EV Development Forum(Chongqing 2009)

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EV Development Forum(Chongqing 2009)

EV Development Forum(Chongqing 2009)

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  • 1. EV Development Forum (Chongqing) Oct.26 2009
  • 2. Overall • China Automotive Engineering Research Institute(former Chongqing Auto. Research Institute) and ChanA hosted the forum • Known institutes/makers presented at the forum: Department of Energy (U.S.), Argonne Lab.,Lotus Engineering, FEV,AVL,Nissan,etc. However, BYD did not show at the forum as usual • Some highlights as per following pages
  • 3. ChanA(Chan An Auto.) EV/HEV plans • ChanA will develop pure battery EV in 2012 only, they see sales possibility of electric-fuel hybrid cars in 2010 and 2011 • two models showed: micro hybrid Z-shine(Stop- start system, SOS March 2010) and mild hybrid Joyce(144V,6A, Ni-H battery, on sales) • ChanA New Energy Auto.Co.Ltd planned till 2014: CBU 30,000 units, 100,000 units of battery/motor/control module respectively • They will apply Stop-start system as default specs for future models
  • 4. DOE “R&D in PHEV and battery” • Energy storage (battery pack) is still bottleneck for PHEV (plug-in hybrid EV) due to cost and performance • Financed Li-ion battery projects of A123 and Johnson Control • Typical info. – battery pack for PHEV: – Current 3.4 kWh, US$800+/kWh, 3+ year life, for 10 mile PHEV – Goals 2012 3.4 kWh, US$500+/kWh,10+ year life, for 10 mile PHEV – Goals 2014 11.6 kWh, US$300+/kWh, 10+ year life, for 40 mile PHEV
  • 5. Nissan “challenge for EV” • EV market plan – New EV – “Leaf” in 2010 in US and Japan – 2011 in China – 2012 globally • Approach for CO2 reduction – Clean energy generation, such as wind and solar – Battery JV with NEC – Charging network construction (with local govt.) – Charging system evolution (faster and smart)
  • 6. Argonne Lab . “Battery Performance Evaluation” • Build up research facility for HEV/PHEV power train test benchmarking: emission, fuel economy, cold/hot temps, charge life • Tested 2007-2009: Prius (6 conversions), Escape (3 conversions) and other 6 HEV/PHEV models • Standards Committee work - J1711
  • 7. FEV / AVL / Lotus Engineering “HEV with Range-extender module” • A “practical solution” for EV development • Concept and realization – compact specific engine for electricity generation – Simplified design and low producing cost – Euro 6 emission – NVH comfort
  • 8. IDIADA Homologation for EV • Current: ECE-R100 electrical safety (very basic requirement, cover pure EV only) • Future: – ECE-R100: scope covers HEV, more strict safety features, such as service disconnect, fuse or circuit braker, overcharging prevention) – ECE-R94&95 frontal and lateral crash impact for M1 & N1: • Requirement on electrolyte leakage • Protection against electrical shock after crash • Protection of passenger compartment against battery intrusion • Isolation resistance to chassis and residual HV bus energy after crash
  • 9. DELPHI “key components of EV” • Displayed available products: – Controller, DC/AC inverter, DC/DC converter, Charger, Battery pack, etc • Integration capability for EV
  • 10. What happens in China • Commercialization of electric bus and coach sooner than cars • No success without govt.and cities support on charging network • Again, probably China automotive industry is behind the developed countries on EV standard, system and components, for less structural approach on EV product development