MANILA CENTRAL UNIVERSITY College of Nursing  NCM 100: FOUNDATIONS IN NURSING Related Learning Experience: BODY MECHANICS
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING COURSE DESCRIPTION <ul><li>Concepts and principles of physi...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE  <ul><li>After the completion of t...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>After the completion of the course, </li></ul><ul><...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS: Musculoskeletal System
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BASIC PRINCIPLES: Mechanics and Lever Systems
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING MASS : Quantity of Atoms BASIC TERMINOLOGIES VELOCITY : Spe...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING EQUILIBRIUM : A steady state of motion BASIC TERMINOLOGIES ...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING FORCES ACTING ON THE BODY <ul><ul><li>GRAVITY </li></ul></u...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LEVER SYSTEM <ul><ul><li>Rigid bar  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LEVER SYSTEM <ul><li>Force and Weight on opposite sides of ...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES: BODY MECHANICS
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>Eighty-five percent of the population experiences b...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>is the utilization of correct muscle...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING REASONS FOR THE USE OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Use proper bo...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your center of gr...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your feet apart. ...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your back straigh...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Tuck in your buttocks....
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES: TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS LIFTING <ul><li>Use the strong...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS REACHING <ul><li>Stand directl...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS PIVOTING <ul><li>Place one foo...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS STOOPING <ul><li>Squat (bendin...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERFORMING PHYSICAL TASKS
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>It is easier to pull, push, or roll an  </li></ul><...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>Keep the work as close as possible  </li></ul><ul><...
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING SELF-ASSESSMENT EXERCISE
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LIFTING INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BEDMAKING INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CARRYING OBJECTS INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TASK PERFORM WHILE STANDING INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING WASHING AND DRESSING THE BABY INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GETTING OUT OF VEHICLE CORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING RELAXATION INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING WASHING FLOORS INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING DRESSING OR UNDRESSING A CHILD INCORRECT CORRECT
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GETTING OUT OF BED
BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING &quot;When the body gets working appropriately, the force o...
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Body mechanics

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Body mechanics

  1. 1. MANILA CENTRAL UNIVERSITY College of Nursing NCM 100: FOUNDATIONS IN NURSING Related Learning Experience: BODY MECHANICS
  2. 2. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING COURSE DESCRIPTION <ul><li>Concepts and principles of physiology of normal movement and stability as the result of intact musculoskeletal system responsible for equilibrium. Body movements requires coordinated muscle activity. As it will involve four basic elements: Body alignment (posture), joint mobility, balance and coordinated movement. Thus, nurses may improve self-esteem and body image in practice. </li></ul>
  3. 3. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE <ul><li>After the completion of the course, </li></ul><ul><li>the student learner will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Define and identify principles of good </li></ul><ul><li>body mechanics. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe techniques of body </li></ul><ul><li>mechanics used when performing </li></ul><ul><li>work. </li></ul>
  4. 4. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>After the completion of the course, </li></ul><ul><li>the student learner will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Name the eight general considerations </li></ul><ul><li>for performing physical tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>List reasons for using good body </li></ul><ul><li>mechanics </li></ul>OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE
  5. 5. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS: Musculoskeletal System
  6. 6. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BASIC PRINCIPLES: Mechanics and Lever Systems
  7. 7. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING MASS : Quantity of Atoms BASIC TERMINOLOGIES VELOCITY : Speed of movement ACCELERATION : a positive rate of change in velocity DECELRATION : a negative rate of change in velocity FORCE : a push or pull TORQUE : The tendency of force acting at a perpendicular distance from an axis to rotate a lever system
  8. 8. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING EQUILIBRIUM : A steady state of motion BASIC TERMINOLOGIES STATIC EQUILIBRIUM : No motion LINE OF GRAVITY : An imaginary vertical line drawn through the body’s center of gravity CENTER OF GRAVITY : The point at which all body’s mass is centered BASE OF SUPPORT : The foundation on which the body rests
  9. 9. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING FORCES ACTING ON THE BODY <ul><ul><li>GRAVITY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FRICTION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MUSCLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXTERNAL </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LEVER SYSTEM <ul><ul><li>Rigid bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Axis or fulcrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces tending to rotate the rigid bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Force and force arm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight or resistance and weight or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resistance arm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large force in one direction, two </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smaller forces in opposite direction </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LEVER SYSTEM <ul><li>Force and Weight on opposite sides of </li></ul><ul><li>axis </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to gain force advantage or </li></ul><ul><li>distance/speed advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Triceps extending elbow </li></ul>LEVER CLASSES Class I Class II <ul><li>Force and Weight on same side of axis </li></ul><ul><li>Weight closer to axis than force </li></ul><ul><li>Used to gain force advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Gastroc-soleus pushing up on toes </li></ul>Class III <ul><li>Force and Weight on same side of axis </li></ul><ul><li>Force closer to axis than weight </li></ul><ul><li>Used to gain a distance/speed advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Most human levers are class III </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps brachii flexing elbow </li></ul>
  12. 12. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES: BODY MECHANICS
  13. 13. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>Eighty-five percent of the population experiences back or neck pain at least once in their lives due to failure to use proper body mechanics and using improper lifting techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people assume that they need only use these techniques when they are lifting very heavy people or objects. However, repeatedly lifting lightweight objects incorrectly also can lead to back and neck injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of proper body mechanics not only ensures the safety of the person assisting with the move, but also the safety of the person being moved. This is of great importance because the person lifting is responsible for any injury to the person being assisted. </li></ul>
  14. 14. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>is the utilization of correct muscles to complete a task safely and efficiently, without undue strain on any muscle or joint </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to the way we move during every day activities. Good body mechanics may be able to prevent or correct problems with posture (the way you stand, sit, or lie.) It may also protect your body, especially your back, from pain and injury </li></ul>
  15. 15. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING REASONS FOR THE USE OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Use proper body mechanics in order </li></ul><ul><li>to avoid the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive fatigue. </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle strains or tears. </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Injury to the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>Injury to assisting staff </li></ul><ul><li>members. </li></ul>
  16. 16. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your center of gravity low. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your back straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Bend at the knees and hips. </li></ul>1. Maintain a stable center of gravity.
