcen lead pipe or fitlings shall comply with Sections 705.13.1 and 705.13.2. 705.13.1 Burned. Burned joints shall be ~lniformly fused together into one continuous piece. The thickness of the joint shall bc at least as thick as thc lead being joined. The filler metal shall be of the same material as the pipc. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 705.17.2 Mechanical and compression sleeve joints. Mechdnical and corr~pression clceve joints shall bc in5talled in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
  • 68. SANITARY DRAINAGE 705.18 Joints between different materials. Joints between different piping materials shall be made with a mechanical joint of the compression or rncchanical-sealing type conforming to AS'I'M C 1 173, ASTM C 1460 or ASThl C 1461. Connectors and adapters shall be approved for the application and such joints shall have an elastomeric seal conforming to ASTM C 425, ASTM C 443, ASTM C 564: ASTM C 1440, ASTM D 1869, ASTR.1 F 477, CSA A257.3M or CSA B602, or as required in Sections 705.18.1 through 705.18.7. Joints between glass pipe and other types of niaterials shall be made with adapters having a TFE seal. Joints shall he installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 705.1 8.1 Copper or copper-alloy tubing to cast-iron hub pipe. Joints betwccn copper 01- copper-alloy tubing and cast-iron hub pipe shall be made with a brass ferrule or compression joint. Thc copper or copper--alloy tubing shall be soldered to the ferrule in an approved manner, and thc ferrule shall bc joined t o the cast-iron hub by a caull;ed joint or a mechanical co~nprcssion joint. 705.18.2 Copper or copper-alloy tubing to galvanized stcel pipc. Joints between copper or copper-alloy tubing and galvanized steel pipe shall he made w ~ t h brass cona verter fitting or dielectric fitting. The copper tubing shall he soldered to thc fitting in an app~oved manner, and the fitting shall be screwed to the threaded pipe. 705.18.3 Cast-iron pipe to galvanized steel or brass pipe. Jomts bctween cast-i~on galvanized steel or brass pipe and shall be made by either caulkedor threaded joints or with an approved adapter fitting. 705.18.4 Plastic pipe or tubing to other piping material. Joints between different types of plastic pipe or between plastic pipe and other piping material shall be madc with an approvcd adapter fitting. Joints between plastic pipe and by cast-iron hub pipe shall bc 11~ade a caulked joint or a ~ncch:Lnicalcornprcssioo joint. 705.18.5 L,ead pipe to other piping material. Joints bctwcen lead pipe and other piping material shall hc rnade by a wipcd j o ~ n t a caulking f e ~ n ~ lsoldering nipple, or to e, bushing or shall be made with an approved adapter fitting. TABLE 705.20 CAULKING FERRULE SPECIFICATIONS o rI : 1 ilic:h = 25.4 mm, I ouncc = 28.35 g, I pound 0.454 kg. : 705.21 Soldering bushings. Soldcling bushings hall bc of red brass and shall hc in accordance with Table 705.21. TABLE 705.21 SOLDERING BUSHING SPECIFICATIONS .. -. . -. . - - ~ -- ~ ~ - - - MINIMUM WEIGHT 8 ounces I 2 I pound L . 1 I : ~- - - - 3 pounds 8 ounces . .- -. -- ,- -- - ~ .-~~ 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 ouiicc = 28.35 p. 1 pound = 0.454 kp. 705.22 Stainless steel drainage systems. O-ring joints for stainless stcel drainagc systems shall bc made with an approvcd elasto~ncric seal. SECTION 706 CONNECTIONS BETWEEN DRAlNAGE PIPING AND FITTINGS 706.1 Connections and changes in direction. All connections and changes in direction of the sanitary drainagc systcm shall be made with approvcd drainage fitiings. Connections betwccn drainage piping and fixtures shall conform to Scction 405. 705.18.6 Borosilicate glass to other materials. Joints hctwecn glass pipe and other types of mater~alsshall bc madc with adapters having a TFE scal and shall be i~xstalled ~naccordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 706.2 Obstructions. The fittings shall not have ledges, shoulders or reductions capable of retarding or obstructing tlow in the piping. Threaded drainage pipc fittings shall be of thc recessed drainagc type. 705.18.7 Stainless stccl drainage systcms to other materials. Joints bctwecn stainless stcel drainage sycte~ns ant1 other piping lnatcrials shall be made with approved mcch:~nicalcouplings. 706.3 Installation of fittings. Fittings shall be installed to guide sewage and waste ill the dircction of flow. Changc in direction shall be made by fittings installcd in ~ ~ c c o r d a ~with lce Table 706.3. Changc in direction by combination fittings, sidc inlets or increasers shall be installed in accordal~cc with Tr~hlc 706.3 based on the pattern of tlow created by the fitting. Double sanitary tee patterns shall not reccivc thc discharge of back-to-back wate,r closets and fixtures or appliances with pir~nping action discharge. 705.1 9 Drainage slip joints. Slip joints shall comply with Section 405.8. 705.20 Ga~rlking ferrules. Ferrules shall hc of red brass and shall bc in nccordancc with Table 705.7-0. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 69. SANITARY DRAINAGE Exception: Back-to-back watcr closct conncctions to double sanitdry Lees shall be permitted where the horizontal developed lenglh bctwecn the outlet of the watcr closct and thc co~lncction the clouhle wnitary tee pattern is IS inches to (457 mm) or greater. TABLE 706.3 FITTINGS FOR-- - - - DIRECTION CHANGE IN - -- -- - -- - - 708.2 Cleanout plugs. Cleano~rt pl~igs shall be brass or pl~lstic, or othcr approved materials. Brass cleanout ~ I L I shall be uti~ S drain, waste and vent piping only, and shall lized with ~nctallic conform to ASTM A 74, ASMF, A1 12.3.1 or ASILIE A1 12.36.2M. Clcanouts with plate-style access covcrs shall bc fitted with corrosion-resisting fasteners. Plastic cleanout plugs shall conform to the requirements of Section 702.4. Plugs shall have raised square or countersunk square heads. Countersunk heads shall be i~lstallcd where raised hcads arc a trip hazard. Cleanout plugs with bol.osilicate glass systems shall be of borosilicate glass. -- CHANGE IN DlRECTlON - - - ~~ . ~. . Eighth. bend -- - - . - . - ~. - . - ~ ~ xbend t h . - - . + I I Shol-t sweep i j . I -~ .~ . - r...- - - -- - I 1 ~..~ ~.+ I / S - i - - j X ,~.L~" -~~. i I ~ .. .- ~ . .~~. 1 San~tar-y tce - r ~ornbinrtion wye L and. eighth bend . . I Fuc SI. 1i i X i] X 1 X _~ i 1 incli = 25.4 nim. a. Thc litlings shall only he pernliltrd lo]-a ?-inch or smaller tixturc drain h. T ~ I - eic ~ c l l or larger. ~ cs c. For a limitation on double sanitary tees, see Section 706.3. 706.4 Wee!- or side-inlet quarter bends. Heel-inlet quarter bends shall be an acccptablc mcans of connection, except where the quarter bend serves a water closct. A low-heel inlet shall not bc used as a wet-vented connection. Side-inlet quarter hcnds shall be an acceptable means of connection for drainage. wet venting alld stack venting arrangements. SECTION 707 PROHIBITED JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS 707.1 Prohibited joints. Thc following types of joints and connections sl~all prohibited: be 1. Cement or concrete joints. 2. Mastic or hot-pour bitu~ninous joints. 3. Joints m~rde with fittings not approvcd for the specific installation. 4. Joints between different diameter pipcs ~ n a d ewith elastomcric rolling O-rings. 5. Solvenr-cement joints between different types of plastic pipe. 6. Saddlc-type fittings. SECTION 708 CLEANOUTS 708.1 Scope. This scction shall govern the size, location, installation and maintenance of drainage pipc cleanouts. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ ( 708.3 Where required. Clcanouts shall be located i n accordance with Sections 708.3.1 through 708.3.6. 708.3.1 Horizontal drains within buildings. All horizontal drains shall be provided with cleanouts located not Inore than I00 feet (30 480 mm) apart. 708.3.2 Building sewers. Building sewers shall be prothan I00 fect (30 480 vided with cleanouts located not 11101-c mm) apart measured from thc upstream entralice of the cleanout. For building sewers 8 inches (103 mm) and larger. manholes shall be provided and located not more than 200 feet (60 960 mm) from the junction of the building drain and building sewer, at each change in direction and at intcnrals of not more than 400 fect (1 22 m) apart. Manholcs and manhole covers shall be of an appl-oved lypc. 708.3.3 Changes of direction. Cleanouts shnll bc installed at each change of direction grcatcr than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) in the building scwcr, building drain and horizontal I waste or soil lines. Where more than one chanpe of direction occurs in a run of piping. only one cleanout shall be requircd for each 40 feet (12 192 mmj of developed length of the drainage piping. 708.3.4 Base of stack. A cleanout shall be providcd at the base of each waste or soil stack. 708.3.5 Building drain and building sewer junction. There shall be a clcanout near thc junction of thc building drain and the building sewer. Thc clcanout shall hc either inside or outside the building wall and shall be brought up to thc finished ground level or to the basement floor Icvcl. An approvcd two-way cleunout is allowcd to be used at this location to servc as arequired clcanout for both the building drain and building sewer. The cleanout at the junction of thc building drain and building sewer shall not be I-equiredif thc clcanout on a _?-inch (76mm) or larger diilmctcr soil slack i h locatcd within a developed length of 10 fcct (3048 mm) of the building drain and building sewer connection. The mininlum size of the cleanout at thejunction of thc building drain and building sewer shall comply with Section 708.7. 708.3.6 biIanholes. Manholes serving a building d ~ a i n shall have securcd gas-tight covers and shall be located in accor708.3.2. dance with Sectior~ 708.4 Concealed piping. Cleonouts on concealed p i p i ~ ~ g orpiping under a floor slab or in a crawl space of less than 24 inchcs (610 mmt in height or a plenum shall be extended through and tenninatc flush with the finished wall, floor or ground surface or shall be extendcd to thc outsidc of the building. Cleanout plugs shall not be covcrcd with cement, plaster or
  • 70. SANITARY DRAINAGE any other permanent finish material. Where it is necessary to conceal cleanout or to terluiliate a cleanout it1 an area subject to vehicular traffic, the covering plate, access dcwr or cleanout shall bc of an approved type designed and illstal led for this purpose. 708.5 Opening direction. Evel-y cleanout shall be installed to opcn to allow clcaning in the direction of the flow of the drainage pipe 01- at right angles thereto. 708.6 Prohibited installation. Cleanout openings rhall not be utilized for the installation of new7 fixtures, except where approved and where another cleanout of equal access and capacity is provided. 708.7 Minilnuin size. Cleanouts shall be the same nominal size as the pipe they serve up to 4 inches (102 mni). For pipes sizc larger than 4 inches (I 02 tnrn) nominal size, the n~ini~nuln of the cleanout shall be 4 inches (102 mm). Exceptions: 1. "P" trap connection5 with slip joints or ground j o ~ n t connections, or stack cleanouts that are not more than onc pipe diameter smaller than the drain senred, shall be pernii ttcd 2. Cast-iron cleanout sizi~rg shall be in accordance with referenced standards in Table 702.4. ASTM A 74 for hub anti spigot i<ttings or ASTM A 888 or CISPI 301 for hubless fittings. 708.8 Clearances. Cleanouts on 6-inch (1 53 mm) and smaller pipes shall be provided with a clearance of not less than18 inches (457 lnm) for rodding. Cleanouts on 8-inch (203 mm) and larger pipes shall bc providcd wit11 a clearance of not less than 36 inches (914 mrn) for rodding. 708.9 Access. Access shall be provided to all clcanouts. SECTION 709 FIXTURE UNlTS 709.1 Vi~luesfor fixtures. Drainage fixture unit values as given in Table 709.1 designate the relative load weight of different kinds of fixtures that shall be employed in estimating the total load carried hy a soil or waste pipe, and shall be used in conr~cction with Tables 710.1( I ) and 7 10.1(2) of sizes for soil, waste and vent pipes for which the peniiissible load is given in terms of fixturc units. 709.2 Fixtures not listcd irl Table 709.1. Fixtures not listcd in Table 709.1 shall have a drainagc fixture unit load bascd on the outlet sizc of the fixture in accol-dance with Table 709.2. 'l'he minimum trap sizc for unlisted fixtures shall be the size of the drainage outlet but not less than 1.35 inches (32 mm). 709.3 Values for co~ltinuuusand semicontinuous flow. Drainage fixture unit values for continuous and semicontinuous flow into a drainage system shall bc computed on the basis that 1 pprn (0.06 Lls) of flow is equivalent to twofixtureunits. 709.4 Values for indirect waste receptor. The drainage fixturc unit load of an indirect waste receptor receiving the dis- fixtures shall be the sum of the charge of indirectly cor~r~ected drainage fixture unit values of the fixtures that discharge to thc receptor, but not less than the drainage fixturc unit value given for the indircct waste rcceptor in Table 709.1 or 709.2. TABLE 709.2 _ DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNITS FOR FIXTURE DRAINS OR TRAPS 1 _ _ SIZE / FIXTURE DRAIN (inches) r.-!, DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT VALUE -. OR TRAP .~ 1 ;.~~ 1 ~ - - ~ 1 2l/, ~ ~ . -~ 4 ~.... ~ - . ~ I L FOI. SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm. SECTION 710 DRAINAGE SYSTEM SIZING 710.1 Maxin~unn fixture unit load. The maximum number of drainage fixture units connected to a given sizc of building sewer, building drain or horizontal branch of the building drain shall bc determined using Table 7 10. I ( I ). The maximum n u n - ber of drainage tixture units connected to a given size of horizontal branch or vertical soil or waste stack shall be detcrniined using Table 7 10.1(2). 710.1.1 Horizontal stackoffsets. Horizontal stack offsets shall bc sized as recluircd for building drains in accordance with Table 7 10.1( 1 ), cxccpt as required by Scction 7 1 1.4. 710.1.2 Vertical stack offsets. Vertical stack offsets shall be sized as rcquired for straight stacks in accordance with Table 7 10. I (2), except where required to be sized as a building drain in accordance with Section 7 1 1.1.1. 710.2 Future fixtures. Where provisiori is made for the futurc installation of fixtures, those provided for sl~all considered be in determining the required sizes of drain pipes. SECTION 71 1 OFFSETS IN DRAINAGE PIPING IN BUlkDlNGS OF FIVE STORIES OR MORE 711.1 Horizontal hranch connections above or below verlical stack offsets. If a horizontal branch connects to the stack within 2 feet (610 mm) above or below a vertical stack offset. and the offset is located more than four branch intervals bclow thc top of the st;ick, thc offset shall be vented in accordance with Section 9 15. 711.1.1 Omission of vents for vertical stack offsets. Vents for vertical offsets required by Section 71 1 . I shall not be required where the stack ant1 its offset are sized as a building drain [see Table 710. I (I)]. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 71. SANITARY DRAINAGE - - -- ~ - -- ~~ TABLE 709.1 DRAlNAGE FIXTURE UNITS FOR FIXTURES AND GROUPS .--.- --- - -- ~ ~ I IXTURE TYPE 'Automatic clothes washers, commercial"" . Aotornntic clolhes washers, residentiall: . . . - 1 I - - I ~ . I -- . ~~~.~ ~~- - - . - - --, ~ ~~~~ I - MINIMUM SIZE OF TRAP - .~.-~- - (inches) . - . - ~ i ~ ~- ~ 1 t- - - . - group as defined.in . Section 202 (1.6 gpf waler closet)' . .~ -~ . 1 Rathrooni ~- ~ DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT VALUE AS LOAD FACTORS ~ .~ jBathroom group as defined 111Section 202 (water closet flushing II gl-earel. than 1.6 gpP)' _ _~~ - - - - - - - ~ / Bathtuh" (with or without overhead shower or whirpool attachments) t ~- ~~ I Bidet . - 1. ! - .. - ~ - . - . -. ~ - . -~ - -- . -. I ~ l ]I2 .- 7 -~ ~~ I i - ~~ - iCo~nbination sink and tray 1 . . - . - - -.-...-.--. ..-I...-. - ~ 2 --__ 1 'Fmel-gency floor drain I' _ .. - Floor drains .- .~ - ~ -.. . ~ . - ~ ~ . . . . . . . - ~ - ~ I ! + ~~ I~aundry tray (1 or 2 compartmcnts) . . . -. -~~ ~- - /I 1-avatory . . - -~ - - ~ - - -~ -- ~ I ' . . 1~1iower 1 : . . . ~ - -- . ~ -- ~ ~ ~ . . ~ . ~ . 2 - - . . 1 I. ~ 1 ~. 2 i . 2 ._ L ~~~~ ~ ~ - t/ I<itchcn sink, domcs~icwith food wastc grindcr and/or dishwasher - I) 2 1 - . - Kitchen sink, domcslic . i r---- . . I ~ 2..--. ~~ - - -- ~- I' 1 I/? ~ ~ II +~. ! -1 I ~, . . ~ .. .- ~ - ~-~ -- I I/> ~- -~ ~~ . ~ - z- ~ - 1I'+L ~- 1 'I2 - ~-~ -~ ~ ~~ - ~. ~l i - --.. I I - .- - ! -~ 2 1 Note d jurinal,~ nonwater supplied . . I I . . .~~ - - .. . ! 1 0.5 .-~- Note d , 'I I Was11 ~ n (circulnr or multrple) each set of faucet~ h - -_- - I1 ~ d - e closet, flushomcter lank.-p u h-~ c pnvdte t r lor - - - . - ( I - ypl) 6 I Water closet, prlvate - I Wnter closet. p u b l ~ c 1.6 g ~ f ) Note d ( I IViitc~- -. puhlic (flushing greatcr than I .6 gpf) closet. -. . --~~ -- ~, - -~ ~ - ~- ~- ~~- ! ~-.- I 1 Note d I:~I. ST: I inch 25.4 rnni. I pllon = 3.785 L (gpT =gallon pcr (lushin3 cycle). a. For. traps larger than 3 inches, useTahle 709.2. b. A s1iowc1-hcad over n bnthlub or ~hirlpool bathtub atrachmcnt docs not increase the drainage fixture unit calue. c. Sce Secti~ins 709.2 through 709.4 for methods ofcomputing unit wlue of tixtul-cs not listed i n this tahle 01-Tor r~itinp devices with intcmiittcnt flows. of (1. Trap si/.e shall hc consistent %villi lixtare outlet size. lhc e. Pill. the purpose~>fcomputing loads on buildin:: drains and scwel-s,water closets and urinals shall not be I-aleda1 al,xver drainage iixture unit ~~nlcss loa~er thc ~31ucs arc conlirnled by testing. f. For fixtures added lo a dwelling unit bathroon~ group. add thedfu value of those ;~dd~t~or~al to the bathroom r ~ o u p fixturcs fixtm-ccount. p. See Section 4Oh.3 k)r sizing I-cqu~ronit.rds lixrurc drain, hranch drain; and drainage slacl; for an auto~natic for clothcs w~shcr standpipe. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 72. SANITARY DRAINAGE I -. .- ~- MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNITS CONNECTED TO ANY P BUILDING SEWER, INCLUDING BRANCHES OF THE ( . i TABLE 710.1(1) BUILDING DRAINS AND SEWERS -. ~ . . . . - . .. . - - . - I - .- -- .. . I 700 . 1,600 1 ~ 1 7 900 - ---. - ~-~ - 1 4,600 ~ ~~~ 8,300 1--~ 840 -- 1 1.500 5,600 . - 1,920 ,1I ~ UlLDlNG DRAIN OR THE - / ~ I 1 -- . - - - . l ~. ~ 1 4.200 ~ . 10.000 . ~ ._ ~ i - - 6,700 . 11~ . ~ . . 12,000- - . - . . ~~~ ! I 1 j . ~ , - = For S1: 1 ~ n c h 25.4 mm. I inch per foot = 83.3 mm/m. a. Thc ~ninilnum size of any building drain strvin: a water closet shall he 3 inches. TABLE 710.1(2) HORIZONTAL FIXTURE BRANCHES AND STACKSa --- r I -- ~ - - ~~ - I I I ! 1 . I - . - . . I MAXIMUM.NUMBER OF DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNITS--.. (dfu) ~~ ~~ ~. ~ . - ~ ~ - ~ .. ~ - - ~ Stacksb ~ . i 'Iz . - . ~ T!. - . . . ! . I - ~ 24 ~. 12 2Il1 9 1 I I .. i DIAMETER OF PIPE (inches) . . j - - ~ I 3 -...- . - ~ ~. .- . 20 .- - . - . I 20 i, .i -- - 20 ..I - - 90 _~ 200 ! - 350 ~~. . .~~~-~- - .. - . - - - i - - 600 1,000 . - - - 1,500 ~ , . . . . -. - - ~- ~ i 540 _~-. 960 2,700 : .~ ~ - 1 ~..) . - - . I 500 ~ I ~- -. / . . 42 240 ! _.- 48 - - ,--- - 7 800 . Z'-..--. 6,000 - . -- . - -.. ~ {i - . ~- - ~- 1.100 -~ i -~ I 1.900 - - 1 ~- : I 3,600 . . -1.- 5 ,-. -600 - ~ -. ~ - -- ~~~ ~ - ~~- ~ 8.400 For Sl: 1 inch = 25.4 1nm. ;I. Does n o t includc branches of thc building drain. Reler. to Tablc 7 10.1( I). h. Stacks shall he sired hascd on thc total .?cct~nlul:lrcd connected londat each s ~ o or y ~ branch intel-val.As (he total accumulatcd connected load dec~.cascs, stacl,.; are p~1-11iittcd hc reduced it1 sire. Slack diameters shall not be reduced to less than one-half of the diameter of t h C lalgest slaclc s i ~ rcyui~.cd. to c c . Si/.111g load based o n dcsign crileria. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 73. SANITARY DRAINAGE 711.2 Horizontal branch connections to horizontal stack offsets. Whcrc a horizontal stack offset is locatcct Inore than four branch intervals below the top of the stack, a horizontal branch shall not connect within the horizontal stack offset or within 2 fect (610 mm) above or below such offset. 711.3 Ilorizontal stack offsets. A stack with a horizontal offset locatcd more than Cour branch intervals bclow the top of the stack shall be vented in accordance with Section 915 and sized as follows: I . The portion of thc stack above the offset shall be sized as for avertical stack based on the total number of drainage fixture units above the offset. 2. The offset shall bc sized in accordancc with Section 11n 1 I 1 111.1. I . 3. Thc portion of tile stack below the offset shall be sized as for the offsct or based on the total number of drainage fixture units on the cntire stack, wh~chever larger lsie 1s Table 7 10.1(2). Colurnn 51 711.3.1. Oniission of vents for horizontal stack offsets. Vcnts for horixontnl stack offsets required by Scction 71 1.3 shall not be required where the stack and its offset are one pipe sizc larger than requircd for a bl~ilding drain [seerTablc 7 10.1(1) I and the entire stack and offset are not less in cross-sectional area than that required for a straight stack plus the ar-eaof an offsct vent as provided for in Section 9 15. Omission of offset vents in accordance with this section shall not constitute approval of horizontal branch connections within the offsct or within 2 feet (610 mm) above or below thc offset. 711.4 Offsets below lowest branch. Where a vertical offsct occurs in a soil or waste stack below the lowest horizontal branch, clianpc i r ~ dia~neter the stack because of the offset of shall not be required. If a horizontal offset occurs in n soil or waste stack beloxv the lowest horizontal branch, the rcquired diameter of the offset and the stack below itshall be dctcrmined as for a building drain in accordance with Tablc 710.1(1). SECTION 712 SUMPS AND EJECTORS 712.1 Building subdrains. Building subdrains that cannot be dischargcd to tlie sewer by gravity tlow shall be discharged into a tightly covcrcd and vented s u ~ n p fro111which the liquid shall bc liftcd and discharged into the building gravity drairlsge syst c ~ nby automatic pumping equipment or other approved ~iiethod.In other than existing structures, thc sump shall not reccivc drainagc from any piping within the buildingcapaldeof being discharged by gravity to the building sewer. 712.2 Valves required. A check valve and a full open valve locatcd on the discharge side of the chcck valve shall be installed in the pu~iip ejector discharge piping between the or pur~ip ejector and thc gravity drainage system. Access shall or be provided to such v;~lves. Such valves shall be locatcd above thc s ~ l ~ i covcr rccluircd by Section 712.1 or, whcrc the disip charge pipe from the ejector is below grade, the valvcs shall he 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE' accessibly located outside the sump below grade in an access pit with a removable access cover. 712.3 Sump design. The sump pump, pit and discharge piping shall conform to the requirements of Sections 7 12.3.1 through 7 12.3.5. C 712.3.1 Sump pump. The sump pump capacity and 11cad shall be appropriate to anticipated usc requirements. 712.3.2 Sump pit. The sump pit shall be not less than 18 inches 1457 rnnl) in diameter and 23 inches (610 mni) deep, unlcss otherwise approved. The pit shall be accessible and located such that all drainage flows into the pit by gravity. 'l'hc sump pit shall bc constructed of tile, concrete, steel, plastic or other approved materials. The pit bottom shall bc solid and provide pernianent support for the pump. The .. suinp pit shall be fitted wit11 a gas-tight removable covcr adequate to support anticipated loads in thc arca of use. The sum^ it shall be vented in accordance with Cliai~tcr 9. L L 712.3.3 Discharge piping. Di5chargc piping shall meet the requirements of Section 7 12.2. 712.3.4 Maximum effluent level. Thc effluent Icvcl control prevent the shall be adjusted and maintained to at all ti~iles effluent i n ~ h sump from rising to withi11 2 inches (51 mm) c of the invcrl of the gravity drain inlct into the sunil). 712.3.5 Ejector connection to the drainage system. Pumps connected to the drainage system shall connect to the building sewer or shall connect to a wyc fitting in the building drain a minimum of I O feet (3048 mm) froni the basc of any soil stack, waste stack or fixture drain. Whcrc thc discharge line connects into horizontal dl-ainagc piping, thc connector shall bc made through a wye fitting into thc top of the drainage piping. 712.4 Sewage pumps and sewage ejectors. A scwagc pump dischargc the contcnts of or sewage ejcctor shall automat~cally thc sump to the building drainagc cystem. 712.4.11 &laceratingtoilet systems. Macerating toilct systems shall comply wit11CSA B45.9 or ASME Al 12.3.4 and shall be installed in accordancc with thc mnnul'acturcr's installation instructions. 712.4.2 Capacity. A sewage pump or scwagc cjccror shall liavc the capacity and head forthc application rcquirenlcnts. Pumps or ejectors that receive the dischargc of water closcts shall be capable of handling spherical solids with adiamcter Othcr punips or of up to and including 2 inches (51 ~nrn). ejectors shall be capable of handling sphcrical solids with a diameter of up to and including 1 inch (25.4 mm). Thc minimum capacity of a PLIIIIPor ejector bascd on thc diamctcr of thc discharge pipe shall be in accordancc with Table 7 12.4.2. Exceptions: 1 . Grinder pumps or gl-indcr cjcclors that rcccivc thc dischargc of water closets shall 1la1.c a ~ninimuni discharge opening of I .25 inches (32 lii~n). 2. Macerating toilet assemblies that serve single water closets shall have a niininium dischargc opening of 0.75 inch (19 nlln).
