(30 August 1871 – 19 October
A New Zealand-British
chemist and physicist who
became known as the father
of nuclear physics.
He coined the terms alpha ray and beta ray in 1899 to
describe the two distinct types of radiation emitted by
thorium and uranium.
From 1900 to 1903 Ernest Ritherford and Frederick Soddy
collaborated on research into the transmutation of
In 1903, Rutherford realised that a type of radiation from
radium discovered (but not named) by French chemist Paul
Villard in 1900
In Manchester he continued to work with alpha radiation.
In late 1907 Ernest Rutherford and Thomas Royds allowed
alphas to penetrate a very thin window into an evacuated
Items named in honour of Rutherford's life
The element rutherfordium, Rf,
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, a scientific research
laboratory near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.
Rutherford College, a school in Auckland, New Zealand
Rutherford College, a college at the University of Kent in
the Rutherford Institute for Innovation at the University of
Rutherford Intermediate School, Wanganui, New Zealand
Rutherford Hall, a hall of residence at Loughborough
Rutherford Medal, the highest science medal awarded by
the Royal Society of New Zealand, New Zealand.
The Rutherford Award at Thomas Carr College for
excellence in VCE Chemistry, Australia.
The Rutherford Memorial Medal is an award for research in
the fields of physics and chemistry by the Royal Society of
The Rutherford Medal and Prize is awarded once every two
years by the Institute of Physics for "distinguished
research in nuclear physics or nuclear technology."
The Rutherford Memorial Lecture is an international lecture
tour under the auspices of the Royal Society created under
the Rutherford Memorial Scheme in 1952.
Rutherford building at Bedford Modern School.
a building of the modern Cavendish Laboratory at the University
of Cambridge, UK
The Ernest Rutherford Physics Building at McGill University,
Rutherford House, the primary building of Victoria University of
Wellington's Pipitea Campus, originally the headquarters of the
New Zealand Electricity Department, in Wellington, New Zealand.
the physics and chemistry building at the University of
Canterbury, New Zealand
The Coupland Building at the University of Manchester where
Rutherford worked was renamed The Rutherford Building in 2006.
The Rutherford lecture theatre in the Schuster Laboratory at the
University of Manchester
Rutherford Close, a residential street
in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.
Lord Rutherford Road in Brightwater,
New Zealand (near his birthplace)
Rutherford Road in the biotech
district of Carlsbad, California, USA.
Rutherford Street in Nelson, New
Rutherford House, at Rotorua Intermediate School, Rotorua, New
The Rutherford Memorial at Brightwater, New Zealand
The crater Rutherford on the Moon, and the crater Rutherford on
Image on the obverse of the New Zealand $100 note (since
Rutherford was the subject of a play by Stuart Hoar.
On the side of the Mond Laboratory on the site of the original
Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, there is an engraving in
Rutherford's memory in the form of a crocodile, this being the
nickname given to him by its commissioner, his colleague Peter
Kapitza. The initials of the engraver, Eric Gill, are visible within
The Rutherford Foundation, a charitable trust set up by the Royal
Society of New Zealand to support research in science and