Why  Islam and Human Rights  are  incompatible Homosexuality and Islam
Islam, sexuality &  homosexuality human rights  abuses   against G & L Muslims  liberal reform &  revisionism
Gay Muslims  (2006) Channel 4 (UK) Documentary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1f80pNyoL6A
<ul><li>Islam as a  “religion of nature” </li></ul><ul><li>Centrality of  marriage, children and family </li></ul><ul><li>...
h o m o s o c i a l h o m o
‘ BCD’  Behind Closed Doors ‘ Don’t Ask; Don’t Tell’  Dual lives The Kingdom in the Closet  The Atlantic Monthly  2007
QURAN  The (literal and final) word of Allah SUNNAH & HADITH  The practical traditions and oral sayings of the (final) Pro...
‘ Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?’ ‘For ye practice your lusts on men in ...
And we rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): Then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime!  (Qu...
‘ If you find anyone doing as Lut’s people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done.’ ‘ If a man who ...
“ While all Muslim jurists agree that sodomy is a sexual offence, they differ in their punishment.” (Doi, 1984; Hendricks,...
The dominant Islamic view of homosexuality <ul><li>Homosexuality is against nature </li></ul><ul><li>It is condemned as  s...
“ The wave of attacks on gay men in early 2009 coincided with  statements by Muslim clerics… urging their followers to tak...
The  Queen Boat  52 Cairo  May 2001 www.iglhrc.org  Prisoners of Sex , New York Times, 2006
Indonesia's top Muslim body seeks ban on gay film fest  (AFP, October 1 2010) “ We reject the screening of the films which...
Homosexuality Laws
Islamic Beliefs
Muslim attitudes towards homosexuality (Siraj, 2009) “ Within an Islamic context and personally speaking I think it’s  har...
“ About every two weeks I get an e-mail that berates me, condemns me to hell and, if they are nice, asks me to seek forgiv...
Protecting the rights of LGBT Muslims “ Deeply rooted cultural sensitivities can be aroused when we talk about  sexual ori...
UN Declaration on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2008)
Islamic Beliefs
Homosexuality Laws
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) “ All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject...
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) “ It introduces intolerable discrimination against non-Muslims and women...
Liberal Muslims reform and revisionism Irshad Manji Islamist regimes  as political bastardisation  of Islam Ijtihad
(supports a) “progressive, liberal, pluralistic, democratic, and secular society where everyone has the freedom of religio...
“ promotes the  progressive  Islamic notions  of peace, equality and justice . We envision a world that is free from preju...
Inner Circle Imam   Muhsin Hendricks “ At its core, (Islam) does not condemn non-heterosexual sexual intimacy”  (Hendricks...
ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ Scott Siraj al Haqq Kugle  Swarthmore College Kecia Ali  Boston University
ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ * NEW & IMPROVED * PRO-SODOMY! Foreword by Sir Elton John
ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ * NEW & IMPROVED * FEMALE FRIENDLY! Foreword by Germaine Greer
CONCLUSIONS <ul><li>Islamic beliefs are  not  consistent with human rights principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Muslims appe...
REFERENCES Ali, K (2006). Sexual Ethics and Islam: Feminist Reflections on Qu’ran, Hadith  and Jurisprudence. Oxford: Onew...
REPORTS In a time of torture: The assault on justice in Egypt’s crackdown on  homosexual conduct.  Human Rights Watch, 200...
DOCUMENTARIES A Jihad for Love  (2007).  www.ajihadforlove.com Gay Muslims  (2006). Channel 4 (UK) Documentary Amir’s Stor...
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Islam, homosexuality and human rights

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Islam, homosexuality and human rights