  • 74. SANITARY DRAINAGE TABLE 712.4.2 MINIMUM CAPACITY OF SEWAGE PUMP OR SEWAGE EJECTOR ~ . ~ ~--. 11 ,-~. / ! . -~ ~~ - ~ 1 ~ .-;. ~ 1 ! ~~~~ ~- -. . .. - ~~ .. . . For $1: ~ . - . -. . ~- i ~ I ~ -~ ! 21 , 3 ~ . i ~ ! t--- I_~-~--I ! 1 DIAMETER OF THE DISCHARGE CAPACITY OF PUMP OR EJECTOR PIPE (inches) . . . . . . i . ~. - . t P!" ~. ?! . _ .. -- . 30 ~ 46 . , I - - ~ ~~.~ -- 1 i -~ . _ I 1 1 j11ch = 25.4 mni, I gallon pel. mninulr = 3.785 Urn. SECTION 713 HEALTH CARE PLUMBING 713.1 Scope. This section shall govern those aspccts of health care plumbing systems that diffcr from plumbing systems in other structures. Health care plumbing systems shall confonn to this section in addition to the other requirements of this code. The provisions of this section shall apply to the special devices and ecluiprncnt installed and maintained in the following occupancies: nursing homes: homes for the aged; orphanages; intir~naries: first aid stations; psychiatric facilities; clinics: professional offices of dentists and doctors; mortuaries; educational facilities; surgciy. dentistry, research and testing laboratories: establish~nents manufacturing pharmaceutical drugs and mediciiles; and other slructures with similar appauatus and cquipiilent classified as plumbing. 713.2 Kedpan washers and clinical sinks. Bedpan washers and clinical sinks shall connect to the drainage and vent system in accordancc with the requirements for a watcl-closet. Bedpan washers shall also conncct to a local vent. 713.3 Indirect waste. All stcrilizerc, steamers and condensers shall discharge to the drainage through an indirect wastc pipc by means of an air gap. Where n battcry of not Inore than three sterilizers discharges to an individual receptor, the distance between tlic receptor and a sterilizcr shall not exceed 8 fect (2438 nun). The indirect waste pipe on a bedpan steamcr shall be trapped. 713.4 Vacuurn system station. Ready access shall be provided tovacuiil~ system station receptacles. Such receptacles shall bc or built intu cahine~s recesses and shall be visible. 713.5 Bottle system. Vacuuni (fluid suction) systcnis intended lor collecting, removing and ciisposing of blood. pus or other shall be provided with receptacles fluids by tlie bottle systcn~ cquipped with an ovcrilow prevention device at each vacuum oullet station. 713.6 Central disposal system equipment. All central vacuum (fluid suction) systems shall provide continuo~isscrvice. Systc~ns equipped with collecting or control tanks shall provide for draining and cleaning of the tanks whilc the system is in operation. In hospitals, the system shall be connectcd to the cmclgency power system. The exhausts from a vacuum pump scrving a vacuimi (fluid suction) system shall discharge separately to opcn air abovc thc I-oof. 713.7 Central vacuum or disposal systems. Where thc waste from a central vacuum (fluid suction) system of the baronletric-lag. collection-tank or bottle-disposal type is connectcd to thc drainage system, the waste shall be clircctly connected to the sanitary drainage system through a trapped waste. 713.7.1 Piping. Thc piping of a ccntral vacuum (fluid suctiolr) system shall be of corrosion-resistant matcrial with a smooth interior surface. A branch shall not be less than 0.5inch (1 2.7 rnm) no~ninltl pipe size for one outlct and shall bc sized in accordance with the number of vacuum outlcts. A r~iain shall not be less than I-inch (25 inni) nominal pipe sizc. The pipc sizing shall be increased in accordancc with as the manufacturer's instl-uc~ions stations are incrcascd. 713.7.2 'elocity. 'Thc velocity of i~irflowin a cenlral vacuum (fluid suction) system shall bc less than 5,000 feet per minute (25 mis). 713.8 Vent coi~nectior~s prohibited. Connections between local vents serving bedpan washers or sterilizer vc~its sc~ving sterilizing systcms arc pruhibitcd. apparatus and nonlial sanitary pl~imbing Only one type of apparatus shall be servcd by a local vcnt. 713.9 Local vents and stacks for bedpan washers. Bedpan washers shall be vented to open air above the roof by means of one or more local vents. The local vent for a bedpan washer shall not be less than a 2-inch-diameter (51 nun) pipe. A local vent serving a single bedpan washer is pcrmittcd to drain to the fixture served. 713.9.1 Rlultiple installations. Where bedpan washers are located above cach other on more than onc tloor, a local vent stack is permitted to be installed to receive the local vcnt on tlie various floors. Not more than three bedpan washers shall be connected to a ?-inch (51 mm) local vent stack, not more than six to a ?-inch (76 mm) local vcnt stack and not more than 12 to a 4-inch (102 mm) local vent stack. L multiple n installations, the connections between a bedpan washcr local vent and a local vent stack shall be made with tee or tee-wye sanitary pattern drainage fittings illstalled in an upright position. 713.9.2 Trap required. The bottoili of the local vent stack, except where senling only one bedpan washer. shall be drained by means of a trapped and vented wastc connection to the sanitary drainage system. The trap and waste shall be the same size as the local vent stack. 713.9.3 Trap seal maintenance. A water supply pipc not less than '1, inch (6.4 mm) in dianieter shall he takcn from the flush supply of cach bedpan washcr on the discharge or fixturc side of the vacuum breakcr, shall bc trappcd to form not less than a 3-inch (76 ~ n m water seal, and shall be con) nected to the local vent stack on cach floor. The rates supl ply shall be installed so as to providc a s ~ ~ p pofywater to tlic local vent stack for cleansing and drain trap seal maintenance each time a bedpan washer is flushed. 713.10 Sterilizer vents and stacks. Multiplc installations of pressure and nonpressure sterilizcrs shall have thc vent connections to the sterilizer vcnt stack made by means of invcrted wye fittings. Access shall bc provided to vent connections for thc purpose uf inspection and nlain~enance. 713.10.1 Drainage. Thc connection betwccn 5tcr1lizervent or exhaust openings and the sterilizer vent stack shall hc designed and installed to drain to the funnel or basliet-type waste. tilting. In multiple installations, the sterilizer vcnt stack shall be drainctl separately lo the lowest sterilizcr funnel or basket-type waste fitting or rcccptor. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 75. SANlTARY DRAINAGE 713.11 Sterilizer vent stack sizes. Sterilizer vent stack sizes shall comply with Sections 71 3.11.1 through 7 13.11.4. 713.11.4 Pressure instrument washer sterilizer sizes. The minimum diameter of a stcrilizcr vcnt skck serving an instrument washer sterilizer shall hc 2 inchcs ( 5 1 mm). No( more than two sle~ilizers shall bc installed on a ?-inch (51 mm) stack, and not more than four stcrilizers shall be installed on a ?inch (76 mm) stack. 713.11.1 Bedpan steamers. The nlinirr~~lm of a sterilsize izer vcnt serving a bedpan steamer shall be 1.50 inchcs (38 mm) in diameter. Multiple installations shall be srzed i n accordance with %ble 7 13.1 1.1. TABLE 713.11.1 STACK SIZES FOR BEDPAN STEAMERS AND BOILING-TYPE STERILIZERS (Number of Connections of Various Sizes Permitted to Various-sized Sterilizer.Vent Stacks) -- . -~. ~ .-T~..- . -~. - 1~. STACK (inches) ~ . . . I !i.. ,I,3i, 1 . ~ ,~ - . . - 2' ; . ~- . or or I 2 or ..-~~ ~ . . - 1 714.2 Load on drainage system. The load shall be computed or from the sin~ultaneous sequential dtschargc conditions from ~- fixtures. appurtenances and appliances or thc pcak usogc design condition. . .-- --.J ~ 714.1 Design of drainage system. The sizing, design and Iayout of the drainage system shall bc perruitted to be dcsigncd by approved computer design methods. I i . . ~ ~ . i4 . ~- I . 1 . 0 and 2 . .. . ~- 2" I I ~ CONNECTION SlZE -. . 1'1; z ~.~ .- . SECTION 714 COMPUTERIZED DRAINAGE DESIGN 1 714.2.1 Fixture discharge profiles. Thc discharge profiles for flow rates versus time from fixtures and appliances shall be in accordance with the mm~~facturcr's specifications. and . .. - 714.3 Selections of drainage pipe sizes. Pipc shall be sizcd to prevent full-bore flow. Fol. SI: I inch = 25.4 mm a. Total of each size. h. Conlbinalion of sizes. 714.3.1 Selecting pipe wall roughness. Pipc size cnlculations shall be conducted with the pipe wall roughness lactor (ks), in accordance with the manufacturer's spcciticatioris and as modified for aging roughness factors with deposits and corrosio~i. 713.11.2 Boiling-type sterilizers. The minimum size of a sterilizer vent slack shall be 2 inchcs (5 I mm) in diameter where serving a utensil sterilizer and 1.5 inches (38 mm) in diameter where serving an instrument sterilizer. Combinations of boiling-typc sterilizer vcnt connections shall be sized in accordance with Table 7 13.1 1.1. 714.3.2 Slope of horizontal drainage piping. Horizontal draina~e piping shall be designed and installed at slopcs in accordance with 'l'able 704.1. 713.1'1.3 Pressure sterilizers. Pressure sterilizer vent staclis shall be 2.5 inchcs ( 1mm) minimum. Those serving 6 con~bi~lations pressure sterilizer exhaust connections of shall bc sizcd in accordance with Table 713.1 1.3. TABLE 713.11.3 STACK SIZES FOR PRESSURE STERILIZERS (Number of Connections of Various Sizes Permitted To Various-sized Vent Stacks) -- / 1 / I~ - STACK SIZE (inches). . l1J2 2 14 1. 4 . . . - - - - - .. . . . . J . / -- ---.. -- - - - - 2 and . i I 2 or 4 I ii 1 .. I --t... - ~ I , . . . . -I 3. !_ , 1 + 715.1 Sewage backflow, Where the flood level rims of plumbing fixtures are below the elevation of the manholc covcr of the nest upstream manhole in the public sewer. such t i x t ~ ~ rshall es be protected by a backwater valve installed in the building branch scrving drain, branch of the building drain or hol-izo~ilal such fixtures. Plumbing fixtures having flood level rinis above the elevation of the manholc covcr of the next upstream manhole in the public sewer shall not discharge through a backwater valve. 4 CONNECTION SIZE .!c. SECTION 715 BACKWATER VALVES , . 715.2 Material. 411 hearing parts of backwater valvc5 shall I?c of co~~osion-resistant material. Baclcwater valves shall comply u i t h A S M E A 1 12.14.1. CSAB181.1 orCSAR181.2. I 1 I . / 3' 1 - . . . . i S1: I i~icll 25.4 mm, = a. Total of cach sizc. b. Co~nhinalion ofsizes. 1 end I l and and ~ _ L . and - ' I I ~--.L 715.3 Seal. Backwater valves shall be so constn~cted to proas v ~ d c mechanical scal against backflow. a l 2 l! : 715.4 Diameter. Backwater valves, when fully opened. shall have a capacity not less than that of thc pipes in which they arc installcd. 1701. 715.5 Location. Backwater valves shall be installcd ,zo that access is provided to the working parts for service and repair.
  • 76. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 77. CHAPTER $ INDIRECTiSPECIAL WASTE SECTION 801 GENERAL wastc pipe by Incans of charge shall be through an lr~dircct an air gap. 801.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern matters concerning indircct waste piping and special wastes. This chapter shall further control matters concerning food-handling establishnients, sterilizers, clear-water wastes, swimming pools, methods of providing air breaks 01-air gaps, and neutralizing devices for corrosive wastes. 802.1,S Nonpotable clear-water waste. Wherc devices and equipment such as process tanks. filters, drips and boil- . ers discharge nonpotable watcr to thc building drainage syatern, the discharge shall be through an indirect waste pipe by mcails of an air break or an air gap. 801.2 Protection. All devices, appurtenances. appliances and apparatus intended to serve some special function, such as sterilization. distillation: processing. cooling, or storage of ice or foods, and that discharge to the drainage system, shall he provided with protection againsl hacl<flow, flooding, fouling, contamination and stoppage of the drain. SECTlON 802 INDIRECT WASTES 802.1 N7here required. Food-handling equipment and clcar-water waste shall discharge through an indirect waste pipe as specified in Sections 802.1 . I through 802.1.7. All health-care relatcd fixtures, devices and equipment shall discharge to the drainage system through an indirect lvastc pipe by mcans oFan air gap in accordance with this chapter and Section 7 11.3. Fixtures not recluired by this section to be indirectly connected shall bc directly connected to the plumbing system in accordance with Chapter 7. 802.1.1 Food handling. Equipment and fixtures utilized for thc storage, preparation and handling of food shall discharge through ail illdi~ect waste pipc by means of an air gap. 802.1.2 Floor drains in food storage areas. Floor drains located within walk-in refrigerators or freezers in food service and food csrahlishtnents shall bc indirectly conncctcd to the sanitary drainage system by means of an air gap. Whcrc a floor drai~lis locatcd within an area subjcct to freezing, the waste line serving the floor drain shall not he trapped arid shall indirectly discharge into a waste receptor located outside of the area subjcct to freezing. Esccption: Where protected against backflow by a backwater valvc, such floor drains shall be indirectly conncclctl to the sanitary tlr-ai~lage sysrenl by means of an air break or an air gap. 802.1.3 Potable clear-water waste. Where devices and ccluipmenl, such as sterilizers and relief valves, discharge pot:tble watcr to the building drainage system, thc discharge shall bc through an indirect wastc pipc by mcans of an air gap. 802.1.4 Swimming pools. Wherc wastewater from swirnming pools, backwash from filters and water from pool deck drains discharge to thc building drainage system, the dis2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 802.1.6 Domestic dishwashing machines. Domestic dishwashing machines shall discharge indirectly through an air gap or air brcak into a standpipc or wastc reccptor in accordance with Section 802.2, or discharge into a wye-branch fitting on thc tailpiece of the kitchen sink or the disl~washciconnection of a food waste grinder. The waste line of a domcstic dishwashing machine discharging into a kitchen sink tailpiece or food waste grinder shall connect to a deck-mounted air gap or thc waste line shall rise and be securely fastenend to the underside of the sink rim or counter. 502.1.7 Conimercial dishwashing machines. The diccharge from a commercial dishwash~ngniachinc shall he through an air gap or air brcak into a standpipc or wastc receptor in accordance with Section 802.2. 802.2 BnstaUation. All indirect wastc piping shall discharge through an air gap or air break into a wastc receptor or standpipc. Wastc receptors ~lnrlstandpipes shall be trapped and vc~itcd and shall connect to thc building drainage system. All indirect waste piping that exceeds 2 feet ('61 mtn) in dcvcl0 oped length measurcd horizontally, or 4 feet (12 19 nim) in total developed length, shall be t1,appcd. 802.2.1 Air gap. The air gap between the indircct waste pipe and the flood level rill] of the waste reccptor shall bc a tninimurn of twice the effective opening of Lhc indircct waste pipe. 802.2.2 Air break. An alr b ~ a l shall be provided between i the indirect waste pipe and the trap seal of the waslc receptor or standpipe. 802.3 Waste receptors. Every waste receptor shall bc of an strainer or baskct shall covcl- the approved type. A ren~ovable waste outlet of waste rcceptors. Waste rcceptors shall be installed i l l ventilated spaccs. Wastc receptors shall not be installed in ba~hroo~lls toilet rooms or in any in;~ccessible or or unventilated space such as a closet or storeroom. Ready access shall be provided to waste rcccptors. 802.3.1 Size of receptors. A wastc reccptor shall be sized for thc maximum discharge of all indirect waste pipcs scrvcd by the I-eceptor.Receptors sh:111 be installed ro prcvent splashing or flooding. 802.3.2 Open huh waste receptors. Wastc rcccptors shall be permitted in thc for111 of a hub or pipe extending 1101 Icss than 1 inch (25.4 mm) above a water-inlpcrvious i1001'and arc not required to have a strainer.
  • 78. INDIRECTISPECIAL WASTE 802.4 Standpipes. Standpipes shall be individually trappcd. St:uidpipcs shall extcnd a nlini~nu~n 18 inches (457 mrn) and of a maxiniurn of 42 inches (1066 mmj above the trap weir. Acccss sh:11I be provided to all standpipes and drains for rodding. SECTION 803 SPECIAL WASTES 803.1 Wastewater temperature. Steam pipes shall not connect to any part of a drainage or plunnbing !system and water above 140°F (60°C) shall not be discharged into any part of a Such pipes shall discharge into an indirect drainage systcn~. waste receptor connected to the drainage system. 803.2. Neutralizing device required for corrosive wastes. Corrosive licluids, spent acids or other harmful chemicals that destroy or injure a drain, sewer, soil or waste pipe, or crcate noxious or toxic fumes or interfere with sewage treatment processes shall not bc discharged into the plumbing system without being thoroughly dilutcd, neutralized or trcatcd by passir~g through an approvcd dil~ltionor neutralizing dcvice. Such devices shall be auton~atically provided with a sufficient supply of diluting water or neutralizing medium so as to make the contents nonii~ljuriousbefore discharge into the drainage system. 'The nature of the corrosive or harmful waste and the illethod of its treatment or dilution shall be approvcd prior to installation. 803.3 System design. A chemical drainage and vent system shall he designed and installed in accordance with this code. Chemical drainagc and vent systems shall be completely separated froin thc sanitar-y systems. Chemical waste shall not discharge to a sanitary drainage system until such wastc has been lrcalccl in ;tccordancc with Section 803.2. SECTION 804 MATERIALS,JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS 804.1 Gcncral. The materials and mcthods utilized for the construction arid installation of indirect waste pipes and systenls shall comply with the applic;nble provisions of Chapter 7. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 79. CHAPTER 9 VENTS SECTION 901 GENERAL 901.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, and inSt;,llation of vent systerns. rli.ap seal protection. The plilmbing be provided a system of piping that will penllit the admission or emission of air so that the seal of any lixmre trap shall not be sub.jectecl to a pneurilatic pressure differential of morc than 1 inch of water column (249 Pa). 901.2.1 'enting required. Every trap and trapped fixture sliall be vented In accurilance with one of the venting methods specified in this chapter. 901.3 Chemical waste vcnt system. The vent systcm for a chemical waste system shall be independent of the sanitary vent system and shall temminate separately through the roof to the open ail.. 901.4 Use limitations. 'I'hc plumbing vent system shall not be utili~ed purposes other than thc venting of the plumbing for system. 901.5 'fists. Thc veni systern shall bc tesled in accordance with Section 3 12. 901.6 Engineered systems. Engineered venting systeins shall conform to the provisions of Section 918. SECTION 902 MATERIALS 902.1 Vents. The materials ant1 methods utilized for the construction and installation of venting systems shall comply with tlie applicable provisions of Scction 702. 902.2 Sheet copper. Sheet copper for vent pipe flashings shall confor-mto ASTM B 1 Sl and shall weigh not Icss than 8 ounces per square f b o ~ kg/m2). (2.5 902.3 Sheet lead. Sheet lead for vent pipe flashings shall weigh not less than 3 pounds per scloare foot (1 5 kg/n12)for ficlcl-construtted flashings i~nd Icss than 2.5 pounds per square foot llut ( 1 2 kg/m2) for prefabricated flashings. SECTION 903 OUTDOOR VENT EXTENSION 903.1 Required vent extension. Thc vent system ~ e r v i n g each building drain shall have at least one vcnt pipe that extends to the outdoors. 903.1.1 Installation. The required vent shall be a dry vent that connects to thc building drain or an extension of adrain that connects to the building drain. Such vent shall not be an island fixture vent as allowed by Section 913. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 903.1.2 Size. The required vent shall be sizcd in accordance with Section 9 1 6.2 based on the required size of the building drain. 903.2 Vent stack required. A vent stack shall be I-ccluiredfor every drainage stack that has five branch intervals or more. 903.3 Vent termination. Every vent stack or stack vent shall terminate outdoors to the open air or to a stack-type air admittance in accordallce with 17. ' 903.4 Vent connection at base. Every rent stack s]iall conllect to the base of the drainage stack. The vent stack shall connect at or below the lowest horizontal bmnch. Where the vent stack corinccts to tlie building drain, the connection shall be located downstream of the drainage stack and within a distancc of 10 times the diameter of the drainage stack. 903.5 Vent headcrs. Stack vents and vent stacks ci?nnectecl into a common vent header at the top of the stacks and extcnding to the opcn air at one point shall be sizcd in accordance with the requirements of Section 9 16.1. Thc number of fixture units shall be the sum of all fixture units on all stacks connected thereto, and the developed length shall be the longest vent length from the intersection at the base of the most distant stack to the vent lerminal in the opcn air, as a direct extension of o l ~ c stack. SECTION 904 VENT TERMlNAbS 904.1 Roof extensiom. All open vent pipes that extend through a roof shall be terniinated at least [NUMBER] inches (mm) above the roof, except that where a I-oofis to be uscd for any purposc other than weather protection, the vcnt extensions shall be run at lcast 7 feet (2 134 nim) above thc roof. 904.2 Frost closure. Whcrc the 97.5-pcrcc111 value for oiltsidc design temperature is 0°F (-18°C)or less. every vent extension through a roof or wall sliall be a minin~um 3 inches (76 mm) of in diameter. Any increase in the size of the vent shall he made inside the structure a minimum of I foot (305 mrn) bclow the roof or inside the wall. 904.3 Flashings. The juncture of each vent pipc with the roof line shall be made water tight by an approved flashing. 904.4 Prohibited use. Vent terniinals shall not be usctl as aflag pole or to support flag poles, tclevision riel-ials or similar itcms. except when the piping has been anchored in an approvcd mallner. 904.5 Location of vent tenninal. An opcn vent tel.minal from a drainage systerrl shall not be located directly beneath any door, opcnablc window, or other air intake opcning of the building or of an adja~ent building, and any such vcnt terminal shall not be within 10 fcet (3048 mni) horizontally of such an opening unless it is at lcast 2 feet (610 mm) above thc top of such opcning.
