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Theoretical perspectives on disability
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Theoretical perspectives on disability Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Theoretical Perspectives on Disability Lisa M. Fischler
  • 2. Medical/Rehabilitation Model
  • 3. Medical/Rehabilitation Model • Disability results from individual’s physical or mental limitations
  • 4. Medical/Rehabilitation Model • Disability results from individual’s physical or mental limitations • Unrelated to social or environmental factors
  • 5. Medical/Rehabilitation Model • Disability results from individual’s physical or mental limitations • Unrelated to social or environmental factors • Solutions focus upon remediating the individual’s impairment
  • 6. Medical/Rehabilitation Model • Disability results from individual’s physical or mental limitations • Unrelated to social or environmental factors • Solutions focus upon remediating the individual’s impairment • If solutions cannot be found, focus shifts to supporting the person and “accepting” their impairment
  • 7. Medical/Rehabilitation Model • Disability results from individual’s physical or mental limitations • Unrelated to social or environmental factors • Solutions focus upon remediating the individual’s impairment • If solutions cannot be found, focus shifts to supporting the person and “accepting” their impairment • Goal: to help the person become more “normal”
  • 8. Tragedy/Charity Model
  • 9. Tragedy/Charity Model • Disability results from unlucky or tragic circumstances
  • 10. Tragedy/Charity Model • Disability results from unlucky or tragic circumstances • Encourages caretaking to help individuals who cannot care for themselves
  • 11. Tragedy/Charity Model • Disability results from unlucky or tragic circumstances • Encourages caretaking to help individuals who cannot care for themselves • Solutions focus on providing charity to help individuals who cannot function in society
  • 12. Tragedy/Charity Model • Disability results from unlucky or tragic circumstances • Encourages caretaking to help individuals who cannot care for themselves • Solutions focus on providing charity to help individuals who cannot function in society • Goal: to raise awareness for the disability and money for a cure or treatment
  • 13. Social/Disability Rights Model
  • 14. Social/Disability Rights Model • Disability is a result of attitudes, policies, and barriers that prevent people from participating to the maximum extent in society
  • 15. Social/Disability Rights Model • Disability is a result of attitudes, policies, and barriers that prevent people from participating to the maximum extent in society • People with disabilities seen as members of a minority group experiencing discrimination
  • 16. Social/Disability Rights Model • Disability is a result of attitudes, policies, and barriers that prevent people from participating to the maximum extent in society • People with disabilities seen as members of a minority group experiencing discrimination • Solutions focus on changing the environment to become more accessible
  • 17. Social/Disability Rights Model • Disability is a result of attitudes, policies, and barriers that prevent people from participating to the maximum extent in society • People with disabilities seen as members of a minority group experiencing discrimination • Solutions focus on changing the environment to become more accessible • Goal: to help people with disabilities take control of their own lives
  • 18. Other models…
  • 19. Other models… • Economic – Disability defined by an individual’s lack of functioning in the workforce
  • 20. Other models… • Economic – Disability defined by an individual’s lack of functioning in the workforce • Customer – Professionals function as service providers to people with disabilities, not as experts defining the parameters of care
  • 21. Other models… • Economic – Disability defined by an individual’s lack of functioning in the workforce • Customer – Professionals function as service providers to people with disabilities, not as experts defining the parameters of care • Religious/Moral – Disability is inflicted as punishment or by an evil force