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  • 1. Ch. 23.3 Napoleon Forges an Empire
  • 2. Early Life • He was born • He came from a Napoleone di family of minor Buonaparte in the Italian nobility town of Ajaccio on who moved to Corsica, France, on Corsica in the August 15,1769. 16th century He later changed when the island his name to the was under the more French control of the sounding Napoleon Republic of Bonaparte. Genoa.
  • 3. • He attended a military school near Troyes, France when he was 9 years old. • 1784, Bonaparte was admitted to the elite École Royale Militaire in Paris, where he completed the two-year course of study in only one year. • Upon graduation in September 1785, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant of artillery and took up his new duties in January 1786 at the age of 16.
  • 4. • Having joined the army of the new government when the Revolution broke out, Napoleon was given a chance for glory in October 1795.
  • 5. • Royalist rebels marched on the National Convention on October 3, 1795. • Napoleon is ordered to defend the Tuileries where the delegates were. • Napoleon seized artillery and used the cannonade to repel the attackers. • Napoleon boasts that he cleared the streets with a “whiff of grapeshot.” • Napoleon becomes a hero and savior of the French Republic.
  • 6. Italian Campaign • 1796- the Directory (led by Paul Barras) appointed Napoleon to lead a French army against Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • 7. • Bonaparte took command of the French "Army of Italy" on 27 March 1796, leading it on a successful invasion of Italy. • He gained the nickname of "The Little Corporal" (le petit caporal), a term reflecting his camaraderie with his soldiers, many of whom he knew by name.
  • 8. • While campaigning in Italy, General Bonaparte became increasingly influential in French politics. He published two newspapers (for the troops in his army) which were widely circulated within France as. In May 1797 he founded a third newspaper, published in Paris, entitled Le Journal de Bonaparte et des hommes vertueux.
  • 9. Egypt 17981799 • In March 1798, Bonaparte proposed a military expedition to seize Egypt, then a province of the Ottoman Empire, seeking to protect French trade interests and undermine Britain's access to India.
  • 10. • Napoleon’s army was unsuccessful and was pinned down in Egypt. • His naval forces were soundly beaten by the British naval officer Admiral Horatio Nelson.
  • 11. • Despite his defeat, Napoleon was influential enough to keep his failures out of the French newspapers. • His fame continued to grow and the words “the general” became synonymous with Napoleon.