  • 80. VENTS 904.6 Extension througl~ wall. Vent terminals extending the t h r o ~ ~ g h wall shall terminate a minimum of 10 feet (3048 thc m n ~ f r o n ~ lot line and 10 feet (3048 mm) above avcrage ) thc ground lcvcl. Vent tel.rninals shall not terminate under the overhang of a structure with soffit vcnts. Side wall vent terminals shall be protected to prevent birds or rodents from entering or bloclting thc vcnt opening. 904.7 Extension outside a structure. In climates where thc 97.5-percent value for outside design temperature is less than O0b (-1 8°C). vent pipes installed on thc exterior of the structure shall be protected against freezing by insulation, healor both. 906.3 Crown vent. A vcnt hall not be installed w~thintwo pipe d ~ a m e t e ~ s the tiap war. of TABLE 906.1 MAXIMUM DISTANCE OF FIXTURE TRAP FROM VENT.~ . . T~ 1 1 . I 7 .L . 4 i _ SECTION 905 VENT CONNECTIONS AND GRADES 905.1 Connection. All individual. branch and circuit vents shall connect to a vent stack, stack vent. air admittance valve or extend to the open air. 905.2 Grade. All vent and branch vent pipes shall be i o gradcd and connccled as todrain back to the drainage pipc by gravlty. 905.3 Vent connection to drainage system. Evcry dry vent connczting to alior17ontal drun shall connect above the ccnterline of the horizontal drain pipe. 905.4 Vertical rise of vent. Every dry vcnt shall rise vertically of toa minill~um 6inchcs (152 111n1) abovc thefloodlcvel rim of thc hiphed trap or trappcd f i x t ~ ~bciiig vented. rc ISxception: Vents for interceptors locatcd outdoors. 905.5 Height ahove fixtures. A connection bctwcen a vent pipc and a vcnt stack or stack vent shall be made at least 6 inchcs (1 52 m m ) above the flood level rim ofthe highest fixture served by the vent. Horizontal vent pipesforming branch vcnts, rclief vents or loop vents shall be at least 6 inches (152 min) above the flood level rim of the highest fixture senred. 905.6 Vent for future fixtures. Where the drainagc piping has been roughed-in for E~rturc fixtures, a rough-in connection for a vent shall be installed. The vent size shall be not less than onehalf the diametcr of the rough-in drain to bc sel-ved. The vent rough-in shall connect to the vent systcm, or shall be vented by olhcr mcans as provided for in this chapter. The connection shall he identified to indicate that it is a vcnt. For SI: , . j 1 . 906.1 Distance of trap from vent. Each fixture trap shall have a protecting vent located so that thc slope and the developed length in the fixture drain from the trap wcir to the vent fitting are within the requirements set forth in Table 906.1. Exception: The developed length of the fixturc drain from the trap weir to thc vcnt fitting for self-siphoning fixtures. such a:, water closets, shall not be limited. 906.2 Venlingoffixture drains. The total fall in a fixturc drain due to pipe slope shall not cscecd the diameter of thc fixture drain, nor shall thc vcnt connection to afixtnre drain, exccpt for water closets. be below the wcir of the trap. - ~ 4 ~ I . ~ 8 +. ~- -~~~ 12 1 .--- i, - - ~ - : l8 . ~- .- I I6 - ~ ~ I iuch = 25.4 nim, I Foot = 301.8mm, 1 inch per Ccrot = 83.3 mmn/m. SECTION 907 lNDlVlDUAL VENT 907.1 Individual vent permitted. Each trap and trapped fixturc is permitted to bc provided with an indiv~dualvcnt. Thc individual bent shall connect to the fixturc drain of the trap or trapped kixture bcing vented. SECTION 908 COMMON VENT 908.1 Individual vent as common vent. An individi~al vcnt is permitted to vent two traps or trapped fixtures as a common vcnt. 'The traps or trappcd tixtures bcing common vcntcd shall be located on the same floor level. 908.2 Connection at the same level. Wherc thc fixturc drams being common ventcd connect at the sarnc level. thc vent conbe nection sl~all at the interconnection of thc fixturc tlrains or downstream of the interconnection. 908.3 Connection at different levels. Where tlic fixture drains connect at different Icvcls, the vcnt shall conncct as a vertical extension ofthe vertical drain. The vertical drain pipe connccting the two fixture drains shall be considered the venl for the lowcr fixture drain, and shall be sized i n accoid;lnce with Table 908.3. The upper fixture shall not be a watcr closet. TABLE 908.3 COMMON VENT SIZES . .-. - SECTION 906 FIXTURE VENTS ~ PIPE SIZE - -- ~ -- . ~. ~ ~ ~ - - ~, MAXIMUM DISCHARGE FROM UPPER Pm. SI: I i~rch= 25.1 nun. SECTION 909 WET VENTING 909.1 Horizontal wet vent permitted. Any combination of I fixtures within two bathroom groups locatcd on thc same floor level is permitted to be ventcd by a horizontal wet vcnt. Thc wct I 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 81. VENTS vent shall bc considered the vent for the fixturcs and shall extcnd from the connection of the dry vent along thc direction of the flow in thc drain pipe to the most downstream fixture drain connection to the horizontal branch drain. Only the fixturcs within the bathroom groups shall connect to the wet-vcn~cclhorizontal branch drain. Any additional fixtures shall discharge downstscam of thc horizontal wet vent. a 909.1.1 ~ r c ~ t i cwet vent permitted. Any combination of aI fixtures within two bathroom groups located on the same floor level is permitted to be vented by a vertical wet vent. Thc vertical wet vent shall be considered the vent for thc fixturcs and shall extend koni the connection of the dry vent down to thc lowest fixture drain connection. Each wet-vented fixture shall connect independently to the vertical wet vent. Water closet drains shall connect at the samc elevation. Othcr fixture drains shall connect abovc or at the same clcvation as tlie water closet Fixture drains. The dryvent connection to the vertical wet vent shall be an individual or common vent serving one or two fixtures. 1 a 909.2 Vent connection. The dry-vent connection to the wet vent shall bc an individual vent or common vent to the lavatory, bidet, showcr or bathtub. 111vcrtical wet-vent systems, the most npstrcall~ fixture drain connection shall bc a dry-vented fixture drain conncction. In horizontal wet-vent systems, not more fixture drain shall discharge upstream of than one W~L-veritcd the dry-ventcd fixture drain connection. 909.3 Size. Thc dry vent scrving the wet vent shall be sized based on the largest required diameter of pipe within the wetvcnt system served by the dry vent. The wet vent shall be of a ~niniinuni size :is spccificd in 'Table 909.3, based on the fixture unit dischargc to thc wet vent. TABLE 909.3 WET VENT SIZE -- ~~ ---- ~ i DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT LOAD -. - . ~ ,~~ ~ I (inches) .----- ~- I ' I i.. . . _ POISI: 1 12 1 - 2 - . . _ .-- . (dfu) . - - ~ I :..' . 1 4 4 ?'/ 3 - .- _ ~ ] _~ 1 - . . . . ~. - ... I-.-- . ~ 6 ~ 1 .. . - ~ L 12 -. i i ; I 1 ~ . - ~ I I inch = 35.4nin1. SECTION 910 WASTE STACK VENT 9 10.1 Waste stack vent permitted. Awastc stack shall be considered a vcnt for all of the fixturcs discharging to the stack where installcd in accordance with the requir-err~er~tsthis secof tion. 910.2 Stark installation. 'The waste stack shall be vertical?and both hol-izontal and vertical offscts shall be prohibited betwccn tlie Iowcst fixturc drain connection and the highest fixturedrain connection. Every fixturc drain shall conncct separately to thc wastc stack. Thc stack shall not rcceive the dischargc of water closets or urinals. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 910.3 Stack vent. A stack vent shall be provided for the waste st:~cl<. size of the stack veril shall be not less that1 the sizc of # Thc the waste stack. Offsets shall be pcmmittcd in thc stack vent. shall be located at least 6 inchcs (152 mm) abovc the flood lcvcl of the highest fixture and shnll be in accordance wilh Section 905.2. The stack vent shall be permitted to conncct with other stack vents and vcnt staclcs in accordance with Section 903.5. 910.4 Waste stack size. The waste stack shall be sized basctl on tlie total dischargc to the stack and the discliargc within a branch interval in accordance with 'Table 910.4. Thc wastc stack shall be the samc size throughout its length. TABLE 910.4 WASTE STACK VENT SIZE ---- - - - - --- 3 I .. . - 4. I .-. L-_ . No limit 6 - ,I 1 1 - 1 No limit 74 No limit I_ I For $1 - - - - 75 No 111n1t - - - 1 1 i i I I - I ~ n c h 25 4 rnm = SECTION 91 1 CIRCUIT VENTING 911.1 Circuit vent pennitted. A maximum of eight fixtures connectcd to a horizontal branch drain shall bc pcrlnitted to be circuit vented. Each fixture drain shall conncct horizontally to the horizontal branch being circuit vcntcd. The horizontal branch drain shall be classified as a vent from the most dowlistream fixture drain connection to the most upstrcam tixtnre drain connection lo thc horizontal branch. 911.1.1 Multiple circuit-vented branches. Circuit-vcntcd horizontal branch drains are permitted to be connected of togcthcr. Each group of a rr~aximurn eight fixturcs shall be considered a separate circuit vent and shall conform to the requirements of this section. 911.2 'en1 connection. Thc circuit vcnt conncction shall bc located bctwecn thc twonlost upstream fixturc drains. Thc en1 shall conncct to the horizontal branch and shall be installcd in accordancc with Section 905. Thc circuit vcnt pipe shall not rcceivc the discharge of any soil or waste. 911.3 Slope and size of horizontal branch. ' r l ~ em a x i n i ~ ~ m slope of the vent section of the horizontal branch drain .shall hc one unit vertical in 13 units horizontal (8-percent dope). Thc cntlre length v f the vent section of the hor~zontt~l branch drain shall be sized for the total drainage dischargc to tlic branch. 911.3.1 Size of multiple circuit vent. Each scllaratc circuit-vented horizontal branch that is interconnec&d shall bc sized independently in accordance with Scction 0 1 1.3. 'The
  • 82. VENTS downstream circuit-vented horizontal branch shall he sizcd for the total tlischargc into the branch. including t11c upstream branches and the fixtures within thc branch. 9 11.4 Relief vent. A relicf vent shall be providcd for circuitvented horizontal branchcs receiving thc discharge of four or Illore watcr closc1.s and connecting to a dl-ai!lage stack that receives the discharge of soil or waste from upper horizontal branches. 912.3 Size. Thc minimum sixe of a combination drain and vcnt pipc shall be in accordancc with E b l c 912.3. l-~. 91 1.5 Additional fixtures. Fixtures, other than the circuit-vcnted fixtures, arc permitted to discharge to the horizontal branch drain. Such fixtures shall be located on the same floor as thc circuit-vcnted fixtures and shall bc citherindividually or common vented. SECTION 912 COMBINATION DRAIN AND VENT SYSTEM 912.1 Type of fixtures. A combination drain and vent systerrl shall not serve tixturcs other than tloor drains, sinks, lavatories and drinking fountains. Combination drain and vcnt systenls shall not receivc the discharge from a food waste grinder or clinical sink. I 912.2 Installation. The only vcrtical pipe of a combination drain and vcnt systan shall bc the connection betwecn thc fixturc drain and the horizontal cornbination dsaili and vent pipe. Thc n~axirnumvertical distance shall be 8 feet (2438 mm). 912.2.1 Slope. The horizontal combination drain and vent pipc shall havc a maximuln slope ofune-half unit vertical in 12 units horixo~ltal(4-pcrcent slopc). The minimum slope shall bc in accordance with Table 701.1. 912.2.2 Connection. The combination drain and vcnt system shall be providcd with adry ycnt connected at any point within the system or the system shall connect to a horizontal drain that is vented in accordance wit11 one of the venting tnethods hpccificd in this chapter. Combination drain and vcnt SYS~CIIISconnecting to building drains receiving only the discharge ti-om a stack or stacks shall bc provided with a drv vcot. The vent connection to the combination drain and vcnt pipc shall cxtcnd vertically aminimam o f 6 i~lches 52 (1 rnm) abovc thc flood level rim of the highcst tixture bcing vcntcd bcfore offsetting hori~ontally. ~,- --- - - - - -~ . -~ , MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNITS . . 2 9 11.4.1 Connection and installation. Thc rclief vcnt shall conncct to thehorizonla1 branch drain bctwecn the stack and thc most downstrca~n fixturc drain of the circuit vent. The rcliefvent shall be installed in accordance with Section 905. 911.4.2 Fixture drain or branch. The relief vent is permitted to be :I fixture drain or fixture branch for fixtures located within the same branch interval as the circuit-vented horizontal branch. The maximum discharge to a relief vent shall bc four fixture units. TABLE 912.3 SIZE OF COMBINATION DRAIN AND VENT PIPE .-.~ ----. . . . -- 4 I 3 12 20 . 5. !. J For SI: 160 - ~ 1 6 1 i i 1 ~ 1= 25.4 1 -. . . . .-.I-. i j 0 - 5.-~ . .. 250 -~ ~ . - . - 360 mln. SECTION 913 ISLAND FIXTURE VENTING 913.1 Limitation. Island fixture venting shall not be permilted for fixtures other than sinks and lavatories. Residcntial kitchen sinks with a dishwasher w s t e connection, a food waste grinder, or both, in combination with the kitchcr~sinlt waste, shall be permitted to be vented in accordance with this section. 913.2 Vent connection. Thc island fixturc vent shall conncct to the fixture drain as requircd for an indivitlual ur common vcnt. Thevent shall risc vertically to above thc drainage outlct of the fixture being ventcd before offsetting horizon!ally or vertically downward. The vent or branch vent for 111~11tiplc island fixture vents shall extend to a minimum of 6 inchcs (152 m n ~ abovc ) the highest island fixture being vented bcforc connccting to thc outside vent ter~r~inal. 913.3 Vent installation below the fixture flood level rim. The vent located below the flood level rim of thc fixture bcing vented shall be installed as required for drainagc piping in accordancl: with Chapter 7 ; cxcept for sizing. The vcnt shall be sizcd in accordance with Section 916.2. The lowest point of the island fixture vent shall connect full sizC to thc drainagc system. Theconnection shall be to avertical drain pipcor to thc top half of a horizontal drain pipe. Clcanouts shall be providcd in to the island fixture v c n ~ permit rodding of a11 vent piping locatcd below the flood levcl rim of the tixturcs. Rodding in both directions shall be perrllitted through a clcanout. 912.2.3 Venl size. The venL $ha11be sized for the total c h i n agc fixture unit load in accordancc wlth Scctiun 016.2. SECTlON 914 RELIEF VENTS-STACKS OF MORE THAN 10 BRANCH INTERVALS 914.1 Where required. Soil and wastc stacks In builcliligs having Inore than 10 branch intervals shall bc providcd with a rclief vent at each tenth intcrval installed, bcg~nningwith thc top floor. 912.2.4 Fixture branch or drain. The fixture branch or fixtalc drain shall conncct to the co~nbinationdrain and vcnt within a distance spccikied in Table 906. I . The cornbination drain and vent pipc shall be consideretl thc vent for the fixtu~e. 914.2 Size and connection. The sizc of thc relief vcnt shall bc equal to the size of the vent stack to which it connects. Thc lower end of each relief vcnt shall connect to the soil or wzlstc stack through a wye below the horizontal branch serving thc 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 83. floor, and the upper end shall connect to the vent stack through a wyc not less than 3 fcct (9 14 mm) above thc floor. SECTION 916 VENT PIPE SIZING SECTION 915 VENTS FOR STACK OFFSETS 916.1 Size of stack vents and vent stacks. Thc nlininlunl requircd diameter of stack vents and vent stacks shall be detcrmined fi-urn thc developed length ancl thc total of drainage fixture units connected thereto in accordance with Table 01 6.1. but in no case shall the diameter be lcss than one-half the dianleter of the drain served or less than 1'1, inchcs (31- mm). 915.1 Vent for horizorltal offset of drainage stack. Horizontal offsets of drainage stacks shall be vented where five ormore branch intervals arc located abovc the offsel. The offset shall be vcnted by venting the uppcr section of the drainage stack and the lower section of the drainage stack. 916.2 Vents other than slack vents or vent staclis. The diameand ter of individual vents. branch vents, circuit~cnts relief vents diameter of (he drain shall he at least one-half the rcq~~ircd served. The required size of the drain shall he determined in accordance with Table 7 10.1(2).Vent pipcs shall not be less than 1'1, inches (32 mm) in diamcter. Vents exceeding 40 feet ( 1 2 192 mm) in developed lcngth shall be incrcascd by one nominal pipe sine for the entire developed length of the vent pipe. Rclicf vc~lts for soil and waste stacks in buildings having morc than 10 branch intervals shall be sized in accordance with Scction 9 14.2. 915.2 Upper section. The uppcr section of the drainage stack shall bc vented as a scparatc stack with a vent stacli connection installed in accordance with Section 903.4. The uffiet shall be considered the base of the stack. 915.3 1,owcr section. The lower sectiori of the drainage stack shall be vented by a yoke vcnt connecting between the offset and the next lower horizontal branch. The yoke vent connection shall be permitted to bc a vertical estension of the drainage stack. The size of the yol<event and connection shall be a minimum of the size required for the vent stack of the drainage slack. r~ .~- . . ~ . ~ - .-- . ~ - ....~ DIAMETER OF SOIL OR WASTE STACK (inches) - 1 li, I 'I2 I li, 916.3 Developed length. Thc developed length of individual, branch. circuit and relief vents shall be nle,asurcd from thc farthcst point of vent connection to the drainagc system to the point of connection to thc vent stack. stack vent or termination outside of the building. TABLE 916.1 SIZE AND DEVELOPED LENGTH OF STACK VENTS AND VENT STACKS ~- r~-- TOTAL FIXTURE UNITS BEING 1L---- ~ ^ ~ -~--- -i~ . -- - . . . ~ - . - - MAXIMUM DEVELOPED LENGTH OF VENT (feet)a DIAMETER OF VENT (inches) ~ S I 2 2 ,i - ' 2Il2 3 3 3 21 I 02 43 320 i - 1 - ! I (mrttin~ccd) 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 73
  • 84. VENTS TABLE 916.1--continued r - - - . - - . -- .. T ~ DEVELOPED. LENGTH OF STACK VENTS AND VENT STACKS . - --. SIZE AND ---. ~.- --~ - -~ - ~ ~ - ~ -~ ~ ~. .. . - MAXIMUM DEVELOPED LENGTH OF VENT (feet)a I 8 8 I0 FoI.SI: i inch = 25.4 rn~n.I foot = 304.8 m ~ n . a. The decelol>cd length shall bt' lneasurzd Cram the bent conn?ction to the open aic 916.4 Multiple branch vents. Where inultiple branch vents arc connected to a conlrrlon branch vcnt, the cornrnon branch vent shall be sized in accordance with this section based on the size of the colnrllon horizontal drainage branch that is or would be rcquil-ed to scrve Ihe total drainage fixturc unit (dfu) load being vented. 916.4.1 Branch vcnts exceeding 40 Leet in developed length. Branch verils exceeding 40 feet ( 1 2 192 mm) in developed lcngth shall be ~ncreasedby one nominal size for thc cniire dcvelopcil length of the vcnt plpe. 916.5 Sump vents. S u n ~ p c n sizes shall be determined in ~ t accordance with Sections 916.5 1 and 0 16.5.2. 916.5.2 Sewage pumps and sewage ejectors other than pneumatic. Drainage piping hclow sewer level shall be vented in a sinlilar manner to that of a gravity system. Building sump vcnt sizes for sumps with sewagc pun~ps sewor age ejectors, other than pneumatic, shall bc dctcrmined in Table 916.5.1. accordance w ~ t h 916.5.2 Pnculnatic sewage ejectors. The air pressure relief pipe from a pneumatic sewage ejector shall be connectcd to an independent vcnt stack ler~ninating required for vent as extcnsions through the roof. The relief pipe shall be sized to relieve air pressure inside the ejector to atmospheric pressure, but shall not be less than 1'1, inches (32 mm) in size. SECTION 917 AIR ADMITTANCE VALVES 917.1 General. Vent systems utilizing air admittance valves shall I conlply will1 this scction. Stack-type ail ad~nittar~ce valves shall 74 conform to ASSE 1050. Individual and branch-type air admit tmce valvcs shall confoi-nl to ASSE 1051. 917.2 Installation, The valves shall bc installed in accordance with the requirements of this section and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Air admittance valvcs shall be installed after the DWV testing required by Section 312.2 or 3 12.3 has been perfo~med. 917.3 Where permitted. Individual, branch and circuit vcnts shall be permitted to tcrminate with a connection to an individrial or branch-type air adrnittancc valve. Stack verlls and vent stacks shall be permitted to tcnnin~xte stack-type air admit-. to Lance valves. Individual and branch-typc air admittance valvcs shall vent only fixtures that are on the same floor level and connect to a horiyontal branch dram. The hori7ontal brunch drain I~avlng ~ndividualand branch-type air ad~nittancc valkcs shall conform to Section 917.3.1 or 9 17.3.2. Stack-type alr admittancc valves shall conform to Scction 917.3.3. I a 917.3.1 Location of branch. Thc horizontal branch drain shall conncct to the drainage stack or building drain a maximum of four branch intervals from the top of thc stack. 917.3.2 Relief vent. Where the horizontal branch is located Inole than four branch intervals from the top of the stack, thc horizontal b~anchshall be provided with il rclief vcnt that shall connect lo a vent stack or stack vcnt. or cxtcnd outdoors to the open air. Therelicf vent shall conncct to thc horizontal branch drain bctwcen the stack and Lhc most downstream fixture drain connected to thc horizontal branch drain. The relief vent sl~allbe sized in accordancc with Section 9 16.2 and installed in accortlancc with Section 905. The rclicf vent shall be permittcd to scrvc as the vcnt [-orother fixtures. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ I
  • 85. VENTS 917.3.3 Stack. Stack-type air admittance valves shall not serve as the vent terminal for vent stacks or stack vents that serve drainage stacks exceeding six branch intervals. 1 917.4 Location. Individual and bl-anch-type air admittance valves shall be located a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) abovc thc horizontal branch drain or fixture dl-ain being vented. M Stack-type ail. admittance valves shall be locatecl not less than 6 inches (1 52. m ~ nabovc the flood level rim of thehighest fixture ) being vented. The air admittance valve shall be located within the unaximum developed length pcrrnittcd for the vent. Thc air admittance valve shall be installed a minimum of 6 inches ( 1 52 ~ n m above insulation materials. ) 917.5 Access and ventilation. Access shall be provided to all air adlnittance valves. The valve shall be located within aventilatcd space that allows air to enter the valve. 917.6 Size. The air admittance valve shall be rated in accordance with the standard for the size of the vent to which the valve is connected. 917.7 Vent required. Within each plumbing system, a minimull1 of one stack vcnt or vent stack shall extend ontdoors to the open air. 917.8 Prohibited installations. Air admittance valves shall not be installed in nonneutralized special waste systems as described in Chapter 8. Valves shall not be located in spaces utili~cd supply or return air plenums. as SECTION 918 ENGINEERED VENT SYSTEMS 918.1 General. Engineered vcnt syste~nsshall cornply with this section and the design, submittal, approval; inspection and testing requil-cments of Section 105.4. 918.2 Individual hranc11 fixture and individual fixture lleader vents. The ~naxirnu~n developed length of individual fixture vents to vcnt branches and vent headers shall bc determined in accordance with Table 91 8.2 for the minimum pipe diameters at the indicated vent airflow rafcs. The individual vcnt airtlow rate shall be determined in accorclance with the following: Qh.h (Equation 9-1) = Nir.il Q,. For St: Q ,,, = N,,,, (0.4719 Lls) Q,. where: N,,,, =Number of fixtures per header (or vent branch) + total number of fixtures connected to vcnt stack. Q,,,I, = Vent branch or vent header airflow rate (cfin). (2,. =Total vent stacli airflow rute (cfrn). Q,.(gpm) =27.8 r;2/3 ( 1 - i.,,) DS/3 Q, (cfm) = 0. I 34 Q, (gpm) 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ where: D = Drainage stack diameter (inches). ow = Design discharge load ( g p n ~ ) i , = Waste water flow area to total area. individual vent airflow rates are obtained by equally distributing Q,,, into one-half the total [lumber of fixtures on the branch or header for more than two fixtures; for an odd number of total fixtures, dccrcasc by one; for one fixture, apply the full vslue of Q,,,,. Individual vent developed length shall be increased by 20 percent of the distance from the vent stack to the fixture vent connection on the vent branch or headcr. SECTION 919 COMPUTERIZED VENT DESIGN 919.1 Design of vent system. The sizing. design and layout of the vcnt system shall be permitted to bc determined by approved computer program design methods. 919.2 System capacity. The vent system shall be based on the air capacity requirements of the drainage system undcr a peak load condition.
  • 86. TABLE 916.5.1 SIZE AND LENGTH.OF SUMP..VENTS - .~ . ~ - - ~- . .- ~ . . . -~ - -.- ~ . ~ ~- ~ MAXIMUM DEVELOPED LENGTH OF VENT (feet)a --- -- ~ - ~ - ~ . ~ ~~~ ~~~ -~ - I . - .- ~ I - 1 _ J 4 i No limit 1- ! - . ! I I 72 - - 7- 1 60 1 ~- + ~ N o limit - - No limit NO ~ j limit ~~ N o limit ~-1~ :L No l i m ~ t - 1 ~~-~ 4 N o limit . . .--~-.-c- . N o limit . . . 1 No limit I N o limit ( 3811 1 ~ N i ~ . . ~ o limit - - . - ~ ~ I - N o limit 1 1 3 80 250 N o linlit N o limit 250 132 Not pcrmi~ted ' I Not permitted Not permitted. .. . i Not _pemrilted ._ - 1 400 -/ - ~ 1 I 88 22 10" i i I -- j l 10 44 10' 150 . Not permitted 10" ~ Not permitted ~ I -L. Not permit - Fol. SI: I irlch = 25.4 mrn, I fool = 304.8 mn~, gtllo~i mi~it~te3.785 l,11n. 1 per = ;I. Dclff'lriped leliglh plus an appn)p~iate allowance for c ~ ~ l l a rlosses and friction due to f [lings, changes in direction and diameter. Suggcstcd allow:lnc?s shall he ~ce ohlained from NSR Monogap11 31 01othcr approved sources. An allowa~ice or50 percent of [lie developed length shall he assumed if:^ more P S C C ~ S C Y:I~IIL'!lot i~ available. h. /c[uul v:ilues greater thau 500 fcet. c. 1 . ~ 5 ~ Il) kct. than TABLE 918.2 MINIMUM DIAMETER AND MAXIMUM LENGTH OF INDIVIDUAL BRANCH FIXTURE VENTS AND INDlVlDUAL FIXTURE HEADER VENTS FOR SMOOTH PIPES I / 1 DIAMETEROF / - - - - - - - -- -- - - -- - -- - --- -- - - - - - - - . -- INDIVIDUAL VENT AIRFLOW RATE (cubic feet per minute) Maximum developed length of went (feet) i . . For SI: I inch = 25.4 Iiinl, 1 cuhic fool per rui~iute 0.3719 I i s , I fc!ol = ?O-i.X mm. = 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 87. CHAPTER 10 TRAPS, INTERCEPTORS AND SEWRATQRS SECTION 1001 GENERAL 1001.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the material and installation of traps, interceptors and separators. SECTION 1002 TRAP REQUlREMENTS 1002.1 Fixture tl-aps. Each plumbing fixturc shall be separately trapped by a water-seal trap, except as otherwise permitted by this code. The vertical distance from the fixture outlet to the trap weir shall not cxceed 24 inches (610 mm) and the horizontal distance shall not cxceed 30 inches (610 mm) measurcd fi-om the centerline of the fixturc outlct to the centerlir~e the of inlet of the trap. The height of a clothes washer standpipe above a trap shall conform to Section 802.4. A fixture shall not be double trapped. Exceptions: I. This section shall not apply to fixtures with integral traps. 2. A conibinat~onplumbing fixture IS pcrniitted to bc ins~alled one trap, provided Lhat onc compartment on is not more than 6 inches (I 51 m n ~ deeper than thc ) other compartmcnt and the wastc outlets a ~ 11u1 c rnorc than 30 inches (762 111111) apart. 3. H grease trap intendcd to serve as a fixturc trap in installation occordancc with the manufacl~~rer's instructions shall be permitted to serve as the trap for a single fixture or a combination sink of not niorc tha11 thrcc compartnlents where the vertical distance from the fixture outlet to theinlet of the interceptor does not excccd 30 inches (762 mm) and the developed length of the waste pipe from the most upstream fixture outlet to the inlct of the interceptor does not exceed 60 inches (1524 111n1). 1002.2 Design of traps. f xturc traps shall be self-scouring. Fixturc traps shall not have interior partitions, except where such traps arc integral with the fixture or where such traps are constructed of an approved material that is resistant to corrosion and degradation. Slip joints shall be made with an i~pproved clastome~~ic gasket anti shall be installed only on t l ~ e trap inlct, trap outlet and within thc trap scal. 1002.3Prohibited traps. Thc following types of trnps arc prohibitzd: 1 . Traps that depend on moving parts to maintain Lhe seal. 7,. Bell traps. 3. Crown-vented traps. 4. 'I'raps 1101 intcgral with a L'ixt~~rc that depend on inteand rior parlitionl; for the seal, except those traps constructed 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ of an approved material that is resistant to corrosion and degradal ion. 5 . '3"traps. 6. Drum traps. Exception: Drum traps used as solids interceptors and drum traps serving chc~nical wastc .systems shall not be prohibitcd. 1002.4 Trap seals. Each fixture trap shall have a liquid scal of not lcss than 2 inches (51 n ~ n i and no1 more than 4 incl~cs ) (102 mm), or deeper for special designs relating to accessible tixtures. Where a trap seal is subject to loss by evaporation, a trap seal pi-imer valve shall be installed. A trap seal primer valve shall confomi to ASSE 1018 or ASSE 1044. 1002.5 Size of fixture traps. Fixturc trap size shall be sufficient to drain the fixture rapidly and not Icss than the bize indicated inTable 709.1. A trap shall not be larger than thedrainage pipe into which the trap discharges. 1002.6 Building traps. Building (house) tl-apsshall be prohibited. exccpt where local conditions neccssitatc such traps. Building traps shall he providcd with a cleanout and a relief vent or fresh air intake on the inlet side o t the trap. The size of the relief veld or fresh air intake shall not bc less than onc-half the diamctcr of the drain to which tlic rclief or air intakc connects. Such rclief vcnt or fresh air intake shall be carricd above grade and shall be terminated in a screened outlet located outside the building. 1002.7 Trap setting and protection. Traps shall be set level with respect to the trap seal and, where ncccsszuy, shall be protected fro111 freezing. 4002.8 Recess fortrap connection. A recess provided for contrap, such as o ~ i c serving a b a t h t ~ ~ b nection of the u~iclcrground in slab-type const~-uction, shall have sidcs and a bottom of corrosion-resistant, insect- and verminl~roof const~-uction. 1002.9 Acid-resisting traps. M1hcre a 7-itrificd clay or other brittleware, acid-resisting trap is inslalled underground, such trap shall be embedded in concretc extending 6 inches (152 mm) beyond the bottom and sides of the trap. 1002.10 Plumbing in mental health centers. In nicntal health centers. pipes and traps shall not be exposed. SECTION 1003 INTERCEPTORS AND SEPARATORS 1003.1 where required. interceptors and scl,ilrators shal 1 be provided to prevent the discharge of oil, grcasc, sand and other substances harmful or hazardous to thc building drainage system, the public sewer, the privatc sewage disposal systenl 01. the B sewage treatment plant or processes. 1003.2 Approval.'I'hesize, type and location of each intcrccptor and of each separator shall be designcd and installed in accordance with the mannfacturcr's instructions and the 77
