HOW TO SUMMARIZE University of the Sacred HeartCenter for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
Objectives Identify main idea Understand key terms Outline information Summarize in your own words Avoid plagiarism
Six Steps for Summarizing Read • Identify the main point Re-read • Circle key terms • Divide article into sections • Write the main idea Make an outline • Summarize each section • Follow original sequence of ideas Write a rough draft Edit Compare
What to include in the rough draft Introduction Main idea Body Author’skey words Important ideas and data Conclusion Avoid adding new data Do not use your own ideas
How to Avoid PlagriarisimWhat is plagiarism? You should… Unauthorized use or State all references close imitation of the used language and thoughts Avoid using quotes of another author as Cite correctly one’s original work. APA Style
Remember When writing a summary… State the main point first Explain each section Never use your ideas Finish with the author’s conclusion Avoid plagiarism
References [Standing Books]. (n.d.) [Photograph]. Retrieved on January 25, 2012 from http://zerocars.blogspot.com/2009_03_25_archive.html [Checklist]. (n.d.) [Photograph] Retieved on January 25, 2012 from http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/european-and-language- services/apply/application-checklist.cfm [Sharpened Pencils] (n.d.) [Photograph]. Retrieved on January 23, 2012 from http://lovell.com/copywriting/eight-common-errors-in-writing/
Prepared by P. FuertesRevised by LAD professors in May 2012.