  1. 1. Why Islam and Human Rights are incompatible Homosexuality and Islam
  2. 2. Islam, sexuality & homosexuality human rights abuses against G & L Muslims liberal reform & revisionism
  3. 3. Gay Muslims (2006) Channel 4 (UK) Documentary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1f80pNyoL6A
  4. 4. <ul><li>Islam as a “religion of nature” </li></ul><ul><li>Centrality of marriage, children and family </li></ul><ul><li>(homosexuality is) “a perverted act… a reversal of the natural order, a corruption of man’s sexuality, and a crime against the rights of females ” Yusuf al-Qaradawi (Muslim Scholar) </li></ul>(Bouhdiba, 1998; Duran, 1993) SEXUALITY AND ISLAM
  5. 5. h o m o s o c i a l h o m o
  6. 6. ‘ BCD’ Behind Closed Doors ‘ Don’t Ask; Don’t Tell’ Dual lives The Kingdom in the Closet The Atlantic Monthly 2007
  7. 7. QURAN The (literal and final) word of Allah SUNNAH & HADITH The practical traditions and oral sayings of the (final) Prophet Mohammad SHARIAH LAW Islamic religious law
  8. 8. ‘ Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?’ ‘For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.’ (Qur’an 7:80-84)
  9. 9. And we rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): Then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime! (Qur’an 7:80-84)
  10. 10. ‘ If you find anyone doing as Lut’s people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done.’ ‘ If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy, he will be stoned to death.’ Abu Dawud, Prescribed Punishments Book 33, 4447 & 4448
  11. 11. “ While all Muslim jurists agree that sodomy is a sexual offence, they differ in their punishment.” (Doi, 1984; Hendricks, 2010)
  12. 12. The dominant Islamic view of homosexuality <ul><li>Homosexuality is against nature </li></ul><ul><li>It is condemned as sinful in the Quran </li></ul><ul><li>The Sunnah / Hadith proscribe punishments </li></ul><ul><li>It is considered a crime under Shariah Law </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ The wave of attacks on gay men in early 2009 coincided with statements by Muslim clerics… urging their followers to take action to eradicate homosexuality from Iraqi society .” Iraq: Civilians under fire Amnesty International, April 2010
  14. 14. The Queen Boat 52 Cairo May 2001 www.iglhrc.org Prisoners of Sex , New York Times, 2006
  15. 15. Indonesia's top Muslim body seeks ban on gay film fest (AFP, October 1 2010) “ We reject the screening of the films which contain gay and homosexual lives as they are against Islamic and Indonesian cultural values &quot; Indonesia Ulema Council (MUI) chairman Ma'ruf Amin said. “ Reproduction, he added, was a human right, and therefore homosexuality could be deemed a violation of human rights .”
  16. 16. Homosexuality Laws
  17. 17. Islamic Beliefs
  18. 18. Muslim attitudes towards homosexuality (Siraj, 2009) “ Within an Islamic context and personally speaking I think it’s harem [unlawful]. It’s unlawful for people to practise homosexual activity.” (Female, 27) I will tell you of a Hadith… the translation of it in English is if you witness the homosexual parties kill both of them. This is my view.” (Male, 52) “ Oh my God! It’s terrible. It’s against Shari’ah.” (Female, 44)
  19. 19. “ About every two weeks I get an e-mail that berates me, condemns me to hell and, if they are nice, asks me to seek forgiveness while there is still time.” Parvez Sharma, Director
  20. 20. Protecting the rights of LGBT Muslims “ Deeply rooted cultural sensitivities can be aroused when we talk about sexual orientation. Social attitudes run deep and take time to change. But cultural considerations should not stand in the way of basic human rights.” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (2004)
  21. 21. UN Declaration on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2008)
  22. 22. Islamic Beliefs
  23. 23. Homosexuality Laws
  24. 24. Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) “ All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic shari’ah ”
  25. 25. Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) “ It introduces intolerable discrimination against non-Muslims and women, imposes restrictions on fundamental rights, references only Islamic law (the shari’ah) as its source, and legitimises unacceptable practices such as corporal punishment.” Dacey & Koproske (2008)
  26. 26. Liberal Muslims reform and revisionism Irshad Manji Islamist regimes as political bastardisation of Islam Ijtihad
  27. 27. (supports a) “progressive, liberal, pluralistic, democratic, and secular society where everyone has the freedom of religion.” www.muslimcanadiancongress.org
  28. 28. “ promotes the progressive Islamic notions of peace, equality and justice . We envision a world that is free from prejudice, injustice and discrimination, where all people are fully embraced and accepted into their families, faith and communities .” www.al-fatiha.org
  29. 29. Inner Circle Imam Muhsin Hendricks “ At its core, (Islam) does not condemn non-heterosexual sexual intimacy” (Hendricks, 2010)
  30. 30. ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ Scott Siraj al Haqq Kugle Swarthmore College Kecia Ali Boston University
  31. 31. ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ * NEW & IMPROVED * PRO-SODOMY! Foreword by Sir Elton John
  32. 32. ACADEMIC REVISIONISM ‘ Theological accommodation’ * NEW & IMPROVED * FEMALE FRIENDLY! Foreword by Germaine Greer
  33. 33. CONCLUSIONS <ul><li>Islamic beliefs are not consistent with human rights principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Muslims appear unconcerned by this and uninterested in reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform projects that aim to make Islam pro-Gay are illogical and doomed to failure. </li></ul>
  34. 34. REFERENCES Ali, K (2006). Sexual Ethics and Islam: Feminist Reflections on Qu’ran, Hadith and Jurisprudence. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. Bouhdiba, A. (1998). Sexuality and Islam. (Translated from the French by Alan Sheridan) . London: Routledge. Dacey, A., & Koproske, C. (2008). Islam & Human Rights: Defending Universality at the United Nations. The Center for Inquiry. Doi, A. R. I. (1984). Shari’ah: The Islamic Law . London: Ta Ha Publishers. Duran, K. (1993). Homosexuality and Islam. In: A. Swindler (Ed.), Homosexuality and world religions (pp. 181-197). Valley Forge, PA: Trinity. Hendricks, M. (2010). Islamic texts: A source for acceptance of queer individuals into mainstream Muslim society. The Equal Rights Review , 5, 31-51. Kugle, S. (2010). Homosexuality in Islam: Critical Reflection on Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Muslims . Oxford: Oneworld. Siraj, A. (2009). The construction of the homosexual ‘other’ by British Muslim heterosexuals. Contemporary Islam , 3, 41-57.
  35. 35. REPORTS In a time of torture: The assault on justice in Egypt’s crackdown on homosexual conduct. Human Rights Watch, 2004. They want us exterminated: Murder, torture, sexual orientation and gender in Iraq . Human Rights Watch, August 2009. Iraq: Civilians under fire. Amnesty International, April 2010. MEDIA Azimi, N. (2006). Prisoners of Sex . New York Times Magazine. Labi, N. (2007). The Kingdom in the Closet . The Atlantic Monthly.
  36. 36. DOCUMENTARIES A Jihad for Love (2007). www.ajihadforlove.com Gay Muslims (2006). Channel 4 (UK) Documentary Amir’s Story (?). Unknown source (avail on YouTube) WEBSITES International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission | www.iglhrc.org Human Rights Watch, LGBT Rights Section | www.hrw.org Irshad Manji | www.irshadmanji.com The Safra Project | www.safraproject.org Muslim Canadian Congress | www.muslimcanadiancongress.org/

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