The Effects of Domestic Violence on ChildrenAges 7-11<br />By: <br />Linda Kissack , <br />
UNICEF (2006) defines domestic violence or intimate partner violence as “a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviours i...
Statistics<br />10 to 20 percent of children are at risk for exposure to domestic violence. <br />In 38% of incidents of i...
In 2009, Texas reported…<br />193,505  family  violence incidents <br />111 women killed by an intimate partner<br />44% o...
Children are exposed to domestic violence by: <br />Directly witnessing the abuse<br />Suffering harm incidental to the ab...
Children who live with domestic violence face the following increased risks: <br />Being neglected<br />Losing their home ...
Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to suffer from biological, social, emotional, and/or cognitive devel...
The Effects of Domestic Violence on Biological Development  <br />Psychosomatic problems<br />Eating and sleeping patterns...
Biological Development  <br />Nervousness<br />Depression<br />Anxiety<br />Stress<br />Panic<br />9<br />
Biological Development <br />Shame<br />Easily Irritated<br />Substance abuse<br />Inability to regulate emotions<br />Und...
The Effects of Domestic Violence on Cognitive Development<br />Poor concentration and focus<br />Low academic achievement<...
Cognitive Development <br />Overreact  to non-threatening triggers <br />Difficulty with tasks requiring higher-order thin...
Cognitive Development<br />Worry excessively<br />Confused<br />Thoughts of inadequacy<br />Lie to cover up the abuse<br /...
The Effects of Domestic Violence on Social Development<br />Isolated from others<br />Uncomfortable in social situations<b...
Social Development <br />Disobedient<br />Low self-esteem<br />Hostile towards others<br />Oppositional behavior<br />Take...
Social Development <br />Eager to please others<br />Bully others<br />Become victims of bullying<br />Industrious vs. inf...
The Effects of Domestic Violence on Emotional Development <br />Negative self-concept<br />Unworthy<br />Constantly afraid...
Emotional Development<br />Jealous of others <br />Become more aware of their own reactions to violence<br />Feel anxious ...
Emotional Development<br />Helpless<br />Guilty<br />Responsible<br />Vengeful<br />Resigned<br />19<br />
Unhealthy lessons children may learn from violence against their mothers<br />Violence and threats get you what you want<b...
“Boys who witness their mother’s abuse are more likely to batter their female partners as adults than boys raised in non-v...
“Girls who witness their mother’s abuse may grow to believe that threats and violence are the norm in relationships”<br />...
Not all children exposed to domestic violence exhibit negative effects.  Some children demonstrate enormous resiliency and...
How can we protect children from the effects of domestic violence?<br />Provide a safe and secure environment<br />Listen ...
Children Suffering in Silence<br />The link is to a KXLY 4 News story about a family that escaped from a violent home.  It...
References<br />Baker, L., & Cunningham, A. (2007). Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes childre...
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  • The effects of_domestic_violence_on_children[1]

    1. 1. The Effects of Domestic Violence on ChildrenAges 7-11<br />By: <br />Linda Kissack , <br />
    2. 2. UNICEF (2006) defines domestic violence or intimate partner violence as “a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviours including physical, sexual and psychological attacks, as well as economic coercion used by adults or adolescents against their current or former intimate partner” (p. 1).<br />2<br />
    3. 3. Statistics<br />10 to 20 percent of children are at risk for exposure to domestic violence. <br />In 38% of incidents of intimate partner violence, children under age 12 were residents in the household.<br />Child abuse occurs in 30 to 60 percent of family violence cases that involve families with children.<br />(The Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2009). <br />3<br />
    4. 4. In 2009, Texas reported…<br />193,505 family violence incidents <br />111 women killed by an intimate partner<br />44% of the women killed had children<br />In 19 of the cases, one or more children witnessed the death of their mother<br />6 children were murdered as well<br />108 children lost one or both parents<br />(Texas Council on Family Violence, 2010).<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Children are exposed to domestic violence by: <br />Directly witnessing the abuse<br />Suffering harm incidental to the abuse<br />Being forced to watch or participate in the abuse of the victim<br />Being used as a spy<br />Being used by the abuser to manipulate the victim<br />(Stop Violence Against Women, 2010).<br />5<br />
    6. 6. Children who live with domestic violence face the following increased risks: <br />Being neglected<br />Losing their home and living in a shelter<br />Being directly abused<br />Losing one or both of their parents<br />Death <br />(Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2009).<br />6<br />
    7. 7. Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to suffer from biological, social, emotional, and/or cognitive development problems than those who are not.<br />7<br />
