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The Occupational Crystal Ball: What are the jobs of the future?
 

The Occupational Crystal Ball: What are the jobs of the future?

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I gave this presentation at the South Carolina Counselors Association conference in early 2013

I gave this presentation at the South Carolina Counselors Association conference in early 2013

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    The Occupational Crystal Ball: What are the jobs of the future? The Occupational Crystal Ball: What are the jobs of the future? Presentation Transcript

    • The Occupational Crystal Ball: What are the jobs of the future? March 1, 2013 Lorraine Faulds Workforce Intelligence Coordinator ? SC Department of Employment & Workforce
    • Goal for this workshop: Expose counselors to information they can share with students so better education and career choices can be made.
    • Why is career planning important? 20 million Americans (17%) change jobs each year. 41% of adults said they had a career plan. 69% said if they were starting over, they would try to get more career information. Educational “false starts” cost in tuition, possible occupational mismatches, employee turnover, and unemployment. Source: The Importance of Career Planning, Montana Department of Labor & Industry
    • So we need information to make intelligent decisions… Information such as: Occupational Projections (Hot Jobs) Educational Requirements Population Labor force Educational data Wages Soft Skills
    • About the jobs…
    • When it comes to jobs, people should be looking at… •Job openings •Which industries have jobs? •What occupations? •Which companies are hiring?
    • Where Are The Jobs? SC Employment by Industry, Apr.-Jun. 2012 Health Care and Social Assistance Retail Trade Manufacturing Accommodation and Food Services Educational Services Administrative and Waste Services Public Administration Professional and Technical Services Construction Wholesale Trade Finance and Insurance Transportation and Warehousing Other Services, Ex. Public Admin Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Information Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Utilities Management of Companies and Enterprises Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Mining 12.9 12.4 12.1 10.8 9.2 7.8 5.9 4.5 4.3 3.6 3.6 3.1 2.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.1 Source: SC Dept. of Employment & Workforce, Labor Market Information, www.scWorkforceInfo.com Industry Health Care and Social Assistance Hospitals General Medical and Surgical Hospitals Avg. Employment 234,712 88,908 85,006
    • The Jobs Top 20 jobs with the most openings in SC (2010-2020) Retail Salespersons Registered Nurses Office Clerks, General Combined Food Prep./Serving Workers, Inc. Fast Food Cashiers Customer Service Representatives Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants Personal Care Aides Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Receptionists and Information Clerks Waiters and Waitresses Childcare Workers Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers Security Guards Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
    • Top 50 Jobs with the Most Openings in SC Top 50 Occupations in South Carolina, 2010-2020 Occ. Code Occupation Title 000000 All Occupations 41-2031 29-1111 43-9061 35-3021 41-2011 43-4051 31-1012 39-9021 53-7062 37-3011 53-3032 43-4171 Retail Salespersons Registered Nurses Office Clerks, General Combined Food Prep./Serving Workers, Inc. Fast Food Cashiers Customer Service Representatives Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants Personal Care Aides Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Receptionists and Information Clerks 2010-2020 # 2011 Change Wage Career Cluster 271,366 11.64 29.50 12.60 8.68 8.81 14.53 10.45 9.40 12.01 10.72 17.71 12.10 Experience Required On-The-Job Training (OJT) Required Less than high school Associate's degree High school diploma or equivalent Less than high school Less than high school High school diploma or equivalent Postsecondary non-degree award Less than high school Less than high school Less than high school High school diploma or equivalent High school diploma or equivalent None None None None None None None None None None 1 to 5 years None Short-term on-the-job training None Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training None Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training Short-term on-the-job training 18.54 11,067 10,851 6,583 6,394 6,019 5,133 5,081 4,999 4,946 4,774 4,342 3,964 Education Required Marketing, Sales and Service Health Science Business, Management and Administration Hospitality and Tourism Marketing, Sales and Service Business, Management and Administration Health Science Human Service Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics Agriculture, Food and Natural Resource Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics Business, Management and Administration See handout for complete list.
