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Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
Ning Conclusions Shannon
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Ning Conclusions Shannon

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    • 1. Constructing Effective Conclusions Ms. Parker
    • 2. An effective conclusion <ul><li>Restates your thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Summarizes your thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates the importance of your ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Propels your reader to a new view of the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you the last word on the subject </li></ul>
    • 3. Synthesize, don't summarize <ul><li>Include a brief summary of the paper's main points, but don't simply repeat things that were in your paper. Instead, show your reader how the points you made and the support and examples you used fit together. Pull it all together. </li></ul>
    • 4. Play the &quot;So What&quot; Game <ul><li>If you're stuck and feel like your conclusion isn't saying anything new or interesting, ask a friend to read it with you. Whenever you make a statement from your conclusion, ask the friend to say, &quot;So what?&quot; or &quot;Why should anybody care?&quot; Then ponder that question and answer it. </li></ul>
    • 5. Here's how it might go: <ul><li>You: Basically, I'm just saying that education was important to Douglass. </li></ul><ul><li>Friend: So what? </li></ul><ul><li>You: Well, it was important because it was a key to him feeling like a free and equal citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>Friend: Why should anybody care? </li></ul><ul><li>You: That's important because plantation owners tried to keep slaves from being educated so that they could maintain control. When Douglass obtained an education, he undermined that control personally. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also use this strategy on your own, asking yourself &quot;So What?&quot; as you develop your ideas or your draft. </li></ul>
    • 6. Echo the introduction <ul><li>This strategy brings the reader full circle. For example, if you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay is helpful in creating a new understanding. You may also refer to the introductory paragraph by using key words or parallel concepts and images that you also used in the introduction. </li></ul>
    • 7. Echo the introduction <ul><li>Intro: The final bell rings. It’s the last day of school, and summer has finally come! Students don’t have to think about school for at least another 2 1/2 months. That is the way it should always be. Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and not a year-round schedule. There are numerous downsides to year-round schooling. It has no positive effects on education, it adds to costs, and it disrupts the long-awaited summer vacation. </li></ul>
    • 8. Echo the introduction <ul><li>Concl.: It is evident that year-round schooling is not the best option for the school calendar. There is absolutely nothing wrong with the traditional school year. Why change something that works so well? The final bell rings. Let’s make sure this bell means that the “real”summer vacation has come. </li></ul>
    • 9. End with a provocative quotation <ul><li>For example, you might end an essay about global warming like this: </li></ul><ul><li>As journalist Elizabeth Kolbert said, “P e ople tend to focus on the here and now. The problem is that, once global warming is something that most people can feel in the course of their daily lives, it will be too late to prevent much larger, potentially catastrophic changes. ” </li></ul>
    • 10. Point to broader implications <ul><li>Show how your issue fits into the broader scheme of things or make an analogy. </li></ul>
    • 11. Point to broader implications <ul><li>For example: Personal choice is a simple principle that is highly valued in American society. Banning smoking in all public restaurants violates this principle and jeopardizes our freedom. Smoking should not be banned in all restaurants. A ban on smoking imposes unnecessary governmental interference in private business, affects business owners negatively, and discriminates against smokers. Like the black Southerner turned away because of racial segregation, the smoker is unfairly treated. Sadly, just when our government claims to be whisking away the clouds of smoke, it is legislating a cloud of discrimination. </li></ul>
    • 12. Look to the future <ul><li>Looking to the future can emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process. It may help them apply the new information to their lives or see things more globally. </li></ul>
    • 13. Look to the future <ul><li>For example: Without well-qualified teachers, schools are little more than buildings and equipment. If higher-paying careers continue to attract the best and the brightest students, there will not only be a shortage of teachers, but the teachers available may not have the best qualifications. Our youth will suffer. And when youth suffers, the future suffers. </li></ul>
    • 14. Call to Action <ul><li>Since you are trying to persuade your reader, what is it you want them to do as a result of reading your essay? </li></ul><ul><li>Now that you know what makes an effective conclusion, it’s your turn to write one! </li></ul>

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