  17. 17. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your feet apart. </li></ul><ul><li>Place one foot slightly ahead of the </li></ul><ul><li>other. </li></ul><ul><li>Flex your knees to absorb jolts. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn with your feet </li></ul>2. Maintain a wide base of support. This will provide you with maximum stability while lifting.
  18. 18. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Keep your back straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps the object being lifted close to </li></ul><ul><li>your body. </li></ul>3. Maintain the Line of Gravity. The line should pass vertically through the base of support
  19. 19. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING PRINCIPLES OF BODY MECHANICS <ul><li>Tuck in your buttocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Pull your abdomen in and up. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your back flat. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your head up. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your chin in. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your weight forward and supported </li></ul><ul><li>on the outside of your feet. </li></ul>4. Maintain proper Body Alignment
  20. 20. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES: TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS
  21. 21. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS LIFTING <ul><li>Use the stronger leg muscles for </li></ul><ul><li>lifting. </li></ul><ul><li>Bend at the knees and hips; keep </li></ul><ul><li>your back straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Lift straight upward, in one smooth </li></ul><ul><li>motion. </li></ul>
  22. 22. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS REACHING <ul><li>Stand directly in front of and close </li></ul><ul><li>to the object. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid twisting or stretching. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a stool or ladder for high </li></ul><ul><li>objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a good balance and a firm </li></ul><ul><li>base of support. </li></ul><ul><li>Before moving the object, be sure </li></ul><ul><li>that it is not too large or too heavy </li></ul>
  23. 23. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS PIVOTING <ul><li>Place one foot slightly ahead of the </li></ul><ul><li>other. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn both feet at the same time, </li></ul><ul><li>pivoting on the heel of one foot and </li></ul><ul><li>the toe of the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a good center of gravity </li></ul><ul><li>while holding or carrying the object . </li></ul>
  24. 24. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TECHNIQUES OF BODY MECHANICS STOOPING <ul><li>Squat (bending at the hips and </li></ul><ul><li>knees). </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid stooping (bending at the </li></ul><ul><li>waist). </li></ul><ul><li>Use your leg muscles to return to an </li></ul><ul><li>upright position </li></ul>
  25. 25. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERFORMING PHYSICAL TASKS
  26. 26. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>It is easier to pull, push, or roll an </li></ul><ul><li>object than it is to lift it. </li></ul><ul><li>Movements should be smooth and </li></ul><ul><li>coordinated rather than jerky. </li></ul><ul><li>Less energy or force is required to </li></ul><ul><li>keep an object moving than it is to </li></ul><ul><li>start and stop it. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the arm and leg muscles as </li></ul><ul><li>much as possible, the back muscles </li></ul><ul><li>as little as possible </li></ul>GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERFORMING TASKS
  27. 27. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING <ul><li>Keep the work as close as possible </li></ul><ul><li>to your body. It puts less of a strain </li></ul><ul><li>on your back, legs, and arms. </li></ul><ul><li>Rock backward or forward on your </li></ul><ul><li>feet to use your body weight as </li></ul><ul><li>pushing or pulling force. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the work at a comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>height to avoid excessive bending at </li></ul><ul><li>the waist. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your body in good physical </li></ul><ul><li>condition to reduce the chance of </li></ul><ul><li>injury . </li></ul>GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERFORMING TASKS
  28. 28. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING SELF-ASSESSMENT EXERCISE
  29. 29. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING LIFTING INCORRECT CORRECT
  30. 30. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING BEDMAKING INCORRECT CORRECT
  31. 31. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING CARRYING OBJECTS INCORRECT CORRECT
  32. 32. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING TASK PERFORM WHILE STANDING INCORRECT CORRECT
  33. 33. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING WASHING AND DRESSING THE BABY INCORRECT CORRECT
  34. 34. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GETTING OUT OF VEHICLE CORRECT CORRECT
  35. 35. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING RELAXATION INCORRECT CORRECT
  36. 36. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING WASHING FLOORS INCORRECT CORRECT
  37. 37. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING DRESSING OR UNDRESSING A CHILD INCORRECT CORRECT
  38. 38. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING GETTING OUT OF BED
  39. 39. BODY MECHANICS Nursing Care Management 105: SEMINAR IN NURSING &quot;When the body gets working appropriately, the force of gravity can flow through. Then, spontaneously, the body heals itself!&quot; MILAGROS J. NUEZ
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