WIKI AS A TOOL TO ENHANCE COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN HIGHER EDUCATION Literature Review
Wikis in Education <ul><li>Wikis are convenient tools for collaboration, collection and reflection (Ebner  et al , 2008). ...
Why Wikis are Used? <ul><li>Ease to use, low cost, easy to learn how to use, and quick to create new contents. </li></ul><...
Strengths of Wikis <ul><li>Enhance teaching information literacy through ability to locate, manage, critically evaluate. <...
Challenges in Using Wikis <ul><li>How to track students’ work?  </li></ul><ul><li>How to deal with intellectual property a...
References <ul><li>Cubric, M. (2007). Wiki-based process framework for blended learning. In: Proceedings of the 2007 inter...
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Wiki Literature Review

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A summary on wiki by some researchers

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Wiki Literature Review

  1. 1. WIKI AS A TOOL TO ENHANCE COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN HIGHER EDUCATION Literature Review
  2. 2. Wikis in Education <ul><li>Wikis are convenient tools for collaboration, collection and reflection (Ebner et al , 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>They are considered a tool that facilitate collaborative finding, shaping, and sharing of knowledge (Reinhold, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>For assembling a syllabus, for collaboration on projects, annotated bibliography, group authoring, or a knowledge base (Duffy, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis are an interesting tool for enhancing social constructivist learning environments (Nordin & Klobas, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>They are people-centred tools that can impact knowledge management (Brereton, Donovan, & Viller, 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis can support knowledge creation and sharing within both the corporate and the academic environment (Lamb, 2004; Leuf & Cunningham, 2001; Wagner, 2004). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Wikis are Used? <ul><li>Ease to use, low cost, easy to learn how to use, and quick to create new contents. </li></ul><ul><li>(Jaksch, Kepp & Womser-Hacker, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus remains on the contents rather than on the software. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has direct access. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can edit or add the contents at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>(Educause Learning Initiative, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates writing as a process rather than a product. </li></ul><ul><li>(Guth, 2007) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Strengths of Wikis <ul><li>Enhance teaching information literacy through ability to locate, manage, critically evaluate. </li></ul><ul><li>Use information for problem solving, research, decision making, and continued professional development. </li></ul><ul><li>(Orr, Appleton & Wallin, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing critically the peers’ contributions improves the quality of content. </li></ul><ul><li>(Taylor, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>The perspective of writing for a wider audience promotes collective authoring, which stimulates a critically peer editing. </li></ul><ul><li>(Guth, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis allow its users to develop knowledge actively and collaboratively. </li></ul><ul><li>(Jaksch, Kepp & Womser-Hacker, 2008) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges in Using Wikis <ul><li>How to track students’ work? </li></ul><ul><li>How to deal with intellectual property and the lack of references? </li></ul><ul><li>(Lamb, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>How to deal with changes in the contents? </li></ul><ul><li>How to take credit for an individual student? </li></ul><ul><li>(Farkas, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>How to motivate students’ participation? </li></ul><ul><li>(Cubric, 2007) </li></ul>
  6. 6. References <ul><li>Cubric, M. (2007). Wiki-based process framework for blended learning. In: Proceedings of the 2007 international symposium on Wikis. pp. 11—24. New York ACM Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Duffy. P., Bruns. A. (2006). The use of blogs, wikis and RSS in education: a conversation of possibilities. In: Proceedings Online Learning and Teaching Conference. Brisbane. pp. 31— 38. </li></ul><ul><li>Ebner. M.. Kickmeier-Rust. M., Holzinger. A. (2008). Utilizing wiki-systems in higher education classes: a chance for universal access? In: Universal Access in the lnformation Society. Berlin: Springer. </li></ul><ul><li>Educause Learning Initiative: 7 things you should know about wikis (last access: 2010-11-30). http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/EL17004.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Farkas. M.G. (2006) . Social software in libraries: building collaboration, communication and community online. Medford: Information Today Inc.. </li></ul><ul><li>Guth. S. (2007). Wikis in education: is public better? In: Proceedings of the 2007 international Symposium on Wikis. pp. 61—68. New York: ACM Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Lamb, B. (2004). Wide open spaces: wikis, ready or not. Educause Review Magazine 39(5), 36—48. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinhold. S.W.(2006). Augmenting wiki structure for collaborative. Interdisciplinary learning. In: Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Wikis. pp. 47—58. New York: ACM. </li></ul>

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