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Literary terms teaching1

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    • 1. Literary Devices Literary Elements and Techniques . Definitions http://-a 8TH Grade ELAR 2013-2014
    • 2. Literary Devices and Terms • A literary devices or techniques that writers use to make a story more interest and to enhance the experience for the reader. • There are two types of literary devices used by authors, literary elements and literary techniques. • Literary elements provide structure to the literature. All literary elements are evident in all literature that creates a story. • Literary techniques are specific to each author. Authors choose which of the techniques to employ.
    • 3. Mood/Atmosphere • Mood and Atmosphere are used interchangeably to refer to the “emotional feeling the reader receives from the literature. • The Mood or Atmosphere might be scary, happy, sad, romantic, nostalgic, or exciting.
    • 4. Tone • Tone is the attitude a writer/author takes towards his or her subject, characters and audience. • Examples of an author’s tone include, but are not limited to: humorous, passionate, sincere, solemn, and anger.
    • 5. Imagery: The use of description that helps the reader imagine how something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste. Most of the time, it refers to appearance. For example, “The young bird’s white, feathered wings flutter as he made his way across the nighttime sky.”
    • 6. Symbol/Symbolism • A symbol is a person, a place, a thing, or an event that has meaning in itself and stands for something beyond itself as well. • Symbols are commonly known as representing the other item. • Examples: The bearstone in Bearstone by Will Hobbs is a symbol of luck and strength to the Ute. The peach trees are a symbol of Walter’s love for his wife.
    • 7. Motif: A theme or pattern that recurs in a work.
    • 8. Allusion • A reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, the arts, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports or science. The verb form of allusion is to allude. • Author’s expect a reader to understand the allusion based on what you already know or read. Therefore, we must make connections in order to understand the allusion. • For instance, if you were trying to instill confidence in a friend and said, “Use the force,” that would be an allusion to Stars Wars.
    • 9. Foreshadowing: A technique in which an author gives clues about something that will happen later in the story.
    • 10. Flashback • Flashback is an interruption in the present action of a plot to show events that happened at an earlier time. • Flashback is when the story returns or goes back in time to a past event. • Flashback is used to tell a past story. • Flashback can be the memory of a single character or the narrator.
    • 11. Paradox: A seeming contradiction. For example, “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.”