G1 phase (period of cell growth before the DNA replicates) S phase (period when DNA replicates and chromosomal proteins are duplicated) G2 phase ( Period after DNA replicates ,cell prepares for division)
that enable easy comparisons at the international level. As a technique for exploring ideas, drawing taps holistic understanding and prevents children from feeling constrained by trying to match their knowledge with that of the researcher for children to express their thoughts verbally
We will see the differences between these level of understanding after this.
The diagram show the flow of this misconception research which will enable all of you to understand about this research more easily.
This is one of the example of level 2 model types of understanding
SHARIFAH ROQAIYAH D20091034851
NGANG HUEY CHI D20091034861
YEE HON KIT D20091034822
YEE CHIN TIEN D20091034824
of 4 phases:
• This study aims to
investigate the effect
of drawing method of
concerning cell division –
mitotic cell cycle.
To identify biology
misconceptions of cell
divisions using drawings
and interviews which
they possess about the
cell division processes
and both the content
and scope of these
and in an
1. A total of 124 student teachers, who were studying to
become secondary biology teachers at the Faculty of
Education in Selcuk University in Turkey.
2. Participants previously had studied cell division in
cytology, genetics, and molecular biology, as a school
subject during various semesters.
• Biology student teachers’ understanding of the
chromosomes mitosis was examined by two different
methods not mutually exclusive.
• The first method is method of drawing. The
participants were informed about the drawing method
before this application and some practices were applied
about this method.
• The participating students were asked to draw process
of mitosis in a cell on a blank piece of A4-sized paper.
• These drawings are analyzed and categorized into model
types corresponding to five levels of understanding.
1. No drawing
2. Non-representational drawings,
3. Drawings with misconceptions,
4. Partial drawings
5. Comprehensive representation drawings.
The second method to examine the university student’s
knowledge is individual interviews.
After the drawings were evaluated, individual interviews
were conducted about the detailed subjects with 15
randomly chosen who demonstrated misconceptions.
The purpose was to check the validity of the
interpretation of the drawings.
In the interview, these students were asked to respond to
› What are chromosomes and sister chromatids?
› How do the chromosomes act during mitosis?
cell division -mitosis
Examined by two
Method of drawing,
conducted with two
1st phase, the
informed about the
2nd phase, the
process of mitosis in
a cell” was asked
Analysis of drawings
and categorized into
five levels of
3) Drawings with
Second method -
subjects with 15
Figure 1. Example of level 2
Figure 2. Example of level 3
(drawing with misconception).
Figure 3. Examples of level 4
Figure 4. Examples of level 5
(comprehensive representation drawing).
Misconception Scientific Idea
1. Interphase is the resting
phase of mitosis.
2. The chromosome number is
doubled in the prophase of
mitosis and halved in the
anaphase of mitosis.
3. In mitosis, homologous
chromosomes separate in
4. Sister chromatids do not
separate in mitosis.
5. The number of
chromosomes is halved
6. The number of
chromosomes is doubled
1. Interphase is the first stage in mitotic
cell cycle in which the cell grows
and replicates its DNA before
undergoing mitosis (M phase) and
2. In the anaphase of mitosis, the
spindle separates the two sister
chromatids(not chromosome) of
each chromosome and moves them
to opposite spinde poles.
3. <same as 2>
4. <same as 2>
5. After mitosis, two daughter cells are
genetic duplicates of the parental
cell that entered mitotic division are
6. <same as 5>
Figure 8. A drawing of misconception of “interphase is the resting
phase of the mitosis”.