Mapa Curricular 9no Grado

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  • 1. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks Stage 1 - Desired Results Unit Summary In this unit, students will receive a brief overview of reading and writing genres as an activator for later study throughout the year. Students will engage in effective reading and writing strategies, including a review of basic parts of speech. Students will examine the components of fictional texts by examining novels and short stories, and review and use the writing process to develop original compositions of varied length. Transfer goal: Students will leave the class able to use their learning to understand that we use a variety of literary genres for an array of purposes. Students will learn to distinguish between genres and will experience, access, and utilize each effectively. Content Standards and Learning Expectations Listening/Speaking L/S.9.4 Uses a variety of language patterns and structures to explain text and discuss topics and themes; expresses thoughts and opinions to analyze plot, problem, and solution, make predictions and inferences, and draw conclusions from listening to a variety of texts and multimedia sources. Reading R.9.3 Analyzes characters and traits; explains setting in fiction and nonfiction; distinguishes between first person, third person, and omniscient point of view. R.9.4 Organizes plot; establishes cause and effect relationships; makes connections, predictions, inferences, draws conclusions, and classifies conflicts in narrative, expository, and persuasive texts. R.9.5 Distinguishes between fact and opinion in narrative and expository texts; states and paraphrases main idea and selects important details. Writing W.9.2 Distinguishes appropriate and incorrect grammar structure; applies a variety of syntactic styles in writing. W.9.5 Uses basic editing marks and revising techniques; uses reference sources to verify information; writes a final draft using the writing process. Big Ideas/Enduring Understandings: Literature both reflects and contributes to knowledge. We use a variety of literary genres for an array of purposes in written language. Effective readers and writers are actively involved with the text. Conventions of language help readers understand what is being communicated. June 2012 Essential Questions: In what ways does literature contribute to our understanding of the world? How is each genre used to express ideas? How do we determine the appropriate genre for a specific purpose? How does the correct use of language conventions help convey specificity and meaning to written text. 1
  • 2. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks Content (Students will know…) Skills (Students will be able to…) Characters, character traits, and setting in fiction Plot, problem, solution in texts. Main idea or topic and important details Appropriate and incorrect grammar structure Sources for reference Content Vocabulary narrative expository persuasive genre character traits plot, setting, and point of view resolution prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, publishing Use a variety of language patterns and structures to discuss topics and themes. Organize plot. Express thoughts and opinions. Paraphrase, draw conclusions, and summarize text information. Construct a composition. Verify information. Use basic editing marks and revising techniques. Write a final draft using the writing process. Stage 2 - Assessment Evidence Performance Tasks th My Goals for 9 Grade English After studying the writing process, students will write a short essay explaining their goals for English class this year. As a pre-writing activity, students will brainstorm goals (write them down quickly without editing for spelling or content). Students will choose the 3 goals that are most important to them and write an outline for their essay. Other pre-writing activities are available here: l Students will use their outline to write a first draft of their essay. After drafting the essay, students should use an editing checklist to edit and revise their work. Peer editing may also be used. (See attachment 9.1: Performance Task – Editing checklist). June 2012 Other Evidence Reading Log – Students will keep a running record of books read throughout the unit, and throughout the year, including title and pages read. Genre Flip Book – See Learning Activities section “Genre Overview” Eight Parts of Speech Quiz – Students are given sentences and instructed to label the parts of speech. Story Map for read aloud novel – Tuck Everlasting – (see attachment: 9.1 Learning Activity – Story map) Elements of Fiction group work – See Learning Activities, Elements of fiction, bullet 4 Create a Word Wall as a class using unit vocabulary and new concepts/words students encounter in texts they read during the unit. Students will create individual word “walls” in their reading logs for unknown words they encounter while reading. 2
