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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

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  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the removal of the gallbladder. 
    What is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
  • 4. How is it done?
    • It is generally performed using a general anesthesia. 
    • During the procedure the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to provide room for the procedure.
    • Through a small incision made at the navel, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen. 
  • 5.
    • Three small additional holes are made to allow the entry of the instruments. The gallbladder is located and the cystic duct and artery are tied off.
    • The gallbladder is removed and the incision is closed.
  • 6. Why is it done?
  • 7. It is usually done to treat the following conditions such as
    • GallStones
    • these are solid deposits of cholesterol or calcium salts that form in your gallbladder or nearby bile ducts
    • gallbladder polyps
    • these are growths or lesions resembling growths (polypoid lesions) in the wall of the gallbladder.
  • 8.
    • Cholecystitis
    • it is the inflammation the of the gallbladder (the presence of choleliths or gallstones, in the gallbladder), with choleliths most commonly blocking the cystic duct directly.
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Laparoscopic surgery
    • It is associated with less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic results than the open surgical procedure. 
  • 13. Risks and Complications associated with anesthesia
    • respiratory or cardiac malfunction
    • Injury to the bile duct, blood vessels or other abdominal organs
    • Minor shoulder pain (from the carbon dioxide gas)
    • Post operative bleeding
    • Infection
  • 14. Alternatives
    • Open surgery (laparotomy) may have to be performed in patients with bleeding; if there is abnormal anatomy resulting from acute infection; or where scarring from previous surgeries or infections prevent a clear view of the anatomy.
  • 15. Candidate eligibility
    • The surgeon will make the final determination of each patient’s eligibility for the procedure after an examination and consultation with the patient.
  • 16. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Clip