Although known as “green lemon” in French, it is ripe
and is not a lemon; more precisely, it is a lime, or sweet
lime, the fruit of the lime tree.
It looks like a smaller lemon and has an extremely fine,
green peel. The pulp is tart and very juicy.
Originally from India or Malaysia, lime trees spread
throughout the Mediterranean with the Crusades and
were introduced to the New World by the Portuguese.
Note: citrusy, green, zesty, tart
Cistus aurantifolia (Citrus aurantifolia - ?)
The peach is the fruit of the peach tree, which belongs
to the rosaceae family. It originated in China, where it
has been known since Antiquity, and grows in
temperate and Mediterranean climates. Another
member of the peach family, the nectarine comes in
clingstone and freestone varieties; nectarines have
different colors and varying skin textures.
Peach fragrance is used in fine perfumery and often
adds a fruity, velvety touch to floral bouquets.
Note: fruity, velvety
5. DAMASK ROSE
The Damask rose is a cross between Rosa gallica and
Rosa moschata. It is named for the city of Damascus
because the Crusaders discovered it there.
In Antiquity, it was adored by the Greeks, Romans and
Persians. Nero filled his apartments with it and gave it
to his guests to eat during evening gatherings. Later,
the Catholic church associated it to the cult of the
This rose is grown in Turkey, as well as in Morocco and
Note: flowery, honeyed, litchi-like
Essence and absolute
The magnolia belongs to the magnoliaceae family. This
tree may have pink, white or cream-colored flowers.
They have the delicate shape of a tulip or a star and
give off an intoxicating honeyed fragrance.
Magnolias symbolize an attachment to nature, strength
and fidelity in love.
Note: flowery, lemony, fresh
Origin: Asia and North America
7. FRANGIPANI FLOWER
Note: almond-like, flowery, sunny
Origin: Central America and Asia
On several islands in the Pacific Ocean, includingTahiti,
Fiji and Hawaii, frangipani flowers are used to faire leis,
which are traditional flower garlands worn like a
In Bangladesh, women wear this flower above their
right ear to indicate that they are looking for a partner,
or above the left ear if they already have one.
Frangipani flowers are more fragrant at night in order
to attract hummingbirds for pollination.
8. SENSUAL MUSKS
White musks enhance the fragrance trail and the long-
lastingness of a perfume while adding comfort and
mildness for a “second skin” feeling.
Note: powdery, sensual, clean
The amber woods harmony is based on a vibrant mixture
of ingredients such as Orcanox™, with a warm, woody
and amber-like scent, which is as sensual as skin.
Note: woody, amber-like
11. MANDARIN ESSENCE
Cold expression of fruit peels. For one kilo of essence, 1350 kilos of fruit are required.
Mandarin adds fruity notes which are very clean and natural, with a fresh, zesty, aldehyde facet.
Originally from South China, the mandarin was offered during festivities to the highest authorities, called
mandarins, who gave their name to the fruit. Flourishing under ample sun and light, the mandarin was
introduced to the Mediterranean basin in the 19th century and is now grown mainly in southern Europe,
the United States and South Africa. This small tree with star-shaped white flowers which perfume the
spring air is particularly at home in Italy and is cultivated in Sicily, Calabria and Campania.
The mandarin ripens in the fall. From its bitter, fragrant peel, which is dried and used in Chinese
medicine, to its pulp, the fruit is an amazing concentrate of vital elements. Its sweet, juicy pulp, with a
characteristic, very mild taste and unique scent, is eaten as is, candied or cooked. Finally, its citrusy,
fruity, delicate and sparkling fragrance is known for its ability to calm and as a stimulant to imagination
and creativity. This, in turn, has given rise to the symbolism associated to this miraculous fruit; sunny and
carefree, the mandarin is the Mediterranean’s lucky charm.
12. Botanical name
Steam distillation of the plant
Aromatic, lavender-like and herbaceous
Rustic and covered with blossoms, lavandin in a natural hybrid variety resulting from a cross between
true lavender (Lavandula angustifolia or Lavandula officinalis) and spike lavender (Lavandula latifolia)
and blooms from May to August. Originally from the western Mediterranean basin, lavender was used
by the Romans to store linens and scent baths. In the Middle Ages, women in Provence used it to
perfume clothing. They were known as “lavandières,” which gave rise to the English word “laundry”.
Today, its smell is associated to the notion of cleanliness and masculinity because lavender or
lavandin are part of the “fougère” structure.
13. VIOLET LEAF HARMONY
Harmony created by the perfume designer using a combination of various scent molecules
Violet leaf gives off powerful green notes with light and very elegant hints of suede.
Violet leaf is an emblematic ingredient in perfumes since its slightly retro notes combine elegantly with
more recent, modern notes.
A small perennial plant with sweet, edible flowers, the violet has been treasured for thousands of years
because of its beauty, scent and taste. Its fragrance is said to be an aphrodisiac.
In ancient Greece, violets symbolized love and fertility and were planted around the temple of
Aphrodite, goddess of love.
Because he loved the flower, Napoleon was sometimes called “Corporal Violet”. The flower thus became
the emblem of the imperial Napoleonic party. In England, violet was one of the most popular scents
during the Victorian era. Violets are often associated to simplicity and modesty. Their fragrance
contributes to longevity. They induce optimism and cheerfulness.
14. APPLE HARMONY
Since it is not possible to obtain an apple extract, the harmony is created using ingredients
from the perfume designer’s palette.
Fruity, juicy, sweet notes
“Pomme,” the French word for apple, comes from the Latin “pomum,” meaning “fruit,” since the
Romans considered it to be the “fruit of fruits”. For similar reasons, the apple is commonly known as the
“forbidden fruit” for its role in the expulsion from paradise.
Visitors to the Hesperidian gardens ate golden apples. Golden apples were also found in the Christian
paradise and in Celtic tradition, King Arthur is buried on the magic island of Avalon, known as the “Island
In white magic, the apple is used for vowing love. If you want someone to love you, share with that
person a red apple which has been rubbed and warmed in your hands. Fresh and delicate, the apple
blossom has been a preferred ingredient for love charms since time immemorial.
Ambroxan is an olfactory compound created through organic research. The molecule is
synthesized in the laboratory from sclareol, a natural component of clary sage extract.
Note: ambergris-like, musky, labdanum-like, woody, animal
Ambroxan has enabled replacing natural ambergris (sperm whale secretions) in perfumes. This expensive
synthetic product does not occur naturally and is currently an essential ingredient in perfumery.
Ambroxan is used as a base note. The molecule makes the fragrance trail last longer while adding
incomparable velvetiness and sensuality. Its smell is very complex, featuring musky, woody, almost animal
tones. For some, it recalls skin; it reminds others of the amber character of labdanum or clary sage.
16. SANDALWOOD HARMONY
The harmony is reproduced by the perfume designer using various ingredients from the
Woody, oriental, powdery, milky, creamy notes; permeates readily and is very persistent
Sandalwood originated in the Pacific. Sandalwood is an evergreen parasite. In the language of trees, it
This sacred wood was used to build temples and played an important role in Buddhism, Hinduism and the
Muslim religion. In addition, since the wood is easy to sculpt, it was used to create statues of various
Burmese women customarily sprinkle a mixture of sandalwood and rose on others to purify their body and
Australian Aboriginals eat the nuts and fruits of local sandalwood variety.