Grammar Pointers:Word Order: Declarative Sentences Prof. Myrna MonllorJiménez English 112
1 The simplest sentence pattern includes only a subject and a verb. For example: The childcried. subjectverb This is a complete sentence because it expresses a complete thought.
The subject The subject of a sentence can be a noun, a pronoun, or a noun phrase For example Carmen works hard. (noun) She sleeps a lot. (pronoun) The young man bought a computer. (noun phrase) The subject pronouns are: I (yo) You (Tú, Usted) He (Él) She (Ella) It (Neutral singular) We (nosotr@s) You (Ustedes) They (Ell@s)
The Noun Phrase The noun phrase can include an article, an adjective, a prepositional phrase, and a noun The young man A book The beautiful girl in the blue dress The articles in English are: a, an, the
2 Other verbs need something to complete the thought. The thought can be completed by using a noun, an adjective, an adverb, a prepositional phrase, or a clause after the verb.
Noun + Verb + Adjective Pronoun She is pretty . (only some verbs can be followed by an adjective: is, am, was, were, seem, appear, look, taste, sound…)
Noun + Verb + Adverb Pronoun They worked hard. They left rapidly.
Noun + Verb + Prepositional Phrase Pronoun The students studied at the library.
What is a prepositional phrase? Prepositional Phrases begin with a preposition followed by a noun. For example: At the party Between classes In the cafeteria At the beach
What are some of the prepositions? In On At With For From To Between Among Under Above Over Without Beneath Beyond within
Noun + Verb + Noun + adverb Pronoun Pronoun The students left the classroomrapidly.
Noun + Verb + Noun + Prepositional Phrase PronounPronoun She greeted himin the classroom.
Complete the thoughts. Then determine if you completed the thought with a noun, an adjective, an adverb, or a prepositional phrase. 1. She worked … 2. The young men took … 3. My friends and I went … 4.Businessmen need … 5. He shaved… 6. The math exercise was … 7. The movie began … 8. The guests tasted …
9. The professor greeted … 10. We bought … 11. They listened … 12. The semester began … 13. The family sold … 14. They met … 15. We learned …