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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy






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    Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Presentation Transcript

      • It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the removal of the gallbladder. 
      What is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
    • How is it done?
      • It is generally performed using a general anesthesia. 
      • During the procedure the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to provide room for the procedure.
      • Through a small incision made at the navel, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen. 
      • Three small additional holes are made to allow the entry of the instruments. The gallbladder is located and the cystic duct and artery are tied off.
      • The gallbladder is removed and the incision is closed.
    • Why is it done?
    • It is usually done to treat the following conditions such as
      • GallStones
      • these are solid deposits of cholesterol or calcium salts that form in your gallbladder or nearby bile ducts
      • gallbladder polyps
      • these are growths or lesions resembling growths (polypoid lesions) in the wall of the gallbladder.
      • Cholecystitis
      • it is the inflammation the of the gallbladder (the presence of choleliths or gallstones, in the gallbladder), with choleliths most commonly blocking the cystic duct directly.
    • Laparoscopic surgery
      • It is associated with less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic results than the open surgical procedure. 
    • Risks and Complications associated with anesthesia
      • respiratory or cardiac malfunction
      • Injury to the bile duct, blood vessels or other abdominal organs
      • Minor shoulder pain (from the carbon dioxide gas)
      • Post operative bleeding
      • Infection
    • Alternatives
      • Open surgery (laparotomy) may have to be performed in patients with bleeding; if there is abnormal anatomy resulting from acute infection; or where scarring from previous surgeries or infections prevent a clear view of the anatomy.
    • Candidate eligibility
      • The surgeon will make the final determination of each patient’s eligibility for the procedure after an examination and consultation with the patient.
    • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Clip