    • Declining Occupations By numerical change Top 20 Declining Jobs in SC (2010-2020) Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators Sewing Machine Operators Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Postal Service Clerks Chemical Plant and System Operators Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals Agricultural Equipment Operators Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Food Service Managers Loan Interviewers and Clerks Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers Floral Designers Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
    • Educational Requirements for the Top 50 Jobs in SC EDUCATION High school diploma or equivalent Less than high school Bachelor's degree Postsecondary non-degree award Associate's degree # of Occs. 27 13 5 3 2 40 out of 50 do not require classroom training beyond high school! But remember, many of these occupations do not pay well because they do not require much education.
    • Jobs that require OJT (from the top 50 occupations) Medical Assistants ($14.11) Truck Drivers, Heavy Duty ($17.71) Customer Services Reps ($14.53) Retail Salespersons ($11.64) Security Guards ($11.56)
    • OJT jobs where a certificate will help… Pharmacy Technicians ($13.14) Truck Drivers, Heavy/Tractor Trailer ($17.71) Bookkeeping, Accounting and Auditing Clerks ($16.13)
    • BUT… The more you learn, the more you earn!! Wages by Educational Attainment in SC, 2011 $54,100 $60,000 $50,000 $40,976 $40,000 $30,343 $24,579 $30,000 $17,645 $20,000 $10,000 $Less than high school High school graduate/GED Some Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree or college/Associate's higher Degree
    • Jobs that require Postsecondary/Career Training or an Associate’s Degree Registered Nurses ($29.50) Nursing Aides/Orderlies/Attendants ($10.45) HVAC Mechanics/Installers ($18.33) Licensed Practical Nurses (LPN) ($18.73)
    • Jobs that require a Bachelor’s Degree or higher Elementary School Teachers ($23.26) Management Analysts ($34.04) Accountants & Auditors ($28.36) Medical/Health Services Managers ($40.16)
    • Current Online Job Openings Top jobs in online ads in SC, January 2013 Registered Nurses First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers Retail Salespersons Customer Service Representatives Industrial Engineers Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products Physical Therapists Insurance Sales Agents Computer Support Specialists Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Occupational Therapists Network and Computer Systems Administrators Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers Sales Representatives, Services, All Other Computer Systems Analysts Web Developers
    • Who is hiring? Companies with the most online ads in SC, January 2013 Pizza Hut Lowe's Army National Guard Supplemental Health Care Aerotek Trustaff Tenet Healthsystem Medical Inc. Wells Fargo Imagine One Technology Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration AT&T Medical Staffing Source of America Community Health Systems Palmetto Health Richland Alleg is Group HCA Appleone Piedmont Medical Center Interim Healthcare CyberCoders Great Clips
    • Certificates for Online Jobs Certified Registered Nurse (RN) Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Top Secret Sensitive Compartmented Information Clearance (TS SCI) Physical Therapist Certification Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certified in Nursing Administration (CNA) Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) Certified Practical Nurse, Long-term care (CPNL, LTC) Occupational Safety & Health Administration Certification (OSHA) Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Board Certified (BC) Certified in Long Term Care (CLTC) Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (OTA) Occupational Therapy: Feeding, Eating, and Swallowing Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) Speech and Language Pathologist (SLP) Computer Aided Design (CAD) State Insurance License 15 of the top 20 requested certificates are healthcarerelated
    • Top Skills for Online Jobs Oral and written communication skills Detail oriented Customer service oriented Microsoft Office Problem solving Self-starting / Self-motivated Organizational skills Cash handling Sales experience Cash registers Troubleshooting Work independently Strong Leadership Work ethics Business development Strong interpersonal skills Project Management Time management Dependability Sales and operations planning
    • A look at the local area… (population & labor force)
    • Population Population Characteristics for SC and Selected Counties SC Greenville 4,679,230 461,299 389,116 357,704 Under 5 years old (2011) Under 18 years old (2011) 65 years old and over (2011) 6.5% 23.1% 14.1% 7.1% 24.2% 13.0% 6.3% 22.6% 10.0% 6.6% 20.7% 13.0% White (2011) African American/Black (2011) Other (2011) 68.4% 28.1% 3.5% 77.2% 18.4% 4.4% 48.9% 46.3% 4.8% 66.8% 29.7% 3.5% $43,939 16.4% $46,830 14.1% $47,922 14.5% $48,433 16.5% High school graduates, age 25+ (2010) Bachelor's degree or higher, age 25+ (2010) 83.0% 24.0% 84.0% 30.0% 88.4% 36.5% 87.4% 37.5% Language other than English spoken at home Age 5+ (2010) 6.6% 11.3% 7.9% 7.2% 2011 Total Population Median household income (2010) Persons below poverty level (2010) Source: US Census Bureau, American Fact Finder Richland Charleston
    • Labor Force Information First, a few definitions… Employed: Persons 16 years old or older who worked for pay any time during the week that included the 12th of the month. Unemployed: Persons 16 years old or older who are not working but want a job, and are able and willing to work. Labor Force: Employed plus unemployed. Unemployment Rate: Unemployment divided by labor force.
