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In 1824, a federal republican government was established in Mexico. But there was constant conflict between the conservatives and the liberals.
In 1832, Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna was elected president. He was elected as a liberal, but governed as a centralist and ignored the Mexican constitution.
Santa Anna was in and out as Mexico’s leader. The liberals and conservatives were always at odds with one another, which would lead to war.
La Reforma were reforms initiated by a Liberal Revolution. This resulted in a new constitution. The war of La Reforma ensued: liberals against conservatives. Benito Juarez led the liberals to victory around 1861.
The 1880s saw a railroad boom, mining code reformation, and landowners were given hydrocarbon rights.
Manuel Gonzalez was the president during this time. He had the constitution revised so he cold be reelected, which he was about 4 times.
By the end of the 19th century, new land survey laws allowed landholding concentration. Communities were expanding.