Government and Global Business 4-1 Political Environment and Global Business 4-2 How Government Discourages Global Busines...
LESSON 4-1 Political Environment and Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss various political systems aro...
Types of Political Systems <ul><li>Democracy—all citizens take part in making the rules that govern them </li></ul><ul><li...
Political Relations with Host and Home Countries <ul><li>Global companies operating in host countries </li></ul><ul><li>Gl...
LESSON 4-2 How Government Discourages Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Describe laws and trade barriers tha...
Government Activities Influence Business <ul><li>Laws that protect workers and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Trade barriers ...
Political Risks in International Business <ul><li>Trade sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Expropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Econom...
International Taxes <ul><li>Customs duty </li></ul><ul><li>Sales tax </li></ul><ul><li>Excise tax </li></ul><ul><li>Payrol...
LESSON 4-3 How Government Encourages Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Explain government actions that can e...
Encouraging International Business <ul><li>Free-trade zones </li></ul><ul><li>Most favored nation (MFN) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Government Protection from International Risk <ul><li>Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) </li></ul><ul><li>Ove...
Tax Incentives <ul><li>Corporate tax deduction on income earned by foreign subsidiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Double-taxation ...
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Ch04

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Ch04

  1. 1. Government and Global Business 4-1 Political Environment and Global Business 4-2 How Government Discourages Global Business 4-3 How Government Encourages Global Business CHAPTER 4
  2. 2. LESSON 4-1 Political Environment and Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss various political systems around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the political environment for a company’s host and home countries. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Political Systems <ul><li>Democracy—all citizens take part in making the rules that govern them </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism—political control is held by one person or a small group </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed systems—characteristics of both systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Relations with Host and Home Countries <ul><li>Global companies operating in host countries </li></ul><ul><li>Global companies’ relationships with home countries </li></ul>
  5. 5. LESSON 4-2 How Government Discourages Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Describe laws and trade barriers that can discourage global business. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how political risks can disrupt global business activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the major types of taxes that governments impose around the world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government Activities Influence Business <ul><li>Laws that protect workers and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Trade barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariffs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quotas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycotts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing requirements </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Political Risks in International Business <ul><li>Trade sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Expropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Economic nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Civil unrest or war </li></ul>
  8. 8. International Taxes <ul><li>Customs duty </li></ul><ul><li>Sales tax </li></ul><ul><li>Excise tax </li></ul><ul><li>Payroll-related tax </li></ul><ul><li>Value-added tax (VAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Income taxes </li></ul>
  9. 9. LESSON 4-3 How Government Encourages Global Business <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Explain government actions that can encourage global business activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss U.S. government agencies that can help reduce international risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how tax incentives encourage global business. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Encouraging International Business <ul><li>Free-trade zones </li></ul><ul><li>Most favored nation (MFN) </li></ul><ul><li>Free-trade agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Common markets </li></ul>
  11. 11. Government Protection from International Risk <ul><li>Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tax Incentives <ul><li>Corporate tax deduction on income earned by foreign subsidiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Double-taxation avoidance treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Tax holiday </li></ul>
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