Volume 6, Number 2
The State of
2nd Quarter, 2013 Report
INcludes INsIght oN mobIle traffIc aNd coNNected deVIces from erIcssoN
Letter From the Editor
IPv6 deployment and adoption is a topic that has been covered in the State of the Internet Report in some fashion
over the last five years, and is an area that is of critical importance to the future of the Internet. It is worth noting
that June 6, 2013 marked the one-year anniversary of the World IPv6 Launch event, itself a follow-on to World IPv6
Day in June 2011. Both events were intended to highlight the importance of IPv6, and to raise its profile among
network service providers, equipment manufacturers, content providers, and others. Based on data published by
APNIC Chief Scientist Geoff Huston at http://www.circleid.com/posts/20130610_world_ipv6_day_a_year_in_the_life/,
it appears that IPv6 support has been making progress around the world, though it still has a long way to go. Key
observations from Mr. Huston’s data include:
• doubling (from 0.6% to nearly 1.3%) of Internet user systems that prefer IPv6 in a dual-stack situation,
where the same content is available over both IPv4 and IPv6.
Significant growth in IPv6 deployment as a percentage of national users in countries including Switzerland,
Belgium, Germany, Peru, the Czech Republic and Greece.
Large increases in the number of IPv6 users in the United States (adding over 4.2 million), Japan (adding
over 2.3 million), and Germany (adding nearly 2 million)
In addition to the ongoing growth of IPv6, efforts continue in many countries around the world to improve the
quality and speed of Internet connectivity available to subscribers, with gigabit initiatives still a key focus. However,
improving connectivity to underserved areas often requires innovative solutions, and in the second quarter, Google
announced trial implementations of two such technologies. In Cape Town, South Africa, a “white space” pilot
program is delivering Internet connectivity over unused radio spectrum between television channels. In New Zealand,
a pilot of “Project Loon” endeavored to connect users to the Internet through high-altitude balloons — Google
envisions a ring of such balloons eventually encircling the Earth. While Google’s efforts are by no means the only
innovative solutions being pursued to improve Internet connectivity and reach, they are high-profile and likely serve
as a harbinger of things to come.
Of course, with a growing number of users online, and as connection speeds improve over time, the importance
of security will grow as well. Botnets have grown beyond leveraging end-user systems to leveraging the massive
bandwidth available through compromised servers running software packages with known vulnerabilities, and
successful phishing attacks have continued to prove that humans remain the weak link in the security chain. In
addition, revelations over the last several months indicate that encrypting communications may not provide
complete privacy of those communications. While there is no silver bullet to address any of these issues in their
entirety, ongoing education of users and administrators alike, the practice of good network hygiene (including
regularly updating/patching systems), and a healthy level of skepticism can help to keep things in check.
As always, you can expect that these topics will be covered in future issues of the State of the Internet Report.
If you have questions, comments, or suggestions regarding the report, connect with us via e-mail at
firstname.lastname@example.org, or on Twitter at @akamai_soti.
– David Belson