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Dimensions and Principles of Curriculum Design
 

Dimensions and Principles of Curriculum Design

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Curriculum Development

Curriculum Development

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    Dimensions and Principles of Curriculum Design Dimensions and Principles of Curriculum Design Presentation Transcript

    • MODULE II - LESSON 2(CRAFTING THE CURRICULUM)
    • DIMENSIONS  SCOPE  SEQUENCE  INTEGRATION  CONTINUITY  ARTICULATION  BALANCE
    • SCOPE All the content, topics, learning experiences and organizing threads comprising the educational plan. (Tyler in Ornstein – 2004) Provides boundaries in the curriculum as it applies to the different educational levels. It is here where the decision making skill of the teacher is needed. Can divided into chunks – units, sub-units, chapters.
    • SEQUENCE A particular order in which related events, movements, or things follow each other. Vertical relationship among the elements to provide continuous and cumulative learning 4 Principles (Smith, Stanley, Shore – 1957)  Simple to Complex Learning  Prerequisite Learning  Whole to Part Learning  Chronological Learning
    • SEQUENCE (cont.) 5 Major Principles in Organizing contents in units (Posner, Rudnitsky – 1994) 1. World–related sequence  Space  Time  Physical Attributes 2. Concept-related sequence  Class relations  Propositional relations
    • SEQUENCE (cont.) 3. Inquiry-related sequence 3. Learning-related sequence  Empirical prerequisites  Familiarity  Difficulty  Interest
    • CONTINUITY The unbroken and consistent existence or operation of something over a period of time. Enables the learner to strengthen the permanency of learning and development of skills. “Spiral Curriculum” – content is organized according to the interrelationship between the structure of the basic ideas of a major discipline. (Gerome Bruner)
    • INTEGRATION “Everything is integrated and interconnected. Life is a series of of emerging themes.”ARTICULATION Can be done vertically or horizontally.BALANCE To establish this, equitable assignment of content, time, experiences and other elements.
    • GUIDELINES IN CURRICULUMDESIGN Curriculum design committee should involve teachers, parents, administrators and students. School’s vision, mission, goals and objectives should be reviewed and used as a bases for curriculum design. The needs and interests of the learners, in particular, and the society, in general, should be considered. Alternative curriculum design should consider pros and cons in terms of costs, scheduling, class size, facilities and personnel required. The curriculum design should take into account cognitive, affective, psychomotor skills and outcomes.