  • 88. TRAPS, INTERCEPTORS AND SEPARATORS rccjuircmcntb of this section based on the anticipated condis tions of use. W ~ s t e that do not require treatment or separation shall not be tlischarged into any interceptor or separator. flanln~ablc wastes shall be discharged before enlptying into the building drainage system or othcr point of disposal. Exception: An oil separator is not recluired in hydraulicclehator pits where an approved alnrnl systcm is installed. 1 1003.3 Grease interceptors. Grcase interceptors shall comply Sections 1003.3.1 through 10U3.3.5. with thc~cquircn~cntsof I 1003.3.1 Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices required. A grease interceptor or automatic grcasc removal dcvice shall be rcquircd to receive the drainage from fixlurcs and equipnlenl kith grease-laden wastc iocatcd in food l~reparation areas. such as in rcstaurants. hotel kitchens, hospitals, school kitchens, bars. facequipment shall tory cafeterias and clubs. Fixtures a ~ l d includc pot sinks, prerinse sinks; soup kettles or similar devices; wok stations; floor drains or sinks into which kettlcs are drained; auto~natic hood washunits and dishwashers without prerinse sinks. Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices shall receive waste only from fixturcs anct equipnlcnt that allow fats, oils or grease to be discharged. - I ( ) 1 - -. CA . --. TOTAL FLOW-THROUGH RATING -. !sPm_L . .- -1 ; - GREASE RETENTION CAPACITY . _ .( p o u n d s 1 . - ~ ~ 1 1 - 1003.3.2 Food waste grinders. Where food wastc grindcrs connect to grcdse interceptors. a solids interceptor shall interseparate the discharge bcfore connccting to the ceptor. Solids interceptors and grease interceptors shall be sized a ~ rated foi- the discharge of the food waste grinder. ~ d Emulsifiers, chemicals, enzymes and bactcria shall not discharge into the food wastc grinder 1003.3.3 Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices not required. A gieaae interceptor or an automatic grc:lse rcmoval device shall not he requircd for ~nd~vidual dwelling un1t.s or any private living quarters. 1003.3.4 Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices. Grease interceptors or a u ~ o n ~ a tgrease ic removal deviccs shall conform to PDI G101, AShlE A1 12.14.3 or AShlE A 1 12.14.4 and shall bc installed in accorctancc with thc manufacturcr's instructions. I 1003.3.4.1 Grease il~terceptor rapacity. Crcnse interceptors shall have the grease retention capacity indicatcd in Table 1003.3.4.1 for tlze flow-through rates indicated. I 1003.3.4.2 Rate of flow controls. Greasc interceptors 5hall be equipped w ~ t h devices to control the rate of water flow so that the water f l o ~ does not exceed the rated flow. The flow-control device shall be vented and tc~minate not lcss than 6 inchcs ( I52 mm) above the flood rim lcvel or bc installed in accordance with the manufacturcr's instructions. - TABLE 1003.3.4.1 - 1003.3.5 At~tomatic grease removal devices. Whcre automatic grease removal devices arc installed. such dcvices shall be located downstream of each fixture or mulliple fixinstructions. tures in accordancc with thc ~~~anufacturer's The aulo~naticgrease rc~llovaldevice shall be sized to pretrcal ~ h ~neasurcd calculated flows for all connected c or fixtures or ecluipmcnt. Ready access shall be provided for inspection and maintenance. 1003.4 Oil separators required. At repair garages, car-washing facilities, at factories whel-e oily and flammable liquid wastes arc produced ant1 in hydraulic elevator pits. separators shall hc installed into which all oil-bearing, greasc-bearing or 11 75 I 150 --,-~ - - . .. .. . . 200 - L... .~ F I 1 gal1011per minute = -4.785 Llni, 1 pound = 0.351kg. ;L.For total flow-through snlingsgreale~. than 100 (ppm) , r l o ~ ~ h l c thc through mting to tlelrrmine the grcnse setenlion capacity (pounds). -- 100 ~~ . . . . - ~ - ~ - ~ ~ . .! , j flow- 1003.4.1 Separation of licguids. A mixturc of treated or untrcated light andhcavy liquids with various specific gravities shall be separated in an approved receptacle. 1003.4.2 Oil separator design. Oil separators shall be designed In accordance with Sections 1003.4.2.1 and 1003.4 2.2 1003.4.2.1 Ccneral design rey~~iremcnts. separaOil tors shall have a depth of not less than 2 feet (610 mm) below the invert of the discharge drain. The outlet opening of the separator shall have not less tllari an 18-inch (457 mm) water seal. 1003.4.2.2 Garages and scrvicc stations. Whcrc automob~lesare scrviccd, greased, repaired or washcd or where gasoline is dispensed. oil separators shall have a minimum capacity of 6 cubic fcet (0.168 m-') for the first 190 square feet (9.3 m2) of area to be draincd, plus I cubic foot (0.28 m" for each addi~ional100 square feet (9.3 112)of area to be drained illto the separator. Parkir~g garages in which servicing, repairing or washinb ' not r 1s conducted, and in which gasoline is not dispenscd, shall not require a separator. iireas of comnzercial garages utile lized only for storage of a ~ ~ t o n ~ o b iaresnot required to he drained through a separator. 1003.5 Sand interceptors in commercial establishments. Sand and similar interceptors for heavy solids shall bc dcsignctl 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ I
  • 89. TRAPS, INTERCEPTORS AND SEPARATORS and located so as to be prov~tled with ready access for cleaning. and shall have a water seal of not less than 6 inches ( I 52 mm) 1003.6 Laundries. Laundry facilities not installed within an individ~~al dwelling unit or intended for individual family use shall be equipped with an interceptor with a wire basket or sirnilar devicc, removable for cleaning, that prevents passage into the drainage system of solids 0.5 inch (1 2.7 ~ n m or larger in ) size, string. rags, buttons or other n~;~tcrials detrimentc~lto thc public sewage system. 1003.7 Bottling establishments. Bottling plants shall discharge process wastcs into an interceptor that will provide for thc separation of broken glass or other solids before discharging waste into thc drainage system. 1003.8 Slaughterhouses. Slaughtering room and dressing rooln drains shall be cquippcd with approved separators. The separator shall prevent the discharge into the drainage systcrn (11 feathers, et~trails other materials that cause clogging. and 4 003.9 Venting of interceptors and separators. Interceptors and separators shall be designed so as not to become air hound whci-c tight covers are utilized. Each interceptor or separator shall bc vented whcrc subject to ri loss of trap seal. 1003.10 Access and maintenance of interceptors and separators. Access shall be providcd to each interceptor and scparator for service and ~naintenance. Interceptors and separators shall be maintained by pcriodic removal of accumulated grease, scum, oil, or othcr floating substarices andsolids depositcd in the interccp~or scparator. or SECTION 1004 MATERIALS, JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS 1004.1 General. The materials and methods utilized for the construction and installati011ol' traps, interceptors and separators shall comply witli t-his chapter and thc applicable provisions of Chapters 4 and 7. The fittings shall not have ledges, shoulders or reductions capable of retarding or obstructing flow of the piping. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 90. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 91. CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE SECTlON 1101 GENERAL 1102.4 Building storm sewer pipe. Building storru scwcr pipc shall conform to one o the standards listed in 'I'able I 102.4. f 1101.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the ~natcrials, design, construction and installation of storm drainage. 1 1101.2 Where required. All roofs. paved areas, yards. courts 1 and courtyards shall drain into a separate storm sewer system, or a combined sewcr system, or to an approved place of disposal. For one- and two-family dwellings, and wherc approvcd, storm water is permitted to discharge onto flat areas. such as strcets or lawns, provided that the storm watcr flows away from thc building. 1101.3 Yrollihited drainagc. Storm watcr shall not be drained TABLE 1102.4 BUILDING STORM SEWER PlPE ~. .~ ~ . . _~ ~ r- -_ _ MATERIAL ~ - - ~ -~ .- ~. -~ STANDARD.. . . - iAcrylonitrile butadiene styrcne (ABS) plastic pipe I~ast-iron pipe ~ASTM 74. ASTM A 888, A CISPI 30 1 1 IASTM D 3661: ASTM D 1751; ASTMF628;CSAB181.1; 1 CSAB182.1 1 I . . ~~ _- . . / ~ 1 ASTM C 14; ASTM C 76; ! CSA A257. Ih4; 1 ;concrete pipe into sewcrs intended for sewage only. I 1101.4 Tests. The conductors and the building storm drain shall be tested in accordance w ~ t h Section 312. !Copper- copper-alloy t~lbing i ASTlGl B 75; AS'I'M I YX; or 3 :~ (Ty~7_e__K,L..MorDvi!!>.~..~ .ASTM B251; AS?-B.306 I Polyvi~lyl chloride (PVC) /ASTMD 2665: ASTM D 3034: 1 plastic pipe (Type DWV. 1 ASTM F 891; CSA B 182.4; : SDR26,SDR352 SDR41. ( CS), 8 181.2;CSA 8 182.2 PS50 or PS100) ~_....i . i 'vitrified clay pipe . i - A ~ T M ASTM C . . . ~ ~ ~ !C 4. . - - 700 ... ~; I~tninless steel drainage systems, iASMB A1 12.3.1 I Type 3 16L _ -:. __ ... 1101.5 Change in size. The size of adrainage pipe shall not be rcduccd in thc direction of flow. 1101.6 Fittings and connections. All connections ancl changes in direction of the storm drainagc systcm shall be made with approved drainage-type fittings in accordance with Table 706.3. The fittings shall not obstruct or retard flow in the system. 1101.7 Roof design. Roofs shall be designed for the maximurn possible depth of water that wi!l pond thereon asdetermined by thc rclativc lcvels of roof deck and oveiflolli weirs, scuppers, cdgcs or scrviccable drains in combination with the deflected structural elements. In determining the maximum possible depth of watcr. all priniary roof drainage means shall be assumcd to be blocked. 1101.8 Cleanouts required. Cleanouts shall be installed in the storm drainagc system and shall co~nply with the provisions of this code for sanitary drainage pipe cleanouts. Exrcption: Snbsurface drainage system. 1101.9 Backwater valves. Backwatcr valvcs installed in a storni drainage system shall conform to Section 7 IS. 1 - _ _ . _ - ..~ i1 C S A Kj7.2M. - ~~ -1. 1 / 1 ~ -~ 1102.1 General. The materials and nicthods utilized fol- the construction and installation of storm drainagc systems shall comply with this scction and the applicable provisions of Chapter 7. 1102.2 Inside storm drainage conductors. Inside storm drainagc condtlctors illstalled above ground shall conform to onc of the standards listed in Table 702.1. 1102.3 Underground building storm drain pipe. Underground building storm drain pipc shall conform to one of'the standards listed i r l Table 702.2. 2006 INTERNATIONAL. PLUMBING CODE@ : ~~ - 1102.5 Subsoil drain pipe. Subsoil tirains shall be open-jointed. horizontally bplil or perforated pipc conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1 102.5. r - - TABLE 1102.5 SUBSOIL DRAIN PIPE - I hlATERlAL--- - I~sbcsto-cement prpc h- - - -- -- - - - i,ASTM C 508 _ . - . . . L I A 74: ASTM 4 888. "11 )ASTM F 405; CSA B183.1; - ~ ~ C B-!XZ.(1:~C5A H182.8 SA I !~olyethylene (PE) plastic pipc I I- + L I 1 STANDARD IASTM !Cast-imnpipe }. - - CISPI - I - lPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) ASThl D 2729; ASTM F 891 : Plastic pipe 1 PS25, PSj0 (type sewer pipc, CSA R 182.2:C:SA B 182.4 1 -. -or PS 100)- . r,.-~- ~~ SECTION 1102 MATERIALS i ..~ -- ~~~~ I - -1 ~ta[nle>s drd~nage steel aytems. 1 ,ASME A1 12.3 I Type 316L _ _ i [ ~ ~ S TC 3, ASTM C 700 M I V'lficd clay-ppe C - - - 1102.4 Roof drains. Roof drains shall conform to ASME Al12.21.2MorASMEAl12.3.1. 1102.7 Fittings. Pipe fittings shall bc approved for i~istallation with the piping material installed. and shall conform to thc respective pipe standards or onc of thc standards listed in Tablc 1102.7. The fittings shall not have Icdgcs, shoulders or rcductions capable of retarding or obst~uctingflow in the pipiug. Threaded drainage pipc fittings shall be of thc rccesscd drainage type. 1
  • 92. STORM DRAINAGE . . I C . - - - TABLE 1102.7 PIPE FITTINGS . . ~ ~ ,-. - ~ ~~ - ~ i MATERIAL - . - . ~ -- . -- -. ~ 1 -4 STANDARD - p~ '~cr~lonitrile butadiene styrene/ASTk4D 2661; ASTM D 331 1; ,.-~~~ (AQslr-!?tIc - . . . / CSAB181.1 ... - . ~-.. -.. /ASME B16.4: ASME B16.12; Cast-iron ASTM h 888; CISPI 301: ASTM A 74 .- . - ~ - - .-- ---.-- i ~ - ~ 1 ~- -~ ~ - SECTION 1104 CONDUCTORS AND CONNECTIONS 1104.1 Prohibited use. Conductor pipes sliall not bc used as i soil, waste or vcnt pipes, and soil, wastc or vent pipw sllall not Pi be used as conductors. 1104.2 Combining storm with sanitary drainage. The saniof tary and storni drainage systc~lis a structure shall bc entirely separate exccpt where combined scwcr systems arc utilized. Where a co~nbined sewer is utilized, the huildirlg storm drain shall be connected in the same horizontal plane through a single-wye titting to the combined sewer at least 10 feet (1048 mmj downstrcani from any soil stack. ~ Coextruded colnposile ABS i sewer and drain DR-PS in 1 ASTM D 275 1 PS35, PSSO. PS 100, PS 140, ~. ~ 1104.3 Floor drains. Floor drain shall not bc connccted 10 a stornl drain. I PVC I ~CoextrudedcompnsitcIPS-DR, jASTM D 2065: ASTM D 3 1 1 DVV Sd,edule 40 i ; 11 ~- PSI 40, PS200 (solid 01ccllular corc) - . .~-~.~ -~ - ~ j -~ I _ _ .. . /Copper or copper alloy I t .~ ~- -~ ~ - I ~ r iron and d~rcti!e a ~ I_~. . iron ~ - -~ , 'Plastic2 (lcneritl . 1 . :.. . . . -- i - j _. Ii ! i ~_ .. ~ / ~16.15; ASME B16.18: ' ASME B 16.27; ASME R16.23; ASME B 16.36 ASME B16.29i .--Y.-'L ~ , ~ A W W A 10 CI .. ~ 1 ASME B-_ -. 15.3 . 1 I -~ - . r / - I _ ASTM D 3034 IASME @1 1 - ~ . ~~ i PS35, PSSO. PS 100. PS 130. 1 PS20? i ! . 1 I I ; /ASTMF 89 I I iCc~es~ruded DR-PS in iornposile PVC ,cfie~- drain and - i . . Polyvinyl chllxide (PVC) 1.I ? ! -. . - - ~ASTMF 409. .. . . - ASTM . 26665: ASTM D 331 1 : I A9TM F 1 ->-. i 1 I I 4 1 1 1 I 1105.1 Strainers. Roof drains shall have strainers 'xtcnding not less than 4 inches 1102 rnni) above the snrl-kc of the roof iinnrediately adjacent to the roof drain. Strainers shall havc an available inlet area, above roof level, of not lcss than onc and one-half times the area of the conductor or leader to which [he drain is conr~ected. 1105.2 Flat decks. Roof drain strainers for use on sun decks. parking decks and similar areas that arc normally scrviced and maintained shall cornply with Section 1105.1 or shall be of the flat-s~rrfacc type, installed level with the dcck, with an available inlet area not less than two ti~ncs arca of the conductor or the leader to which the drain is connected. 1105.3 Roof drain flashings. The connection betwccn roofs and roof drains which pass through lhc roof ant1 into the intcrior of the building shall bc made watcr tight by the usc of approved flashing material. (Srcel SECTION ll Q3 TRAPS 1103.1 Main trap. Leaders and storin drains connectcd to a combined sewer shall be trapped. lndivitiual storm water traps shall be installed on tl~estorni water drain branch sewing each conductor. or a single trap shall bc installcd in thc main storm drain just beforc its connection with thc combined building sewer or the public sewer. 1103.2 Material. Storrn water trdps shall be of the same material as tllc piping system to which they are attached. 1103.3 Size. Traps for individual conductors shall he the sarne size as [he horizontal drain to which thcy are connected. 1103.4 Cleanout. An acccsaible cleanout shall bc installed on tlic building idc of the trap. 82 SECTION 1105 ROOF DRAINS SECTION 11106 SIZE OF CONDUCTORS, LEADERS AND STORM DRAINS 1106.1 General. The size of thc vcrtical conductors and le:lders, building stormdrains?building stol-m scwers. and any horizontal branches of such drains or sewer-; shall be based on thc 100-year hourly rainfall rate indicated in F:igu~-cI 100.I or on other rainfall rates determined t'om approved local wcathcr data. 1106.2 Vertical conductors and Icaders. VCI tical corlductors andleader shall be sizcd for thc maxi~nurnprojcctcd root arca, in accordance e ~ t h Il'able 1 106.2. 1106.3 Building storm drains and sewers. The size of the building storm drain, building storm sewer and their. horizontal branches having a slopc of one-half unit or lcss vertical in 12 uuits horizonral (4-percent slope) shall bc based 011 rhc maximum projected roof area in accordance with Table 1 106.3. Thc minimum slope of horizontal branches shall be one-cighth unit vcrtical in 12 units horizont;~l(I --percent slopc) unless otherwise approved. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 93. STORM DRAINAGE FlGURE 1106.1 100-YEAR, 1-HQUR RAINFALL (INCHES) EASTERN UNITED STATES For SI: I inch = 15.4 1nm. Source: Nalio~ialNk'ealher Service. National Oceanic ant1 ALmosphel.ic Atlministration, Washington D.C. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 94. STORM DRAINAGE FIGURE 1106.1-continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) CENTRAL UNITED STATES 11 0. ' SI: I inch =?.3 mtn. Snu~.cc:National Vc:~llicr Scrvicc. Natio~rill Oceanic and itmosplieric Administrarion, U51shingtonD.C 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 95. STORM DRAINAGE FlGURE 1106.1-continued 100-YEAR, I-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) WESTERN UNITED STATES POI. SI: 1 inch = 25.4 r11n1. S<~urcc: a l i o ~ ~ Wenlhcr Scrvice. Nn~ionalOcea~lic N nl anJ Al~r~osphcric Administration, N'ashington D.C. 2006 INTERNATIONAL. PLUMBING CODE'
  • 96. STORM DRAINAGE FIGURE 1106.1-continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) ALASKA Fov ST: 1 inch = 25.4 nlnl. Sourcc: N~tionalWenthcl- Sel.vizc, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Washin~tonD.C 2006 (NTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 97. STORM DRAINAGE FIGURE 1106.1-continued 100-YEAR, I-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) HAWAll FOISI: 1 inch = 25.,-l~lmr. Sot~rce: a ~ i o n ; ~ l N Wtnther Ser.!,ice, Nntiannl Occaliic and ~llnuh~1llcl-ic Administration. IVasl~ingto~~ D.C 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 98. STORM DRAINAGE ~ ~ ~ .. .-- ~~ . .--~ ~-~~ TABLE 1108.2 SlZE OF VERTICAL CONDUCTORS AND LEADERS . ~ I PROJECTED ROOF ARE .- -. ..~ ~~ I 3 - 4. -. . . 5 8 For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0029 m'. ;I. Sizes indic;rted:lre the diameterof circul;~l-pipins. This Iahlt. is applicabl~.topiping dothcr shapes provided the cross-sectional sh;~pc fully encloscs a circle tri'thc dia~nctcxn d i c a t d in this table. i I . . . I SlZE OF HORIZONTAL . . 1 .. - . I 1, . . , 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 . 15 I I I ) , -- - ~ j 1 I I . I . - - . (square- ..HORIZONTALLY. ---.. -. PROJECTED ROOF AREA - - - . - feet) - ~ - ~- .--- -.~-. . - - ~ ~ ~ 4 Rainfall rate(inches per hour) . . ' .-~. - .--- -- . - ~ ~~ - . . ~~- - . ~~ ~~ ~ 1 . . . ~ I -.~ ~ i ~ i - 1 ~ -. . 2 ~~ 3,288 7.520 / 13,360 1 21,400 1 46,000 1 82.800 133.200 118,000 ~~~. . ~ - I 1 ' 1 3 T~ '1, unit vertical in 12.units horizontal (I-percent slope) ---. -.-r - ~ - - - ~ ' I ~ i 1,644 3,760 i 6,680 10.700 i 23;000 41.400 66.600 1 109,000 ~. - . ~ . ~ - - ~ . . ~l ~ 1 i I i - - - I 1,096 2.506 4,453 7,133 15.331) 27,600 44.100 72,800 1 1 ---- ~ I 1 !- ! I )/ 1 1I 1 1 4.640 10,600 I8.880 30.200 1 65,200 1 16,800 188.000 j 336,000. . _ ! . ~ . . _ 1 . > 1 2,320 5.300 9.440 15,100 32,600 58,400 94,000 168,000 i 1?. ~ 1 1,504 2,672 I 4,280 9,200 16,580 26;650 1 47,600 , ~ ~ -1 ~ --_ , ._ -- / 1,160 I 2,650 4,720 1 1 7,550 1 1 6:300 29,200 47,000 1 84:000 i ~ - - . ~ _ . . . . . _ . 1 / i 1 1 1 / I . 1.253 2.227 3,566 7,600 13.800 22,200 30,650 : 1 i , 1 1 1 1,540 3.533 6.293 10,066 2 1,733 38.950 62,600 112,000 1 --- -- 1 1 ~~ -- - 5 I 822 1.800 3,340 5,350 i1.500 20,700 33.300 59,500 I ~-~~~ ' .-- '1, unit vertical in 12 units horizontal,. .. ... slope) ('-percent _-. - ~ ~ . -. - 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 IS . iI . i-. A .- -- - ~~ - . . -- I (inches) I TABLE 1106.3 SIZE OF HORIZONTAL STORM DRAINGE PIPING . . . .~ . 1 1 1 ( i1 . ~ 1 1 1 . , i ~ 1 ~ - 928 2,120 3,776 6.040 13,040 23.350 37,600 67 250 1 ~- L ~ ~- , ~~ ~ ~ ~ 773 1.766 3.146 5-03: 1 0.866 14450 3 1.350 56.000 .~ ~ Ii --. ~~~- I i 1 i i 1 i I .~ 'I2unit erticrtl in 12 units horizontal (4-pel-centslopej 3 4 5 6 X I 10 i I I . . For SI: 1 26.720 42.800 91.000 171.600 j 1 12 15 -- . - - ~ . .1 - 266.400 _ 476.000_ - . j i [ 7.520 13.360 11.400 46.000 85.800 133,200 238,000 . . 5010 8.900 1 , 30,650 55,200 1 1 . . . 88_800 158,800 . 1 1 1 . 10,700 23,000 41.400 66.600 1 19,000 . ! .. 1 5,320 8,580 18,400 33,110 53.200 95,300 . .. 1 1 1 I 2,500 4,450 7.140 15,320 27,000 44.400 79,250 .. - - 1 iI -- 1 8 I inch = 1-54 inn?, I square lmt = 0.0029 111'. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 99. STORM DRAINAGE SECTlON 1107 SECONDARY (EMERGENCY) ROOF DRAINS 1107.1 Secondary drainagc required. Secondary (emergency) roof drains or scuppers shall he PI-ovidedwhere thc roof perimeter construction extends ahove thc roof in such a manncr that water will be entrapped if the primary drains allow buildup for any reason. 11 06.4 Vertical walls. 111sizing roof drains and storm drainage piping, onc-half of the area of any vertical wall that diverts rainwater to the roof shall be added to the projected roof area for inclusion in calculating the required size of vertical conductors, leaders and horizontal storm drainage piping. 1106.5 Parapct wall scupper location. Parapet wall roof drainage scuppcr and overflow scuppcr location shall comply with the requil-ements of the Zizterriarionnl Rziildi7tg Code. 1107.2 Scparate systems required. Secondary roof drain sys- 1106.6 Size of roof gutters. The sizc of semicircular guttcr-s tems shall havc the end point of discharge scparatc from the pri- shall bc based on the niaximum projected roof area in accorclancc with Table 1106.6. mary system. Discharge shall be above grade, in a location that would norn~allybe observcd by the building occupants or maintenance personnel. TABLE 1106.6 SIZE OF SEMICIRCULAR ROOF GUTTERS I Ii 1 i I _. ~ - - . (inches) . . i 3 4 i i i I I . - I i i 3 4 5 6 7 i I I 1 . 8 , . ~ i I 1 I I 1 i I - ~ -.~r ~ - -~ 1 . -. 1 ,.. .. I 1 1 . .- - - ._ . .. 3 I- --- I I - 'I,~unit vertical . 12 units hori~ontnl(!-percent ~ - . . slope) - - . ~ ~ 7 - . . . . . _ . . . 480 1.020 1,760 2,720 3.900 5,600 i I i1 320 68 I 1,172 1,SlS 2,600 3.740 6,SOO 1 I 1 11 . i 1 ~ ,-- 6 7 8 ! I I 10 ! / 28.800 _ i i 5,000 7.680 ~1.040 15.920 I j I f - i 1 . I i 14 400 .-2. . - I 1 11 1 1 - 'I2"nit vertical in I2 .1 600_. ' I ;4 I i j . . ~ l l r i t hhorironrd i. . _ 7.700 2 : 1 I I I I i 2,770 3,900 5,600 10.000 1 _ ~ For S1: 1 1 1 j 1 ~ ~ 1 ~~~~ 5.750 .. . . i- _ i ~1 - I _ _ . i ~ -. .- - ! , .1 i . x.000 i 1 1 ; -1 i ~- . 320 680 1.180 1.850 2.600 3,730 6,660 ! .! I I i I I ~, ~ _ 1 -. ~ 226 480 834 1,180 1,840 2,655 4.800 I 2.220 3.120 4.480 i ~~ ~~ ; . ! I60 340 587 905 1.300 1,870 3,400 1 384 8 16 1,415 1 1 - ! . _ 1 / - 1! 2.400. . . 1 . j . I 272 5 7 " 1,000 1,536 2,205 3,180 I1 - . 113 240 416 640 91s 1.325 i - I--.- - ~ ~- 192 408 704 1.085 1,560 2,240 I (4-percent slope) _ . I 480 1,020 1,770 ~ . I 340 720 1,250 1,920 2,760 3,980 i . i ~- I 454 960 1.668 2,560 3.860 5,310 I 680 1,440 2,500 3,840 5,520 7.960 I . I 240 510 880 1.360 1,950 1,800 'I, unit vertical in 12 u~iits horizontal (?-percent slopcj . - . -. I 5 ~.- . -~ - - ~ - - I 1I - - I 10 1 - . ~~-- 4 - -.A,.- - I - I 960 2,040 3.520 5,440 7,800 11,200 . - 11 1 1 -1 . _ unit vertical in 12 units hur-izontal (0.5-percent slope) i 340 226 170 1 1 36 720 I 480 i 360 I 288 , 1,250 834 625 500 1 I 1,920 1,280 ( 960 768 2,760 ! 1.840 1 1,380 I 1 ,100 i i 1.590 3.980 1 2.655 j 1,090 880 7.200 _ II 4,800 ! 3.600. _ . ~-..__.:1 - 1 ~ - - - _- . Rainfall rate (inches per hour) I .1__ - 2 - . -. _ . - -- i 680 1,440 2,500 3,840 5,520 7,960 14,400 . _ _-- _- . I 6 7 8 10 . I .. i 5 I . - , I I ~~~.~ 1! HORIZONTALLY PROJECTED ROOF AREA (square feet) !.-1 DIAMETER OF GUTTERS I! j j 1 ~. ~ I 1 ~ 11 ; ~ 1 Ii 1 ~ n c h 25.4 mm, 1 silclnrc li~ol 0.0929n1'. = = 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 89