    8. 8. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Biological Development <br />Psychosomatic problems<br />Eating and sleeping patterns are disrupted<br />Nightmares<br />Gastrointestinal problems<br />Bed-wetting<br />Memory problems<br />8<br />
    9. 9. Biological Development <br />Nervousness<br />Depression<br />Anxiety<br />Stress<br />Panic<br />9<br />
    10. 10. Biological Development <br />Shame<br />Easily Irritated<br />Substance abuse<br />Inability to regulate emotions<br />Underdeveloped cortex<br />10<br />
    11. 11. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Cognitive Development<br />Poor concentration and focus<br />Low academic achievement<br />Poor adaptation to learning environment<br />Poor language skills<br />Lack conflict resolution skills<br />11<br />
    12. 12. Cognitive Development <br />Overreact to non-threatening triggers <br />Difficulty with tasks requiring higher-order thinking skills<br />Create rationalizations to justify abuse<br />Dissociate from situation<br />Focused on survival<br />12<br />
    13. 13. Cognitive Development<br />Worry excessively<br />Confused<br />Thoughts of inadequacy<br />Lie to cover up the abuse<br />Learn distorted gender roles<br />13<br />
    14. 14. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Social Development<br />Isolated from others<br />Uncomfortable in social situations<br />Unable to trust others<br />Lack peer relationships<br />Protect siblings<br />14<br />
    15. 15. Social Development <br />Disobedient<br />Low self-esteem<br />Hostile towards others<br />Oppositional behavior<br />Take on parent responsibilities<br />15<br />
    16. 16. Social Development <br />Eager to please others<br />Bully others<br />Become victims of bullying<br />Industrious vs. inferior<br />Compare themselves to others<br />16<br />
    17. 17. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Emotional Development <br />Negative self-concept<br />Unworthy<br />Constantly afraid<br />Feel insecure<br />Feel unloved<br />17<br />
    18. 18. Emotional Development<br />Jealous of others <br />Become more aware of their own reactions to violence<br />Feel anxious <br />Concerned for their mother<br />Frustrated<br />18<br />
    19. 19. Emotional Development<br />Helpless<br />Guilty<br />Responsible<br />Vengeful<br />Resigned<br />19<br />
    20. 20. Unhealthy lessons children may learn from violence against their mothers<br />Violence and threats get you what you want<br />A person has two choices- to be the aggressor or be the victim<br />When people hurt others, they do not get in trouble<br />People who love you can also hurt you<br />Unhealthy, unequal relationships are normal or to be expected<br />(Cunningham, A., & Baker, L., 2007).<br />20<br />
    21. 21. “Boys who witness their mother’s abuse are more likely to batter their female partners as adults than boys raised in non-violent homes”<br />(Domestic Violence Roundtable, 2008, “Long Term Effects,” para. 1). <br />21<br />
    22. 22. “Girls who witness their mother’s abuse may grow to believe that threats and violence are the norm in relationships”<br />(Domestic Violence Roundtable, 2008, “Long Term Effects,” para. 1). <br />22<br />
    23. 23. Not all children exposed to domestic violence exhibit negative effects. Some children demonstrate enormous resiliency and use their situation as motivation to excel in school and in life.<br />“Schoolchildren who seem unscathed by their troubled, stressful homes have been called resilient or even invincible” (Berger, 2010, p.275).<br />23<br />
    24. 24. How can we protect children from the effects of domestic violence?<br />Provide a safe and secure environment<br />Listen to them, believe them, shelter them<br />Provide a routine<br />Provide support services to meet their individual needs<br />Teach them that domestic violence is wrong<br />Teach them non-violent methods of resolving conflicts<br />(UNICEF, 2006). <br />24<br />
    25. 25. Children Suffering in Silence<br />The link is to a KXLY 4 News story about a family that escaped from a violent home. It includes an interview with the children describing how they were affected by their exposure to domestic violence.<br />25<br />
    26. 26. References<br />Baker, L., & Cunningham, A. (2007). Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow. <br /> Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System. <br />Berger, K.S. (2010). In Invitation to the Lifespan. New York: Worth Publishers. <br />KXLY4 News (Producer). (2007, November 07). Children suffering in silence the pain of domestic violence [Video webcast]. <br /> In KXLY4 Focus. Retrieved from http://wwww.youtube.com/user/KXLY#p/search/0/eh5fzzn_0NU<br />Stop Violence Against Women. (2006). Effects of domestic violence on children. Retrieved from http://www.stopvaw.org/<br /> effects_of_domestic_violence_on_children.html<br />Texas Council on Family Violence. (2010). Honoring Texas victims: Family fatalities in 2009. Retrieved from <br /> http://www.tcfv.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/killListReport-v2.pdf<br />The Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2009). Domestic violence and the child welfare system. Retrieved from <br /> http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/domesticviolcene.cfm<br />UNICEF. (2006). Behind closed doors: The impact of domestic violence on children. Retrieved from <br /> http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf<br />26<br />
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