Causes of the Scientific Revolution <ul><li>1) Trade </li></ul><ul><li>2) Universities </li></ul><ul><li>3) Renaissance </...
Great Scientists of the Era <ul><li>Copernicus </li></ul><ul><li>Kepler </li></ul><ul><li>Galileo </li></ul><ul><li>Newton...
New Attitudes Developing <ul><li>Skepticism about old authority </li></ul><ul><li>The power of reason </li></ul><ul><li>Na...
Rebirth of Philosophy
<ul><li>Rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Descartes </li></ul><ul><li>Spinoza </li></ul><ul><li>Leibniz </li></ul>
Empiricism <ul><li>Francis Bacon </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop Geo...
Immanuel Kant : Moral Theory and the Idea of Duty
Enlightenment <ul><li>Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Law </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes ideas of...
 
Centers of the Enlightenment
Philosophes <ul><li>The people who were the thinkers in France were known as PHILOSOPHES. They were not on the whole origi...
A Parisian Salon
A Parisian Salon
BIG DEBATE:  Religion v. Reason <ul><li>The Enlightenment did NOT banish religion   and superstition. </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
 
Denis Diderot  (1713-1784)
 
Thomas Hobbes <ul><li>Natural State of Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Man is brutish by nature </li></ul><ul><li>Leviathan -  N...
John Locke  (1632-1704) <ul><li>Letter on Toleration ,    1689  </li></ul><ul><li>Two Treatises of   Government , 1690   <...
John Locke’s Philosophy (I) <ul><li>Man is rational and born equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue can be learned and practiced....
<ul><li>Man’s natural state was of harmony and equality </li></ul><ul><li>People make a contract with the government to pr...
The Baron de Montesquieu  (1689-1755) <ul><li>Persian Letters ,    1721  </li></ul><ul><li>On the Spirit of    Laws , 1758...
 
Jean-Jacques Rousseau  (1712-1778) <ul><li>Discourse on the   Arts & Sciences , 1751 </li></ul><ul><li>Emile , 1762 </li><...
 
 
Frederick the Great of Prussia  (r. 1740-1786) <ul><li>1712 -– 1786. </li></ul><ul><li>Succeeded his father,   Frederick W...
Catherine the Great  (r. 1762-1796) <ul><li>German Princess   Sophie Friederike   Auguste of    Anhalt-Zerbst. </li></ul><...
 
The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>The democratic revolutions begun in America in 1776 and continued in Amsterdam, B...
The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>New forms of civil society arose –-- clubs, salons, fraternals, private academies...
The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>It established a materialistic tradition based on an ethical system derived solel...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Enlightenment

30,777

Published on

A powerpoint highlighting key elements of the European Enlightenment of the 1700's.

Published in: Education
6 Comments
50 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • hi can i download this presentation. It's really amazing and the content, tremendous.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • I would like to use this for a class in church history if you do not mind.
    Thanks,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • hey there,could you please mail this across to me,it will truly assist me for my function.thank you really much.
    Sharika
    http://financeadded.com http://traveltreble.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • where did u get da map thats on slide 12??
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • It's great. Deep enough for my 15 year old pupils.
    If you don't mind I'd like to use it in class.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
30,777
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
6
Likes
50
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "The Enlightenment"