  • 100. STORM DRAINAGE 1107.3 Sizing of secondary drains. Secondal-y (emergency) roof drain systems shall bc sizcd in accordance with Scction 1 1 05 bascd on thc rainfall rate for which the p~-i~na~-y is system sized in Tables 1106.2. 1106.3 and 1106.6. Scuppers shall be si7ed toprevent the depth ofponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1 10 1.7. Scuppers shall not have an opening di~ncnsion less of than 4 inchcs (I02 nun). The flow through the primary system shall not be considered whcn sizing the secondary roof drain system. SECTION 1108 COMBlNED SANITARY AND STORM SYSTEM 1108.1 Size of combined drains and sewers. The size of a combination sanitary and storm drain or sewer shall be cornputcd in accordnncc with thc nlcthod in Section 1106.3. The fixture units shall be converted into an equivalent pro-jected mof or paved area. Wlicre thc total fixture load on the c o n bincd drain is less than or cqual to 256 fixture units. the equivalent drainagc arca in horizontal projectior~shall bc taken as 4,000 squarefcet (372 in2).Where the total fixture load excecds 256 fixture units, cach additional fixture unit shall be considered the cquivalent of 15.6 square feet (1.5 m2) of d r ~ ~ i n a g e arca. Thcsc values are based on arainfall rate of 1 inch (25 mm) per hour. SECTION 1109 VALUES FOR CONTINUOUS FLOW 1109.1 Equivalent roof area. Whcrc there is a continuous or scrnicontinuous discharge into the building s t o m drain or huilding st om^ sewer. such as from a pump. ejector, air conditioning plant or similar device, cach gallon per minute (Llm) of such discharge sl~allhc coinputed as hcing equivalent to 96 sqoarc fect ( 9 m?) of roof arca, based on a rainfall rate of 1 inch (25.4 n ~ m per hour. ) SECTION 1110 CONTROLLED FLOW ROOF DRAIN SYSTEMS 1110.1 General. The roof of a structure shall be designed for the storage of water where the storm drainagc system is engineered for controlicd flow. 777c controlled flow roof drain system shall be an engineered system in accordance with this section and the design, submittal, approval. inspection and testof ing rcquircn~cnts Scction 105.4. The controlled flow systcm shall be dcsigned bascd on the required rainfall rate in accordance with Scction I 106.1. 11 10.2 Control devices. The control dcviccs shall be installcd so that thc rate of discharge o r water per minute shall not cxcccd the values for continuous flow as indicated in Section 1109.1. 1110.3 111slallation. Runoff control shall be by control dcviccs. Control dcviccs shall bc protected by strainers. 1110.4 Minim~lrnnl~rnbcr roof drains. Not lcss than two of roof drains shall be installed in roof areas 10,000 squarc fect 90 (929 ni2) or lcss and not lcss than four roof' drains shall be installed in roofs over 10,000 square fcet (929 m2) in arca. SECTION 1111 SUBSOIL DRAINS 1111.1 Subsoil drains. Subsoil drains shall be opcn-jointed, horizontally split or perforated pipe conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.5. S~rch drains shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter. Where the building is subject to backwater, thc subsoil drain shall bc protected by an accessibly located backwater valve. Subsoil drains shall discharge to a trapped area drain, sump, dry wcll or approved location above ground. The subsoil sump shall not be required to have either a gas-tight cover or a vent. Thc sump and pumping with Scction 1 1 13.1. system shall con~ply SECTION 1112 BUILDING SUBDRAINS 1112.1 Building subdrains. Building suhdrains located below thc public scwer lcvcl shall discharge illto a sump or rccciving tank, the contcnts of which shall be automatically lifted and discharged into the drainagc system as requilcd Tor building sumps. The sump and pumping ecluiprnent shall comply with Section 11 13.1. SECTION 1113 SUMPS AND PUMPING SYSTEMS 1113.1 Punlping system. The sump pump, pi1 and discharge piping shall conforin to Scctions 11 13. I . 1 through 1 I 13. I .4. 1113.1.1 Pump capacity and head. The suinp pump shall be of a capacity and head appropriate to anticipated use recluirements. 8113.1.2 Sl~rnp Thc sump pit shall not be lcss than 18 pil. inchcs (457 mm) in diamcter and 24 inchcs (610 mni) dccp, unless otherwise approved. The pit shall bc acccssiblc and located such that all drainagc flows into thc pit hp gravity. The sump pit shall be const~uctedof tile, stccl. plastic, cast-iron, concretc or other approved material. with a removable cover adequate to support anticipated loads in the area of usc. Thc pit floor shall be solid and providc permanent support for the pump. 1113.1.3 Electrical. Elcctrical servicc outlctc, whcn required, shall meet the requirements of the ICC El~ctricnl Coder. 1113.1.4 Piping. Discharge piping shall ~ n c e t requirethc ments of Section 1 102.2. 1 102.3 or 1 102.3 and shail include a pate valve and a f111l flow chcck valve. Pipe and tlttir~gs shall be the same size as, or larger than, pump d~scharge tapping. Exception: In one- and two-family dwcllings, only a check valve shall bc rcquircd, located on the discha~gc piping from the pump or ejcctor. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 101. CHAPTER 12 SPECIAL PIPING AND STORAGE SYSTEMS SECTION 1201 GENERAL 1201.1 Scope. 'The provisiorrs of this chapter shall govern the design and irrstallation of piping and storage systems for nontlarnmnblc nietlical gas systems and uor~medicalosygen systerns. All maintcnalicc and operations of such systcrns shall be in accordance with the Internc~tional Fire Code. SECTION 1202 MEDICAL GASES [F] 1202.1 Nonflammable ~ilcdiealgases. Nonflam~nablc ii~edical systems, inhalation anesthetic systems and vacgas uun~ piping systcrns shall be designed and installed in accortlancc with NFPA 99C. Exceptions: 1. This section shall not apply to purlable systems orcyl- inder storage. 2. Vacuunl systcm cxllaust shall comply with thc h l r ~ r tiational Meclrnnicnl Code. SECTlON1203 OXYGEN SYSTEMS (F] 1203.1 Design and installation. Nonmedical oxygcn systcms shall bc designed and installed in accorda~ice with NFPA 50 and NFPA 5 1. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 102. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 103. CHAPTER 13 REFERENCED STANDARDS This chapter lists the standards that arc referenced in various sections of this document. The standards are listed hcrein by thc promulgating agcncy of the standard, the standard identification, the effective datc and title, and thc scctiou or sections of this document that rcfcrcncc the standai-d. Thc application of the referenced standards shall bc as specified in Scction 102.8. ANSI .. .. . . . ARI ..... ..... -- ..... -~ S tankard rat'e'erencc nunlbcr~~ I o 1 0--02 . . . . . . . . . American National Standards Institute 25 West 43rd Street. l'ou~lh Floor New Yorork, NY 10036 . . . . ... ... ~ . . ~ ......... ~ ~~ Rcfcr-cnced in code Title . . . . . . . . ~ $ L " E Il ~ u n ~ h c ~ ....... ......... ....... .. . . - .... .Minirnurn Rcquircments lor No~~sewerrd Waste-Disposal Systen~s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 1 1 . I Relicf Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems with Addenda 221 .22o-2000(R2003) and Z21.22li-2001(R20i~1) . . 504.3.504.5 . Plastic Bathtub Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,407. I Plastic Sl~ower Receptors a11dShower Stalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,417.1 Plastic 1,avatories.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .416.l. 416.2 Plastic Water Closet Bowls and Tanlts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,420. 1 PlasticSinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4l5.1,418.1 Plastic Uriltal Fixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,419.1 ... .. Air-Co~~ditioning Rcliigzration Ir~stitute B 4 100 N o r ~ h Failfix Drive. Suite 200 <rlingtou, VA 22203 .... .. . ...... ---- . . . - . ..... . ~ . . . - . .... Rekrenccd in cods section nunrbcr Title . . . ----.. . . .... .... .................... Sclf-coi~tained, Meehal~icallvRrrrigcrated Drinking-water Cnulcrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 10.1 -~ . . . . ----- . - . American Society 01Mechanical Erigir~eers Three Park Avenue Ncw York, NY 100 16-5990 ~~~ Stanclnrcl Reference Numher-~ .... ~- . . . . . . A1 12 I .2---l99liR2001) A l I?. 1.3--2000 A1 12.3.1--1')03 ~ ~ Rcfercnczd in ctdc Title... . seqic!n f i ~ n ~ h c r ...... ....... ....... .................... Air Gaps in Plumbing Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 60s. I Air Gap Fittings Tnr Use with Plumbing Fixtures, Appliances and /ppurtenances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .hOX. l 1 . l . Tilljlc 608.1 Perl'ormancc Stnndu~cl Installation P~.ocedures Stai~~less Drail~age anti [or Steel Systenl.; for Sfinitat-)! Storm ;~nd Chemical Applications, Above and Below Ground. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,412.1, Table 702.1, Tahls 701.2. Table 702.3, Tal~le 702.4. 708.2, Table 1102.4, 'T;lble 1102.5, 1102.6, ?able 1 102.7 M:~ceri~ting Toilet Systems and Related Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 12.4.1 Water Heater Reliel'Valve Drtun Tubes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S04.6.2 Plnsric Fittings for Connecting Water Closets to the Sanitary Drainage System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,405.4 Floor-Affixeti Supports for OR-the-tloor Plumbing Fixtures for Public Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,405.4.3 Franling-ARi.sed Supports for 05-the-tloor Water Cltrssts with Concealed Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,405.4.3 Floor and Trench Drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,4 12. I Enan~eleti Epoxy-coated Cast-iron and PVC Plastic Sanitary Floor Sinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,427.1 anti RackwaterValvcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715.2 Grcase Interceptors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,1003.3.4 Greasc Remoral Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l[l03..3.4 Plumbing Fixture Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,424.1.608.2 Plumbing Fixture W s t ? Fitrings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,C24.1,2 Perfornlancs Requircn~cntsSol-Backflou Protection D o i c e s and Systems in Plr~mblng Fixture Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,424.4 Flexible Water Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.6 Deck mounted BathIShower Transfer L l v e s ~ : i t h Integral Rackflow Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,424.0 EnameledCast Iron Plumbing Fixtiires with 1998 and 2000 supplements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -107.1,410.1,415.1. 416.1.41S.I 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE" -- 93
  • 104. REFERENCED STANDARDS ASME-continued Vitreous China Plunibi~~g Fixtt~rcs Hydraulic Requirements for Water Closets and Urinals . . . . 40 1.2. 405.9. 408 .I . 410.1. and 416.1,418.1,419.l.421).1 Stainless Steel Pluntbing Fixtures (Designed for Residelitial Use) with 2002 Supplcmcnt . . . . . . . . .405.9.415.1. 416.1. 418.1 Porcelain Eoan~eledFolmed Steel Plumbing Fixtures with 1908 and 2000 Supplen~ent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407.1. 41 6.1.418.1 Trim for Water-closet Bowls. Tanks and Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.4 Hydraulic Pe~forn~ancc Requiren~ents Water Closets and Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :119.1.420.1 for Whirll~oolBathtub Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42l .I Suction Fittings for. Use in Swirnminy Pools. Wading Pools. Spas . Hot Tubs and Whirlpool Bathtub Appliances . . . . . . .421.4 NOII-VitscousCeran~icPlumbing Fixtures with 2002 Supplement . . . . . . 4 07.1. 408.1.410.1.415.1.416.1, 417.1.418. I . 420.1 Val1 Mounted and Pedestal Mouuted. Adjustable and Pivoting Lavatory and Sink Car-rier Systen~s. . . . . . . . . . . .116.4. -118..3 Elect~.ohydraulicWater Closets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .420.I BathtubA?ihirlpool Bathtubs with Pressure Sealed Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407.4,4:! 1.5 RoofDraiins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1102.6 Cleanouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708.2 Pipc Threads, General Purpose (inch). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.l 0.3, 605.1 2.3, 605.14.4, 605.16.3.605. IS.l. 705, 705.2.3. 705.4.3 Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings Classes 150 and 300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, 'R~hlc702.4, Table 1 102.7 Gray Iro~i Threaded Fittir~gs Classes 125 and 250. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1102.7 Factory-made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1 102.7 Forged Fittings, Sockct-welding and Threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1 102.7 Cast-iron Threaded Drain:ige Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. Table 702.4. Tablc 1 102.7 Tnhle 605.5, Table 702.4, Table I 102.7 Cast Brorize Threaded Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1 102.7 Wrought Coppcl. and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Tablt: 1 102.7 Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings DWV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4. Tahlc 1102.7 Cast Copper Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper 'Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1 102.7 Wroufht Steel Buttwelding Short Radius Elbows and Returns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5, Table 702.4, Table 1 102.7 Wrought Copper and Wroiigh~ Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings @WV) . . . Tahlc 605.5, Table 702.4. Table 1102.7 :irnerican Society of Sanitary Enpineering 901 Canterbury Road. Suite / ASSE ... ... ... ... .. 94 .. - ....... ... .......... ............ . .- -~ . . . . . . . . . Referenced in code Title .......... ..... . . ......... . . . s~5ti011 !it!nihqr Perl.l,rmaucc Reclnireme~~ts At~nosphericType ';icuum Breal.crs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.?, Tablc 608 . I, 608.13.6 for Performa~~cc Requirements for ,Antisiphon Fill Valves (Ballcocks) for Gravity M1atcr Closet Flush Ttniks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.3. I , T;~hle .I (108 Pcrlix7nance Requirements for Water Pressure Rctlucing Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .604.8 Perhnnance Requirements for Racltflow Prevention Requirements for Co~lunerci;~l Dishwaslii~lg Mochincs . . . . . . . . . .409.1 Perforlnancc Rccluirements for Water Heater Drain Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5OL.3 Perform:ulcc R.eqi~ire~llents Reside~~tial Dishwashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .409.I for Use Perfor~niince Req~~irements Home Laundry Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .406.1, 406.2 for Perfornmancc Rcquircme~ltsfor Household Food Waste Disposer Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 13.1 Perfonniu~ceRcquircments for Commercial Food Waste Grinder Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .413.1 Pcrfol-mnnceRequirements for Water IInn~mcr Arresters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6(14.0 Pe~fol.~nuncc Rcquirements for Hose Connection Vacu~~m Brcaliers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608 .I, 608.13.6 Perfol.mance Requirements for Bacltflo' Prcventers with Intermediate Atmospheric Vent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1,60S. 13.3; 608.16.2 Performance Kequiren~enlsfor Reduced Pressurc Prir~ciple Bacltllo~ heventers and Reduced Prcssul.c Fire Protection Principle Backfow Prcvente~.~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1, 608.13.2, 60s . 16.2 .. Perfomlance Reqi~ire~nents Handheld Showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424.2 for Pe~fvrmancc Requirements for 1)ouble Check Bzickflow Prevention Assen~blies and Double Check Fire Protection Backflow Prevention Asscrnhlics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 608.1, (108.13.7 Pe~f<~mmancc Requirements for Individual Therniostatic, Pressure Balancing and Coinbination Contn~l Valves I'or Intlividual Fixture Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424.3 Pcrunnnancc Recluiretnents for Temperature Actuated Mixing Valves for Hot Watcr Distribution Syatcrns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424.3,424.5,61 3. I Pe~fo~mance Requirements for Trap Scal Primer Valves; Potable Water Supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002.4 Porfornlaoce Requirements for Vacuum Breaker Wall Hydrants, Freeze Resistant, intomatic Dlair~ing Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T.lblc 608 . I , 608.13.6 . - .... ... . . . 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 105. REFERENCED STANDARDS ASSE-continued Perforn~ance Requircrncnts for Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly Pe~i'ornmaneRequiremenls for Backflow Preventer Tor Carhonated Beverage Machines . . . . . Table 608.1. 608.16. I.h08.16.10 Performance Requirements for Dual Check Valve Type Rackflow Preventers (Tor Residential Supply Service 01 . lndividual Outlets) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.3. 1. Table 608.1 Performance Requirements for I<rthoratory Faucet Backflow Prevcnters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1. 608.13.6 Pel-Tornlance Requirements for Pressurized Flushing Devices Tor Plumbing Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.2 Pcrforn~ance Requirements for Trap Seal Prin~er Devices Drainage Types and Electronic Design Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002.4 Pelformance Requit-enlcnts for Rcduced Pressure Deteclor Fire Pn~tection Backflow Prevenlion issetnblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 608.1.608. 13.2 Perl'ornlauce Requirements Tor Double Check Detector Fire Protection Backfluw Prevention Assetnblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7jble 608 . I . 608.13.7 PcrTormancc Kequircn~entsfor Stacli i ~ Ad~niLt:~nce r Valves for Sanitary Dl-ainage Systcn~s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 17.1 . Perforrnancc Requirements for Individual and Branch Type Air Admittance Valves for Sanitary Drainage SystemsFixlureandBranchDevices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .917.1 .. Performance Keqi~irernents Hose Connection Backili7w Preventers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 008.1. 608.1 3.6 for Performance Reqoireinents Tor Chemical Dispensing Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .608.l 3.9 Pcrfonuancc Rcq~~isements Spill Resistant Vacuurn Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 608 . I . 608.13.5. 608.13.8 for Pcrfornrancc Requirements for Outdoor Enclosures for Backflow Prevention Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..608.14.1 Perl'ormailce RequiremenLs for Temperature Actuated. Plow Reduction Valves to Individual Fixture Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..424.5 Performance Reyuircments ti)r Individual Pressure Baliuncing In-line Valves for Individual Fixture Fittings . . . . . . . . . .604.1 1 Performance Rzquirements for Auton~alie Temperature Control Mixing Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424.4 Performance Requil-cments for Water-temperature Limiting Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .408.3.416. 5. 607.1.424.5 PerConnnnce Requirements for Testing Reduccd Pressure Principle Backflow Prevc~~tion Assembly (RPA) and 3 Reduced Pressure Fire Protection Principle Rackflov Preventers (RFP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.9.2 Petiortuunce Keyuirements for Testing Double Check Valve Backf ow Prevenlion Assentbly (DCVi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 12.9.2 Perfomlance Requirements tor Testing Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly (PVRA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312.9.2 Perl'onnance Requirements for Testing Reduced Pressure Deteclor Fire Protection Backflow Prevention Assemblies IRPDA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performance Requiren~ents Testins Douhle Check Valve Detector !ssembly (DCDA) . for Pcrfc)nuancc Keyuirements for Testing Hose Connection Backilow Prevcnters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 12.9.2 Peli'orn~a~~ce Recruirernents for Tcstins Suill Resistant Vacuum Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 12.9.2 ASTM Standard Rel'erencc NurnhelA 5.3lA 53M-02 tSTM Inlernational LOO Rarr Harbor Drive in code s e c t i o ~ ~U I ~ ~.C I II Title Specilication Tor Pipe. Steel. Black and Hot.dipped. Zinc-coated Welded and Scamless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Table 605.4, Tr~hlc .I 702 Spcciticiltion Tor Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 702.1. Table 702.2. Table 702.3. Table 702.4, 708.2, Table 1102.4, T;~bleI 102.5, Tublc 1 102.7 Specification h r Seamless and Welded Auslenitic Stainless Steel Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.4. Table (705.5. . Triblc 605.6, 605.23.2 Specif cittio~~ Welded and Seamless Gal-bon Slccl and Austc~lilic fur Stainless Stccl Pip? Nipples . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.8 Specification for Welded Unannealed Austenitic Stainlcss Steel Tubular P~.oducts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.4. Table 605.5, Tahlc 605.6 Specification for Hubless Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary and Sturm Drain. Waste. and Vent Piping Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.1. Table 702.2. Table 702.3. Table 702.4, Table 1 102.4. Tablc 1 102.5, Tithle 1 102.7 Spcciticatio~iFor Solder Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.11.3. 605.1 5.4. 705.9.3. 705.10.3 Spcciticalion for Seamless Copper Pipe. Standard Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 605.3. Tablc 605.4. Table 702.1 Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe. Standard Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 605.3. Table 605.4. Table 702.1 Specilication for Seamless Copper Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tahle 605.3. Table 605.4. Tahlc 702.1. T:lhlc 702.2. Tahle 702.3, Table I 102.4 Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 605.3. Table 605.4. Tahlc 702.1. Table 702.2, 'Table 702.3, Table 1102.4 Specitic;~tion Copper Shect. Strip Plate and Rollcd Bnr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .402.3. 425.1.3. 417.5.1.4. 002.2 Tor Specilicatiori for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Coppe~alloy Tube . . . . . .Table 605.3.Tahle 605.4. Tablc 702.1. Table 702.2. Table 702.3. Tahle 1 102.4 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 95
  • 106. REFERENCED STANDARDS ASTM-continued Specification ihr Threadless Coppcr Pipe. Standard Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Table (105.4.Table 702.1 Specification for Copper Drainagc Tube (DWV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702 .I. Table 702.2. Tilhle 1 102.4 Specitication for Welded Copper Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ti~blc 605.3. T;thle 605.4 Specification for B~.nss. Copper and Chromium-plated Pipe Nipples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 605.S Specification for Liquid and Paste Fluxes for Soldering of Copper arid Copper Alloy Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.14.3. 605.15.4. 705.9.3. 705.10.3 Practice for Making Capillaiqf Joints by Soldering of Copper and Copper A l l y Tube and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.14.3. 605.15.4, 705.9.3, 705.10.3 Specification for Clay Drain Tile and Perforated Clay Drain Tile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 702.3, Tahlc 1 102.4. Ihhle 1102.5 Spccitication for Concrete Sewer. Storm Drain and Culvc~t Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3. Tahlc: I 102.4 Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert. Storm Drain and Szwcr Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 7112.3. Trtblc 1 102.4 Specification for Asbestos-cement Pressure Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T.rble 605.4 Joints for' Vjtrified Clay Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..705.15. 705.16 Specification for Comp~ession Specilication for Asbestos-cement Nonpressure Sewer Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.2. Tahle 702.3, Table 11112.4 Specification for Joints for Concrete Pipe and Manholes. IJsing Rubber Gaskts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.6.7(15.16 Spccitication for Asbestos-cement Ilnderdrain Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuhlc 1 102.5 Specilication for Rubber Gaskets for Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.5.2. 705.5.3. 705.10 Specification for Vitrified Clay Pipe. Extra Strength. Standard Strength. and Perforated . . . . . . . . . . %ihlc 702.3. Tallle 1102.4. Table 1102.5 Specilication for Borosilicatc Glass Pipe and Fittings for Drain. Waste. and Vent (DWV) Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702 . I . Table 702.4 Specification for Flexible TI-ansitionCouplings for Undel.ground Piping System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.7.1. 705.14.1. 705.1 6 Specification for Shielded Coupling Joining Huhlcss Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.5.3 Specitication li>rTherlr~oplastic Elastonlel.ic (TPE) Gasliet Materials for Drain. Waste. i~ild Vent (DWV). Sewer. Sanitary and Storm Plun~hing Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7(15.16 Specification for Shielded Transition Couplings for Use with DissimilarDWV Pipc andFittingsAboveGround . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705.16 Specification for Mechanical Couplings Using TherinoplasticElastomeric (TPE) Gasltcts tor Joining Dr.nin. Waste and Vent (DWV) Sewer. Sanitary and Storm Plumhing Systems for Ahove and Below Ground Iise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70S. I6 Specific;rtion lor Heavy Duty Shielded Couplings JoiningHuhless Cast-iron Soil Pipc and fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.5.3 Standard Test Mcthod for Gaskets for Use in Connection with Hub and Spigot Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanit2u.y D~.ain,Waste. Vent and Stonn Piping Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.5.2 Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadicne-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Pipe; Schedules 40 and 80. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 605.3 Specification for Poly (Vn~yl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe. Schedules 40. 80 and 120 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Pablc605.3 Spec~tication Rubber Rings for Asbestos-cement Pipc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.1 1 . 605.22. 705.3. 705.16 for Spc~ification Solvcilt Cement for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ARS) Plastic Pipe and Sor Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.10.2, 705.2.2. 705.7.2 Specification for Polyethylene iPE) Plastic Pipe (SIDR-PR) Based on Con~rolletl Inside Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trrhle h05.3 Specitication for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-rated Pipe (SDR-Series) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3 Speciticatio~~~ c Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Pipc (SDR-PR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3 li ' Spccilication for Threaded Poly (Vinyl Chloridej (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings. Schedule 80 . . . . . . . . T:il)le 605.5, Tablc 1 102.7 Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings Schedulc 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. Trthle 1 102.7 Specification Snr Poly (V~nyl Speciticution for Poly (V~nyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 005.5. Tahlc 1 102.7 Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Pipe Fittings Schedule 40 . . . . . . .Table 605.5. T;ihle 1 102.7 Specitication for Solvent Cements for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systcms . . . . . . 605.21.2.705.X.2. 70514.2 Specificalion for Plnstic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 605.5. Tablc 1 102.7 Sl;lndard Practice for Heat Fusiori-joining of Polyoletin Pipe ;ind Fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.10.2. 605.20.2. 705.16.1 Specification for Acrylonitrilc-Butndiene-S(yrene (ABS) Schedule 40 Pl;lstic Drain. Waste. and Vent Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.1. Table 702.2. Table 703.3. Table 702.1. 705.2.2. 705.7.2,Tablc 1102.4, Table 1102.7 Specification for Polyhutylene iPB) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PR) Bnsed on Conlrollcd Insitle Dizu~ieter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3 Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic h a i n Waste. and Vent Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?ible 702.1. Table 701.2, Tahle 702.3, Tnhlc 702.4, 'L~hlc1102.4, Tahlc 1 102.7 Spec~fication Polyhutylene (PR) Plastic Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 605.3 for Speciticatinn for Join~s IPS PVC Pipe Using Solwnt Cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 005.3 for Specification ior Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc I 102.5 Spccitication lor Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Tuhing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table (105.3 Specification for Acrylonit~ile-Rut;~dic~~c-Styrei~e Sewer Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 702.3. Table 1 102.7 (ABS) Spccification fol. Chlorinated Poly ( K i ~ yChloride) (CPVC) Plastic Hot and Cold Waler l Distribution Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ti~hlc 605.1. T:ll)lc 605.4. 605.16.2 . . . 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 107. REFERENCED STANDARDS Standard Practice for Making Solvent-ce~nentcd Joints with Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVCi Pipe :~nd ITittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.21.2. 705.8 2. 705.14.2 Chloride) (PVC) Specitication for 3.25-in Outside Diamcter Poly (V~nyl Plastic Drain Waste. and Vent Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 703.1. T;lhlc 701.2. Table 702.3 Specification for Type PSM Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipe and 17ittings.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3. 1 Tahle 702.4, T;~blc 102.7 Specification for Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Usins Flcxible Elasto~neric Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.10.1. 605.21 . 1 Specification for Joints for Dlain and Sewer Plastic Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Szala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705.2.1. 705.7.1,70i.S.l. 705.14.1 Specification for Pnlybutylene (PB) Plastic Hot and Cold Water Distrihution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Table 605.4. 605.19.2, 605.19.3 Specification for Drain, Wasti: and Vtnt (DWV) Plastic Fittings Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tr~lllc 70'2.4. T;lhle 1102.7 Specification for Chlorinated Polyrthlcne (CPE) Sheeting for Concealed WaterContijin~nentMe~nhrane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 17.5.2.2 Specitication for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) [PVC) Plastic Flexible Concealed WaterContainment Mcnibrane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .417.5.1. I Specification fix Corrugated Polyethylene (PE) 1-ubillg and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 1 102.5 Specification for Thermoplastic Accessible and Replaceable Plastic Tube and Tubular 1;ittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .414.1.2. Table 1102.7 Specification for Threaded Chlorinated Poly (V1ny1Chlo~ide) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings. Schedule 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T:lhIe 005.5. Table I 102.7 Specification for Soc1;et-type Chlorinated Poly (V111yl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipc Fittings. Schedule 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. Tahlc I 102.7 Specitication for Socket-type Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe I'ittings. Schedule 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. Tahlc 1102.7 Specification for Chlorinated Poly [Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe. Schedules 40 and 80 . . . . . Tablc 605.3. Table 605.4 T;~ble605.5 Sp-cification for Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe iSDK-PR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 605.3. Tilhlc 605.4, Trlblc 605.5 Specilication for Elastomcric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.?2. 705 . I6 Specilication for Solvent Cements f i ~ Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe arid Fittings . . . . . . . . . 605.16.2 r Specification for Acrylonitrile-B~~tadie~~e-Styrene Schedule 40 Plastic Drain, (ABS) IVz~ste. Vent Pipe with :I Cellular Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.1. Tahle 702.2. Tablc 702.3. T;lhle 702.4. and 705.2.2. 705.7.2. Table 1102.1, Tahle 1 102.7 Specification for Pri~ncrs Use in Solvent Cuincnt Joints olPoly (Vinyl Chloride) for [PVC) Plastic Pipe :md Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.21.2. 705.8.:. 705.14.2 Spcci1ic:ltion For Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PH) Bascd on Outside Diamcter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3 Spccificntion for Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tilbi~~g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 'T;~hle605.3 .. Specification for Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Plastic Hot and Cold JVatcr Distribution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Tahle 605.4. Tahle 005.5. T ~ ~ h605.17.2 le Specification for Coe.%lmded Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe with a Cellular Corc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 701.1. Table 702.2, Table 702.3, Table 701.4, Tahle I 102.4. Tahle 1102.5. Table 1 1 02.7 Polyetl~ylrnl: Specification To1. Cross-linked Polyethylene/Alun~i~~u~~~/Cross-I.,inlccd (PEX-ill.- PEX) Pressure Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc h05.3. Txble 605.4 Spcciiicatio~~ Pnlyethylene/Aluini1111n1/Polyethylene for (PE-AL-PE) Compc~sitePI-cuurePipc . . . . . . Tahlc 605 . Tahlc 605.4 ; Specification for Polyoleiin Pipe and Fitti~lgs Corrosive Waste Drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 702.2. T ~ l ~ l r : for 702.4. 705.17.1 Specification foi-Coextruded Composite Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.1. Tahlr. 702.2. Table 702.3 Specilication for Metal Insert Fittings Utilizing a Copper Crinip Ring for SDR9 Cross-linkcd Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. 605.17.2 Specification lkr Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plnhtic Schedule 40 Drainage and DWV Fabricated Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 70'2.4 Specitication fix Cold Expausion Fittings with PEX Ktinl'orcing Rings fol- LISP with Cross-linked Polyethylene IPEX) Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5 Specification for Metal Insen Fittings for Polyethylene/~llu111in~1n1Rolyetl1yle1irt Cross-linkcd and Polyerhylene/Alumi11~m/C1'oss-linked Polyethylene Composite Pressure Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 'Tahlc 605.5 Specification for Multilayer Pipe . Tlpe 1.Con~pression Fitting5 :ind Compression .Joint?:for Hot nntl Cold Drinking Water Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Tablc 605.4. Table 605.5 Specificatioris for Cold-expansion Fittings with Metal C'c~nlprsssion-sleeres fur Cross-linked Polycthylct~e(PEX) Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 60.5.5 Specification for Plastic It~scrt Fittings Utiliz.ing a Copper Cri~np Ring for SDR9 Cmss-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tuhing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T:~hlc(105.5 Specification for Puessure-rated Polypropylene (PP) Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . Tahle 605.3. Tahle 605.4. Tahlc 605.5.605.21 . - 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 97
