2. Technology today
Continues to advance
People become more dependent
become people’s most important gadget because
they facilitate communication
Divan and collaborators in 2008 associated cell
phones use during pregnancy to behavioral
problems in children.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
4. Prenatal high exposure to cell phone use
disorder in the offspring.
5. To determine if the prenatal high exposure to cell
phone use causes attention-
6. Raise awareness in pregnant women about the
use of cell phones.
7. First Phase:
A big group of recently pregnant women will
be asked to fill a questionnaire
Time they spent a day talking through cell phones.
Another questionnaire will be filled by these
mothers about the behavior of their children
Children of 3 to 6 years old.
Questions included: Are their children using cell
phones? How much time?
It will be determined how many children are
diagnosed with ADHD.
8. Second Phase:
Expose pregnant hamsters to electromagnetic
radiation equivalent to cell phones exposure.
Groups and time intervals:
Group 1= 3 hours a day
Group 2= 6 hours a day
Control group: no exposure
9. Propose pregnant women to use cell phones
with low frequencies of electromagnetic
radiation or use them for short periods.
Research about the effects of high exposure to
cell phone use in the behavior or health of
children, adolescents and adults.
10. Divan, Hozefa A.; Kheifets, Leeka; Obel, Carsten; Olsen, Jørn. (2008).
Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral
Problems in Children. Retrieved from:
Vrijheid M, Martinez D, Forns J, Guxens M, Julvez J, Ferrer,
Sunyer J. (2010). Prenatal exposure to cell phone use and
neurodevelopment at 14 months. Retrieved from:
NIMH. (2008). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Retrieved on July 2, 2010, from: