Lerato desiree Ntsimane
Professional studies 3A
WHAT IS MOOCS
A BRIEF HISTORY OF MOOCS
HOW MOOCS WORK
TYPES OF MOOCS
PROS AND CONS OF MOOCS
MOOCS LANDSCAPE AND PLATFORMS
HOW WILL MOOCS CHANGE EDUCATION?
What is MOOCS
Massive Open Online Courses are classes that are offered to a large
number of students, over the internet, for free with essentially unlimited
In a typical MOOC, students watch short video lectures online and
complete assignments that are graded either by machines or by their
MOOCs generate massive quantities of data about learner behavior,
which can be used to understand cognitive growth and how to improve
BRIEF HISTORY OF MOOCS
2004: George Siemens and Stephen Downes develop theory of connectivism, the thesis
of that knowledge is distributed across a network of connections, and therefore that
learning consists of the ability to construct a traverse those network Downes, 2012, p.9)
2008: first MOOC presented at university of Manitoba with – 2200 learners
2010: Dave Cormier videos about MOOCs added to You Tube (Cormier, 2010)
2011: MOOC for college prep skills helps freshmen prepare for college requirements
2012: Harvard’s first MOOC has 370,000 registered students (Pappano, 2012)
2012: Coursera launches from Standford; offers first xMOOCs (Chen, 2012)
-new York times calls 2012 “the year of MOOC” pappano,2012
2012: edX by Harvard and MIT; Coursera, a Standford company; and Udacity, which
focuses on science and tech
2013: cMOOCs and xMOOCs too numerous to count accurately
How MOOCs Work
MOOCs are online courses where lectures are typically “canned,” quizzes and
testing are automated, and student participation is voluntary. They attain large
scale by reducing instructor contact with individual students, students often rely on
self-organized study and discussion groups.
Types and taxonomy of MOOCs not from the institutional
but the pedagogic perspective.[open the link below]
These early MOOCs were less about presenting content and more
about connecting learners. The term C-MOOC refers to a MOOC
designed to emphasize connecting learners. C-MOOC stands for
Connectivist MOOC. C-MOOCs are built upon the idea and platform
originally envisioned by George Siemens. X-MOOCs have their
background in the rise of open course ware. In the image below you
can see a timeline of MOOC development. [NEXT SLIDE]
MOOCS PROS & CONS
Force professors to improve lectures.
Are designed to ensure that students
Bring people together from all over
Allow teachers to make the most of
classroom time in blended classes.
Offer interesting business
Could cause teachers to become
nothing more than "glorified teaching
Make discussion a challenge.
Make it easier for students to drop
Grading papers is impossible.
MOOCS LANDSCAPE AND
HOW WILL MOOCS CHANGE EDUCATION?
MOOCs are already a big hit in rural communities and developing
countries where people don’t have as much access to traditional
schools. But, they may eventually impact the way people everywhere
learn and get an education.
MOOCs will allow people to educate themselves based on what they
want to learn. Stay-at-home parents can take real classes in their spare
time to stay current, business people can improve their resumes, and
high schoolers can get a head start on college.
Clark, D (2013) MOOCs: taxonomy of 8 types of MOOCs
Daniel, J (2012). Making Sense of MOOCs: Musing in a Maze of Myth, Paradox
and Possibility. Journal of Interactive Media in Education. [CC-BY].
Reiser, R. A. (2001). A History of Instructional Design and Technology: Part1: A
History of Instructional Media. Educational Technology Research and
Development, 49(1), 53-64.
Masters, K..,& Qaboos, S.(2011). A Brief Guide To Understand MOOCs. The
Internet Journal of Medical Education, 1(2), 2-6. doi: 10.5580/1f21.