Stage 1 Notes

  • 558 views
Uploaded on

Stage 1 notes

Stage 1 notes

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
558
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School First Aid Stage 1 Content:The 6 Modules under First Aid Stage 1 badgework are as follows:- Introduction to First Aid and First Aid kit- Common Ailments – Fever, Fainting, Fits, Asthma, Head Injury, Choking- Heat Injuries – Sunburn, Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke and Prevention- Wounds and Bleeding 1 – The Theory- Wounds and Bleeding 2 – The Practice- Transportation of the Injuried.Rank DateName Page 1
  • 2. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 1: Introduction to First Aid and First Aid BoxImmediate action is necessary in an emergency, and is often the most valuable help that canbe given. Hence the name First-Aid aka First Assistance, is administered when someonesuffers an injury or suddenly become ill.Aims of First Aid- To Preserve life- To Prevent condition from worsening- To Promote RecoveryWho can be a first aider?But of course you need to be trained, which is what this training is all about. And only whenyou are competent to administer first aid then you administer. Do not over-estimate yourself. Page 2
  • 3. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolComponents of a First Aid KitSo many picture to express 1 key thing. First Aid kit comes in all sorts of shape and sizes. Note taking Page 3
  • 4. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolComponents of a First Aid Kit Note taking Page 4
  • 5. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 2: Common AilmentsFeverConsequences of FeverFever should not be taken into lightly. Fever is an indication of infection and abnormalities inour bodies. As the body increases its temperature, the heat-sensitive tissue such as brain,protein structures will be deformed causing permanent damages such as frequent occurrenceof fits, inability to control mobility etc. Fainting might also occur due to fever.Treating FeverR___D_____M_________How do you detect fever? Note taking Page 5
  • 6. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolFainting The medical term for fainting is syncope. Fainting is a sudden loss of consciousness, usually temporary and typically caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain. The brain oxygen deprivation has many possible causes, including hypotension (low blood pressure). The following words or phrasal expressions also mean to faint: to pass out, to black out, to fall unconscious, to fall in a faint. The verbs to come to and to come round mean to recover consciousness. Sometimes syncope may be just that - a fainting episode with no medical importance. On some occasions, however, it may be caused by a serious illness, condition or disorder. Every case of fainting should be treated as a medical emergency until the cause is known and signs and symptoms have been treated. Anybody who has recurring fainting episodes should contact their doctor.Fits (Seizures ) – Watch Video and pick out main points. Note taking Note taking Page 6
  • 7. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolAsthma Asthma is a reaction of the body towards certain specific triggers that cause the windpipe of our throat to reduces in size. Furthermore, the walls of the windpipe might secrete sticky mucus which in turn results in further narrowing of the windpipe which will result in even more difficult breathing. If left untreated, the casualty will pass out. Recognition: Treatment: Shortness of Breath Sit Casualty UP leaning slightly forward Coughing Use own medication Difficulty breathing out Affirm Casualty and no unnecessary moving Wheezing Don’t crowd around casualty Distress and anxiety Call for Medical Services Difficulty in speaking If its 1st attack Grey/blue skin tones If attack last for more than 5 minute Exhausion Inhaler proves not effectiveHead injuries Common symptoms of head injury include coma, confusion, drowsiness, personality change, seizures, nausea and vomiting, headache and a lucid interval, during which a patient appears conscious only to deteriorate later. Nose bleeding / Bleeding from the ears might occur for severe cases of head injuries. As such, it is important NOT to restrict flow of blood our of body but allows a clear passage. Practical -> Forehead bandage -> Scalp Bandage Note taking Page 7
  • 8. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolChokingCauses of choking?Signs of choking? Note taking Page 8
  • 9. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 3: Heat Injuries Note taking Page 9
  • 10. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School Page 10
  • 11. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 4: Wounds and Bleeding 1{Blank Page for notes taking} Page 11
  • 12. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 5: Wounds and Bleeding 2Before attempting to bandage a wound, what do you need to do?How do you _ _ _ _ B _ _ _ _ _ _ _?Sequences of steps for wound care. 1. D _ _I _ _ _ _ _ 2. M_ _ I _ _ _ _ _ _ 3. C _ _ _ _ _ with the use of S_ _ _ _ _ _ dressingCan you touch blood? How do you protect yourself?Basic common sense 1. Do you recycle cotton balls? 2. You have a choice of an unopened sterile gauze and a non-sterile gauze. Which one you will use to be in contact with another bandage? 3. You have a choice of an unopened sterile gauze and a non-sterile gauze. Which one you will use to be in contact with the wound itself? 4. How long can the sterile dressing last? 5. If the wound is no longer bleeding, do we still need to do a dressing? Page 12
  • 13. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary SchoolModule 6: Transportation of the Injured. -> See Sli Page 13
  • 14. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School Page 14
  • 15. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School Page 15
  • 16. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School Page 16
  • 17. The Boys’ Brigade 99th Singapore CompanyA CCA from Canberra Secondary School Page 17