Public speaking, speech
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ppt used in my lesson on Public Speaking essentials

ppt used in my lesson on Public Speaking essentials

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Public speaking, speech Public speaking, speech Presentation Transcript

  • Basics ofPublicSpeaking*Types of Listening*Principles of Good Listening*Final –s Sounds*Language and Style*Special Problems that PlaguePublic Speakers*Principles of a Good Speech*Effective Voice Power“The stroke of the whip maketh marks in the flesh:but the stroke of the tongue breaketh the bones.Many have fallen by the edge of the sword: but notso many as have fallen by the tongue.”[Ecclesiasticus 28:17 --18].”
  • Types ofListening andPrinciples ofGood ListeningHear ye! Hear ye!Listening is areceiving skill.Listening is one of the language macro skills. Thisskill is learned first, used most (45%), but taught least.
  • 1. The teacher tells a story about natureand plays music to motivate the students.2. Pauline would always react to what theteacher says. She has so manyquestions about the topic.3. Stephanie listens closely to what theteacher shares to the class. Sheparticipates and takes every lesson as alearning step to her goal.4. Teacher Richard discussed about thekinds of animals and the kinds of flowers.But when he conducted a test, Mika onlygot a high score on labeling the parts ofthe flower.5. Preschool pupils love to play thanlistening to their teacher. The childrenanswer the teacher impolitely andcontinue to roam around the classroom.Activity 1(Types of Listening)Attentive, Marginal,Critical, Appreciative,SelectiveActivity 1. Identify the type of listening used in these situations. (Attentive,Marginal, Critical, Appreciative and Selective)
  • 1. The teacher tells a story about natureand plays music to motivate the students.2. Pauline would always react to what theteacher says. She has so manyquestions about the topic.3. Stephanie listens closely to what theteacher shares to the class. Sheparticipates and takes every lesson as alearning step to her goal.4. Teacher Richard discussed about thekinds of animals and the kinds of flowers.But when he conducted a test, Mia onlygot a high score on labeling the parts ofthe flower.5. Preschool pupils love to play thanlistening to their teacher. The childrenanswer the teacher impolitely andcontinue to roam around the classroom.Activity 1(Types of Listening)Attentive, Marginal,Critical, Appreciative,SelectiveActivity 1. Identify the type of listening used in these situations. (Attentive,Marginal, Critical, Appreciative and Selective)
  • Activity 1(Types of Listening)Attentive, Marginal,Critical, Appreciative,SelectiveActivity 1. Identify the type of listening used in these situations. (Attentive,Marginal, Critical, Appreciative and Selective)6. The students analyzed each step theteacher had taught on how to produce agood research paper and askedthemselves thought-provoking questions.7. “I don’t know Ma’am,” said Cliven whenthe teacher asked him about theirdiscussion a while ago.8. The class never moved on their seatswhen Teacher Hanneh talks about herhorror stories and experiences.9. Ms. Celina lets her students watch a film.She would like her students to listenattentively and reflect on what the film istrying to reveal.10. Niesa listens well to her Science teacherwhen her teacher discusses aboutAstronomy but tends to do somethingwhen the lesson is about the Earth.
  • 6. The students analyzed each step theteacher had taught on how to produce agood research paper and askedthemselves thought-provoking questions.7. “I don’t know Ma’am,” said Cliven whenthe teacher asked her about theirdiscussion a while ago.8. The class never moved on their seatswhen Teacher Hanneh talks about herhorror stories and experiences.9. Ms. Celina lets her students watch a film.She would like her students to listenattentively and reflect on what the film istrying to reveal.10. Niesa listens well to her Science teacherwhen her teacher discusses aboutAstronomy but tends to do somethingwhen the lesson is about the Earth.Activity 1(Types of Listening)Attentive, Marginal,Critical, Appreciative,SelectiveActivity 1. Identify the type of listening used in these situations. (Attentive,Marginal, Critical, Appreciative and Selective)
  • Find areas of interest.Poor Listener: Tunes out dry topics.Good Listener: Seizes opportunities: "Whatsin it for me?"Judge content, not delivery.Poor Listener: Tunes out if delivery is poor.Good Listener: Judges content, skips overdelivery errors.Hold your fire.Poor Listener: Tends to enter into argument.Good Listener: Doesnt judge untilcomprehension is complete.Listen for ideas.Poor Listener: Listens for facts.Good Listener: Listens for central theme.Be a flexible note taker.Poor Listener: Is busy with form, missescontent.Good Listener: Adjusts to topic andorganizational pattern.Principles ofGood ListeningPOOR VS. GOOD LISTENER
  • Work at listening.Poor Listener: Shows no energy, fakes attentionGood Listener: Works hard; exhibits alertness.Resist distractions.Poor Listener: Is distracted easily.Good Listener: Avoids distractions; concentrates.Exercise your mind.Poor Listener: Resists difficult material; seekslight, recreational material.Good Listener: Uses heavier material as exercisefor the mind.Keep your mind open.Poor Listener: Reacts to emotional words.Good Listener: Interprets emotional words; doesnot get hung up on them.Thought is faster than speech; use it.Poor Listener: Tends to daydream with slowspeakers.Good Listener: Challenges, anticipates, mentallysummarizes, weighs the evidences, listensbetween the lines to tone and voice.Principles ofGood ListeningPOOR VS. GOOD LISTENER
  • Activity 4(Tongue Twisters)Final –s Sounds/s/, /z/, and /Iz/Activity 4. Choose one tongue twister and read it inclass three times (speed: slow, medium, then fast).The fishes and chips shop’s chipsare soft chips for Charlie whochooses cheese and cherries.Dressed in deep-dry drawers, indeeply dreadful dreams, faithfetched fifty-five foils, and firedfresh flesh of fowls.The checkers of chick’s sex checkthe sex of six chicks afterreceiving six cheques for thebuyers of six chicks.
