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Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
Grammar Pointers
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Grammar Pointers

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  • 1. Grammar Pointers:Word Order: Declarative Sentences
    Prof. Myrna MonllorJiménez
    English 112
  • 2. 1
    The simplest sentence pattern includes only a
    subject and a verb.
    For example: The childcried.
    subjectverb
    This is a complete sentence because it expresses
    a complete thought.
  • 3. The subject
    The subject of a sentence can be a noun, a
    pronoun, or a noun phrase
    For example
    Carmen works hard. (noun)
    She sleeps a lot. (pronoun)
    The young man bought a computer. (noun phrase)
    The subject pronouns are:
    I (yo)
    You (Tú, Usted)
    He (Él)
    She (Ella)
    It (Neutral singular)
    We (nosotr@s)
    You (Ustedes)
    They (Ell@s)
  • 4. The Noun Phrase
    The noun phrase can include an article, an
    adjective, a prepositional phrase, and a noun
    The young man
    A book
    The beautiful girl in the blue dress
    The articles in English are: a, an, the
  • 5. 2
    Other verbs need something to complete the
    thought. The thought can be completed by using
    a noun, an adjective, an adverb, a prepositional
    phrase, or a clause after the verb.
  • 6. Examples
    Noun + Verb + Noun
    Pronoun Pronoun
    For example:
    Wevisitedour grandmother.
    Pronoun
    verb
    Noun
  • 7. Noun + Verb + Adjective
    Pronoun
    She is pretty .
    (only some verbs can be followed by an adjective: is, am, was, were, seem, appear, look, taste, sound…)
  • 8. Noun + Verb + Adverb
    Pronoun
    They worked hard.
    They left rapidly.
  • 9. Noun + Verb + Prepositional Phrase
    Pronoun
    The students studied at the library.
  • 10. What is a prepositional phrase?
    Prepositional Phrases begin with a preposition
    followed by a noun.
    For example:
    At the party
    Between classes
    In the cafeteria
    At the beach
  • 11. What are some of the prepositions?
    In
    On
    At
    With
    For
    From
    To
    Between
    Among
    Under
    Above
    Over
    Without
    Beneath
    Beyond
    within
  • 12. Noun + Verb + Noun + adverb
    Pronoun Pronoun
    The students left the classroomrapidly.
  • 13. Noun + Verb + Noun + Prepositional Phrase
    PronounPronoun
    She greeted himin the classroom.
  • 14. Complete the thoughts. Then determine if you completed the thought with a noun, an adjective, an adverb, or a prepositional phrase.
    1. She worked …
    2. The young men took …
    3. My friends and I went …
    4.Businessmen need …
    5. He shaved…
    6. The math exercise was …
    7. The movie began …
    8. The guests tasted …
  • 15. 9. The professor greeted …
    10. We bought …
    11. They listened …
    12. The semester began …
    13. The family sold …
    14. They met …
    15. We learned …

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