  1. 3. Causes of the Scientific Revolution <ul><li>1) Trade </li></ul><ul><li>2) Universities </li></ul><ul><li>3) Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>4) Humanism </li></ul><ul><li>5) Reformation </li></ul>
  2. 4. Great Scientists of the Era <ul><li>Copernicus </li></ul><ul><li>Kepler </li></ul><ul><li>Galileo </li></ul><ul><li>Newton </li></ul>
  3. 5. New Attitudes Developing <ul><li>Skepticism about old authority </li></ul><ul><li>The power of reason </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Law </li></ul><ul><li>A can-do approach </li></ul>
  4. 6. Rebirth of Philosophy
  5. 7. <ul><li>Rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Descartes </li></ul><ul><li>Spinoza </li></ul><ul><li>Leibniz </li></ul>
  6. 8. Empiricism <ul><li>Francis Bacon </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop George Berkley </li></ul><ul><li>David Hume </li></ul>
  7. 9. Immanuel Kant : Moral Theory and the Idea of Duty
  8. 10. Enlightenment <ul><li>Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Law </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes ideas of Change and Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Toleration </li></ul>
  9. 12. Centers of the Enlightenment
  10. 13. Philosophes <ul><li>The people who were the thinkers in France were known as PHILOSOPHES. They were not on the whole original thinkers, but were great publicists of the new ideas. </li></ul>
  11. 14. A Parisian Salon
  12. 15. A Parisian Salon
  13. 16. BIG DEBATE: Religion v. Reason <ul><li>The Enlightenment did NOT banish religion and superstition. </li></ul><ul><li>They existed side by side –-- one often provided justification for the other. </li></ul><ul><li>The clergy played an important role in the training of scientists & philosophers. (many were active in the field themselves!) </li></ul><ul><li>Voltaire fought for those accused of heresy. </li></ul><ul><li>The Encyclopedie used covert topic headings to address religion critically. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Denis Diderot (1713-1784)
  15. 20. Thomas Hobbes <ul><li>Natural State of Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Man is brutish by nature </li></ul><ul><li>Leviathan - Need for state control which will take care of the welfare of all </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute power of the state </li></ul>
  16. 21. John Locke (1632-1704) <ul><li>Letter on Toleration , 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Treatises of Government , 1690 </li></ul><ul><li>Some Thoughts Concerning Education , 1693 </li></ul><ul><li>The Reasonableness of Christianity , 1695 </li></ul>
  17. 22. John Locke’s Philosophy (I) <ul><li>Man is rational and born equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue can be learned and practiced. </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings possess free will. - they should be prepared for freedom. - obedience should be out of conviction, not out of fear. </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure and pain motivate people. Government should use this idea to educate people. </li></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><li>Man’s natural state was of harmony and equality </li></ul><ul><li>People make a contract with the government to protect their rights. </li></ul><ul><li>People have the right to oppose the government if their rights are not being protected. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, and Property </li></ul>
  19. 24. The Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) <ul><li>Persian Letters , 1721 </li></ul><ul><li>On the Spirit of Laws , 1758 </li></ul>
  20. 26. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) <ul><li>Discourse on the Arts & Sciences , 1751 </li></ul><ul><li>Emile , 1762 </li></ul><ul><li>The Social Contract , 1762 </li></ul>
  21. 29. Frederick the Great of Prussia (r. 1740-1786) <ul><li>1712 -– 1786. </li></ul><ul><li>Succeeded his father, Frederick William I (the “Soldier King”). </li></ul><ul><li>He saw himself as the “First Servant of the State.” </li></ul>
  22. 30. Catherine the Great (r. 1762-1796) <ul><li>German Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst. </li></ul><ul><li>1729 -– 1796. </li></ul>
  23. 32. The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>The democratic revolutions begun in America in 1776 and continued in Amsterdam, Brussels, and especially in Paris in the late 1780s, put every Western government on the defensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform, democracy, and republicanism had been placed irrevocably on the Western agenda. </li></ul>
  24. 33. The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>New forms of civil society arose –-- clubs, salons, fraternals, private academies, lending libraries, and professional/scientific organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>19c conservatives blamed it for the modern “egalitarian disease” (once reformers began to criticize established institutions, they didn’t know where and when to stop!) </li></ul>
  25. 34. The Legacy of the Enlightenment? <ul><li>It established a materialistic tradition based on an ethical system derived solely from a naturalistic account of the human condition (the “Religion of Nature” ). </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretically endowed with full civil and legal rights, the individual had come into existence as a political and social force to be reckoned with. </li></ul>

×