  • Public Speaking,Language andStyle, andProblems thatPlague PublicSpeakersSpeak up!Public SpeakingEssentials andAnxietiesPublic Speaking ranks number 1 in the greatest fearspeople face. Snakes and death follow in second andthird place only.
  • Every time you communicate withpeople, you present:– yourself;– your ideas; and– information to others.If you:– are ambitious and would want tomove up the ladder of success;– wish to have a positive impacton others; and– want to have your skills andtalents recognized andrewarded,then strive to be a successfulcommunicator NOW!Speak up!Public SpeakingEssentials andAnxieties
  • Activity 5(Self-Evaluation)Communication SkillsActivity 5. Reflect on your present skill as acommunicator. Answer these questions briefly.1. Are you able to put across whatyou think and feel? Yes, No,Sometimes? Why?2. Are you having difficultyexpressing yourself? Yes, No,Sometimes? Why?3. Do you have self-confidence totalk to different kinds of people ofvarying age, position and statusin life?4. What can you do to improve yourcommunication skills?
  • Activity 6(Diagram)CommunicationProcessActivity 6. Deduce on the process of communication.Create a graphic organizer with these elements.Message ChannelSender ReceiverFeedback Noisetransmitting verifyingencoding decodingbarriers
  • Speak up!CommunicationProcessCOMMUNICATION• Communication is a process by whichpeople send messages or exchangeideas or thoughts with one another in averbal or non-verbal manner.
  • Speak up!CommunicationProcessCOMMUNICATION• Latin term communicare – to share,unite, join, or to have things incommon• Speaker – sender, addresser• Listener – receiver, addressee• Message – comprises everythingthe speaker/s want to transmit• Channel – component that refers tosymbols, marks, signs, gadget towhich message is transmitted• Feedback – information thatlistener/s return to speaker aboutclarity and acceptability• Situation – physical setting andsocial context communication occurs
  • Speak up!Modes ofCommunicationMODES OF COMMUNICATIONPersonalDualSmall GroupPublicSpeaking
  • Speak up!Public SpeakingDefinedWHAT IS PUBLIC SPEAKING?• is an art of facing a group of peopleand communicating to them yourthoughts and feelings by means ofeffective speech.• is a process of conveying ideas, ofsharing opinions and information,and of inducing understanding.• is highly social in that it involvesothers, but it is individualistic in itsneed for understanding.
  • ManuscriptReading a speech from written textMemorizedGiving a speech word for word from memorywithout using notesImpromptuDelivering a presentation without advancepreparationExtemporaneousSpeaking from a written or memorized outlinewithout having memorized the exactwording of the presentationMETHODS OF SPEECH DELIVERYSpeak up!Four Methods ofDelivery
  • Activity 7Methods of SpeechDeliveryManuscript, Memorized,Impromptu,ExtemporaneousActivity 7. Identify what method of speech delivery isused in these situations.1. Mac, having won the Oratorical Contest,redelivered the speech “I Have a Dream.”2. Because Pres. Alfonso declined twohours before the start of the event, Nickrendered the Opening Remarks of thecharity event for he was the organizer.3. Mayor Paolo spoke in his preparedInspirational message about the youthbeing catalysts of change during theGraduation Exercises.4. Best Film Actress winner Jackie did notexpect her triumph. During heracceptance speech, she was tooemotional but still the crowd loved her.5. Being first-time hosts, Julie L., Stella andJami usually depend on theteleprompters for their spiels.
  • Activity 7Methods of SpeechDeliveryManuscript, Memorized,Impromptu,ExtemporaneousActivity 7. Identify what method of speech delivery isused in these situations.1. Mac, having won the Oratorical Contest,redelivered the speech “I Have a Dream.”2. Because Pres. Alfonso declined twohours before the start of the event, Nickrendered the Opening Remarks of thecharity event for he was the organizer.3. Mayor Paolo spoke in his preparedInspirational message about the youthbeing catalysts of change during theGraduation Exercises.4. Best Film Actress winner Jackie did notexpect her triumph. During heracceptance speech, she was tooemotional but still the crowd loved her.5. Being first-time hosts, Julie L., Stella andJami usually depend on theteleprompters for their spiels.
