Types of Governments Grade 7 Social Studies Online Presentation
Blueprint Skill: Governance & Civics Grade 7Define the different types of governments(i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy,monarchy, and dictatorship).
DemocracyIn a democracy, the government is elected bythe people. Everyone who is eligible to votehas a chance to have their say over who runsthe country. It is distinct from governmentscontrolled by a particular social class or group(aristocracy; oligarchy) or by a single person(despotism; dictatorship; monarchy).A democracy is determined either directly orthrough elected representatives.
AutocracyGovernment by a single person havingunlimited power; despotism (dominationthrough threat of punishment andviolence) .
OligarchyA government in which a few peoplesuch as a dominant clan or clique havepower.
MonarchyA monarchy has a king, queen, emperor orempress.The ruling position can be passed on to theruler’s heirs.In some traditional monarchies, the monarchhas absolute power.But a constitutional monarchy, like the UK,also has a democratic government that limitsthe monarchs control.
Dictatorship A country ruled by asingle leader. The leaderhas not been electedand may use force tokeep control.In a military dictatorship,the army is in control.
AnarchyAnarchy is a situation where there is nogovernment. This can happen after acivil war in a country, when agovernment has been destroyed andrival groups are fighting to take itsplace.Anarchists are people who believe thatgovernment is a bad thing in that itstops people organizing their own lives.
CapitalistIn a capitalist or free-market country,people can own their own businessesand property. People can also buyservices for private use, such ashealthcare.But most capitalist governments alsoprovide their own education, health andwelfare services.
CommunistIn a communist country, thegovernment owns property such asbusinesses and farms.It provides its peoples healthcare,education and welfare.
RepublicA republic is a country that has nomonarch.The head of the country is usually anelected president.
RevolutionaryIf a government isoverthrown by force,the new ruling groupis sometimes called arevolutionarygovernment.
TotalitarianThis is a country withonly one politicalparty.People are forced todo what thegovernment tells themand may also beprevented fromleaving the country.