How to refurbish all buildings by 2050


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Buildings account for 40% of the total energy consumption of the EU and they are one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions (36% of the EU total). In order to achieve the 2050 EU building sector target, the energy performance of existing buildings will need to be improved substantially.

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How to refurbish all buildings by 2050

  1. 1. How to refurbish all buildings by 2050 FSR Annual Brussels Conference November 13, 2012 Leonardo Meeus
  2. 2. Background THINK Report #7 “How to refurbish all buildings by 2050“ (Published in June 2012) Project leader: Péter Kaderják Research team: Leonardo Meeus, Isabel Azevedo, Péter Kotek, Zsuzsanna Pató, László Szabó, Jean-Michel 2
  3. 3. How to refurbish all buildings by 2050 IntroductionWhy buildings? • 36% greenhouse gas emissions within the EU • 40% of final energy consumption within the EU Why refurbishment? • Target is to have low carbon buildings by 2050 • Most of the buildings that are around today, will still be in 2050 Why THINK? • What are the trade-offs? • What are the policy options? 3
  4. 4. Trade-offs in building refurbishment IntroductionFirst trade-off • Accelerate renovation of the building stock • Refurbish buildings Second trade-off • Refurbish more buildings • Refurbish buildings more ambitiously (i.e. “deeper”) Third trade-off • Do more now • Do more later, i.e. wait for technological developments Fourth trade-off • Reduce energy consumption of buildings • Convert to electricity • Integrate renewable energy 4
  5. 5. Trade-offs in building refurbishment Main findings • Need to significantly increase both refurbishment “rate” and “deepness” • “Deepness mix” will continue to exist • Significant differences between different member states • In terms of building stock and usage of these buildings • 600-1800 billion euro to be invested • Most of it expected to come from private building owners and 5
  6. 6. Policy options IntroductionMarket facilitation • Improving the awareness of market players • Market organization Public support • Financing mechanisms Regulatory instruments • See next 6
  7. 7. Regulatory instruments Analytical framework PRICE incentives Guides actors towards the right decisions DECISION TO MATERIALS PERFORMANCE REFURBISH PRODUCTS REFURBISHMENT USAGE Prevents Rewards/punishes Prompts wrong right/wrong action decisions decisions Regulation of Regulation of Regulation of ACTORS INPUTS 7
  8. 8. Policy options Main findingsMarket facilitation • Not enough to reach the target because expected investments that are beneficial for society, are not economical for private actors Public support • Not enough to reach the target because massive investment needed in a context with strong public budget constraints Regulatory instruments • Required, if we take the target 8
  9. 9. Regulatory instruments Role of EU institutionsEnsuring commitment at national level • National building refurbishment targets • National building refurbishment action plans Facilitating the implementation of regulatory instruments • See next 9
  10. 10. Regulatory instruments Recommendations for EU institutionsPrice incentives • Abolish end-user regulated prices for electricity and gas • Internalize the cost of carbon into the building refurbishment decisions Regulation of inputs • Continue to widen and strengthen technology standards and labeling of building refurbishment technology, products and materials Regulation of outputs • Create an EU energy performance certificate scheme for 10
  11. 11. Regulatory instruments National energy performance certificate schemes for 11
  12. 12. Recommendation Bonus Berlaymont Constructed 1963 Renovated 1991-2004 Henri Spaak Constructed 12
  13. 13. Room for discussion? 13