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Diction Project

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  • 1. Diction Project Whitney Kristen Lexi Brendan Sean
  • 2. Vulgarity
    • Language that is deficient in taste.
    • Example: “I am preparing a bomb, which will blow the old goat higher than hell” (Catbird Seat; Thurber, 5).
  • 3. Consonance
    • A near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds followed by different vowel sounds.
    • Example: home, same; worth, breath.
  • 4. Pedestrian vs. Pedantic
    • Everyday language vs. borish inflated language
    • Example: “Each of these files plays an indispensable part in the system of F&S.” vs. “Well don’t tear up the pea patch!” (The Catbird Seat; Thurber, 2).
  • 5. Informal/Standard
    • Represents the plain language of everyday use, and often includes slang, contractions, and many simple, common words.
    • Example: “What’s up dude.”
  • 6. Formal (Literate)
    • Consists of an impersonal and elevated use of language and is often characterized by complex words.
    • Example: “How are you.”
    • “Friend.”
  • 7. Euphonious vs. Cacophonous
    • Pleasant sounding vs. harsh sounding
    • Ex. Her singing voice was euphonious, she did not hit a wrong note
    • Ex. The cacophonous music coming from the band room was painful to those who passed by.
  • 8. Literal vs. Figurative
    • Accurate without embellishments vs. comparison creating a pictorial effect
      • Ex. She is as pretty as a rose.
  • 9. Cliché
    • Figurative language that has lost its freshness and clarity
      • Ex. “Doesn’t even lift a finger”
        • For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger
  • 10. Denotative vs. Connotative
    • Exact meaning vs. suggested, emotional meaning
      • “What is a name. That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”
        • Romeo and Juliet
  • 11. Hyperbole (overstated) vs. Understated
    • Deliberate exaggeration of facts vs. deliberate misrepresentation of less
      • Ex. “I’d become addicted to reading bulletin boards.”
        • For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger
  • 12. Colloquial
    • Regional or provincial
      • Ex. Rubbers
  • 13. Slang
    • Vernacular speech sometimes humorous, exaggerated, or shortened for effect
    • Ex. Cool, awesome, fun, dope
  • 14. Jargon
    • Specific to a field or profession
      • Ex. Football jargon: tackle, fumble, blitz, field goal, touch down
  • 15. Alliteration
    • Repetition of initial consonate sound in closely associated words
      • Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
      • Ex. No nonsense near noon
      • Ex. Opposites only open oppositely
  • 16. Objective/Subjective Diction • Objective diction is impersonal diction that is without emotion. • Subjective Diction is diction that shows emotion and is personal. Ex: “Lissa was full-out crying now, her face buried in my shoulder.” -This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen
  • 17. Mono/Poly Syllabic Diction
    • Mono syllabic diction is diction using one syllable.
    • Ex: “big blonder hair.”- This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen
    • • Poly syllabic diction is diction using more than one syllable.
  • 18. Active/ Passive Diction
    • Active diction is diction that states action.
    • Ex: “She laughed louder than ever.”- The Catbird Seat ,
    • James Thurber
    • • Passive diction is diction that states being.
  • 19. Concrete/Abstract Diction
    • Concrete diction is giving a description of something specific and tangible.
    • Ex. “Sitting in his apartment, drinking a glass of milk.”
    • - The Catbird Seat , James Thurber
    • • Abstract Diction is showing something that is conceptional and philisophical.
  • 20. Assonance
    • An assonance is the repetition of a similar vowel sound in closely associated words.
    • Ex. “Hear the mellow wedding bells.” -Edgar Allen Poe “The Bells”
  • 21. Work Cited Page
    • Romeo and Juliet ~ Shakespeare
    • The Catbird Seat ~ James Thurber
    • For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger
    • This Lullaby ~ Sarah Dessen