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Geography 7th gov types

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  • 1. Types of Governments Grade 7 Social Studies Online Presentation
  • 2. Blueprint Skill: Governance & Civics Grade 7Define the different types of governments(i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy,monarchy, and dictatorship).
  • 3. DemocracyIn a democracy, the government is elected bythe people. Everyone who is eligible to votehas a chance to have their say over who runsthe country. It is distinct from governmentscontrolled by a particular social class or group(aristocracy; oligarchy) or by a single person(despotism; dictatorship; monarchy).A democracy is determined either directly orthrough elected representatives.
  • 4. AutocracyGovernment by a single person havingunlimited power; despotism (dominationthrough threat of punishment andviolence) .
  • 5. OligarchyA government in which a few peoplesuch as a dominant clan or clique havepower.
  • 6. MonarchyA monarchy has a king, queen, emperor orempress.The ruling position can be passed on to theruler’s heirs.In some traditional monarchies, the monarchhas absolute power.But a constitutional monarchy, like the UK,also has a democratic government that limitsthe monarchs control.
  • 7. Dictatorship A country ruled by asingle leader. The leaderhas not been electedand may use force tokeep control.In a military dictatorship,the army is in control.
  • 8. AnarchyAnarchy is a situation where there is nogovernment. This can happen after acivil war in a country, when agovernment has been destroyed andrival groups are fighting to take itsplace.Anarchists are people who believe thatgovernment is a bad thing in that itstops people organizing their own lives.
  • 9. CapitalistIn a capitalist or free-market country,people can own their own businessesand property. People can also buyservices for private use, such ashealthcare.But most capitalist governments alsoprovide their own education, health andwelfare services.
  • 10. CommunistIn a communist country, thegovernment owns property such asbusinesses and farms.It provides its peoples healthcare,education and welfare.
  • 11. RepublicA republic is a country that has nomonarch.The head of the country is usually anelected president.
  • 12. RevolutionaryIf a government isoverthrown by force,the new ruling groupis sometimes called arevolutionarygovernment.
  • 13. TotalitarianThis is a country withonly one politicalparty.People are forced todo what thegovernment tells themand may also beprevented fromleaving the country.
  • 14. Ready for a quiz? Play Government Squares
  • 15. Inspired byA Game of X’s and O’s
  • 16. 1 2 3 4 5 67 8 9
  • 17. Scoreboard 1 2 3 X 4 5 6 O 7 8 9 Click Here if X Wins Click Here if O Wins
  • 18. 1This form of government is elected by the people and everyone is eligible to vote.
  • 19. 1Home Democracy
  • 20. 2A government ruled by a king, queen,emperor or empress.
  • 21. 2Home Monarchy
  • 22. 3A country ruled by a single leader. The leaderhas not been elected and may use force tokeep control.
  • 23. 3Home Dictatorship
  • 24. 4Government by a single person havingunlimited power; despotism (dominationthrough threat of punishment and violence).
  • 25. 4Home Autocracy
  • 26. 5The government owns property such asbusinesses and farms and provides itspeoples healthcare, education and welfare.
  • 27. 5Home Communism
  • 28. 6A situation where there is nogovernment.
  • 29. 6Home Anarchy
  • 30. 7The ruling group that forms when agovernment is overthrown by force.
  • 31. 7Home Revolutionary
  • 32. 8A government in which a few people suchas a dominant clan or clique have power.
  • 33. 8Home Oligarchy
  • 34. 9A country that has no monarch, but isheaded by an elected president or officialis a ________.
  • 35. 9Home Republic
  • 36. ResourcesThe Democracy ProjectBBC Types of GovernmentWorld Population Under VariousGovernmentsDictator for A DayTypes of Governments