  • 3. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks A final draft should be submitted to the teacher, along with all graphic organizers and rough drafts. Students will be assessed on their adherence to the topic, use of the writing process steps including completion of each step, and accuracy of the final draft. Elements of Fiction Mini Book1 After reading Tuck Everlasting (or another novel or short story of the teacher’s choosing) with the class and studying elements of fiction (see Learning Activities), students will demonstrate their understanding of the elements of fiction by making a mini-book about the novel. Students will o identify elements of fiction (plot, problem, character, setting, and theme). o analyze a fiction book, locating elements of plot within that book. o communicate elements of plot in their book, in visual and written form, by producing a mini-book. o celebrate reading by sharing their books with their classmates in either pairs or small groups. As a prewriting activity, have each student list on a sheet of paper the elements they will include in the pages of their book. The books will comprise eight pages, including o Cover (p. 1)—students will write the title of the book they read, and then design an alternate cover of their choosing (based on something from the book such as a recurring symbol). o Printed copyright information (p. 2). o Plot summary and descriptions of the main character, setting, conflict, and theme (pp. 3–7). o Author biographical information (p. 8). 1 Source: June 2012 3
  • 4. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks Students will, in one or two sentences each, summarize the plot and describe the main character, setting, conflict, and theme of the books they read. Students will revise their drafts as needed. They will then draw pictures on each page, representing the element being discussed. Students will discuss their books with the teacher in one-on-one conferences in order for the student to demonstrate the ability to use appropriate language to discuss and analyze the text. Stage 3 - Learning Plan Learning Activities Overview of the writing process Introduce and review the writing process (prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing). Provide notes and discuss the steps using examples (see attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Writing Process Notes). Students will practice editing and revising by editing sample paragraphs such as those available for printing here: . If internet access is not available to the teacher, he or she can write paragraphs with various errors for the students to edit. Students will demonstrate basic comprehension of the steps of the writing process by completing the Performance Task “My Goals for 9th Grade English” and will continue working with the writing process throughout the year. Genre overview Discuss the traits of the different genres. Provide students with a note chart to be completed together during the lecture and discussion. GENRE DESCRIPTION Personal Narrative A true story about something that happened to the person telling the story. EXAMPLES (A few examples that would be familiar to the students can be provided by the teacher and students should add to this section of the chart throughout the year as they read from the genres.) Fictional Narrative Memoir Etc… Read selections from model texts that represent the different genres. Lead the students in a June 2012 4
  • 5. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks discussion of the traits of the text that demonstrate the genre and the differences between the selections. Group Activity: Provide small groups with selections from texts and have them read the selections together and categorize the texts according to the definitions. Have groups share their findings by giving a brief synopsis of each text and explaining their reasoning for their decisions on genre categorization. Flip Book: Direct the students to create a flip book as a study guide for the genres. Students can write descriptions and draw pictures to represent each genre (see attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Make a Flipbook). What effective readers do Fiction Read-Aloud: Tuck Everlasting, by Natalie Babbitt (This is a suggested text. Any enjoyable, age-appropriate fiction novel can be used.) – Introduce the anticipation guide as a pre-reading strategy. An anticipation guide is used before reading to activate students' prior knowledge and build curiosity about a new topic. Before reading, students listen to or read several statements about key concepts presented in the text which should be structured as a series of statements. The students can choose to agree or disagree and present reasons for their opinions. After reading, the anticipation guide can be revisited to see if reading the novel changed the students’ opinions concerning the statements (see attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Anticipation guide – this can be modified to fit any novel that the teacher chooses to read and study). o Suggested statements:  It would be wonderful to live forever.  Everyone who commits a crime must be punished.  People should have control over life and death.  Living means always changing.  