Constructing Paragraphs for an Essay
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Constructing Paragraphs for an Essay

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Constructing Paragraphs for an Essay Constructing Paragraphs for an Essay Presentation Transcript

  • Constructing Paragraphs for an Essay University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  • Objective
    • To construct effective paragraphs for an essay
  • Before Starting to Write
    • Choose a topic to write about
    • Brainstorm
    • Research the topic you selected, and make sure you keep track of your references
    • Review all the information before starting to write
    • Organize the ideas in a logical way
  • Focusing on Content
  • Writing with Attitude
    • Identify your audience
          • Who will read your essay?
    • Identify the purpose and tone of your writing
          • Objective / Subjective
          • Casual / Formal
          • Persuasive / Informative
          • Expository / Argumentative
  • The Basics of Writing
    • When writing, you must do three basic things:
    • Introduce your topic (introduction)
    • Provide details that support your topic (body)
    • Write an appropriate conclusion
  • Outlining
    • Prepare an outline to:
    • Determine which information is related to the topic
    • Organize your ideas (order of importance, chronological order, spatial…)
    • Structure your essay (Introduction-Body-Conclusion)
  • Introductory Paragraphs
    • Capture your reader’s interest through an attention getter by using
    • Incidents
    • Examples
    • Vivid
    • descriptions
    • Statistics
    • Dialogue
    • Unusual or
    • interesting facts
    • Quotes
    • Anecdotes
  • Introductory Paragraphs
    • State the main idea
    • Establish the organization of the essay
    • Introduce important terms or situations relevant to your writing
  • Developing Your Topic
    • Present the ideas that will support your thesis statement
    • Develop one paragraph for each supporting idea
    • Explain each supporting idea as much as you can, even if it seems too obvious
  • Connecting Ideas
    • Use transitional words or phrases to move from one idea to another.
    • (for example, first, next, moreover, finally…)
    • You can do this by
      • Using coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, and conjunctive adverbs
      • Repeating key words or phrases
  • Examples of Transitional Words and Phrases
    • First, second, third…
    • Next, next step…
    • Then…,
    • Finally, last…
    • Before, after…
    • Meanwhile
    • Three hours later…
    • In the morning, in the evening…
    • For example
    • Moreover…
  • Conjunctions
    • Coordinating
    • And
    • But
    • Or
    • Nor
    • For
    • Yet
    • Correlative
    • Either...or
    • Neither…nor
    • Whether…or
    • Not only…but (also)
    • both…and
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
    • While
    • So that
    • Because
    • Whenever
    • Since
    • As though
    • When
    • Provided that
    • As soon as
    • Until
    • In order that
    • As long as
    • Unless
    • If
    • As if
    • Though
    • Even though
    • As
    • Than
    • Even if
    • Although
    • That
    • Before
    • After
  • Conjunctions
    • Subordinating
    • After
    • Although
    • As
    • As if
    • As long as
    • As soon as
    • As though
    • Because
    • Before
    • Even if Though
    • Even though Unless
    • If Until
    • In order that When
    • Provided that Whenever
    • Since While
    • So That
    • That
    • Than
  • Conjunctive Adverbs
    • Accordingly
    • Also
    • Besides
    • Consequently
    • Finally
    • Furthermore
    • However
    • Indeed
    • Instead
    • Later
    • Moreover
    • Nevertheless
    • Otherwise
    • Still
    • Therefore
    • Thus
  • Concluding Arguments
    • The conclusion may:
      • Summarize the main points discussed
      • Ask questions that will make a reader think
      • Offer a solution for a problem
      • Make a recommendation
      • Make a prediction
      • Restate the main idea
      • Invite the audience to take action in the solution
  • For More Information…
    • You can visit the following web sites:
    • The Unicorn Pen. http://www.anitraweb.org/write/unicorn/essays.html
    • Index English Grammar and Composition
    • http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2.htm
  • Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Cultures April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd Administrative Assistant Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005 Thank you!