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Finding Information
<ul><li>Know what you are looking for </li></ul><ul><li>Know where to look </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to find the informat...
<ul><li>What are the key concepts in your question? List them. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you understand all the terms involved?...
Knowing Where to Look Books, encyclopedias, documentaries, www. Background information www, books, people, magazine articl...
<ul><li>Not case sensitive - all words included, but order matters </li></ul><ul><li>Search results displayed in order of ...
Search Engines
<ul><li>General Hints </li></ul><ul><li>Look for hints in a URL before selecting it. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for related li...
<ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
<ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Are the sources of factual information clearly listed so they can be verified in anothe...
<ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Is the author indicated (often in the footer)? Is the author the original creator of t...
<ul><li>Perspective or Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Does the author have a bias? Does she/he express a particular point o...
<ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Are there dates on the page (usually in the footer) to indicate when the page was writt...
<ul><li>Go to  http://home.inreach.com/kumbach/velcro.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/ </li></ul><u...
Try evaluating some sites... <ul><li>Search a controversial topic in  Google : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;nuclear Armaged...
<ul><li>http://www.martinlutherking.org/ </li></ul>
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Information Literacy: Finding Information

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  • Dear Lenva am interested in how you created the slides using the reflective lamp please would you share. Thanks Cavall Barends Librarian CPUT, Cape Town South Africa
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  • Dear Lenva am interested in how you created the slides using the reflective lamp please would you share. Thanks Cavall Barends Librarian CPUT, Cape Town South Africa
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  • Transcript of "Information Literacy: Finding Information"

    1. 1. Finding Information
    2. 2. <ul><li>Know what you are looking for </li></ul><ul><li>Know where to look </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to find the information you need </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the information you find </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge and list your sources </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>What are the key concepts in your question? List them. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you understand all the terms involved? </li></ul><ul><li>What would be the best search terms to use? List them, but be willing to add and subtract from your list. </li></ul>Developing a Search Strategy
    4. 4. Knowing Where to Look Books, encyclopedias, documentaries, www. Background information www, books, people, magazine articles, documentaries Comprehensive information Newspapers, www, journals, people, tv, radio Current, up to date Possible Sources Type of information
    5. 5. <ul><li>Not case sensitive - all words included, but order matters </li></ul><ul><li>Search results displayed in order of relevance - use + for emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><li>“ ‘’ for exact phrase </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- if word has more than one meaning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>* for word variants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ or’ for alternatives </li></ul></ul></ul>Searching on the internet Search techniques
    6. 6. Search Engines
    7. 7. <ul><li>General Hints </li></ul><ul><li>Look for hints in a URL before selecting it. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for related links. (url: ) </li></ul><ul><li>Use the 5 points in next slide to evaluate. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a second or third opinion. </li></ul>Evaluating the website
    8. 8. <ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage </li></ul>Evaluating the website
    9. 9. <ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Are the sources of factual information clearly listed so they can be verified in another source? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information free of errors? </li></ul><ul><li>Grammatical </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Typographical </li></ul><ul><li>If statistical data, are they clearly labelled and easy to read? </li></ul>Evaluating for:
    10. 10. <ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Is the author indicated (often in the footer)? Is the author the original creator of the information? Are the author's qualifications clearly stated? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it clear who is sponsoring the page? </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Is it a national institution/organization? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there a link to a page describing the purpose </li></ul><ul><li>of the sponsoring organization? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a way of verifying the page's sponsor? (An e-mail address is not enough.) </li></ul><ul><li>If the material is protected by copyright, is the name of the copyright holder indicated? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the site seem to be permanent or part of a permanent organisation? </li></ul>Evaluating the website
    11. 11. <ul><li>Perspective or Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Does the author have a bias? Does she/he express a particular point of view? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the author affiliated with particular organizations, institutions, associations? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the rationale for the site - is it endorsing a particular viewpoint to the exclusion of other views? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a list or bibliography of corroborative evidence? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information free of advertising? If there is any advertising on the page, is it clearly identified as advertising or does it look like informational content? </li></ul>Evaluating the website
    12. 12. <ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Are there dates on the page (usually in the footer) to indicate when the page was written and last revised? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any other indications that the material is kept current? </li></ul><ul><li>If material is presented in graphs and/or charts, is it clearly stated when the data was gathered? </li></ul>Evaluating the website
    13. 13. <ul><li>Go to http://home.inreach.com/kumbach/velcro.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/ </li></ul><ul><li> http://www. allaboutexplorers .com/ </li></ul>
    14. 14. Try evaluating some sites... <ul><li>Search a controversial topic in Google : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;nuclear Armageddon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>prisons danger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ stem cells” abortion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scan the first two pages of results </li></ul><ul><li>Visit one or two sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>try to evaluate their quality and reliability </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>http://www.martinlutherking.org/ </li></ul>
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