It is generally performed using a general anesthesia.
During the procedure the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to provide room for the procedure.
Through a small incision made at the navel, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen.
Three small additional holes are made to allow the entry of the instruments. The gallbladder is located and the cystic duct and artery are tied off.
The gallbladder is removed and the incision is closed.
Why is it done?
It is usually done to treat the following conditions such as
these are solid deposits of cholesterol or calcium salts that form in your gallbladder or nearby bile ducts
these are growths or lesions resembling growths (polypoid lesions) in the wall of the gallbladder.
it is the inflammation the of the gallbladder (the presence of choleliths or gallstones, in the gallbladder), with choleliths most commonly blocking the cystic duct directly.
It is associated with less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic results than the open surgical procedure.
Risks and Complications associated with anesthesia
respiratory or cardiac malfunction
Injury to the bile duct, blood vessels or other abdominal organs
Minor shoulder pain (from the carbon dioxide gas)
Post operative bleeding
Open surgery (laparotomy) may have to be performed in patients with bleeding; if there is abnormal anatomy resulting from acute infection; or where scarring from previous surgeries or infections prevent a clear view of the anatomy.
The surgeon will make the final determination of each patient’s eligibility for the procedure after an examination and consultation with the patient.