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Teaching Method - Laboratory Method
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Teaching Method - Laboratory Method


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  • 1.  Usedto designate a teaching procedure that uses experimentation with apparatus and materials to discover or verify facts and to study scientific relationship. Used not only in the physical sciences but also in home economics and manual arts. Defined as a teaching procedure dealing with firsthand experiences regarding materials or facts obtained from investigation or experimentation.
  • 2. by John Walton (1966) Togive firsthand experience in the laboratory which may increase student interest Toprovide student participation in original research To develop skill in the use of laboratory equipment and instruments.
  • 3.  Experimental – aims to train pupils in solving with incidental acquisition of information and motor skill.  Emphasis: discovery, original procedure, analysis, and solution of problems. Observational – the acquisition of facts is the dominant aim.  Facts can be acquired through activities such as visit to museums, exhibits and art galleries, watching demonstrations, listening to lectures, viewing films, and going on field trips.
  • 4.  IntroductoryStep. Includes determination of the work to be done. The teacher should motivate the work at this stage. Work Period. No matter what they are working on, the students will gain experience in scientific procedure, handling raw material, and using tool. Culminating Activities. Decide on how to present results of their individual work in the following forms: (next slide)
  • 5.  Explaining the nature and importance of the problem the group had worked on Reporting data gathered or other findings Presentingillustrative material or special contributions Special reporting and exhibition of work by those with individual projectsExhibiting various projects and explanation by their sponsors.
  • 6.  Laboratory exercises should be adapted to broader social needs. Material must be socially valuable and relevant. Problems should be real, interesting, and adapted to the learner’s level. Laboratory exercises must grow out of problems. Laboratory manual should be chosen with care The teacher must be a skillful director of problem solving and of study.
  • 7.  Learning by doing Impressionsthrough several sense make learning more effective Undergoing actual experience is more vivid It is a direct preparation for life.
  • 8.  Uneconomical way of learning Becomes mechanical – at times. The expensive materials sometimes does not justify results. Loss of time occurs due to indiscriminate overuse of the method.