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Complete Blood Count
 

Complete Blood Count

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Complete Blood Count by Michael Ian Borja

Complete Blood Count by Michael Ian Borja

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    Complete Blood Count Complete Blood Count Presentation Transcript

    • Blood
      • Is specialized bodily fluid
      • Transport through the body of oxygen and carbon dioxide
      • Defense of the body against infection and other foreign materials
    • Parts of blood
      • Red Blood Cell
      • -most common type of blood cell
      • -principal means of delivering oxygen to
      • to the body tissues via the blood
      • -develop in bone marrow
      • -life span is 120 days
      • -normal value 4.2-5.4 million
      • White Blood Cell
      • -cells of the immune system
      • -defending the body against both
      • infectious and foreign materials
      • -normal value 4500-10000
      • Platelet
      • -small cytoplasmic bodies derived from
      • cell
      • -circulate in the blood and involved in
      • hemostasis leading to the formation of
      • blood clots
      • -normal value 150000-450000
    • Complete Blood Count
      • One of the most commonly ordered blood test
      • Is the calculation of the cellular or formed elements of blood
      • These calculation are determined by special machines that analyze the different components of blood in less than a minute
    • How is CBC done?
      • Procedure
      • -The skin is wiped clean with an alcohol pad
      • -Then a needle is inserted through the area of cleansed skin into the patients vein
      • -The blood is then pulled from the needle by a syringe or a connection to a s[ecialed vacuumed vial where it is collected
      • -Then the sample is then taken to the laboratory for analysis
    • Automated Machine
      • Sysmex XE-2100
      • -hematology automated analyser
      • -used to quickly perform full blood
      • counts and reticulocyte count
      • -it can be run on its own or connected
      • to a blood film making staining unit
    • Sysmex XE-2100
      • Beckman Coulter LH 700
      • -hematology automated analyser
      • -use to quickly perform full blood counts
      • and reticulocyte count
    • Beckman Coulter LH 700
    • Manual Count
      • Counting chamber
      • -hold a specified volume of diluted blood
      • -used to calculate the number of red
      • blood cell and white blood cell
    • Counting Chamber
      • Blood Film
      • -slide made up from a drop of blood
      • -allows the cell to be examined micro-
      • scopically
      • -usually used to investigate hematolo-
      • gical problem
    • Blood Film
    • White Blood Cell Count
      • -Is used to determine the presence of an infection or luekemia
      • -also used to help monitor the body’s response to various treatments and to monitor bone marrow function
    • White Blood Cell Differential Count
      • -assess the ability of the body to respond to eliminate infection
      • -detects the severity of allergic and drug reaction plus the response to parasitic and other types of infection
      • -essential in evaluating the reaction to viral infections and response to chemotherapy
      • -it can also identify various stages of luekemia
    • Red Blood Cell Count
      • -used to evaluate any type of decrease and increase in the number of red blood cell as measured per liter of blood.
    • Platelet Count
      • -require the determination of the number of platelet present and their ability to function correctly.
    • Fecalysis
      • -refers to a series of laboratory tests done on fecal sample to analyze the condition of a person’s digestive tract
      • -this is performed to check for the presence of any reducing substances such as wbc,sugars,or bile and signs of poor absorption as well as screen for colon cancer
    • Sample Collection Process for Fecalysis
      • -patient need a stool collection kit to obtain and preserve the sample properly
      • -patient must urinate first to prevent any urine from mixing with his feces
      • -patient must also wear clean gloves to prevent contamination
    • Normal Result in Fecalysis
      • -the sample must not contain any parasites,virus or bacteria
      • -sample must not containing not more than 2 mg per gram of sugar
      • -patient stool is brown in color and well formed
      • -PH level must be 6
    • Abnormal Result in Fecalysis
      • -sample contains mucus,blood,parasite,virus,bacteria or pus
      • -sample is containing more than 5 mg per gram of sugar
      • -patient stool is colored green,yellow,white,red and black and in liquid form or extremely hard
      • -PH level range in 5.3- or higher than 6.8
    • Fecal Occult Blood Test
      • -is the test used to identify blood in stool by placing a small sample of stool on a chemically treated card,pad or wipe.Then a specialized chemical solution is put on top of the sample.
      • -if the card,pad turn blue there is blood in the stool sample.