Real conditionals
STUFF THAT WILL HAPPEN
What is a real conditional?
 Real conditionals are used to talk about something that

has a high chance of happening.
My ...
If-clause examples
 Present real conditionals talk about facts, things that are

generally true, habits, and routines:

I...
If-clause examples
 If the main clause uses simple present verbs:
 My roommate stinks if he doesn’t shower every day.
 ...
subordinators
 Subordinators are parts of sentences that explain the








main idea more clearly. Here are some c...
when
 when is used to talk about general truths and habits

in the simple present




When the teacher talks, I get sl...
as long as
 as long as is used to say that one thing is needed to

make the result come true.




As long as you do my...
only if
 only if is used to say that one thing must be true for

the result to happen.




We can be together only if ...
even if
 even if is used to say that the condition won’t

change the result.




Even if I study all night, I can’t pa...
unless
 unless basically means “if something…not”.
 Unless we all start to take care of the environment, climate
change ...
Let’s try:
 I will come back into our dormitory room _______






my roommate cleans it up first.
I will continue t...
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Real conditionals

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Real conditionals

  1. 1. Real conditionals STUFF THAT WILL HAPPEN
  2. 2. What is a real conditional?  Real conditionals are used to talk about something that has a high chance of happening. My parents will kill me if I don’t pass my classes.  The if-clause states something that could happen.  The main clause tells what the result will be. If I pass all my classes, I will cry from happiness.  When the if-clause comes first, we usually add a comma.
  3. 3. If-clause examples  Present real conditionals talk about facts, things that are generally true, habits, and routines: If you sneeze with your eyes open, your eyes will pop out of your head. If students study hard, they get good grades. If you smoke cigarettes, you will smell bad. If you eat at McDonald’s every day, you’ll get fat.  Future real conditionals describe things that can happen in the future and the likely results: If I win lots of money in the lottery, I will give some to my teacher. If my roommate snores in her sleep tonight, I will kill her. If you keep putting your duckface pictures on Facebook, your friends will think you are an idiot.
  4. 4. If-clause examples  If the main clause uses simple present verbs:  My roommate stinks if he doesn’t shower every day.  will  If Alex eats ice cream, he will get diahrrea.  be going to  I am going to die if I don’t eat some food soon.  modal (can, could, may, might, etc.)  If I don’t find a girlfriend, I will die alone.
  5. 5. subordinators  Subordinators are parts of sentences that explain the      main idea more clearly. Here are some common subordinators used with real conditionals: when as long as only if even if unless
  6. 6. when  when is used to talk about general truths and habits in the simple present    When the teacher talks, I get sleepy. When my parents give me money, I spend it right away. When I think about English, I feel so happy.
  7. 7. as long as  as long as is used to say that one thing is needed to make the result come true.    As long as you do my homework for me, I won’t learn anything. As long as I try hard, my family will be happy with the results. As long as I exercise and watch what I eat, I will stay healthy.
  8. 8. only if  only if is used to say that one thing must be true for the result to happen.    We can be together only if you are rich. I will say hello to him only if he says hello first. She will help me with English only if I help her with Chemistry.  When you use only if at the beginning of a sentence, reverse the subject and the auxiliary verb (do, have, be, etc.) in the main part of the sentence.    Only if I have US$500,000 can I buy that apartment. Only if I get above 90% on my Chinese test can I pass the class. Only if I drink coffee will I be able to stay awake in class.
  9. 9. even if  even if is used to say that the condition won’t change the result.    Even if I study all night, I can’t pass my Calculus test. Even if I were the only boy in school, she still wouldn’t date me. We won’t be able to make enough money even if we sold everything.
  10. 10. unless  unless basically means “if something…not”.  Unless we all start to take care of the environment, climate change will get worse.  Unless I can wake up earlier, I will never make it to class on time.  Unless the school computers crash, we will get our grades next week.
  11. 11. Let’s try:  I will come back into our dormitory room _______      my roommate cleans it up first. I will continue to love her, ________ she doesn’t love me. ______ you stop picking your nose while you are talking to me, I will keep on ignoring you. I hate it ______ we have to give speeches in class. I will go to the movies tonight _______ there are not tests tomorrow. I won’t help you ______ you stop complaining all the time!

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