    • Employment in SC, Last 12 Months Source: SC DEW, Labor Market Information, Local Area Unemployment Statistics program
    • Unemployment in SC, Last 12 Months Source: SC DEW, Labor Market Information, Local Area Unemployment Statistics program
    • Unemployment Rate, Last 12 Months SC & US Source: SC DEW, Labor Market Information, Local Area Unemployment Statistics program
    • SC Unemployment Rate with Recession RECESSION Source: SC DEW, Labor Market Information, Local Area Unemployment Statistics program
    • A look at educational data…
    • South Carolina Educational Attainment 2011 K-12, no diploma, 14.9% No school, 1.2% Master's +, 8.6% Bachelor's, 15.7% Some college, 20.7% HS/GED, 30.5% Associate's, 8.5% SC population 25 years old and older
    • Effects of Dropouts According to a report by the Alliance for Excellent Education, if 1,000 more students graduated: They would earn a combined $11 million in added earnings in a year They would spend an additional $1.1 million each year By the midpoint of their careers, they would buy homes worth $23 million more than they would have without a diploma They would support 60 new jobs, increasing state revenue by almost $1 million a year
    • About the money…
    • Highest/Lowest Wages Entry All Occupations Highest Lowest Average Experienced 8.26 18.54 33.41 46.62 (Pharmacist) 55.18 (Pharmacist) 88.79 (Podiatrist) 7.54 8.32 9.29 (Gaming & Sports Book (Gaming & Sports Book (Food Prep./Serving Writers & Runners) Writers & Runners) Workers)
    • Benefits • Employer-paid benefits equaled 19.7% of worker compensation in 2011 (up from 16.6% in 2000 and less than 10% in the 1960s). • Benefits have grown at 2.5 times the rate of wages in the past decade. • The three largest benefits are roughly equal in size:  Health insurance  Retirement benefits, and  Employer contributions to Social Security and Medicare. • Benefits have risen 4.1% annually for government workers during the past decade vs. a 1.9% annual rate for private-sector employees.
    • Reality Check www.jumpstart.org/realitycheck/
    • An example from Reality Check… •Shelter: Share apartment with roommate •Transportation: Used car (includes insurance, maintenance, car payment) •Food: Eat out •Utilities: Electric, gas & water, cell phone •Expenses: Minimum clothing, company health insurance, Internet access •Entertainment: Basic cable, 4 movie rentals, 2 CDs, and 2 game rentals each month •Personal: Basic haircut, makeup, do laundry at parents house, car wash, personal hygiene items Take home pay would need to be $10/hour!!
