Sentence Structure

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Sentence Structure

  1. 1. Sentence Structure University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>To provide the student with pointers on how to construct sentences </li></ul>
  3. 3. Simple Sentence <ul><li>A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Simple Sentence We went to San Juan yesterday. Observe how a simple sentence is constructed:
  5. 5. Simple Sentence We went to San Juan . Pronoun Verb Simple subject Complete predicate Prepositional phrase
  6. 6. Compound Sentence <ul><li>A compound sentence has more than one part that can stand alone (independent clauses) </li></ul><ul><li>Independent clauses are connected by coordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs or a semi-colon. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Compound Sentence <ul><ul><li>We went to San Juan, and </li></ul></ul>most of us danced all night.
  8. 8. Compound Sentence <ul><ul><li>We went to San Juan, </li></ul></ul>and most of us danced all night . Subject Verb Coordinating Conjunction Predicate Verb Prepositional phrase Modifying phrase Subject
  9. 9. Compound Sentences <ul><li>My parents caught a severe cold ; consequently, they had to cancel their vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people like basketball ; others prefer baseball. </li></ul>Conjunctive Adverb Semi-colon
  10. 10. Complex Sentence <ul><li>A complex sentence has at least two parts: one that can stand alone and another one that cannot </li></ul><ul><li>The part that cannot stand alone is linked to the rest of the sentence by a subordinating conjunction </li></ul>
  11. 11. Complex Sentence <ul><ul><li>Since my boyfriend and I wanted to have fun, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we went to San Juan yesterday. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Complex Sentence <ul><ul><li>Since we wanted to have fun , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we went to San Juan yesterday . </li></ul></ul>Predicate Subject Subordinating Conjunction Part that cannot stand alone
  13. 13. <ul><li>This type of sentence has more than one part that can stand alone, and at least one that cannot </li></ul><ul><li>Notice how the different conjunctions link the different parts of this sentence </li></ul>Compound-Complex Sentence
  14. 14. Compound-Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, my boyfriend and I went to San Juan yesterday, and we danced all night.
  15. 15. Since we wanted to have fun , my boyfriend and I went to San Juan, and we danced all night . Subject Predicate Subordinating Conjunction Coordinating Conjunction Part that cannot stand alone Compound-Complex Sentence
  16. 16. For More Information <ul><li>Index English Grammar and Composition </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2 . </li></ul><ul><li>Tons of Fun with Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.seasite.niu.edu/flin/103_handouts/sentences_and_phrases.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Book Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.grammarbook.com/exercises/grammar/ </li></ul><ul><li>cnt_gram.html </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thank You Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Cultures April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd August 2004 Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005

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