  • Speak up!How should Ispeak in front?LANGUAGE AND STYLE• Speak with CLARITY• Treat words asSYMBOLS• Stick to REALITY• Practice good USAGEand strengthenVOCABULARY• Make your speechSIMPLE
  • Speak up!Anxieties in PublicSpeakingSPECIAL PROBLEMS THAT PLAGUE PUBLICSPEAKERS• How should I walk to andfrom the platform?• Where and how should Istand?• Should I move around?• What should I do with myhands?• How should I use thespeaker’s stand?
  • Speak up!Gestures to Avoidin Public SpeakingTHINGS YOU SHOULD NOT DO• Read directly from notes• Read directly from screen• Turn back on audience• Slouch, hands in pockets• Say “um”, “ah”, “you know”• Project nervous gestures• Talk too fast• Talk too quietly• Walk awkwardly or hurriedly• Hide behind the lectern
  • Speak up!SuggestedGestures in PublicSpeakingTHINGS YOU SHOULD DO• Show eye contact• Glance at notes• Give appropriate gestures• Involve audience through rhetoricalquestions• Stand with good posture• Appear decent, respectable andsimple• Move around to maintain audiencecontact• Walk with ease and poise• Drop hands at the sides when notusing gestures
  • Speak up!Ten Tips whenSpeaking in PublicTEN SUCCESSFUL TIPS TOCONTROL THE BUTTERFLIES• Know the room• Know the audience• Know your material• Relax by stretching andbreathing• Visualize yourself beingsuccessful; practiceBuild character. Hold your headup high and be respected foryour integrity.
  • Speak up!Ten Tips whenSpeaking in PublicTEN SUCCESSFUL TIPS TOCONTROL THE BUTTERFLIES• Think that people want youto succeed• Do not apologize becauseyou are nervous• Focus on the message notthe medium• Turn nervousness intopositive energy• Gain experience
  • “You have probably heardspeeches in the pastwherein at some point youheard a speaker talk about atopic for nearly an hour, andat the end of the speech,you said, “What’s the point?”- E. BaracerosSpeechPreparationPrinciples
  • Principles of aGood SpeechSpeechPreparationPrinciplesA speech is effective if it captures the audience’sattention and that the listeners understand andremember the speech.
  • Activity 10(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechTen Principles of a Good SpeechA good speech is…• socially responsible• reveals a highly-qualified speaker• purposeful• deals with worthwhile subjects• based on best materials• analytical• based on sound method• claims the listeners’ attention &interest• makes use of voice & bodily action• uses good diction, language & style
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.1. In his resource talk, Charlesinvolves the audience toparticipate through energizers andquestions to answer.2. Ms. Del Mar gathered variousspeech materials, and she did notdepend on one source only.3. Zidon, although feeling compelledto stand in the podium to read hismanuscript speech, opted tomove and show appropriategestures during his lecture.
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.4. Julie J., maid of honor of brideMika, thought of preparing aspeech rather than impromptuspeaking because of theoccasion.5. Cong. Justin did not miss theopportunity to campaign forgreening the environment in thesocial function Brgy. Capt. Robinhad.6. The audience knew right then thatKerxen is a well-renownedwoman activist when she startedher extemporaneous speech.
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.7. Neil did not use street language inhis after-dinner speech for heknew it was a formal event.8. Madam Chloe, CEO of thecompany hosting the event, talkedabout her aspirations and howshe achieved them rather thanlecturing the company’s statistics.9. Brylle and Jedren prepareddetailed outlines beforememorizing their oratoricalspeeches.10. When preparing his declamation,Yasu thought about the theme ofthe VOC Book Month.
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.1. In his resource talk, Charlesinvolves the audience toparticipate through energizers andquestions to answer.2. Ms. Del Mar gathered variousspeech materials, and she did notdepend on one source only.3. Zidon, although feeling compelledto stand in the podium to read hismanuscript speech, opted tomove and show appropriategestures during his lecture.
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.4. Julie J., maid of honor of brideMika, thought of preparing aspeech rather than impromptuspeaking because of theoccasion.5. Cong. Justin did not miss theopportunity to campaign forgreening the environment in thesocial function Brgy. Capt. Robinhad.6. The audience knew right then thatKerxen is a well-renownedwoman activist when she startedher extemporaneous speech.
  • Activity 8(Identify the Principle)Basic Principles of aGood SpeechActivity 8. Infer what principle is being applied in the followingsituations.7. Neil did not use street language inhis after-dinner speech for heknew it was a formal event.8. Madam Chloe, CEO of thecompany hosting the event, talkedabout her aspirations and howshe achieved them rather thanlecturing the company’s statistics.9. Brylle and Jedren prepareddetailed outlines beforememorizing their oratoricalspeeches.10. When preparing his declamation,Yasu thought about the theme ofthe VOC Book Month.
  • Speak up!Be aconfidentpublicspeaker!
  • COMICSTRIPSJustin helping Neil preparing his speech…Mommy Chloe following up son Alfonso on his literature report…
  • WEBSITEwww.toondoo.com
  • Speak up!Now, say to yourself:I am a successfulpublic speaker!