Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

  1. 3. <ul><li>It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the removal of the gallbladder.  </li></ul>What is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
  2. 4. How is it done? <ul><li>It is generally performed using a general anesthesia.  </li></ul><ul><li>During the procedure the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to provide room for the procedure. </li></ul><ul><li>Through a small incision made at the navel, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen.  </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Three small additional holes are made to allow the entry of the instruments. The gallbladder is located and the cystic duct and artery are tied off. </li></ul><ul><li>The gallbladder is removed and the incision is closed. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Why is it done?
  5. 7. It is usually done to treat the following conditions such as <ul><li>GallStones </li></ul><ul><li> these are solid deposits of cholesterol or calcium salts that form in your gallbladder or nearby bile ducts </li></ul><ul><li>gallbladder polyps </li></ul><ul><li>these are growths or lesions resembling growths (polypoid lesions) in the wall of the gallbladder. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Cholecystitis </li></ul><ul><li>it is the inflammation the of the gallbladder (the presence of choleliths or gallstones, in the gallbladder), with choleliths most commonly blocking the cystic duct directly. </li></ul>
  7. 12. Laparoscopic surgery <ul><li>It is associated with less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic results than the open surgical procedure.  </li></ul>
  8. 13. Risks and Complications associated with anesthesia <ul><li>respiratory or cardiac malfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Injury to the bile duct, blood vessels or other abdominal organs </li></ul><ul><li>Minor shoulder pain (from the carbon dioxide gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Post operative bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Infection </li></ul>
  9. 14. Alternatives <ul><li>Open surgery (laparotomy) may have to be performed in patients with bleeding; if there is abnormal anatomy resulting from acute infection; or where scarring from previous surgeries or infections prevent a clear view of the anatomy. </li></ul>
  10. 15. Candidate eligibility <ul><li>The surgeon will make the final determination of each patient’s eligibility for the procedure after an examination and consultation with the patient. </li></ul>
  11. 16. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Clip

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