Latin America In The 1800sPart I<br />Leslea Pedersen<br />History 141<br />October 22, 2009<br />Dr. Michael Arguello<br />
Latin AmericaIndependence Movements<br /><ul><li>In 1807 France invaded Portugal, and in 1808 they invaded Spain. The Portuguese Queen fled to Brazil. Joseph Bonaparte is put on the Spanish throne; Spain rebelled.
In 1811, Paraguay & Venezuela declared their independence from Spain. In 1814, Uruguay followed suit. Chile attempted & failed to achieve independence & was reestablished as a royal colony.
1819 the Republic of Colombia, consisting of Colombia, Venezuela & Ecuador is proclaimed.
Buenos Aires & Chile both finally achieve their independence, as did Peru a few years later. A revolt in Portugal led to the reinstatement of the exiled Portuguese royals. </li></li></ul><li>Latin AmericanIndependence Movements<br /><ul><li> In 1821, Central America declared its independence from Spain. The next year Brazil became independent from Portugal & by 1823 Mexico was also independent.
Between the years of 1807 and 1823, all of South & Central America, as well as Mexico, declared their independence.
In 1823, Central America created the United Provinces of Central America. </li></li></ul><li>Latin AmericaMid-Century<br /><ul><li> During the period there were no changes to the fundamental societal & economic structure of Latin America. The population of people were mostly simple, illiterate & greatly influenced by the Catholic church.
The 1830s & 1840s brought about a need for order. Also some questionings about religion, social & economic policies.
Some countries experienced a decline in political problems.
Economic growth occurred with the increase of exports. This provided new business opportunities for brokers, insurers, shippers who were commercial middlemen for exports. Railroad construction was an effect of a booming export business.</li></li></ul><li>Latin AmericaMid-Century<br /><ul><li> The landowners/mineowners who produced export commodities supported liberal economic programs. That is, freedom of operation for private businessmen so they could respond to market fluctuations.
Government revenues increased along with the rise in foreign trade. Thus, Argentina was able to expand public education; tributaries imposed on Peruvian indians was abolished. Countries were now able to service their foreign debts.
Foreign trade brought Latin America in closer contact with Europe & the United States. This brought about a change in ideals.
From 1851-1854 slavery was abolished for good. Jesuits were expelled once again.</li>