Listening and reading
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Listening and reading

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Listening and reading Listening and reading Presentation Transcript

  • Pragmatics utterance meaning language in context interaction of sentence meaning, speakerintentions, discourse context,common ground, world knowledge
  • Grice (1967):1. sentence meaning (what issaid) vs. speaker meaning(what is meant)2. speaker meaning consists ofconversational implicaturesin addition to sentence meaning
  • (1) Al: What time is it?Trixie: Some of the guests arealready leaving. Its late.(2) Al: Is the party fun?Trixie: Some of the guests arealready leaving. The party is boring.(3) John: Do you want to go skiing?Mary: Its snowing!a. No. (because Mary only skis whenits sunny)b. Yes. (because the snow is betterand there are less peopleon the slopes)
  • How do we infer what the speaker meant?(4) a. John: Do you want to go skiing?Mary: Its snowing ( no): : : but I didnt mean to saythat I dont want to go skiing. In fact, I love skiingwhen it snows.b. John: Theres a red cube on the table (! there is acube onthe table): : : but there is no cube on the table.strange
  • “Pragmatics is an important area of study for yourcourse. A simplified way of thinking aboutpragmatics is to recognise, for example, thatlanguage needs to be kept interesting - a speakeror writer does not want to bore a listener orreader, for example, by being over-long ortedious. So, humans strive to find linguistic meansto make a text, perhaps, shorter, more interesting,more relevant, more purposeful or more personal.Pragmatics allows this. ” Steve Campsall