Whenever you see an opportunity to make money, you should take it. Think-Pair-Share Pre-reading activity: Ask students to think about the possible advantages and disadvantages of never growing any older. With a partner, share their thoughts and discuss the advantages and disadvantages together. o The teacher should provide sentence starters as a scaffold for students who need them. (Can be printed on paper or written on the board as a reference. (Example: “I think that never growing older ____.” “An advantage to never growing older would be ____.” “A disadvantage to never growing older would be ____.” Read a portion of Tuck Everlasting to the class each day and assign chapters for independent reading to complete the novel within 4 weeks. Preview/Review each chapter to help the students better comprehend what has been read and anticipate the upcoming chapter. The eight parts of speech Review the eight basic parts of speech (noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection). Provide notes (see attachment 9.1 Learning Activity – Parts of Speech). Provide students with an opportunity to practice identifying the parts of speech by writing sentences on the board and having students label the words correctly, either in their notebooks or on the board. June 2012 5
  • 6. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks Practice sentences: o Stop! (verb) o John works. (noun, verb) o John is working. (noun, verb) o She loves animals. (Pronoun, verb, noun) o Animals like kind people. (noun, verb, adjective, noun) o Tara speaks English well. (noun, verb, noun, adverb) o She ran to the store quickly. (pronoun, verb, preposition, noun, adverb) o She likes small dogs but I hate them. (pronoun, verb, adjective, noun, interjection, pronoun, verb, pronoun) o Well, she and young John walk to school slowly. (interjection, pronoun, conjunction, adjective, noun, verb, preposition, noun, adverb) Elements of fiction Define the elements of fiction (setting, characters, plot, point of view, topic, and theme) and give notes. Refer to the left side of attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Story Map for guidance. Using a few model fictional narrative short stories, lead the class in identifying the elements of fiction of each. Discuss the plot structure of a selected short story, review the plot map, and complete it together. Print or draw on the map paper. Example available here: (also see attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Story Map) Group work: Give each small group an imaginative short story selection (all groups may work with the same story or the teacher may choose to use a different story for each group). The groups should work together to identify elements of fiction in the story as well as to focus on the plot structure (initiating conflict, rising action, climax, falling actions and resolution) of their assigned story. Results can be shared using Story Map graphic organizer (see attachment 9.1: Learning Activity – Story Map). Individual Work: Encourage students to examine the read-aloud novel (Tuck Everlasting) to identify the elements of plot structure and to create of plot map for the novel. Students should also identify the elements of fiction in the novel. Sample Lessons Book Report Alternative: The Elements of Fiction Story Elements Alive! Additional Resources Full-text short stories, novels, poems, etc from a variety of genres: Implementing the Writing Process: Rubric creator: http://rubistar.4teachers.orgg/ June 2012 6
  • 7. Unit 9.1: Genres Overview, Elements of Fiction English as a Second Language 6 weeks Graphic organizers: Pre-reading, during reading, and post-reading strategies: Literature Connections Tuck Everlasting by Natalie Babbitt (fictional narrative) Hatchet by Gary Paulson (fiction) The Secret Garden by Frances Burnett (fiction) The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster (fiction – fantasy) The Paper Bag Princess by Robert Munsch (fictional narrative) Junmangi by Chris Van Allsburg (fictional narrative) Becoming Naomi Leon by Pam Munoz Ryan (fiction) Maniac Magee by Jerry Spinelli (fiction) Baseball Saved Us by Ken Mochizuki (personal narrative) But I’ll Be Back Again by Cynthia Rylant (personal narrative) The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros (memoir) My Mama Had a Dancing Heart by Libba Moore Gray (memoir) The Magic School Bus Series by Joanna Cole (informational) Sharks by Seymour Simon (informational) Jackie Robinson by Dan Elish (biography) Rosa Parks: My Story by Rosa Parks (autobiography) Temper, Temper by Bruce Lansky (drama) Free Agent by Timothy Tocher (drama) Jabberwocky by Lewis Carrol (poetry) Hist Wist by E.E. Cummings (poetry) READ XL (Ninth grade) Textbook o War of the Worlds by Orson Welles page 122 (Play: Cause and Effect) o Masquerade by Phyllis Fair Cowell page 36 (Short Story: Cause and Effect) o The Fish Story by Mary Lou Brooks page 38 (Short Story: Analyze Plot) o The Jigsaw by J.B. Stamper page 40 (Short Story: Analyze Plot) June 2012 Adapted from Understanding by Design by Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe 7