Grammar Pointers:Word Order: Declarative Sentences<br />Prof. Myrna MonllorJiménez<br />English 112<br />
1<br />The simplest sentence pattern includes only a<br />subject and a verb.<br />For example: The childcried.<br />subje...
The subject<br />The subject of a sentence can be a noun, a<br />pronoun, or a noun phrase<br />For example<br />Carmen wo...
The Noun Phrase<br />The noun phrase can include an article, an<br />adjective, a prepositional phrase, and a noun<br />Th...
2<br />Other verbs need something to complete the<br />thought. The thought can be completed by using<br />a noun, an adje...
Examples<br />Noun        + Verb   + Noun	<br />Pronoun	Pronoun<br />For  example: <br />Wevisitedour grandmother.<br />Pr...
Noun        +  Verb  + Adjective                <br />Pronoun<br />She is pretty .<br />(only some verbs can be followed b...
Noun       +  Verb  +  Adverb<br />    Pronoun<br />They worked hard.<br />They left rapidly.<br />
Noun    + Verb + Prepositional Phrase<br />Pronoun<br />The students studied at the library.<br />
What is a prepositional phrase?<br />Prepositional Phrases begin with a preposition<br />followed by a noun.<br />For exam...
What are some of the prepositions?<br />In<br />On<br />At<br />With<br />For<br />From<br />To<br />Between<br />Among<br...
Noun    + Verb + Noun     + adverb<br />Pronoun              Pronoun<br />The students left the classroomrapidly.<br />
Noun   + Verb + Noun + Prepositional Phrase<br />PronounPronoun<br />She greeted himin the classroom.<br />
	Complete the thoughts. Then determine if you completed the thought with a noun, an adjective, an adverb, or a preposition...
9. The professor greeted  …<br />10. We bought …		<br />11. They listened …                      <br /> 12. The semester b...
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Grammar Pointers

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Grammar Pointers

  1. 1. Grammar Pointers:Word Order: Declarative Sentences<br />Prof. Myrna MonllorJiménez<br />English 112<br />
  2. 2. 1<br />The simplest sentence pattern includes only a<br />subject and a verb.<br />For example: The childcried.<br />subjectverb<br />This is a complete sentence because it expresses<br />a complete thought.<br />
  3. 3. The subject<br />The subject of a sentence can be a noun, a<br />pronoun, or a noun phrase<br />For example<br />Carmen works hard. (noun)<br />She sleeps a lot. (pronoun)<br />The young man bought a computer. (noun phrase)<br />The subject pronouns are:<br />I (yo)<br />You (Tú, Usted)<br />He (Él)<br />She (Ella)<br />It (Neutral singular)<br />We (nosotr@s)<br />You (Ustedes)<br />They (Ell@s)<br />
  4. 4. The Noun Phrase<br />The noun phrase can include an article, an<br />adjective, a prepositional phrase, and a noun<br />The young man<br />A book<br />The beautiful girl in the blue dress<br />The articles in English are: a, an, the<br />
  5. 5. 2<br />Other verbs need something to complete the<br />thought. The thought can be completed by using<br />a noun, an adjective, an adverb, a prepositional<br />phrase, or a clause after the verb.<br />
  6. 6. Examples<br />Noun + Verb + Noun <br />Pronoun Pronoun<br />For example: <br />Wevisitedour grandmother.<br />Pronoun<br />verb<br />Noun<br />
  7. 7. Noun + Verb + Adjective <br />Pronoun<br />She is pretty .<br />(only some verbs can be followed by an adjective: is, am, was, were, seem, appear, look, taste, sound…)<br />
  8. 8. Noun + Verb + Adverb<br /> Pronoun<br />They worked hard.<br />They left rapidly.<br />
  9. 9. Noun + Verb + Prepositional Phrase<br />Pronoun<br />The students studied at the library.<br />
  10. 10. What is a prepositional phrase?<br />Prepositional Phrases begin with a preposition<br />followed by a noun.<br />For example:<br />At the party<br />Between classes<br />In the cafeteria<br />At the beach<br />
  11. 11. What are some of the prepositions?<br />In<br />On<br />At<br />With<br />For<br />From<br />To<br />Between<br />Among<br />Under<br />Above<br />Over<br />Without<br />Beneath<br />Beyond<br />within<br />
  12. 12. Noun + Verb + Noun + adverb<br />Pronoun Pronoun<br />The students left the classroomrapidly.<br />
  13. 13. Noun + Verb + Noun + Prepositional Phrase<br />PronounPronoun<br />She greeted himin the classroom.<br />
  14. 14. Complete the thoughts. Then determine if you completed the thought with a noun, an adjective, an adverb, or a prepositional phrase.<br />1. She worked … <br />2. The young men took …<br />3. My friends and I went …<br />4.Businessmen need … <br />5. He shaved… <br />6. The math exercise was …<br />7. The movie began … <br />8. The guests tasted … <br />
  15. 15. 9. The professor greeted …<br />10. We bought … <br />11. They listened … <br /> 12. The semester began …<br />13. The family sold … <br />14. They met … <br />15. We learned …<br />
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