    • Hourly, weekly, monthly & annual wages Cheat Sheet! $10/hour = $400/week = $1,733/month = $20,800/year
    • Soft Skills What employers are looking for… Professionalism/work ethic: Demonstrate integrity and ethical behavior; act responsibly with the interests of the larger community in mind. Dress right and show up for work! Verbal and written communication: Articulate thoughts, ideas clearly and effectively; have public speaking skills; write memos, letters and complex technical reports clearly and effectively. Speak and write clearly! Teamwork/collaboration: Build collaborative relationships with colleagues and customers; be able to work with diverse teams, negotiate and manage conflicts. “Can’t we all just get along?” Critical thinking/problem solving: Exercise sound reasoning and analytical thinking; use knowledge, facts, and data to solve workplace problems; apply math and science concepts to problem solving. Figure it out!
    • Where can we find more information? SC Department of Employment and Workforce, Labor Market Information (LMI): www.scWorkforceInfo.com U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: US Census Bureau: O*Net: www.bls.gov www.census.gov www.onetonline.org
    • Community Profiles
    • Community Profiles (con’t.) A profile of your area is only three clicks away! 1. Click on “Community Profile Report.” 2. Select your geographic area. 3. Click on “View Report.” Comprehensive 20+page report contains:  Economic Data  Demographic Data  Industry Data  Occupational Projections Data  Educational Data
    • www.bls.gov
    • www.bls.gov •Use “Subject Area” tab to see a list of all topics on the website •Some great publications: Monthly Labor Review (great feature articles) Occupational Outlook Quarterly & Occupational Outlook Handbook Spotlight on Statistics (might be good for a math class!) Career Guides
    • www.census.gov
    • www.census.gov Interesting sections include: •Facts for Features (in Newsroom section) Example: # of florists in the US=17,124 (for Valentine’s Day) •The Statistical Abstract (at bottom for front page under Special Topics) Per capita consumption of beverages by type Number of Federal drug arrests and seizures by drug type
    • www.onetonline.org
    • 1 1 2 2 3 3
    • Hands-on Tools: Brochures G EIN B ! ED AT PD U ! ED AT PD U ING BE All brochures and posters are free for download or printing from the LMI website.
    • Job Journeys Job Journeys show the progression of a career (also called a career ladder) from jobs you can get “Now,” “Next,” and “Later.” They also include the most recent average hourly wage and the projected growth rate through 2020. These one-page flyers are organized by general industry categories: •Business, Administration, and Legal •Information Technology •Construction •Installation, Maintenance, and Repair •Engineering •Manufacturing •Healthcare •Transportation, Distribution, and Warehousing Feel free to download and/or print from our website at www.scWorkforceInfo.com.
    • Get me out of the office! •Presentations/Workshops for teachers for students for parents •Job Fairs •Career Days
    • DEW’s Mission Statement The mission of the South Carolina Department of Employment and Workforce (DEW) is to provide quality, customer-driven workforce services that promote financial stability and economic growth. The DEW is responsible for: •Paying unemployment insurance benefits •Collecting unemployment taxes •Finding jobs for people •Finding employees for companies •Collecting and disseminating state/federal employment statistics DEW is an Equal Employment Opportunity employer.
    • Want to look for a job? Want to search over 1,200 websites from one place? Go to https://jobs.scworks.org/.
    • Let’s get to work! Being out of work doesn’t feel good, but it’s not hopeless. How do job-training services, job opportunities, and free back-to-work services sound? •We provide testing, counseling, and job referrals, connect you with employers and alert you to upcoming job fairs. •Veterans will find resources, services, and opportunities here, and our Job Seekers Resources support all. •Our Rural Manpower Service helps seasonal, agricultural, and nonagricultural workers find work. •Special Applicant Groups, Claimants, and people with disabilities will find useful resources here. •Learn how Employer Services employment opportunities benefit you. Workforce Centers, and more— it’s all here to help you get to work.
    • QUESTIONS?
    • Please complete your evaluation!
    • South Carolina Dept. of Employment & Workforce Labor Market Information Department (803) 737-2660 or 1-800-205-9290 www.scworkforceinfo.com Lorraine Faulds: lfaulds@dew.sc.gov