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How to refurbish all buildings by 2050

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Buildings account for 40% of the total energy consumption of the EU and they are one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions (36% of the EU total). In order to achieve the 2050 EU …

Buildings account for 40% of the total energy consumption of the EU and they are one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions (36% of the EU total). In order to achieve the 2050 EU building sector target, the energy performance of existing buildings will need to be improved substantially.


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  • 1. How to refurbish all buildings by 2050 FSR Annual Brussels Conference November 13, 2012 Leonardo Meeus
  • 2. Background THINK Report #7 “How to refurbish all buildings by 2050“ (Published in June 2012) Project leader: Péter Kaderják Research team: Leonardo Meeus, Isabel Azevedo, Péter Kotek, Zsuzsanna Pató, László Szabó, Jean-Michel Glachantwww.florence-school.eu 2
  • 3. How to refurbish all buildings by 2050 IntroductionWhy buildings? • 36% greenhouse gas emissions within the EU • 40% of final energy consumption within the EU Why refurbishment? • Target is to have low carbon buildings by 2050 • Most of the buildings that are around today, will still be in 2050 Why THINK? • What are the trade-offs? • What are the policy options?www.florence-school.eu 3
  • 4. Trade-offs in building refurbishment IntroductionFirst trade-off • Accelerate renovation of the building stock • Refurbish buildings Second trade-off • Refurbish more buildings • Refurbish buildings more ambitiously (i.e. “deeper”) Third trade-off • Do more now • Do more later, i.e. wait for technological developments Fourth trade-off • Reduce energy consumption of buildings • Convert to electricity • Integrate renewable energy generationwww.florence-school.eu 4
  • 5. Trade-offs in building refurbishment Main findings • Need to significantly increase both refurbishment “rate” and “deepness” • “Deepness mix” will continue to exist • Significant differences between different member states • In terms of building stock and usage of these buildings • 600-1800 billion euro to be invested • Most of it expected to come from private building owners and userswww.florence-school.eu 5
  • 6. Policy options IntroductionMarket facilitation • Improving the awareness of market players • Market organization Public support • Financing mechanisms Regulatory instruments • See next slidewww.florence-school.eu 6
  • 7. Regulatory instruments Analytical framework PRICE incentives Guides actors towards the right decisions DECISION TO MATERIALS PERFORMANCE REFURBISH PRODUCTS REFURBISHMENT USAGE Prevents Rewards/punishes Prompts wrong right/wrong action decisions decisions Regulation of Regulation of Regulation of ACTORS INPUTS OUTPUTSwww.florence-school.eu 7
  • 8. Policy options Main findingsMarket facilitation • Not enough to reach the target because expected investments that are beneficial for society, are not economical for private actors Public support • Not enough to reach the target because massive investment needed in a context with strong public budget constraints Regulatory instruments • Required, if we take the target seriouslywww.florence-school.eu 8
  • 9. Regulatory instruments Role of EU institutionsEnsuring commitment at national level • National building refurbishment targets • National building refurbishment action plans Facilitating the implementation of regulatory instruments • See next slidewww.florence-school.eu 9
  • 10. Regulatory instruments Recommendations for EU institutionsPrice incentives • Abolish end-user regulated prices for electricity and gas • Internalize the cost of carbon into the building refurbishment decisions Regulation of inputs • Continue to widen and strengthen technology standards and labeling of building refurbishment technology, products and materials Regulation of outputs • Create an EU energy performance certificate scheme for buildingswww.florence-school.eu 10
  • 11. Regulatory instruments National energy performance certificate schemes for buildingswww.florence-school.eu 11
  • 12. Recommendation Bonus Berlaymont Constructed 1963 Renovated 1991-2004 Henri Spaak Constructed 1990www.florence-school.eu 12
  • 13. Room for discussion? leonardo.meeus@eui.euwww.florence-school.eu 13