  • 108. REFERENCED STANDARDS A~nerican Welding Society 550 N.W. I.eJeune Road Miami, FI, 33...... 126 ....... AWS - . .. . .... .. - .. . .. . -- . . Standard Rcfcrence Nu!nber ................ A5.844 Rcftrenccd ill ui~dc .-Tit!c . ....... .. .. . . . . .... ... .. ...... section n u t ~ f i c ~ Spccificalious Ibr Filler Metals ihr Rmzine and Braze .Veldins!. . . . . .605.12.1.605.14.1. 605.15.1. 705.4.1. 705.9.1. 705.10.1 AWWA American Wntcr Works Association o m 6 west Qaincy Awnue Dcilver, . . .SO235 ... CO . ... ... .. . ------ ................... ?it!% C1 I I 0 0 C115~-99 C151/A21.51--02 CISPI ....... ...................... -- -__. . . . . ~ . . . ......... - - Rckrci~ce(l in codt .?~~tjl)ll ~!klllll!el. Cast Iron Soil Pipe Institute 5959 Shallowford Road, Suite 419 Chattanooga, TN 37421 - CSA - _ . . . . . . -- ReSercnccd in code secilon 1!!i1l,er Title ~.~ . . . . .... . .. . . Specification for Huhless Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sa~iitary and Slol-m Dmin, Waste and Vent Piping Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702. I, Table 702.2, Table 702.3, Tuhlc 702.4, Tahlc 1102.4, T;~hle 1102.5, 'Table 1102.7 Specification Cur Coupling for IJse in Connection with Hubless Cast-iron Soil Pipe and Fittings . for Sanitay and Storm Drain, 'Wasle and Vent Piping Applica~ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705.5.3 ~ ... Standard Rel'erc.ncc N!ll1lbcr .... .... .... Standard for Cement-mortar Lining Sor Ductile-Iron Pipe and Fittings for Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,605.3,605.5 Standard for Ductile-iron 2nd Gray-iron Fittings, 3 111ches through 48 Inches, for Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.5. Table 702.4, Tithlc 1 102.7 Standard for Rubber-gasket Joints for Ductile-iron Pressurc Pipe and Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,605.13 Standard for Flanged Ijuctile-iron Pipe with Ductile-iron or Gray-iron 'Threaded Flanges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3 Standn~d i ~ Ductile-iron Pipe, Cenh-ifugally Cast fot-Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T ~ h l c l r 605.3 Compact Fittings Ihr Walcr Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard for Duc~ile-iron Double Check Valve Backf ow Prevention Assen~bly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reduced-pressure Principle Backflow Preventioi~Asse~nbly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I>isinkctii~g Water Mains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disinfection of Water-storage Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 1 10--98 Standard Keferencc h'ui!~bcr~301-042 .. .. . . . . . R35.14)' 1345.2--i)2 B45.3-02 R4i.4--42 1345.5-42 R45.9-90 B45,1(k--OI R64.1.2--01 1464.2. I-01 R64.2. I. I--0 I B64.3.l--01 B64.4.1-01 B64.5-0 1 1364.5.1--01 B64.6-01 .. . . ....... - - Canadian Statldi~rds Associatioi~ 178 Kexdale Blvtl. Rexdalr. (Tc~ronto),..... Ontz~rio, . . .M9W 1R3 can ad;^ . . . ..... ..... - - ..................................................... .. . - - ~ ~ Rcl'ercnccd i l l code Titlc ........ .. .. .......... .... ... .... .... . . . . . . . . . .~cctioii . . . . . . .nu~nhcr Cevaniic Plumbing Fixtulrs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .408.1, 416.1.418.1,419.l, 420. I Enameled Cast-iron Plun~bing Fixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,407.1.4 15.1,416.1.4 18. I Porcelain Ei~zuneled Steel Plumhing Fixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.07.1. 41 6.1, 41 S. I Siainless-steel P l u m b i ~ ~ g Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .415.1, 416.1, 41 8. I, 420. I Plastic Plunlhing Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407.1,416.2, 417.1,410.1, 420.1. 421. I Maccmiing Systems and Related Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 12.4.1 Hydromstssage Bathtubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -421. I Vacuum Brealters, Pressure Type (PVB). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608. I , 608.13.5 Vacuum Brc;lliel-, Hose Co~incctio~i (HCVB) with Manual Draining Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 608.1.608.13.6 Type Vacuum Breakers. Hose Connection Dual Check Type (HCDVB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1, 608.1 3.6 R:~cktlowPreventers. Dual Chcck X'alve Type with Airnospheric P u ~for Carhonators (DCAPC). . . . . . . Tahlc 6OX.1.608.10.1 t Backflu+,Prcventcrs, Reduced Pressure Principle Type fvr Fire Sprinklers (RPF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T;thlc 608.1. 608.13.2 Racltflc~wPreventers, Double Check Type (DCVA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .FKahlc608. I, 6OS.13.7 Bncktlov., Preventrrs, Double Checlc Type for Fire Systems (DCVAF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 6OS.1 (108. 13.7 Hi~ckllow Preveiiiers, 11~~11 Check Valve Type (DuC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.3.l, lhhlc 608.1 . 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 109. REFERENCEDSTANDARDS Vacuum Breakers. Laborato r .Faucet 'Type (I.FVB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1. 008.13.6 ) Manual for the Selection and 1nstullatii)nof Bacliflow Prevenlioil DevicesIManual Ibr the hlt~intenancc and Field Testing of Bacltflov Prevention Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floo~.. iArct~ Shower Drains. and Clca~iouts Residentid Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 12.1 anti for Plu~nbing Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..424.1.424.3.124.4.41_5.?.1.425.5. h07.4.Table 608.1 Polyethylene Pipe . Tubing alid Fittings for Cold Water Pressure Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 605.3 PVC Injection-moulded Caslteted Fittings for Pressure Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tahlc 605.5. Tt~hle1 102.7 Rigid Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe for Pressure Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3.605.2 1.2.705.8.2. 705.14.2 Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing Systenls for Pressure Applications-with Revisions through 605.4 September 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 'li~hle605.3. T;~l>le CPVC Pipe. 'Tuhing and Fittings for IHot and Cold Water Distribution Systerns-with Revisions thro~~gh May 1986 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 005.3, Table 605.4 Polypropylcile (PP-R) Pipe and Fittings Tor Pressure Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Table 605.3. Tahlc 605.4. Table 605.5 ABS ll~.ain, Waste and Vent Pipe and Pipe Fittings . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 702.1. Tahle 702.2. Table 702.4, 705.2.2, 705.7.2, 715.2 PVC Drain. Waste. and Vent Pipe and Pipe Fittings.- with Revisions through December 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Tahle702.1, Table 702.2. 705.8.2.705.14.2. 715.2 Plastic Drain and Sewer Pipe and Pipe Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.8.2.705.14.2. 'Table 1102.4 PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings (PSM Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tahlc 702.3, T;lhlc I 102.4. Ta1)lc 1 102.5 Protile PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3, Tahle 1 102.4. Table 1 102.5 Prolile Polyethylene Sewer Pipe and Fittings for Leal;-proof Sewer Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 1 102.5 Profile Pol) cthylene Storn~ Sewer and Drainagz Pipe and Fittinps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trthlc 1102.5 Polyhutylenc IPB) Piping for Pressure Applications-with Revisions through July 1992. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tuhlc 605.3. Table 605.4. 605.19.2. 605.19.3 Circular Concrete Culvert Slorn~ Drain. Scwcr Pipe and Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tal)lc 702.3. Table 1 102.4 Reinl'orced Circular Concrete Cul.ert . Storm Drain. Sewer Pipe uocl Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3. Table 1102.4 Jvints for Cil.cular ('oncrett. S ~ W.C I CIIICI-~ Manhole Sections and Fittings Using and Pipe. RubhcrGaskets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vacuuiu Breakers. r2tmospheric Type IAVR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.2. 'Table 608 .l 608.13.6 Vacuunl Breakers. Hose Connection Type (HCVU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608 . I . 608.13.6 . 608.1. 608.13.6 Vacuuni Breakers. Hos? Con~~ection (HCVB) with Automatic Dr;~ining Type Fei~ture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ti1h1~ Backtlow Prcventers Dual Checlc Val.e Type with Atmospheric Pori (UCRP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1. 608.13.3. 608.16.2 Backflow Prevcntcrs. Rcd~~ced Pressul-cPrinciple Type (RP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tahle 008.1, 608 . 13.2. 008 . 16.2 Manual for the Selection. Inalallotion Maintenance and Field Testing of Backtlob Prevention Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 12.9.2 Polyetl~ylenel~2lu1i1i1ii11i1IP1~1ycthy1~11e Pressure Pipe Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tahle 605.3 Co~npositc Cross-linked PolyethylenclAlumi~i~~~niPoIyethylene Composite Pressure Pipe Syste~iis . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.3. Tabic 605.4 . Polpoletin I. aborato~y J>rainagcSyste~na. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Txble 702.1. Ttlhle 702.2 . Profile PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittinps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3. Tahle I 101.4. IjhIc 1 102.5 Mechanical Coupli~lgs Drain. Waste and Vcnt Pipe and Sewer Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.2.1. 705.5..3. 705.0. for 705.7.1,705.14.1, 705.15, 705.16 . . . CANICSA-B64.44 I CANICXA-1364.10-01 C:ANICSA-B 137.9-02 CANICSA-B137.10M--42 CANICSA-R I8 1.3--02 CANICSA-B182.1---02 C'ANICSA-R602----02 ICC Standard Reference Nunibel. I RC-. O h ICC EC- 06 IERC O h ICCr... 06 l o (7 IrGC O h ThlC. l)h IPSl>C.. Oh IRC -06 . Inte~mational Codc Council 520.3 1.cesbt1lg Pike. Suitc 600 Falls Church. V 2204 1 A Rel'crcncetl in code T i t l e . . . . . . - ....... ... .. .. .. .. . . - ...................... sxtivli.ilun!bc! International Building Code" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201.3, 305.4.307.1. 307.2, 307.3,308.2, 309.1.310.1, 310.3,403.1, Tahle 403.1,404.1.407.3, 417.6, 502.6, 606.5.2, 1106.5 . -. . . . . ICC Liectrical Code' -Administrat~ve Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201.3,502.1, 504.3, 1 113.1.3 International Existing Building Cotlc' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.2 Inte~.naition~~l Encyy Coi~scrvation Code' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .313.1.607.2. 607.2.1 Lntcrr~ational Fire Code' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 .3. I201 . I 1ntern:ltiiinal Fuel Gas Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 I .2. 20 1.3. 502.I Intelnutional Mechanical Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 .3. 307.5. 3 10.1. 422.9. 502.I. 6 I2 . 1 . 1202.1 Intclnation31 Privatc Sewage Disposal Code" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701 .2 li~ternationnlRcsidrntial Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.2 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 99
  • 110. REFERENCED STANDARDS .. Industrv Safetv Eauimnent Association , 1001 N. hloo1.e Street, Suite 808 Arlington, VA 22209 ISEA . . . . . Sta~rdard Rcfercnce N ~ . u-. n h c t ~ ~- ....... .... ... .......................... Title ~ .. .. ...... ..... .......... ......... Refcrencctl in code section 11t!ni1>cr .............. ............. --- Emc~pency Eyewash and Sl1owt.r Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..41 1.1 Z35X. I--03 Narional Fire Protection Association Batterymarcli Park Quincy, MA 02269 NFPA Sla~idiird Reference Nulither 50-01 ..... . ....- Rclcr-enced in code . . . 'ritle . . .. .. = .... .... ............... section 11~mbt.1. Bulk Oxygen Systeliis at Consumer Sites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I203.l ....... ...... - ~ - ~ . ~ ~ 5 1 --02 Design and Installation of Oxygen-fuel Gas Systen~s Welding. Cutting and Allied Pn~ccsses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1203.1 for 70---05 National Electrical Codc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,507-.1,501.3. I I 13. I .3 09(:--02 Gas and Vacuum Systerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,1202,I NSF NSF International 789 Dixhoro Road Ann Arhol; MI 48105 - - - ..... .. .. . Standard Reference Nun!bcr Title ......... ......... 3--2003 ......... . . . . . Commercial Warewashing Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Referenced ... .. .. Plastic Piping Systen~ Components and Related Materials. . . . 18---7-003 Manual Fuod and Beverapr Dispeusing equip men^. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120. I 42----2002~ Drinking Water Treatment Units--Aesthetic Effccts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(>I1. I, 61 1.3 Kcside~~ti;il Cation Exchange Water Softeners. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44-2004 .(il 1 . I , 61 1.3 Ilrinl~ing Wate~.TreatmentU~~its-Health Effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reversc Osmosis Drinking Water Treatment Syste~iis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drinking Water System Co~nponents-Health Effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,424.1.605.3, 605.4,605.5, hl I .3 Drir~kine Water Ilistillation Svstems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(>II. 1 (11 --2003e 62-2004 - Pluinhine and Dra~nacc Institute SO0 Tiinlmpike Strest. Suite ,300 PDI Standmi Kcfe~-elice N~!!c!?cr.. . G I0 l(2003) . . . .-- - ..... -- Rcfercnccd in codc It'. . . . . . . . . . _ .. .. ......... . . . . section numhe!Testins and Rating Procedure fur Crease Intervcptol-s with Appendix of Sizing and Installation Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003.;.1 . . - - ...... -- - . - Undelwritcrs I.abonltories, Inc. ..... .... .... Standard reference ~LLIZI?~~ 1:I~508-9L) ~ 100 .~ . ~ - . ......... . . . . Rcfe~-t.uccd in c ( ~ d e Xtle .. . .... .,......... section nu~nhcr Induqtrial Contml Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314.2.3 . . . . . . 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 111. APPENDIX A PLUMBING PERMIT FEE SCHEDULE Permit Issuance 1. Forissuingcachpcrmil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 2. For issuing cach supplemental permit. Unit Fee Schedule 1. For each plumbing fixture or trap or set of fixt~lrcs one trap (including water, drainage on piping and backflow protection thereof). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. For each building sewcr and each trailer park sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Rainwater systems-per drain (inside building). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. For each cesspool (where permitted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - 5. For each private sewage disposal system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. For each water heater a n d o r vent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. For each inclustrial waste pretrcatrnent interceptor including its trap and vent, excepting Ititchcn-type grease interceptors functioning as fixture traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. For installation, alteration orrepair of water-piping and/or water-treating equipment, each . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. For repair or alteration of drainage or vent piping. each fixture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. For each lawn sprinkler system on any one meter including backflow protection devices therefor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. For atmospheric-type vacuum brealtcrs not includcd in Item 2: I?. For cach bacliflow protective dcvice other than atmospheric-type vacuum breakers: 7 i tichcs (5I mm) and sn~aller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other inspections and Fees 1. Inspcctions outside of normal business l ~ o ~ i.r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s (minimum charge two hours) per hour 2. Reinspection fee assessedunder provisions of Section 107.3.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. lnspcctions forwhich no fee is specifically indicated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (minirnilm charge one-half hour) - each pcr hour 4. Additional plan review rcquircd by changes, additions or revisions to approvcd plans (minimum charge one-half hour) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - per hour 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 101
  • 112. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 113. APPENDIX B RAPES OF RAINFALL FOR VARIOUS CITIES Rainfall ralcs. in inch1.s pel-hour. arc based on a storm of one-hour duration and a 100-year return period . The rainfall rules shown in Lhc appendix are derived from Figure 1 106.1. District of Columbia: Topeka . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Riloxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 Alabama: Washington . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Birmingham . . . . . . . . . 3.8 Columbus . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 Wichita . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Iluntsvillc . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Coriuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Mobilc . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Florida: Kentucky: Natchcz . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Montgomery . . . . . . . . 4.2 Jacksonville . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Ashland . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Vicksburg . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Key West . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Lexington . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Miami . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 Louisville . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Missouri: Alaska: Pensacola . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Middlcsboro . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Columbia . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Fairbanks . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Tampa . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.5 Paducah . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Kansas City . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Juneau . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.6 Springfield . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Georgia: Louisiana: St.Louis . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Arizona: Atlanta . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Alexandria . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Flagslaff . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Dalton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Nogales . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Lake Providence . . . . . .4.0 M ~ ~ ~ Macon . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 New Orleans . . . . . . . . . 4.8 ~ k ~ . .]. . . . . . . . . . 2.5 ~ k ~ Phoenix . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Savann'ah . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Yu~na. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Shreveport . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 H~,, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Thon~asville . . . . . . . . 4.3 . Helena . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Arliansas: Maine: Kalispcll . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Bangor . . . . . . . * . . . . .2.2 Fort Smith . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Hawaii: Missoula . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Hi10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 Houlton . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 Little Rock . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Honolulu Portland . . . . Tcxarkana . Nebraska: Wailuku . North Plattc Maryland: California: Omaha . . . . Idaho: Baltimore . . . Barstow . . . . Scottsbh~ff. Boise . . . Hagerstown . Crescent City Valentine . . Lewiston . Oakland . . . . Fresno . . . . . Pocatcllo Salisbury . . . Los Ar~geles . Nevada: Nccdlcs . . . . Elko . . . . . . Placcrville . . Illinois: Massachusetts: El y . . . . . . . San Fernando Cairo . . . Boston . . . . . Las Vegas . . San Francisco Chicago . Pittsfield . . . . Reno . . . . . . Yreka . . . . . . Peoria . . . Worcester . . . Kockford . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 New Hampshire: Colorado: Springfield . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Michigan: Berlin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Craig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Alpena . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Concord . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Denvcr . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Indiana: Detroit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Keenc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Durango . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8 Evansville . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Grand Rapids . . . . . . . . 2.6 Grand Ju~iclion . . . . . . 1.7 . Fort Wayne . . . . . . . . . . 2.9 Lansing . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Lamar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Indianapolis . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Marquctte . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 New Jersey: Atlantic City . . . . . . . . . 2.9 Pueblo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Sault Ste . Marie . . . . . . 2.2 Ncuark . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Iowa: 'Trenton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Davenport . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Minnesota: Connecticut: Harlford . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Des Moines . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Duluth . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 New Haven . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Dubuque . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 GrandMarais . . . . . . . . 2.3 New Mexico: Putnam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 SiouxCity . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Miuiieapolis . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Albuquerque . . . . . . . . 2.0 Icloorhead . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Nobbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Delaware: Kansas: Worthington . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Raton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Georgelown . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Atwood . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Roswell . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Wilmington . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Dodge City . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Mississippi: Silver City . . . . . . . . . . 1.9 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 103 ~ ~
