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The Magna Carta - Nathan Wong
 

The Magna Carta - Nathan Wong

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A History of the Magna Carta and its importance to today's society.

A History of the Magna Carta and its importance to today's society.

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    The Magna Carta - Nathan Wong The Magna Carta - Nathan Wong Presentation Transcript

    • The Magna Carta Nathan Wong
    • What is the Magna Carta?
      • Originally created in 1215, the Magna Carta was an English document limiting the powers of the monarch.
      • It has significant influence in the governments, constitutional documents, and common law of today’s world.
    • Before the Magna Carta…
      • Before this historical document existed, kings lived a lavish, all-expenses-paid life.
      • Their word was law and they could do whatever they wanted – nobody dared to disagree with the monarch.
      • Monarchs claimed that their power came from God – after all, if God did not want them as king, why would they be king?
      • People in the Medieval Ages were deeply religious and lived a life of religion. The Church controlled much of their lives.
      I’m King, and I can do whatever I want!
    • The King was powerful…
      • The Magna Carta, written by King John’s barons, severely limited the king’s power. For example, the king could not tax unfairly nor punish a freeman as he saw fit.
      • The king did not agree to it, but instead, was forced to stamp it with his seal.
      • What did King John do to deserve this?
      But not for long… A peasant
    • He taxed his barons unfairly… Darn it! That King John is just unfair. Totally unfair. We won’t stand for this! Wow Johnny… you just took it too far. This means war! King John increased the taxes on his nobles, the barons. Forced to pay many times more taxes than the previous kings had charged, they became increasingly upset.
    • He argued with the Church… It MUST be done my way. I AM KING! King… you are out of your mind! In medieval times, the Roman Catholic Church played an enormous role in peoples’ lives. Everybody followed the Church's rules as people feared that they would go to Hell if they did not! As a result, Pope Innocent III excommunicated the king and banned religious services across England, which made the citizens extremely angry.
    • He kept losing wars…
      • John lost much English territory in planned attacks on neighboring France, while spending huge amounts of tax money on troops and supplies.
      • Obviously, his people didn’t appreciate being on the losing team!
      John lost again? I’m way overused…
    • And he was just plain MEAN. Modern historians describe King John as having negative personality traits. John was known to be cruel, and lacked qualities which people expected from a king. For example, he kept married noblewomen as mistresses! King John is featured as a villain in the Robin Hood stories!
    • The barons decided to take action.
      • With the support of each other and many of the English common folk, King John’s unhappy barons launched a military expedition against King John.
      • The people of London, understanding of the rebel barons’ cause, opened the city’s gates to them and their forces.
      • John was taken by surprise and was forced to meet the barons at Runnymede.
    • The king was coerced…
      • The barons forced King John to agree to stamp his ‘Great Seal’, signifying his approval, on their document at Runnymede on the 15 th of June, 1215.
      • What did this document outline?
    • The Magna Carta stated that…
      • The Church was to be free from royal interference
      • No additional taxes except the regular feudal due were to be levied
      • All freemen had the right to an open and fair trial
      • All measures and weights were to be kept standard throughout the kingdom
    • Democracy?
      • The Magna Carta also included a final clause that created a council of lords and clergy which had the power to overrule the king’s decisions. This was an outline for today’s “majority rule”, even though it would have been an oligarchy, not a democracy.
      • However, King John, with the support of the Pope, dismissed this clause, causing civil war.
      • The civil war ended with John’s death in October 1216.
    • However…
      • The Magna Carta outlined rights and freedoms, but only for freemen.
      • It did NOT apply to women, slaves nor peasants!
      • These people were still at the bottom of the food chain, at the mercy of their owners.
      SO LAME!
    • Importance of the Magna Carta
      • The Magna Carta is still relevant to today’s world.
      • The Magna Carta allowed for habeas corpus, where one has the right to a trial, therefore preventing unlawful detainment.
      • The Magna Carta also placed limits on the King and made him subject to the law, much like our governments today.
    • Summary
      • The Magna Carta is a legal document, which the English King was forced to stamp in 1215
      • It limited the powers of the monarch and granted freemen certain rights, such as the right to a fair and open trial
      • The Magna Carta serves as a basis for modern day governments, constitutional documents, and common law today.
    • The End Thanks for watching!
    • Bibliography
      • &quot;The Magna Carta.&quot; National Archives and Records Administration . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. <www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta >.
      • &quot;Magna Carta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta>.
      • &quot;Magna Carta - New World Encyclopedia.&quot; Info:Main Page - New World Encyclopedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia
      • &quot;King John.&quot; History Learning Site . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. <http://www.historylearningsite