JUDAISM Rillo, Juan Paolo CE–1 / B-19 / Hum10 Sabariza, JajaMapua Institute of Technology Soriano, Lester
BASIS of JUDAISM• Founded by MOSES.• Religion of the Jews.* Jewish religious faith and practices are based on the DOCTRINAL and LEGAL CONTENT of the OLD TESTAMENT.
Who is Moses?• Moses was an early leader of the Hebrews and probably the most important figure in Judaism.• He was raised in the court of the Pharaoh in Egypt, but then led the Hebrew people out of Egypt. Moses is said to have talked with God. His story is told in the Bible in the book of Exodus.• The pharaoh of Egypt (probably Ramses II) decreed that all the Hebrew boy babies were to be drowned at birth. Moses mother, hid her newborn for 3 months and then placed her baby in a wicker basket in the Nile River reeds. The baby cried and was rescued by one of the pharaohs daughters who kept the baby.
Common to all manifestations of Judaism is the COMMITMENT TO THE COVENANT BETWEEN GOD AND ISRAEL IN THE BIBLE.Common to all forms of Judaism is the AWARENESS OF THE EXISTENCE OF GOD, of the WORLD, and of MAN as well as the relationship between them.
ONE GOD• Judaism can be said to have a Confession of Faith.CONFESSION OF FAITH: made up of three scriptural texts (Deuteronomy 6:4–9, 11:13– 21; Numbers 15:37–41), which, together with appropriate prayers, forms an integral part of the evening and morning services.
Deutronomy 6:4“Hear , O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is One”Proclaimed by the Jew every morning and night. it emphasizes the UNITY or ONENESS of God.*One God of whom NO PHYSICAL REPRESENTATION is permitted.
God’s dealings with men manifests two “Qualities”:1. Quality Of Justice2. Quality Of Mercy*the maintenance of the world requires a combination of both quality of Justice and Mercy.
God is related to the world through CREATION.Judaism speaks of God “who, in his GOODNESS, daily renews the work of creation. Creation is thus an ongoing process. The fact that God created the world means the world is VERY GOOD”
Concept Of SinMan owes both his BODY and his SOUL to the work of God and must care for the welfare of each.Men are endowed with a GOOD INCLINATION and FREEDOM OF CHOICE.
SIN Rebellion against God Not inherited*Though sin is universal, man may obtain divine forgiveness through REPENTANCE.*
Doctrine of the Resurrection of the DeadTaught by the Pharisees Resurrection is the doctrine that in a future age the dead will rise from their graves to live again. it is associated with the doctrine of the Messiah and the immortality of the soul.Affirmed by the Rabbinic Judaism but was denied by the Sadducees.Medieval Philosophers laid greater stress on the immortality of the soul, while modern Reform Judaism denies the doctrine of a physical resurrection altogether.
GOD, MAN, and the WORLDGod is RELATED to MAN through REVELATION.God reveals Himself to man because of His love.2 Major Commandments1. Thou shall love the Lord with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and with all thy might. (Deut 6:5)2. Thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself.
Men “shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.” (Isa. 11:9)
Jewish style of Living• HALAKHAH- Hebrew term used to refer to Jewish law.• means "go" or "walk."• is the "way" a Jew is directed to behave in every aspect of life, encompassing civil, criminal, and religious law.• Jewish whole life is full of symbols and demands of his religion. even after answering the call of nature, Jews recites a benediction thanking God for the wondrous manner in which human organism works.
What the Jews is governed by elaborate dietary laws to fill “holiness”, self-discipline.Biblical verses are affixed to all doorpost.Prayer shawl and phylacteries are worn for daily prayers on weekdays and three on Sabbath.Thunder, lightning, and rainbow are greeted with praises to God, as are the first blooms in spring.
Jewish Festival Calendar1. Pesah (Passover) - originally a famer’s spring festival. - commemorates the Exodus from Egypt and celebrates the ideal of freedom.2. Shavouth (Pentecost) – Formerly the Feast of first fruits. -observed as the Festival of Revelation, the season of giving of the 10 Commandments.
3. Sukkot (Tabernacles) – originally a harvest and vintage festival. - celebrated in commemoration of God’s providential care for Israel throughout their desert wanderings.4. Day of Memorial - Jewish New Year - celebrated in solemn joy as the Birthday of the World as well as the Day of Judgement.
5. Day of Atonement -spent wholly in the Synagogue, in prayer, in confession of sins, and in fasting. - Divine Forgiveness is made dependent on the sincerity of man’s repentance.*Ninth Day of Av – commemorating the destruction of both the first and the second Jerusalem Temple, as well as other catastrophic events in Jewish history.
The Weekly SabbathMost important occasion in the Jewish calendar.“Day of light and joy for Israel”Celebrated on Saturday beginning with sunset on Friday.Process of spiritual regeneration through prayer and study.
STUDYForm of worship.The study of God’s teaching ranks as the most important commandment. Rabbinic teaching: “the ignorant man cannot be truly pious.”
Conversion to Judaism• Membership through Birth• Circumcision of the male child in his eighth day from birth (Brit Milah; pronounced as BrisMiloh) – If already circumcised, “Hatafat dam Brit” is done.
• Ritual Immersion – “Tevilah” – act of immersion to “Mikveh” – “Mikveh” – a bath wherein Tevilah was done
• Study of “Talmud” – “Talmud” is a book consisting of “Rabbinic” commentaries about Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history – “Rabbi” – Teacher of “Torah”
Torah – Bible of the Jews – Has the first five books of the bible • Genesis – ancient myths • Exodus – journey of tribes under Moses • Numbers – history of Hebrew tribes • Leviticus – ceremonial laws • Deutronomy – final words of Moses
One-God Concept – Yahweh – Jewish God • Tribal god of the Hebrew • Thought as a mountain spirit called Sinai – The Ten Commandments – symbols of agreement engraved on a stone tablet – Ark of the Covenant – an oblong chest where the stone tablets are kept
Moses with his men Went to One-God Concept Mt. Sinai survival worshipped Yahweh gave Ten Ark of the Moses Commandments Kept in the Covenant the
Palestine Divided into Israel Judah (North) (South) Conquered by fromAssyrians Jeremiah deported Broaden Ten Judaism Tribes from the intoTwo Tribes Religion World To the Was preached by Isiah and Micah
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Judaism compared to other religions Judaism Christianity • Christian • Jews • Jesus Christ • Abraham/Moses • Monotheistic • Adam, Noah, • God, Jehovah • Yahweh • There’s devil and • No devil Abraham • Heaven and Hell Satan • Prayer and study • Confession and • Synagogue (Eden and Gehenna in Repentance • Torah • Church • Doesn’t seek Judaism) • Bible converts • Seek convertsTable form of comparison
Judaism Islam • Monotheistic • Moslem• Jews • • Adam, Noah, Mohammed• Abraham/Moses • Allah Abraham• Yahweh • • Heaven and Hell Satan• No devil • Faith, works and (Eden and• Prayer and study pray 5 times a day Gehenna in• Synagogue • Mosque Judaism)• Torah • Quran • Sayings (Talmud;• Doesn’t seek • Seek converts Judaism and converts Sunnah; Islam)