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Networks for historians of science - an oldie prez from 2010

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I dug up this prez from 2010 - deals with networks for historians of science, then shifts to a study of neuroeconomics (early stages of a study which was eventually published in 2012).

I dug up this prez from 2010 - deals with networks for historians of science, then shifts to a study of neuroeconomics (early stages of a study which was eventually published in 2012).

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  • 1. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsnetworkshistoryeconomicthoughtbyclementlevalloisfeb. 22 2010
  • 2. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicspresentation of network analysiscase studyNetwork analysis (NA) for historians of economic thoughtRevisiting neuroeconomics through network analysis (NA)
  • 3. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsStyles in history of scienceCritical analysis, hermeneuticsRational reconstructionCliometricsSociological stance (post-modern?)And still others!
  • 4. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsDifferent methods, different datasources
  • 5. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetworks: tool for relational analysisEconomist AEconomist Bco-authorsJournal AJournal BcitationUniv AUniv BMovements of facultyConcept AConcept BFrequency of co-occurrenceseniorjuniorNumber ofpreviousworksNumber ofpreviousworks
  • 6. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetwork analysis: tool for relationalanalysisschools of thought “Cambridge circus”evolution of an intellectual tradition “Institutional economics”influence of an economist, a concept “how quickly did the Keynesianrevolution spread?”Internationalization, interdisciplinarity in science can we learn moreabout the European economists who became refugees in the US?
  • 7. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssoftwares199719912002 2007 2008
  • 8. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsPajek
  • 9. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsExample of visualization with Gephi
  • 10. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssociology1961 - Anatol Rapoport (“sociograms”)1967 - Stanley Milgram (“small worlds”)1973 - Granovetter (“strength of weak ties”)
  • 11. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsscientometrics formation of co-author networks, co-citation networks maps of science case studies of scientific disciplines study of interdisciplinarity
  • 12. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssocial network analysisStatistical modeling of the formation of social tiesdynamic analysis (evolution through time)theoretical research in network properties case studies: Facebook etc.
  • 13. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsmany related fields library sciences computing sciences sociology of science history of science ? history of economic thought?
  • 14. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsData: search for “network*” in Abstracts, for journals in J-stor.The British Journal for thePhilosophy of ScienceISISPhilosophy of SciencePSA: Proceedings of theBiennial Meeting of thePhilosophy of ScienceAssociationScience, Technology, &Human ValuesSocial Studies of Science
  • 15. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetworks, searched in“history of science andtechniques”Networks, searched in“social sciences andhumanities”
  • 16. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsEJHET, JHET and HOPE:7 results for “network” in totalIn preparation:Ross B. Emmett (Michigan StateUniversity) on workshops at Chicago(presented at HISRECO 2009, in Anvers)
  • 17. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsResearch question:The evolving interdisciplinaryrelationships between economics andbiology
  • 18. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1900s 1950s 2000ssocial sciencesestablish theirindependencevis-à-vis naturalscienceslow point ofrelationships betweennatural and socialsciencesa revival?
  • 19. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1900-1999Occurrencesenmillièmesdutotaldesdocumentspubliés1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000406080100120‰ of economic publications employing an expressionborrowed from biology (“natural selection”, “physiology”, …)Y axis:
  • 20. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics0. Neuroeconomics in two slides1. Evolutionary economics in two slides2. Picturing these fields in terms of journal coverage3. Picturing these fields in terms of department affiliations4. Intermezzo: a method to define the perimeter of a scientific field5. Evolution of interdisciplinarity through time6. Interdisciplinarity and international science
  • 21. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics0. Neuroeconomics in two slides
  • 22. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 23. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 24. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1. Evolutionary economics in twoslides
  • 25. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 26. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 27. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics2. Picturing these fields in termsof journal coverage
  • 28. Rafols, Porter andLeydesdorff (2009)Cognitive Sci.Agri SciBiomed SciChemistryPhysicsEngineeringEnv Sci & TechMatls SciInfectiousDiseasesPsychologySocial StudiesClinical MedComputer SciBusiness & MGTGeosciencesEcol SciEcon Polit. & GeographyHealth & Social IssuesGlobal Map of Science, 2007221 SCI-SSCI Subject Categories
  • 29. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 30. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsEco, geo, politPsychologyClinicalmedicineBiomedicalsciencesCognitivesciencesChemistryComputersciences
  • 31. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssearch in abstract,keyword or titles1999-2009Articles and Reviews- Science Citation Index Expanded- Social Sciences Citation Index- Arts & Humanities Citation Index309 results (evo eco)277 results (neuroeco)List the “subjectcategories”of the journals wherethey appearSubject Area Record Count % of 277NEUROSCIENCES 94 33.94%ECONOMICS 55 19.86%BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 35 12.64%MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES 31 11.19%BIOLOGY 19 6.86%… … …… … …PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOG 10 3.61%(Leydesdorff & Rafols, 2009 & inpreparation)
  • 32. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsVisualization in GEPHI:evolutionary eco VS neuroeco
  • 33. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics3. Picturing these fields in terms ofdepartment affiliations
  • 34. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 35. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 36. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics4. Intermezzo: a method to definethe perimeter of a scientific field
  • 37. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 38. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics“Who are the most influential neuroeconomists?”Survey sent to… #invitations #respondents #response rateISI authors of“neuroeconomics”422 125 30%SCOPUS authors of“neuroeconomics” 356 104 29%Members of Society forNeuroeconomics 2009169 11166%TOTAL 684 254 37%=> Survey sent by email to 684 scientists in Oct / Nov 2009
  • 39. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 40. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsDoes this new definition influencethe interdisciplinary spread ofneuroeconomics, in terms ofjournals?
  • 41. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsMapping of neuroeconomics with akeyword search (“neuroeco* in title andtopic) - same graph as in section 2.Mapping of neuroeconomics after a survey
  • 42. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics5. Evolution of interdisciplinaritythrough time
  • 43. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  • 44. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics6. Interdisciplinarity andinternational science[Credits are due to Loet Leydesdorff for a review paper (2009) on geolocalisation]
  • 45. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1244 articles byneuroeconomistsReprint author addressesextractedcoded by Subject categoriesGeocoderMap makingGPS Visualizer
  • 46. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  • 47. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  • 48. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  • 49. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsConclusion (1/2)• Neuroeconomics and evolutionary economicsare published across natural and socialsciences• BUT there is a strong difference in terms ofwho is a practitioner.• It must be related to the nature of theinterdisciplinary relationship: analogous vsempirical
  • 50. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsConclusion (2/2)• Neuroeconomics, as reflected by the survey, displaysa broader coverage of fields than one would suspect.=> definitions matter• Neuroeconomics seem to be relatively stablethrough time, tbc.• Strong differences in geographical coverage.=> Europe: one centre in economics! [caveat]
  • 51. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsPerspectives
  • 52. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics• Qualitative analysis on small datatasets• The next frontier: J-Stor!• Networks as a tool for the diffusion of yourresearch (Flash, web-based applications)Ex: http://seinecle.110mb.com/flash/test_map/Untitled-1.html
  • 53. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsThank you!www.clementlevallois.net

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