The Confederates marched into Kentucky all the way to the capital and prepared to install a Confederate governor. The Union army was in full retreat.
The Union army was stricken with serious illnesses which caused many deaths.</li></li></ul><li>The Federals Got A VeryComplete Smashing<br /><ul><li> General Lee led an attack north of Richmond on Pope’s army. McClellan drug his feet on orders to reinforce Pope’s army due, in part, to his disdain for Pope. Pope suffered heavy casualties.
After this, it was believed that Washington could be taken. The North was demoralized. Some felt McClellan should be court-martialed. Lincoln left him in because his troops loved him and this kept up morale.
Democrats in the North were divided about the war. Lee hoped to influence those opposed to the war, thus also fight the war on the homefront.
Lee advanced across the Potomac. Several pivotal decisions rested on the outcome of Lee’s victory or defeat: European intervention, Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation & a willingness of the North to continue the war.</li></li></ul><li>Showdown At Sharpsburg<br /><ul><li> The Southern army was gaunt from lack of food, they were filthy and wore tattered uniforms; yet they fought hard, undaunted.
Maryland did not greet the South with the Southern patriotism that Lee had hoped for.
A Northern soldiernamed Mitchell discovered Lee’s orders to his Generals detailing the strategy for the next attack on the Union armies.
This valuable information was delivered to McClellan who sat on his hands for an entire day.</li></li></ul><li>Showdown At Sharpsburg<br /><ul><li> McClellan missed two opportunities to attack and crush the Southern armies.
When the battle at Antietam did ensue, both sides suffered terrible losses.
The Confederates were out-numbered. They were forced to retreat to Sharpsburg.</li>