  • 114. APPENDIX B Odessa . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Lacrosse . . Pennsylvania: New YOI-k: Pecos . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.0 Madison . . . Erie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Albar~y. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 San Antonio . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Milwaukcc . Harrisburg . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 E3inghamton . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Philadelphia . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Buffalo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Wyoming: Pittsburgh . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Utah: ICingsLon . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Rrigham City . . . . . . . . 1.2 Chcyennc . . Scranton . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 New Yolk . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Roosevelt . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Fort Rochester . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Salt Lakecity . . . . . . . . 1.3 Lander . . . . Rhode Island: %.George . . . . . . . . . . . 1.7 NcwC""~~ . Block Island . . . . . . . . 2.75 North Carolina: Sheridan . . . Providence . . . . . . . . . . ?.h Ashcville . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Vermont: Yelloarstone Charlotte . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Barre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 South Carolina: Greensboro . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Bratteboro . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Charlestorl . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Wilrnington . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Burlington . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 Columbia . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0 Rut land . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Grecnville . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 North Dakota: Bismarck . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Virginia: South Dakota: Devils Lake . . . . . . . . . 1.9 Bristol . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Buffalo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Fargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Charlottesville . . . . . . . 2.8 Huron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Williston . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Lynchburg . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Pierre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Norfolk . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Rapid City . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 Ohio: Richmond . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Yankton . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Cincinnati . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9 Cleveland . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Tennessee: Washington: Columbus . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Omak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Chattanooga . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Toledo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Port Angeles . . . . . . . . . 1 . I Knoxville . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Seattle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Memphis . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Oklahoma: Spokane . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Nashville . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Altus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Yakinla . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Boise City . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 'sexas: Durant . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 ~ b i l e.~ .e. . . . . . . . . . 3.6 West Virginia: . Oklahoma City . . . . . . . 3.8 Alnarillo . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Charleston . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Nrownsville . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Morgantown . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Orcgon: Dallas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0 Baker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.9 Del Rio . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0 Wisconsin: Coos Bay . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 EIPaso . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Ashland . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Eugcne . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 .3 Houston . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Eau Claire . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9 PortIar~d. . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Lubbock . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Green Bay . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 2006 LNTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 115. APPENDIX C GRAY WATER RECYCLING SYSTEMS Note: Scction 301.3 of this code requires all plumbing fixtures that receive water or waste to dischargc to the sanitary drainage system of the structure. In orclcr to allow forthe utilizationof agray water systcrn, Section 301.3 should be revised to scad as follows: 301.3 Connections to drainage system. All plurnbing fixtures, drains, appurtenances and appliances uscd to receive or discharge liquid wastes or sewage shall be directly connected to thc sanitary drainage system of thc building or premises, in accordance with the requiremcnts of this code. This section shall not bc construed to prevent indirect waste systcrns required by Chapter 8. Exception: Bathtubs. showers, lavatories, clothes washers and laundry trays shall not be requircd to discharge to the sanitary drainage system where such fixtures discharge to an approvcd gray water system for flushing of water closets and urinals or for subsurface landscape irrigation. SECTION C101 GENERAL C1O1.l Scope. The provisions of this appendix shall govern thc matcrials, design, construction and installation of gray water systems for llushing of water closets and urinals and for subsurface landscnpc irrigation (see Figures 1 and 2). C101.2 Definition. The following term shall have the meaning shown herein. GRAY WATER. Waste dischargcd from lavatorics, bathtubs. showcrs, clothes washcrs and laundry trays. C101.3 Permits. Permits shall be required in accordance with Scction 106. CJ01.4 installation. In addition to thc provisions of Scction C101, systems for flushing of water closets and urinals shall comply with Section C 102 and systerns for subsurface landscape irrigation shall comply with Section C103. Except as providcd for in Appcndix C, all systems shall cornply with thc provisions of thc Irltrr7zationul Pl~lrrlhingCode. C1011..5 Materials. Above-ground drain, waste and vent piping for gray waler systems shall conform to one of the standards listcd in 'Fable 702.1. Gray water underground building drainage and vcnt pipe shall co~lform one of the standards listed in to Tablc 702.2. C101.6 Tests. Drain, wastc and vent piping for gray water systctus shall be tested in accordance with Section 312. C101.7 Inspections. Gray water systems shall be inspected in accordance with Scction 107. C101.8 Potable water con~lections.Only connections in accordancc with Scction C 102.1 shall bc made between a gray and water systcrn. watcr recycling systc~n a po~ablc C101.9 Waste water conncctions. Gray water recycling systems $hall rcceivc only the waste discharge of bathtubs. showers, lavatorics. clothcs washers or laundry trays. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ C1O1.10 Collection reservoir. Gray water shall bc collcctcd in an approved reservoir constructed of durable, nonabsorbent and corrosion-resistant matcrials. The rcscrvoir shall be a closed and gas-tight vessel. Acccss opcnings shall bc provided to allow inspection and cleaning of the reservoir interior. C1O1.ll Filtration. Gray water entering the rescrvoir shall pass through an approved filtcr such as a inctlia, sand or diatomaceous earth filter. C1O1.ll.l Required valve. A full-open valve $hall be o installed downstream of the last fixture conncction L thc gray water dischargc pipe beforc entcring the required filtcr. C101.12 Overflow. The collection rcscrvoir shall be cquippcd with an overflow pipe having the sarnc or larger diameter as thc influent pipe for thc gray water. Thc overflow pipe shall bc indirectly connected to thc sanitary drainagc systern. C101.13 Drain. A drain shall be locatcd at thc lowcst point of the collection reservoir and shall be indirectly conncctcd to thc sanitary drainage systern. Thc drain shall be the s a n e diamctcr as the ovcrflo~i pipe requircd in Section C 101.12. C101.14 Vent required. The reservoir shall bc provided with a vent sized In accordance with Chapter 9 and bascd on the dianlcter of thc reservoir influent pipe. SECTION C102 SYSTEMS FOR FLUSHING WATER CLOSETS AND URINALS C102.1 Collection reservoir. The holding capacity of thc rcservoir shall be a minimum of twice thc volume of watcr rcq~lircd meet the daily flushing requiremcnts of thc tixturcs to supplied with gray water, but not less than 50 gallons (189 L,). The reservoir shall be sized to limit thc rctcntion time of gray water to a maximum of 72 hours. C102.2 Disinfection. Gr'ly water shall be disinfected by an apptoved method that e~nploys or inorc disinfectants such one as chlorine, iodinc or ozonc. C102.3 Makeup water. Potablc water shall bc supplicd as a source of makcup water for the gray water system. Thc potablc water supply shall be protccted against backflow in accordancc with Section 608. There shall be a full-opcn valvc located on the makeup water supply line to thc collection reservoir. C102.4 Coloring. Thc gray water shall bc dycd bluc or grccn with a b o d grade vegetable dyc bcfore such watcr is supplicd to the fixturcs. C102.5 Materials. Discribation piping shall conforin to onc of the standards listed in Table 605.4. 105
  • 116. APPENDIX C C102.6 Identification. Distribution piping and reservoirs shall be identified as containing nonpotable water. Piping identification shall bc in accordance with Section 608.8. SECTION C103 SUBSURFACE LANDSCAPE lRRlGATlON SYSTEMS C103.1 Collection reservoir. Reservoirs shall be sizcd to limit the retention time of gray water to a maximum of 24 hours. C103.1.1 Identification.The reservoir shall be identitied as containing nonpotable water. C103.2 Valves required. A check valve and a full-open valve located on the discharge side of the check valve shall be installcd on thc effluent pipe of the collection reservoir. C103.3 Makeup water. Makeup water shall not be required for subsurface landscape irrigation systems. Where makeup watcr is provided? the installation shall be in accordance with Section C 102.3. C103.4 Disinfection. Disinfection shall not be required for landscape irrigation systems. gray water uscd for subsu~.face C103.5 Coloring. Gray water uscd for subsurface landscape irrigation systcms shall not be required to bc dyed. C103.6 Estimating gray water discharge. The system shall be sizcd in accordance with the gallo~ls-per-day-per-occupant number based on the type of fixtures connected to the gray water system. The discharge shall be calculated by the following equation: A = Number of occupants: Resitlcntial-Number of occupants shall be detcrmined by the actual numbcr of occupants. hut not less than two occupants for one bedroom and one occupant for each additional bcdroom. Co~nmcrcial-Number of occupants shall be deterBziilding Codeo. mined by the hztrrnatio~ial R = Estirnutcd flow dcnlands for each occupant: Residential-25 gallons per day (94.6 Ipd) per occupant for showers, bathtubs and lavatories and 15 gallons per day (56.7 Ipd) per occupant for clothes washers or laundry trays. Commercial-Based on typc of fixturc or water use records minus the discharge of fixtures other than those d~scharging gray water. C = Estimated gray water dischargc based on the total number of occupants. C103.7 Percolation tests. The permeability of the soil in the by proposed absorption systcm shall bcdeter~nined pcrcolation tcsts or pcrmeability evaluation. C103.7.1 Percolation tests and procedures. At least three percolation tests in each systcm area shall be conducted. 'Thc holes shall be spacccl uniformly in relation to the bottom dcpth of thc proposed absorption system. More percolation tcsts shall be made where necessary. depcnding on system design. C103.7.1.1 Percolation test hole. Thc test holc shall be dug or bored. The test hole shall have vertical sides and a horizontal dimension of 4 inches to 8 inches ( 1 02 mm to 203 mm). The bottom and sidcs of the hole shall be scratched with a sharp-pointcd instrument to expose thc natural soil. All loose material shall be rcmovcd limn the hole and the bottom shall be covered with 2 inches (5 1 rnm) of gravel or coarse sand. C103.7.1.2 Test procedure, sandy soils. Thc hole shall bc filled with clcar water to aminimum of 12 inches (305 rnm) above the bottom of the hole fol. tests in sandy soils. The time for this amount of watcr to seep away shall be determined, and this procedure shall be repcated if the water from the sccond filling of the hole secps away in 1 0 minutes or less. Thc test shall procecd as follows: Watcr shall be addcd to a point not more than 6 inches (1 5 1 mm) above the gravel or coarse sand. Thereupon, from a tixcd refercncc point, water levels shall bc measul-cd at 10-minute intervals for a period of 1 hour. Wherc 6 inches ( 1 52 mm) of water seeps away in less than I 0 minutes, a shorter interval betwecn measurements shall bc used, but in no case shall the water dcpth exceed 6 inches (152 mm). Where 6 inches (152 mm) of watcr seeps away in less than 2 minutcs. the test shall be stopped and a rate of less than 3 minutes pcr inch (7.2 slmm) shall be reported. Thc final watcr level drop shall be uscd to calculate the percolation rate. Soils not mceting the abovc requirements shall be tested in accordance with Scctiou C103.7.1.3. C103.7.1.3 Test procedure, other soils. Thc hole shall be tillcd with clear water, and a minimum water dcpth of 12 inches (305 mrn) shall be maintained abovc the bottom of the holc for a 4-hour period by refilling whcnever necessary or by use of an automatic siphon. Watcr remaining in the hole after 4 hours shall not bc rc~novcd. Thereafter. the soil shall be allowed to swell not less than 16 hours or more than 30 hours. Immcdiatcly aftcr the soil swelling pcriod. the mcasurcmcnts for dcterrnining the pcrcolation rate shall be made as follows: Any soil sloughed into the hole shall bc removeil and thc water Icvel shall be adjusted to 6 inchcs (152 mm) above the gravel or coarsc sand. Thcl-eupon, from a fixed refercncc point, the water lcvel shall be measured at 30-minute intervals for a period of 4 hours, unless two successive watcr level drops do not valy by more than 0.62 inch (1.59 mm). At least threc water lcvel drop5 shall be with clcar observed and recorded. The hole shall be f~lled watcr to a point not more than 6 inches (151 m ~ n abovc ) the gravel-or coarse sand whenever it becomcs ncarly empty. Adjustments of the water lcvel shall not be niadc during the three measurement periods cxccpt to the linlits of the last measured water level drop. Whcn thc first 6 inchcs (1 52 nxn) of watcr seeps away in less than 30 min~rtes, time interval between measurements shall be 10 the minutes and the test run for 1 hour. The water depth shall not exceed 5 inches (127 mm) at any time during the measurement period. The drop that occurs during thc tinal ~ncasurement pcriod shall be ~ [ s c in calculating thc d percolation rate. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 117. APPENDIX C C103.9.2 Scepage trench excavations. Scepage trench excavations shall be a minimum of 1 root (304 mm) to a maximum of 5 feet (1524 mm) widc. Trcnch cxcavations shall be spaced a minimum of 2 fcct (6 10 mm) apart. The soil absorption area of a seepage trench shall be computcd by using the bottom of the trench area (width) multiplied by the length of pipe. Individual scepagc trcnchcs shall be a maximum of 100 feet (30 480 mm) in developed length. C103.7.1.4 Mechanical test equipment. Mechanical percolation test equipment shall be of an approved type. C103.7.2 Permeability evaluation. Soil shall bc cva1u;ltcd 1'or csti~nated pcrcolation based on str~icture tcsturc in and accordance with acceptect soil evaluation practices. Borings shall bc made in accordance with Section C 103.7.1 for evaluating the soil. C103.8 Subsurface landscape irrigation site location. The s~irface gradc of all soil absorption systems shall be locatcd at a point lowcr than the .surface grade of any water well or reservoir on the same or adjoining property. Where this is not possic ble, the s ~ t shall be located so surfacc water drainage from the site is not directed toward a well 01.reservoir. Thc soil absorption system shall bc located with a minirnum horizontal distance between various elcments as indicated in Tablc C103.8. Private sewage disposal systems in compacted areas, such as parking lots and driveways, arc prohibited. Surface water shall bc diverted away from any soil absorption site on the same or neighboring lots. C103.9.3 Seepage bed excavations. Sccpagc bcd cxcavations shall bc a n~inimum 5 fect (1 524 mm) w ~ d and have of e more than one dlstrihut~on pipc. The absorption area of a seepage bed shall be computed by using thc bottom of the trench area. Distribution piping in a seepage bed shall be uniformly spaced n maximum of 5 feet (1524 mm) and a minimum of 3 feet (9 14 mm) apart, and amaxiinum of 3 feet (914 mm) and a minimum of 1 foot (305 mm) from the sidewall or headwall. C103.9.4 Excavation and construction. The bottom of a trench or bed excavation shall be level. Scepage trenches or beds shall not be excavated where the soil is so wet that such material rolled between the hands forms a soil wirc. All smeared or compacted soil surfaccs in the sidewalls or bottom of seepage trench or bed excavations shall be scarified to the depth of smearing or compaction and the loose material removed. Where rain falls on an open excavation. the soil shall be left until sufficiently dry so a soil wirc will not form when soil from the escnvation bottom is rolled between the hands. The bottom area shall thcn bc scarificd and loose material removed. TABLE C103.8 LOCATION OF GRAY WATER SYSTEM ~~~~~-~ ~ I i Property linu adjoining 1 private propcr~y - - - - --- L_ - -~ - 1. Fol. Sl: . .-. - - - . o -7 I 10 . 1- . 4- _ - - 10 -- .-- i I I 1 _ I foot = 304.8 rnrli. C103.9 Installation. Absorption systcnls shall be installed in accol-dancc with Sections C103.9.1 through C103.9.5 to provide landscapc irrigation withod s~lrfacing gray water. of C103.9.1 Absorption area. The total absorption area required shall be conlputcd from the estimated daily gray water discharge and thc design-loading rate based on the pcrcolation rate for thc site. The required absoil~tionarea equals thc estimated gray watcr discharge divided by the dcsign-loading rate from Table C103.9.1. TABLE C 103.9.1 DESIGN LOADING RATE - I -- - - PERCOLATION RATE (rn~nutes per inch) I I - I C103.9.5 Aggregate and backfill. A mini~nu of 6 inches ni of aggregate ranging in sizc from L/i to 2% inchcs (12.7 mrn to 64 mm) shall bc laid into the trench bclow thc distribution piping clcvntion. The aggregate shall bc cvcnly distributed a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) ovcr the top of'thc distribution pipe. The aggregate shall bc covercd with approved synthetic materials or 9 inches (229 mm) of uncompactcd marsh hay or straw. Building papcr shall not bc ~ i s c d cover to the aggrcgate. A minimum of 9 ir~ches(229 mm) of soil backfill shall be provided abovc the covering. I 5 5 7. .._~ I i l~ublicwa!cr tn:lin 1 . 5 . - i Iseptic t k s ( ~ a i escrvicc r 1 I; 1 'Secpagc pits I i 1 i ~Builrtings --- MINIMUM HORIZONTAL RlSTANCE IIRRIGATION HOLDING TANK DISPOSAL FIELD (feet) . -+ .. -----------. - - - - 0 io less than I U - TABLE C103.10 DlSTRlBUTlON PIPE -- DESIGN LOADING FACTOR --- ' -- 1_(g_allons_p$rsquare foot per day) I I I 1.2 - _1 - C103.10 Distribution piping. Distribution piping shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter. Matcrials shall comply with Tablc C103.10. The top of the distribution pipe shall bc not less than 8 inches (203 mm) below thc original surface. The slopl: of the distribution pipes shall bc a minimum of 2 inchcs (5 1 mm) and a maximum of 4 inches (102 mm) pcr 100 fect (30 480 mm). I 1 Polyethylcne(PE)_plcit~c plpe - F /PolY~nkl cJlor&le (PVC) plaity 7 pipe i ~ o l y v ~ ncy ~ l o n d e ll (PVC) p l a t ~ c pjpe ,w~tp ~ p c h st~ffnesi olpS 35 and PS 50 POISI: I rninuie per ~ n c h mini25.4 m m , = I snllon pcs squasc foot = 40.7 hi? 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 1I ASTM FA05 - AS I'M D 2720 - ASTM F 1488 - C103.11 Joints. Joints in distribution plpc shall be lnade in accordance with Section 705 of this code.
  • 118. APPENDIX C 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 119. POTABLE a MAKEUP' WATER SUPPLY PREVENTION I GRAY WATER INDIRECT DISCHARGE TO SANITARY I INDIRECT DISCHARGE TO SANITARY DRAINAGE SYSTEM DISINFECTION UNIT COLORING DYE INJECTION UNlT FIGURE 2 GRAY WATER RECYCLING SYSTEM FOR FLUSHING WATER CLOSETS AND URINALS i B 'I [ ‘I [ rn z I P X
  • 120. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 121. APPENDIX D DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN f EMPERAfklRES TABLE Dl01 DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN-P-. TEMPERATURESaFOR CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES .~P-- T . . . . -..-.~~ ~.. .. I I - - ~ ~ P ~. . - ~ . -~ ~- ~ ~ 1 - STATION^ ~ -..~L 1 9', 7/% . . .- - . . - 1 .SUmmer - -. Dry bulb 2'1~56 . .. . I i j - .-. - ~~ - ~-~ - . I ., I DEGREES NORTH LATITUDEC ..~ .-- Wet ~7;---~ bulb PI/,% ~~-~ 1 94 96 93 95 77 79 79 . . ! I 33"30' 34"40' 30"40' 37"20' ~~- j i1 . 1 i - Fairhanks 1I 1 I 9,075 _. 14,171 . . ~ / .. . .. 7,152 -47 1 - -27. . -. 1 i--~-. j 4 75 70 62 59 62 ..-PA--.4. . . 56 82 .. ~ 59 ! . - -- I .-~ -P---- --. . . .~ I6 79 25 .. - ~ I--.- 61"10' 64"50' 58 '20' I I 1>4°30' ~ . . - - . ~ ~. - 60 Phoenix Tuscon Yunra 32 102 78 32"40' 35'20' 20 96 30 43 43 100 80 80 89 80 98 X U I 36 32 i 1 1 3,015 3,001 79 40 71 69 69 71 64 71 70 64 62 I ! i 1 i 71 ; 3h-50' 33"50' 34'.00' 3P00: 37"40' 38".30' 32"40' 37.40' 37,J~~), 1 1 i i i 1 -16 2 1 7 95 Hartk~rd 1 i 9 7 66 , 84 j ss I 38"20' . -~ 75 75 14 ~~ ~ jI IFort Myers ~ai-ksonville i i i ! I I I I 1 i i i Wrst - -- I j Palm Dcach - . . - . ~. . - - - . . - ~ 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ ~~ !. . . 879 442 1,239 108 214 766 1,463 1,485 683 253 ! I 1 1 1 I 1 ~L ~ ..- ~ .- . I 35 44 37 1 I 57 47 38 29 -30 8 i 1 I 40 45 .. . .. : 90 92 94 I 90 I 93 93 92 91 91 1 .. . - 79 79 79 I 1 I ! - ' . 1 79 70 78 79 78 79 79 1 I - ~~ - I I 1 4 - 2901 1)' 26"40' 1 1 30"30' 2P3O' 25"50' 2S030' 30'30' 30'20' 2X000' 2h040' i j i I j . . .! ~ ~~ - - ~ ~ 111
  • 122. APPENDIX D TABLE D101--continued DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN TEMPERATURESaFOR CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES . . .. .. ....... ....... II I ~ ' STATE ~~~ j~acon /~ome i Savannah , - . . HI . - - ......... . . . . . . . . . - . ............ .. .. .. 1 ~Moline Peoria 1 Rocki'i>~.d Ispr-ingt'ield . . . . . I I , ~. -~ . - ~rr~~siille Fort Wayne Ilndianapolis 'South Bond ........................ ...... - .. .. .. .. i 1 1 ... t~.......... ... .. .. 1 1 .. ,- .. . . . 1 Summer ... . . - 97'1 % i ................. winter Dry bulb 2'1,% -~ . . . Wet bulb 2'1,% -I-....-. . . 1i DEGREES NORTH 1 - LATITUDEC . . . . . 22 22 23 24 25 22 27 6'2 63 i +.............-... I0 6 1 -1 . 1 6,155 6.639 5,882 6,408 6,02 6,830 5,429 I! 1 chic:^^(+' 1 I 5,809 5,542 7,033 11 ...... - i 0 0 i lChicago (Midway) chica ago (O'Hnle) - . . 1 Boise I~ewiston I Pocatello ......................... . . . I 1 - 1 - i I ! ..... .... ............................... IL 2,961 2,397 2 8 2,136 3,326 1.819 .. ........ DESIGN TEMPERATURES . 1 t. I ..I......(yearly total).. .. . I 2,929 1 1Honolulu 1 D HEATING DEGREE DAYS 1i ~ i l o . . . STATION^ ............................ iAthens /~tlanra GA I-.- --- , 1 ......... I I 0 -4 2 , 1 I i -4 -4 -4 2- . ---- IN ! IA Burlingtoll I!Des Moincs Dubuciue Sioux City / ~ n.t c r l o o 1 ... .. .. .. - - I ~ ~~ KS .- / ~ o dCity ~ e /Got>dland ~opekn 1 Wichita ...~,. - ICY .. .. 1 1 /Covingto~~ /Lexington 1 Louisville ~ l -~ I . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ - -- -- IAlexandria jBaton Rouge il,akc Ch;l~-lt.s New Orleans . ME - MD . . ...... 1 , i -- . . - 1 , ~altirnore 1 Baltililore" - ........................ 1 5,265 4,683 4,660 1 1 /- - 1 I 4 1 1,560 I 1,459 1,385 I ~+--~---;-i "194 ....... I 9,767 I / 1 ICarihou Portla~~d ...................... /Frederick 4;986 6,131 5,181 .4,620 . 1 ~- . "~ - 1 - . I 1 ..... -3 6,588 -3 7,376 -7 6,95 I / -7 7c---~ 390 .. ! . .. . -10 1 - - ...... ..... ........... 5.699 6,439 6,114 ... 11 - . . . . - 1 - ... .. 1 1 -. . j 1 1 .. - 4,654 4.1 11 5,087 5 0 4 7 6 8 10 . . . . . . . . . . . 27 20 31 33 25 . -13 -I I 1 - I 17 12 i . - ............. . (coizti~z~~e~l) 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 123. APPENDIX D TABLE D101-continued DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN TEMPERATURESa FOR CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES ~ DESIGN TEMPERATURES i I ! DEGREES NORTH 71 / -. ,~. LATITUDEC ~ 1 12"2(1' 72 i 42"3(Y 42-20' I 45'~OIl' 4230' 45"4(JP 43"OO' 42-51? 42'50' 46"?0' 43"IO' ~ ~ i ' Pictslield 5,634 7,578 I 88 i 1 8 4 . 1 I Detl.oit (City) 1 6,232 8,481 7.377 6,894 6 -7 1 5 1 -8 6 MI 1 lUlmd Rapids jlalwing ~arr~uette" -16 1 1 10.000 Jacks011 82 25 23 Flint i 88 83 87 88 87 81 84 95 95 95 1 1 I . 1 - . I ~. 1 ~ 8illi11gs Great Falls 1 . . . . I .. - . ~ jpu'ort'olk I ~ol-rlt Platte IOmuh:~ 1Scottshluff . . ,1 - i Grand Isla~id - . 7,049 7,750 8,129 8125 J-.~ 1 i - - 1 . 6.530 i 6,684 6.612 6,673 -10 -15 -16 . .6 ' j 1 . . - - . ~ i 1 1 1 . j 1 88 88 88 . . I1 1 4.348 1 6,228 j 3.793 -3,705 2 1 9 i ! 1 j1, j. . ! - 1 92. 92 87 106 92 94 iI 7 - , i i , - i 1 ! L (cn17tinur.d) 2006 INTERNATlONAL PLUMBING CODE@ l6 1 1S 10 1 62 62 5 '~~~ ; 1 7 - ~ . 68 . - 62 59 70 62 ~ 1 1 71 77 77 72 1 . j ~ . ! 1 9 94 ti9 95 4 j I 65 64 70 64 - ~ 1 I I ! 76 I - - ~ ~ 4S050' 47"30' 46"40' I 46'50' I ~~~. I 13 14 / ~~ 1j ~- ~ ~ i 1 ' I ~ 41 "00' 4lIC5O' 42'00' 41'10' 41 "20' 41 "50' ~. - ~~ 40'150' 39'1 0' 36" 10' 1')',3U' 10°50' . - ~ 43, 10' . ~~~~~ 1i -4, ~Albur]uesquc Raton NM lRoswel1 Silver C'ily . -L _____---.-- - ~ . 39'00' 39"Ill' 39"So' 38"50' 3Sc-1l!' 37"lt)' ._-~- 1 94 95 93 94 i , 1. -~ 12°2r~ 1 77 .. 32"20' 32'20' j 1 4.812 44"OO' ...~ ---- ; 1 i -4 28 10 j . . 1,as ~ c g n s i !I -3 i my NV ; I 94 94 -3 -2 -4 -4 CII,O 1 77 77 79 6 8 9 1 4,484 4,900 72 74 71 74 74 74 70 73 70 5 75 4 St. Louis St. [~ouis'l I~~ringt-ielci 2? .- . . ~ ~-~~ ~ ~ - - ~ 40'40' - ~ w~o'. ~ ~ -- 3S000' 36"50' 33"20' 32"40' .--- ~ ~
  • 124. APPENDIX D TABLE D101-continued DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN TEMPERATURESa. . .. ClTlES IN THE UNITED STATES FOR _ _ . - . . ~.~ I: STATE 1 1 HEATING DEGREEDAYS I1 1 I DESIGN TEMPERATU 1 winter . - ~ . . .~ ~ Summer &.~ - - - - i DEGREES NORTH -7 14 18 19 18 '1 i ~.-. ~- 7.X. . i Ahilcr~c IAustin allas as 1 1 1 2,363 2,700 1,396 2,59 I / 1 1 20 28 22 24 32 93 92 95 94 76 77 99 i i I 30 26 18 100 98 04 98 99 97 99 101 68 79 72 74 76 78 76 1 I 1 8 VT ~ .. -~ - 1~urlington ~- -~ ~ ~ - -.- .- ~ ~.~ ~ ----- IIdynchhi~rg JVr 1 i NOI-~C,IIC 16 22 17 3,421 /~icl~~nor~d , (Roiinoke . WA - 5,236 .. I*bnne.. 1 26 27 2 I1 6 10 ---- 82 i 84 91 i 88 SS I -9 -7 7,410 iClicye11ne I Lander 1 Shel-~dan --.d...-.-..-__.____~-._. I -5 1 i 7.680 i -1 76 78 71 ii 90 86 88 91 64 75 72 1 1 ~~ 40"SU' I (I ~ -- 1 i I j 61 62 (7 3 65 b. Dcsign d:lt;i drvclopc~l from airport temperature observations unless noted. c. I<:lriu~dc give11to the Ilfnrcst I0 ininntes. Fol- example, the latitude Ihr Miami, Florida, is given :IS 25"jO'. or 25 dcg1.t.e~ rninute~. is 50 d. Deaigll h t a ~lcvcloped from office locations within an urban area, 11otfrom airpol? tcnlpcrature obsclwtions, 37"20' 36"50' 37'311. 37'20' . - ~~ ~~~ 47"OO' 17"30' ! 47O.10' 74 75 75 a. All data werc extracted from the 1085 ASHIME Handhooli, Fundn~nenrals Volume. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ ; I ( 6 i 64 67 83 1 . 90 91 92 - Olympla j Seattle-T:~coma ~enltlc" .. - 72 85 I ~~ ilr50f 29"40' 32"OO' 3 1°20' 29:'30' 31°40' 1 65 -7 ~- - 74 43"jO' 43"lO' 1 I I 41"lo' 42"50' 14"iO' . - - -
  • 125. SlZllVG OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM SECTION €101 GENERAL ElOl.1 Scope. I1:lOl.l.l This appendix outlines two procedures for sizing 3 watcr piping system (scc Sections E103.3 and E201.1). The dcsign procedures are based on the mi~iimumstatic pressure iivailablc from the snpply source, thc hcad charges cd in the system c a ~ ~ s by friction and elevation, and the rates of flow nccessary for operation of various fixtures. E101.1.2 Because of the variable coliditions encountered in hydraulic dcsign, it is impractical to specify dcfinitc and detailed rules for sizing of the water piping system. Accordingly, other sizing or dcsign methods conforming to good cngincering practice standards arc acceptable alternatives to those presented herein. SECTION E l 02 INFORMATION REQUIRED E102.1 Preliminary. Obtain the necessary information regarding the niiniilium daily static senrice pressure in the area where the building is to be located. If the building supply is to be mctcrcd, obtain information regarding friction loss relative to the rate of flow for meters in the range of sizes likely to be uscd. Friction loss data can be obtained from most n1anufact~1rcrs of water meters. E102.2 Demand load. E102.2.1 Estimate the supply demand of the building main and thc principal branches and risers of thc systcm by totalIng the corresponding dcmand from the applicable part of Table E103.3(3). 3102.2.2 Estimate continuous supply demands in gallons pcr minute (Llm) for lawn spri~lklers, conditioners, etc., air and add the sum to the total demand for fixtures. The result is thc estimated supply demand for the building supply. istrative authority. The sizes selected must not be les than the minimum rcquired by this code. E103.2.2 Water pipc sizing proccdurcs are based on a system of pressure requirements and losses, thc sun1 of which must not exceed the minimum pressurc available at the supply source. These pressures are as follows: 1. Pressure rcquired at fixture to product rccluircti Ilow. See Sections 604.3 and 604.5. 2. Static pressurc loss or gain (due to hcad) is colnyutcd at 0.433 psi per foot (9.8 kPa1in) of clevaiio11chalige. Example: Assume that thc highest fixture supply outlet is 20 feet (6096 mm) above or below the supply source. This produces a static pressure differential of20 feet by 0.433 psilfoot (2090 mm by 9.8 W d m ) and an 8.66 psi (59.8 Wa) loss. 3. Loss through watcr meter. The friction or pressure loss can be obtaincd from lnetcr manufacturers. 4. Loss through taps in water main 5. Losses through special devices such as liltcrs. softeners: backflow prevention devices and pressure regulators. Thesc vducs must be obtained from the manufacturers. 6. Loss through valves and fittings. L o s e s for these items arc calculated by converting to equivalent to length of piping and add~ng the total pipc length. 7. Loss due to pipe friction can be calculated when the pipe size, the pipe length ant1 the flow through the pipe are known. With these three items, the friction loss can be determined. For piping flow charts not included, use n~anufacturers'tables and velocity recommendations. Note: For the purposes of all examples, the following metric conversions arc applicable: 1 cubic foot per minutc = 0.4719 Ws 1 square foot = 0.0929 m' SECTION El83 SELECTION OF PIPE SIZE E103.1 General. Dccitie from Table 604.3 what is the desirable minimum residual pressure that should be maintained at the highest fixture in the supply systcm. If the highest group of fistures contains flush valves, the pressure for the group should not be less than 15 pounds per square inch (psi) (103.4 kR1) tlowing. For flush tank upplics. the available pressure should not be less than 8 psi (55.2liPa)flowing, exccptblowout action fixtures must not be leu5 than 25 psi (173.4 kPa) flowing. E103.2 Pipe sizing. 12103.2.1 I'ipc sizes can be sclccted according to the followin? procedure or by other dcsign methods conforming to acceptable engineering practice and approved by the adinin2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ 1 dcgree = 0.0 175 rad 1 p o ~ n d square inch = 6.895 kPa per I inch = 25.4 mm 1 foot = 304.8 mm I gallon per minutc = 3.785 Llm E103.3 Segmented loss method. The size of water service mains, branch mains and ~ i s e r by the segmented loss method? s must be determined accordi~ig water supply demand [gym to (Llm)], available water pressure [psi (kPa)] and friction loss caused by the water meter and developed length of pipe [fcct (m)], including equivalent length of fittings. This desigt~ proceparameters: dure is based on the followi~ig Calculates the friction toss through each length of the pipe.
