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Female  Juvenile  Offending    Lisa  Finkenbine
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Female Juvenile Offending Lisa Finkenbine

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  • 1. Cultural Components Matter
  • 2. Statistics  Children younger than 13 are involved in 1 in 10 juvenile arrests, with females making sure it is not gender based  The younger the offending begins, the longer period of time it will persist, & the more serious the crimes will become  32.5% of the total juvenile arrests in 1995 were females under the age of 18  Female arrests rose 150% in the mid 1990s, while male arrests only rose 75%  Main crime used to be larceny-theft (property crimes), now include aggravated assault, armed robbery & murder
  • 3. Profile Facts  Poverty, underemployment, lack of opportunities, and family dysfunction are significant factors  Typical female offender from late 1960s to 1980s was approximately 16 years old, single-parent home in urban neighborhood, high-school dropout with inadequate social & work skills, physically or sexually abused  Recent profile includes starting as young as 14, growing up in poor & high-crime areas, belongs to minority group, abuser of drugs and/or alcohol, suicidal behaviors, mental health & medical needs not addressed, low self esteem
  • 4. Early Signs  Victims before offenders  More likely to harm self  Directs negative actions inward when angry or frightened, attempts suicide  Does poor academically  Seeks out peers who are involved in delinquent and antisocial behaviors  Limited extra-curricular activities  High absenteeism & expulsion from school  Disruptive behavior
  • 5. Race Research Facts  More common in African Americans and Hispanics  African American females make up nearly 50% of those held in detention centers, Hispanics make up 13%, Whites make up 35%  From 1988 – 1997 there was a 106% increase in African Americans arrests, 102% increase in Hispanic arrests, and only a 74% increase in White arrests  Caucasian females have a 7:10 dismissal ratio in court proceedings, but African Americans only have a 3:10 ratio
  • 6. Family Background Facts  Physically abused  Forced sexual activity & sexual abuse, most often perpetrated by a family member or close friend of family  Single-parent households with little adult presence & supervision  Disengagement & inattention by parents in relation to daughters  Parents who are unaware of social connections  Family instability  Emotional conflict within the family
  • 7. Social Status of Family  Criminal convictions of biological parent(s), siblings  Being subjected to wide range of stressors  Education status of head of household  Parents with drug and/or alcohol issues & have been treated for a mental illness  Poverty  Poor parenting skills  Receive public social services
  • 8. Community Background Facts  Living in urban areas  Less available social support in community  Fewer activities available for youths to occupy their free time  Disorganized neighborhood environments  High-crime areas
  • 9. Summary Female juvenile offending/delinquency is increasing at an alarming rate, and the criminal acts are becoming more severe. There is no full-proof solution to the problem, but the earliest prevention starts at home. Be attentive to your children, know their social networks, and know the warning signs.