The effects of_domestic_violence_on_children[1]
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The effects of_domestic_violence_on_children[1]

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Transcript

  • 1. The Effects of Domestic Violence on ChildrenAges 7-11
    By:
    Linda Kissack ,
  • 2. UNICEF (2006) defines domestic violence or intimate partner violence as “a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviours including physical, sexual and psychological attacks, as well as economic coercion used by adults or adolescents against their current or former intimate partner” (p. 1).
    2
  • 3. Statistics
    10 to 20 percent of children are at risk for exposure to domestic violence.
    In 38% of incidents of intimate partner violence, children under age 12 were residents in the household.
    Child abuse occurs in 30 to 60 percent of family violence cases that involve families with children.
    (The Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2009).
    3
  • 4. In 2009, Texas reported…
    193,505 family violence incidents
    111 women killed by an intimate partner
    44% of the women killed had children
    In 19 of the cases, one or more children witnessed the death of their mother
    6 children were murdered as well
    108 children lost one or both parents
    (Texas Council on Family Violence, 2010).
    4
  • 5. Children are exposed to domestic violence by:
    Directly witnessing the abuse
    Suffering harm incidental to the abuse
    Being forced to watch or participate in the abuse of the victim
    Being used as a spy
    Being used by the abuser to manipulate the victim
    (Stop Violence Against Women, 2010).
    5
  • 6. Children who live with domestic violence face the following increased risks:
    Being neglected
    Losing their home and living in a shelter
    Being directly abused
    Losing one or both of their parents
    Death
    (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2009).
    6
  • 7. Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to suffer from biological, social, emotional, and/or cognitive development problems than those who are not.
    7
  • 8. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Biological Development
    Psychosomatic problems
    Eating and sleeping patterns are disrupted
    Nightmares
    Gastrointestinal problems
    Bed-wetting
    Memory problems
    8
  • 9. Biological Development
    Nervousness
    Depression
    Anxiety
    Stress
    Panic
    9
  • 10. Biological Development
    Shame
    Easily Irritated
    Substance abuse
    Inability to regulate emotions
    Underdeveloped cortex
    10
  • 11. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Cognitive Development
    Poor concentration and focus
    Low academic achievement
    Poor adaptation to learning environment
    Poor language skills
    Lack conflict resolution skills
    11
  • 12. Cognitive Development
    Overreact to non-threatening triggers
    Difficulty with tasks requiring higher-order thinking skills
    Create rationalizations to justify abuse
    Dissociate from situation
    Focused on survival
    12
  • 13. Cognitive Development
    Worry excessively
    Confused
    Thoughts of inadequacy
    Lie to cover up the abuse
    Learn distorted gender roles
    13
  • 14. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Social Development
    Isolated from others
    Uncomfortable in social situations
    Unable to trust others
    Lack peer relationships
    Protect siblings
    14
  • 15. Social Development
    Disobedient
    Low self-esteem
    Hostile towards others
    Oppositional behavior
    Take on parent responsibilities
    15
  • 16. Social Development
    Eager to please others
    Bully others
    Become victims of bullying
    Industrious vs. inferior
    Compare themselves to others
    16
  • 17. The Effects of Domestic Violence on Emotional Development
    Negative self-concept
    Unworthy
    Constantly afraid
    Feel insecure
    Feel unloved
    17
  • 18. Emotional Development
    Jealous of others
    Become more aware of their own reactions to violence
    Feel anxious
    Concerned for their mother
    Frustrated
    18
  • 19. Emotional Development
    Helpless
    Guilty
    Responsible
    Vengeful
    Resigned
    19
  • 20. Unhealthy lessons children may learn from violence against their mothers
    Violence and threats get you what you want
    A person has two choices- to be the aggressor or be the victim
    When people hurt others, they do not get in trouble
    People who love you can also hurt you
    Unhealthy, unequal relationships are normal or to be expected
    (Cunningham, A., & Baker, L., 2007).
    20
  • 21. “Boys who witness their mother’s abuse are more likely to batter their female partners as adults than boys raised in non-violent homes”
    (Domestic Violence Roundtable, 2008, “Long Term Effects,” para. 1).
    21
  • 22. “Girls who witness their mother’s abuse may grow to believe that threats and violence are the norm in relationships”
    (Domestic Violence Roundtable, 2008, “Long Term Effects,” para. 1).
    22
  • 23. Not all children exposed to domestic violence exhibit negative effects. Some children demonstrate enormous resiliency and use their situation as motivation to excel in school and in life.
    “Schoolchildren who seem unscathed by their troubled, stressful homes have been called resilient or even invincible” (Berger, 2010, p.275).
    23
  • 24. How can we protect children from the effects of domestic violence?
    Provide a safe and secure environment
    Listen to them, believe them, shelter them
    Provide a routine
    Provide support services to meet their individual needs
    Teach them that domestic violence is wrong
    Teach them non-violent methods of resolving conflicts
    (UNICEF, 2006).
    24
  • 25. Children Suffering in Silence
    The link is to a KXLY 4 News story about a family that escaped from a violent home. It includes an interview with the children describing how they were affected by their exposure to domestic violence.
    25
  • 26. References
    Baker, L., & Cunningham, A. (2007). Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow.
    Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System.
    Berger, K.S. (2010). In Invitation to the Lifespan. New York: Worth Publishers.
    KXLY4 News (Producer). (2007, November 07). Children suffering in silence the pain of domestic violence [Video webcast].
    In KXLY4 Focus. Retrieved from http://wwww.youtube.com/user/KXLY#p/search/0/eh5fzzn_0NU
    Stop Violence Against Women. (2006). Effects of domestic violence on children. Retrieved from http://www.stopvaw.org/
    effects_of_domestic_violence_on_children.html
    Texas Council on Family Violence. (2010). Honoring Texas victims: Family fatalities in 2009. Retrieved from
    http://www.tcfv.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/killListReport-v2.pdf
    The Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2009). Domestic violence and the child welfare system. Retrieved from
    http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/domesticviolcene.cfm
    UNICEF. (2006). Behind closed doors: The impact of domestic violence on children. Retrieved from
    http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf
    26