  • 126. APPENDIX E water supply system operation are lack of adequatc prcssure and noise. Problem: What sizeType L copper water pipe, service anddistributioi~ will be required to scrve a two-story factory building having on each floor, back-to-back, two toilet rooms each equipped with hot and cold water?Thc highest fixture is 21 feet (6401 mm) above the street main, which is tapped with a2-inch ( 5 1 mm) corporation cock at which point the minimum pressure is 55 psi (379.2 kPa). In the building basement, a 2-inch (5 I mm) meter with a maximum pressure drop of I I psi (75.8 kPa) and 3-inch (76 mm) reduced pressure principle backflov drop o f 9 psi (621 kPa) are prevcnter with amaxilnum to be installcd.The system is shown by Figure El03.3(1). To be determined arc the pipc sizes for the service rnain and the cold and hot watcr distribution pipes. pressure Solution: 4 tabular arrangement such as shown in Table E103.3(1) should first b e constructed. The steps to be followed are indicatcd by the tabular arrangement itself as they S arc in sequence, C O ~ L I I ~ ~ II Ithrough 10 and lines A through L. Step I Columns 1 and 2: Divide thc system into sections breaking at major changes in elevation or where branches lead to tixture grc~ups. After point B [see Figure E103.3(1)], separate consideration will be given to the hot and cold watcr piping. Enter the sections to be considered in the service and cold water piping in Colun~nI of the tabular arrangcment. Column 1 of Table E103.3(1) provides a line-by-line recolnmended tabular arrangement forusc in solving pipc sizing. The objective in designing the water supply system is to water supply and pressure to all fixtures ensure an adecli~atc and ccluipmcnt. Colunln 2 provides the pounds per square inch (psi) to be considered separately from the minimum pressure available at the main. Losses to take into consideration are the following: the differences in elevations between the water supply source and the highest water supply outlet, meter pressure losses, the tap in main loss, special fixture devices such as water softeners and bacldlow prevention dcvices and the prcssure required at the most remote fixture outlet. The difference in elevation can result in an incrcasc or decrease in available pressure at the main. Where the watcr supply outlet is located above the source. this rcsults in a loss in the available pressure and is subtracted from the pressure at the water sourcc. Where the highest water supply outlet is located below the water supply sourcc, thcrc will be an increase in pressure that is added to the available pressure of the water source. Colunln 3: .According to Table E103.3(3). determine the gpm (L/m) of flow to be expected in each section of the system. These tlows range from 28.6 to 108 gprn. Load values for fixtures must be determined as water supply fixture units and then converted to a gallon-per-minute (gpm) rating to determine pcak dcmand. When calculating pcak demands, the water supply fixture units are added and then converted to the gallo11-per-minute rating. For contin~iousflow fixturcs such as hosc bibbs and lawn sprinlder systems, add the gallon-per-minute demand to the intermittent derlland of fixtures. For example, a total of 120 water supply fixture 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE' units is converted to a demand of 48 gallons per minute. Two hose bibbs x 5 gpln demand = 10 gpm. Total gpnl rating = 48.0 gpm + 10 gpm = 58.0 gpm denland. Step 2 Line A: Enter the minimum pressurc available at the main source of supply in Column 2. This is 55 psi (37cj.2 kPa). The local watcr authorities generally kcep records of pressures at different times of day and year. The availablc prcssure can also be checked from nearby buildings or from tire department hydrant checks. Line B: Dcte~minc from Table 604.3 the highest pressure required for the fixtures on the system, which is 15 psi (103.4 Wa), to operate a flushometer valve. The most remote fixture outlct is neccssaly to compute the pressure lobs caused by pipe and fittings, anti represents the most downstream fixture along the circuit of piping requiring the available pressurc to operate properly as indicated by Table 604.3. Line C: Determine the pressure loss for the lnctcr size given or assumed. The total water flow from the main through the service as determined in Step I will scrve to aid in the meter selected. There arc three common types of water meters: the pressure losses are detcrminetl by the American Water Works Association Standards for displacement type. conipound type and turbine type. The maximum pressure loss of such dcvices takes into consideration the meter size, safe operating capacity (gpm) and maximunl rates Tor continuous operations (gpm). Typically, equipment imparts grcater pressurc losses than piping. Line D: Select from Table E103.3(4) and cntcr the pressure loss for the tap size given or assumed. The loss of prcssure through taps and tees in pounds per squarc inch (psi) arc based on the total gallon-per-minute flow rate and size of the tap. Line E: Determine the difference in elevation bctwcen thc main andsource of supply and the highest fixture on the systern. Multiply this figure, expressed infect. by 0.43 psi (2.9 kPa). Enter the resulting psi loss on Line E. l'hc difference in clevation between the watcr supply source and the highcst water supply outlet has a significant impact o n thc sizing of the water supply system. The difference in elevation usually results in a loss in the available pressurc because thc watcr supply outlet is generally located above thc watcr supply soiuce. The loss is caused by thc prcssure required to lift thc water to the o ~ ~ t l c t . pressure loss is subtracted from the The pressure at the water sourcc. Where thc highest watcr supply outlet is located below the watcr source, there will be an increase in prcssure which is addcd to the available pressurc of the water source. Lines F, G and H: The pressure losses through filters. backflow prevention devices or other special fixtures must be obtained from the maniifacturcr or estimated and entcred on these lines. Equiplnent such as backflow prevcntion devices, check valves, water softeners, instantaneous or tankless water heaters, filters and strainers can impart a rnuch greater pressurc loss than the piping. The prcssure losses can range from 8 psi to 30 psi.
  • 127. APPENDIX E I ' - COLD WATER PlPE S E C T I F .... -. - - 1 - R-C / / I I I I ' FITTINGSNALVES- - - 1.7'1 .. Gate valvcs .. . . " 1 1 C-F - . - - - TABLE E.l -. I -211; straight run tee - - -- - T I 1 PRESSURELOSS EXPRESSED AS EQUIVALENT LENGTH OFJ"B~(feet) 1 - - - PRESSURE LOSS EXPRESSED AS 1 HOT WATER PIPE - - - - - I 3 A-B 1 1-211," Side branch tec . . . . / &-A I / B-C ---.-. -- .+ . . I -1- I -- Y - . A-B I - I I - I -2'~ Side ! . A . I..1; - . branch tee -- .I ~ 1-2'1 " Side branch tee . . ...-. 1 1-2" Straight run tee 12 1 I ~~- - - - I i 1 1-Y90-dcgrec. - . cll 0.5 - - ~- - -- I -----------c-. . . i I . . ~ - C-D 1 I 4 D-E I? 7 D-E I Step 12 Step Y Line I,: Subtract Line J from Line K and enter in Colunln 10. Thc result should always be a positive or plus figurc. If it 5; is not, repeat the operation using Colu~nns 6 , s anct0 until a balance or near balance is obtained. If the difference bctween Lines J and K is a high positive numbcr, it is an indication that the pipe sizcs arc too large and should bc reduced, thus saving materials. In such a case, thc opcrations using Columns 5 , 6 , 8 and 9 should again be repeated. The total friction losses are detennincd and subtracted from thc pressurc available to ovcrco'nc pipc friction for trial pipe size. This number is critical as it provides a guidc to whether the pipe size selectcd is too large and the process dcsigncd sysshould be repeated to obtain an econon~ically tem. Coli~nln Select from Figure E103.3(3) the friction loss 8: per 100 fcet (30 480 mm) of pipc for the gallon-per-minute flow in a scction (Column 3) and trial pipe size (Column 5). M a x i m ~ ~friction hcad loss per 100 fcet is detcrnmined on m thc basis of total pressure available for friction hcadloss and thc longest cquivalcnt lcngth of run. The selection is based on the gallon-per-minute demand, the uniform friction head loss, and the maximum dcsign vclocity. Wherc Ihe size indicated by hydraulic tablc indicates a velocity in cxcess of the sclcctcd vclocity, a sizc must be selccted which produces the required velocity. Step 10 Column 9: M ~ ~ l t i pthe tigures in Columns 7 and 8 for each ly hcction and cntcr in Column 9. Total friction loss is determined by nlultiplying the friction loss per 100 fect (30 480 mm) for each pipe section in the total developed length by the pressure loss in fittings cxpressecl as equivalent length in feet. Note: Section C-F should be considered in the total pipe friction losses only if greater loss occurs in Scction C-F than i n pipe scction D-E. Seclion C-F is not considered in the total developed length. Total friction loss in equivalent length is dctermincd in Table E.2. Answer: The final figurcs entered in Column 5 becolne thc design pipe sizc for the respective sections. Rcpcating this operation a second time using thc srtlne sketch but considering the demand for hot water, it is possible to size thc ]lot watcr distribution piping. This has been worked up as a part of the overall problem in the tabular arrangemcnt used for sizing the service and water distribution piping. Note that consideration must be given to the prcssurc losses from thc strcct main to the water heater (Section A-B) in determining thc hot water pipc sizcs. Stcp I1 1,inc K: Enter thc sum of the values in Colurnn 9. 'Fhc value is the total friction loss in equivalent length for each designated pipe scction. ---~ TABLE E.2 ..- - - - -- ~ 1 I 1 - - . -- - : .. n-c i i ; / P!PE SECTIONS i - - - . . . . "D - - . ... . .- .. . - - - . . --- ~ -- - ! ! - - - - -- - . . .. . --- . ~ .. . . 1 -+ -- - ~ ~ - - -- 0.085 x 3.1 = 0.26 -- -- - - - - - -- - - 0.20 x 1.9 = 0.38 . -.- . - ~ ~ 1.62 x 1.9 = 3.08 ~ i 5.93 ~ ~ ~ o-.. Water t - -- 0.69 x 3.2 = 2.21 . . 1 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ ~ ~ cold Water . ~ I I , ~ FRICTION LOSS EQUlV ~ ~ -i I .. ~-. . I - - 1 - - - - - - - I ?-L-- "1 6 x !.4 = 0.22 0.1 7 x 3.2 = 0.54 - ~ -- .- -- - . .. - II 7.99 I . . - - ~ . . I I 1.57 x: 3.2 = 5.02 I -i i ~. ~ - - - - I ~ . 121
  • 128. APPENDIX E TABLE E103.3(1) RECOMMENDED TABULAR ARRANGEMENT FOR USE IN SOLVING PIPE S Z l ................ l I G PROBLEMS 7 i 8 . 1 Total Friction Frict~on Excess equivalent/ loss per loss In pressurc length I 100 feet equivalent over col. 4 and of trial length col. friction col. 6 (100 ;size pips 8 x col. 7 losses feet) / (psi) (psi) (psi) . ,I ~ - ~ ~ ~~ ssure required at n fixture 3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.00 "meter.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ PI-essureavailable to overeolne For SI: I inch = 25.4 mm, I foot = 304.8 IIUII, 1 psi = 6.895kPa. 1 gpm = 3.735 Llm. a. 'To bc considered as Ixessure gain ii>riixtul-csbclow- mair~ consider separately, omit from "VI" and add to (to I>. To cor~sider szparately, in K use C-F only if @-eaterloss than aboxe. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ T").
  • 129. APPENDIX E TABLE E l 03.3(3) . . . .... - - !?EO!!"V4NLYFop Demand 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ - ~ ~ ~ - - FLUSH VALVES ~ I - - I
  • 130. APPENDIX E ---- ~ TABLE E l 03.3(5) ALLOWANCE IN EQUIVALENT LENGTHS OF PIPE FOR FRICTION LOSS IN VALVES AND THREADED FITTINGS..(feet) . .. . - ~ r--~ - ~ ~ ~~ , - ~~-~ ~~ 1 PlPE SIZE (inches) FITTING OR VALVE - . - I . - - - - - . - - Tee. bran211 Gate valve ~~ ~ Ralancing valve .. . ~~. - .. , i 1.1 0.8 ... - . I . 1 +- 1.9 - I 4. . 2.2 I -- ' 4.5 1 .~- Check valve, swing . FUIS1. ~ I inch = 25 4 mm, I foot = 304.8 rnm, 1 degree = 0.0175 rad TABLE E103.3(6) - For SI: I inch = 25.1 uum, 1 foot = 304.8 mm. I dtgree 0.01745 pad. a. t2llow;tnci's are for strealnlined soldered fittings and recessed threaded fittings. For threaded tittings, double the allowances shown in the tablc. The i>qui:tlcnt lengths p~.bsel~ted above are b i ~ s ~ d a C faelor of 150 in the Haze11-Williams friction loss f(~rmola. lenghs shown are rounded to llic IIC~I-cst k x ~ t . on The half 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 131. APPENDIX E PRESSURE DROP PER 100 FEETOFTUBE, POUNDS PER SQllARE INCH Note: Fluid veloaf es in excess of 5 to 8 feetlsecond are not ~ ~ x ~ arecommended lly FIGURE E103.3(3) FRICTION LOSS IN SMOOTH PIPEa (TYPE L, ASTM B 88 COPPER TUBING) I il~ch 25.4 Inm, 1 foot = 30-I..S mln, I gplTl = 3.785 I,11n, I psi = 6.895 kPa, = I Soot pel- second = 0.305 mls. a. This ch;~l.i applies to s r ~ ~ u onew copper tubing with ~.ecessed th (streamline‘) soldered joints and to the actual sizes of types indicated on the diagram For SI: 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 132. APPENDIX E FRICTIONLOSS POUNDS PER SQUARE !NCHHEAD PER 100 FEET LENGTH FIGURE E103.3(5) FRICTION LOSS IN FAIRLY SMOOTH PIPEa 1 inch = 25.4 mm, I fool = 204.8 mni, I gpm = 3.785 Llm, 1 psi = 6.895 1;Pa. I Soot pcr secorld = 0.305 mis. a. This ~.liart applies to snrcloth licw steel (Ihirly smooth) pipe ar~d actual diameters of standard-weight pipe. to [%I SI: 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 133. APPENDIX E FIGURE E103.3(7) FRICTION LOSS IN FAIRLY ROUGH PIPEa 1 inch = 25.4 mln, I Foot = 304.8 mm. I gpm = 3.785 L/m, 1 psi = 6.895 kPa, I liw~ second = 0.305 nds. pcr a. This char1 applies lo wry ~.ough pipe and enistins pipe and to their actual dinmcters I;or SJ: 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 134. APPENDIX E TABLE E201. I MINIMUM SIZE OF WATER METERS, MAINS AND DlSTRlBUTlON PIPING MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENT LENGTH (feet) ......... - -.7- - - . . . . . . . . . Pressure Range 40 to 49 psi MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENTLENGTH (feet) - , r ~ ------r .-..-.i .- . - ....... . ..... . . . . . . . .... .... 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE^ ....... .. .. --- - .... - , . - 1 . , - ,I
  • 135. APPENDIX F STRUCTURAL SAFETY SECTION FlO1 CUTTING, NOTCHlNG AND BORING IN WOOD MEMBERS [B] FlOl.1 Joist notching. Notchcs on the ends of joists shall not exceed one-fourth the joist depth. Holes bored in joists shall not be within 3, inches (5 1 mm) of the top or bottom of the joist, and the diameter of any such hole shall no[ exceed one-third the depth of the joist. Notchcs in the top or bottom of joists shall not exceed one sixth the depth and shall not be located in the middle third of the span. [B] F101.2 Stud cutting and notching. In exterior walls and bcaring partitions, any wood stud is perinitted to be cut or notched to a depth not exceeding 25 percent of its width. Cutting or notching of studs to a depth not greater than 4 0 percent of the width of the stud is permitted in nonbearing partitions supporting no loads other than the weight of the partition. [B] F101.3 Bored holes. A hole not greater in diameter than 4 0 pcr-cent of the st~td width is permitted to bz borcd in any wood stud. Bored holes not greatcr than 60 percent of the width of the slud is pcnnitted in nonbearing partitions or in any wall where each borcd stud is doubled, provided not more than two such successive doubled studs arc so borcd. In no casc shall the edge of the bored holc be nearer than 0.625 inch mm) to the edge of the stud. Bored holes shall not be located at the same section of stud as a cut or notch. [U] F101.4 Cutting, notching and boring holes in structural stcel framing. The cutting, notching and boring of holes in structural steel framing mcmbers shall be as prescribed by the registered dcsign professional. [B] Fd01.5 Cutting, notching aald boring holes i n cold-formed steel framing. Flanges and lips of load-bearing cold-formcd stcel framing members shall not he cut or notched. Holes in wcbs of load-hearing cold-formed steel framing membcrs shall be permitted along the ccnterline of the web of the framing n~cmber shall not exceed the dimensional limitaand tions, penetration spacing or minimum hole edge distance as prescribed by the registered dcsign professional. C~ltting, notching and boring holes of stccl floorlroof decking shall be as prescribed by the rcgistcred design professio~ial. [B] F101.6 Cutting, notching and boring holes in nonstructural cold-formed steel wall framing. Flanges and lips of ~lonstructx~ral cold-formed steel wall studs shall not be cut or notched. Holcs in wcbs of nonstructural cold-foinlcd stcel wall studs shall be permitted along thc centerline of the web of the framing member. shall not exceed 1.5 inches (38 mm) in width or 4 inches (102 mm) in length, and the holes shall not be spaccd less than 24 inches (6 10 mm) ccntcr to center from another holc or less than 10 inches (254 mrn) from the bearing end. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 136. APPENDIX G SECTION GI01 VACUUM DRAINAGE SYSTEM 6101.1 Scope. This appendix provides general guidelines for thc requircments for vacuum drainage systcms. (2101.2 General requirements. G101.2.1 System design. Vacuunl drainage systems shall be designcd in accordance with manufacturer's recornmendatiuns. The system layour, including piping layout, tank assemblics, vacuum pump assembly and other componcnts/dcsigns necessary for proper function of the system shall bc per nlanufacturer's recommendations. Plans, spcciSications and other data for such systems shall be submitted to the local administrative authority for review and approval prior to installation. G101.2.2 Fixtures. Gravity-type fixtures used in vacuum drainage systems shall coinply with Chapter 4 of this code. (3101.2.3 Drainage fixture units. Fixture units for gravity which discharge into or receive discharge drainage systcn~s from vacuuin drainage systems shall be based on values in Chapter 7 of this code. G101.2.4 Watcr supply fixture units. Water supply fixture be units sl~all based on values in Chapter 6 of this code with thc addition that the fixture unit of a vacuum-type water closet shall bc "1 ." G101.2.5 Traps and cleanouts. Gravity-type fixtures shall be probidcd with traps and cleanouts in accordance with Chaptcrs 7 and 1 0 of this codc. G101.2.6 Materials. Vacuum drainage pipe, fitting and valve materials shall bc as recommended by the vacuum drainage sy stem nlanufacturer and as permitted by this code. <;101.3 Testing and demonstrations.After completion of the entirc system installation, the system shall be subjected to a vacuum test of 19 inches (483 mm) of mcrcury and shall bc operated to li~nction required by the adnlinistrative authority as and the manufacturer. Recorded proof of all tests shall be sublnittcd to the ad~ninistrativc authority. G101.4 Writtell instructions. Writtcn instructions for the operations. runintenancc, safety and emergency procedures shall be provided by the building owner as verified by the administrative authority. 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@
  • 137. INDEX a ABS PlPE Where permitted . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3. Table 605.5. Table 702.1, Table 702.2, Table 702.3, Table 702.4 ACCESS TO Cleanouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708 Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405.2 Interceptors and separators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003.10 ACCESSIBLE PLUMBING FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . 404 ADMlNlSTRATlON Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105. 107.4. 106.6 Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101.3 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102.3 Meansofappeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.2 Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106.5.2 Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 AIR ADMITTANCE VALVES Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Where permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 917 AIR BREAK Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Method of providing . . . . . . . . . . . . .802.1.5. 802.1.6. 802.1.7, 802.2 Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .802.2.2 AIR GAP Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Method of providing . . . . . . . . . . . . 608.15.1. 802.2.1 802.1.2 Required . . . . . . . . 608.1 5.1. 802.1. 802.1.l. 802.1.3, 802.1.4, 802.1.5, 802.1.6, 802.1.7 AIR TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312.3.312.5.31 2.7 ALTERATIONS AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102.4 ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT. 105.2 APPROVED Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 ASBESTOS-CEMENT PlPE Where permitted . . . . . . . . . Table 702.2. Table 702.3 ATMOSPHERIC VACUUM BREAKER . . . Table 608.1. 608.13.6, 608.15.4, 608.1 5.4.1, 608.16.5 AUTOMATIC CLOTHES WASHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406 B BACKFILLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .306.3 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ BACKFLOW PREVEMTER Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .608.1 Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 608.1 BACKFLOW PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .608.1 BACKWATER VALVES Where required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715 BALL COCK (see FILL VALVE) BAROMETRIC LOOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .608.13.4 BATHTUBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407 BEDPAN STEAMERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 BEDPAN WASHERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 BIDETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408 BOOSTER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .606.5 BOTTLING ESTABLISHMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1003.7 BRASS PlPE Where permitted . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4, Table 605.8, Table 702.1 BUILDING DRAIN Branches of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 710.1 (2) Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 702.1, Table 702.2 Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 71 0.1 (1) BUILDING DRAINAGE SYSTEMS Below sewer level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .712.1 BUILDING SEWER Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 702.3 Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 710.1 (1) BUlLDING SYSTEMS Connection to public water and sewer . . . . . . . . 701.2 BUILDING TRAPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1002.6 C CAST-IRON PlPE Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 702.1. Table 702.2. Table 702.3, Table 702.4 CAULKlNG FERRULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705.18 CHANGE IN DIRECTION OF DRAINAGE PlPlNG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 706.3 CHEMICAL WASTE Exclusion from the sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .803.3 Neutralizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .803.2 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .702.5 CHLORINATED POLYVlNYUPlPE OR TUBING Where permitted . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4 141
  • 138. Prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1002.3 Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 0 02.4 Setting and protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1002.7 Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1002.5 FIXTURE UNITS Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Values for continuous flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 09.3 Values for fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709.1, Table 709.1 FIXTURES (See PLUMBING FIXTURES) FLOOD LEVEL RIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 FLOOD-RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION Design flood elevation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Flood hazard area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Flood hazard resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 FLOOR DRAINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .412, Table 709.1 FLOOR DRAINS, EMERGENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 FLOOR FLANGES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405.4.1,405. 4.2 FLOW RATES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .604.3, Table 604.3 Table 604.4, 604.10 FLUSHING DEVICES Flush tanks . . . . . . . . . . . .425.2, 425.3, 604.3, 604.5 Flushometer tanks . . . . . . . . . . . .425.3, 604.3, 604.5 Flushometer valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425.3, 604.3 Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425 FOOD HANDLING DRAINAGE. . . . . . . . . . . . .802. 1.1 FOOD WASTE GRINDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 FREEZING, PROTECTION OF PIPES . . . . . . . . .305.6 FROST CLOSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .904.2 FUTURE FIXTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .704.4 G GALVANIZED STEEL PIPE . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4, 605.18 GARBAGE CAN WASHERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414 GARBAGE DISPOSALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 GENERAL REGULATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301 Conflicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301.7 Connection to plumbing system . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 01.3 Connection to public water and sewer . . 301.3, 301.4 Elevator machinery rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301.6 Health and safety . . . 108.7, 108.7.1, 108.7.2, 108.7.3 Materials detrimental . . . . . . . . . . . 302, 302.1, 302.2 Piping measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301.5 Protection of pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Rodentproofing . . . . . 304, 304.1, 304.2, 304.3, 304.4 Sleeves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305.4 Strains and stresses in pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 Toilet facilities for workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 1 Trenching, excavation and backfill . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 Washroom requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ GREASE INTERCEPTORS AND TRAPS . . .202. 1003 Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003.3.4 Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 1003.3.4.1, 1003.4.2.1, 1003.4.2.2 In commercial buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003.5 Not required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1003.3.3 Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1003.1 GUTTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1106.6, Table 1106.6 H HANGERS AND SUPPORTS Attachment to buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 08.4 Base of stacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .308.9 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .308.3 Seismic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .308.2 Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 308.5 HEALTH AND SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101.3 HEALTH CARE PLUMBING . . . . . . . . . .422.609, 713 HEAT EXCHANGER PROTECTION . . . . . . . .608.16.3 HORIZONTAL Slope for drainage pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 04.1 HOSPITAL PLUMBING FIXTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . 422 Clinical sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .422.6 Height of special controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .422.10 Sterilizer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .422.9 HOT WATER Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Flow of hot water to fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607.4 Heaters and tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 5 Recirculating pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .607.2.3 Supply system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 HOUSE TRAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 0 02.6 I INDIRECT WASTE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802 Air gap or break . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .802.2.1,802.2.2 Food handling establishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802.1.1 Receptors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .802.3 Special wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 803 Waste water temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .803.1 Where required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .802.1 INDIVIDUAL VENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 907 INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.1 Final . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.1 Reinspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.3.3 Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.3 Rough-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.1 Scheduling of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.1 Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107.3 143
  • 139. 0 OFFSETS Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 711 Venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .915.1 OPENINGS Through walls or roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305.5, 305.7 P PERMIT Application for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106.3 Conditions of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106.5 Fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106.6 Suspension of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106. 5.5 PIPING Construction documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105.4.4 Drainage, horizontal slope . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 704.1 Drainage piping installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704 Drainage piping offset, size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 711 Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605, 705 PlPlNG PROTECTION Backfilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .306.3 Breakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305.2 Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305.1 Footings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305.5 Freezing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305.6 Penetration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305.5 Tunneling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .306.4 PLUMBING FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403 PLUMBING FIXTURES Accessible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404 Automatic clothes washers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406 Bidet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408 Clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405.3 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Dishwashing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409 Drainage fixture unit values . . . . . . . . . . . Table 709.1 Drinking fountain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410 Emergency showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411 Eyewash stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411 Floor sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427 Floor and trench drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 Food waste grinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 Future fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .704.4 Garbage can washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414 Garbage disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 Joints at wall or floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405.5 Kitchen sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ Laundrytray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Lavatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Minimum facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 403.1 Ornamental pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .423.1 Qaality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .402.1 Separate facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .403.2 Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405.3 Showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 Sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Slop sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419 Water closets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 Water coolers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410 Water supply protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608 PLUMBING INSPECTOR (See CODE OFFICIAL) PNEUMATIC EJECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712 POLYBUTYLENE PlPE OR TUBING Where permitted . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4 POLYETHYLENE PlPE OR TUBING Cross-linked . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4 PE-AL-PE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4 PEX-AL-PEX . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4 POTABLE WATER, PROTECTION OF . . . . . . . . . . 608 PRESSURE OF WATER DlSTRlBUTlON . . . . . .604.6 PROHIBITED Joints and connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .605.9, 707 Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1002.3 PROTECTION OF POTABLE WATER . . . . . . . . . . 608 PUNlPlNG EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712 PVC PIPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 605.3, Table 605.4, Table 702.1, Table 702.2, Table 702.3 Q QUALITY OF WATER General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .608.1 R RAINWATER DRAINAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 11 REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE BACKFLOW PREVENTER Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Periodic inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312.9 Standard . . . . . . . . . . Table 608.1, 608.13.2, 608.16.2 Where required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608.15.2, 608.1 6.2, 608.16.4, 608.16.4.1, 608.16.5, 608.16.6 RELIEF VALVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .504.4, 504.5, 504.6 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 RELIEF VENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .911.4,914.916.2 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 ROOF DRAINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1102.6, 1105 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
  • 140. v VACUUMBREAKERS . . . . . . . . Table608.1,608.13.5. 608.13.6,608.13.8,608.15.4 VALVES Air admittance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202. 917 Backwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Pressure reducing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .604.8 Relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202, 504.4 Temperature-actuated flow reduction valves . . . 424.5 Transfer valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424.6 VENT Individual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 907 Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .904.2, 908.3, 91 0.4, 91 2.3, 91 6.1, 91 6.2 VENT RELIEF SIZE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 914 VENT STACK Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202,903.2 VENTS AND VENTING Branch vents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .916.4.1 Circuit or loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911 Combination drain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912 Common . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 908 Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Distance from trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 906.1 Engineered systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 918 Island fixture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 913 Stack vents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .903.1 Vent stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .903.2 Ventterminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 904 Waste stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910 Wetvent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 909 W WALL HUNG WATER CLOSETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 WASHING MACHINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406 WASTE Indirect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802 Special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 803 WASTE STACK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910 WASTE WATER TEMPERATURE . . . . . . . . . . . .803.1 WATER Booster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .606.5 Crossconnection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608.6 Distribution piping material . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 605.4 Excessive pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 04.8 Hammer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .604.9 WATER CLOSETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 WATER CONSERVATION Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .604.4 Flow rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table 604.4 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@ WATER HEATERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chapter 5 ................................ WlPEDJOlNTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705.13.2 WORKERS'TOILET FACII-ITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
  • 141. EDITORIAL CHANCES - SECOND PKINTING Page 20, Trlble 308.5: row 10, column 3 now reads . . . 4 Pagc 20, Tablc 308.5: row 16, column 3 now reads . . . 4 Page 26. Tablc 403. I-continued: row 14, column 6 now reads . . . 1 per 15 2006 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE@

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