Composition Workshop


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Composition Workshop

  1. 1. COMPOSITION WORKSHOP University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines   LAD
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>To help the student write effective and organized essays and papers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Choose a Topic <ul><li>Select a topic that you like or that is familiar to you </li></ul><ul><li>See if there is enough information on your chosen topic </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brainstorming <ul><li>Select a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Write down what comes to your mind </li></ul><ul><li>Group the ideas that are related </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the group of ideas that interests you and are related to the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your notes into an outline </li></ul>
  5. 5. Do Some Research… <ul><li>… on the topic by asking the –wh questions: </li></ul><ul><li>who, what, when, why and how </li></ul><ul><li>… use the library, Internet, TV broadcasts, newspapers, magazines, etc… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prepare an Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis statement (topic sentence) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting ideas (details) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting ideas (transition to next paragraph) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Starting Your First Draft
  8. 8. Paper Format centralize the title 1” margins double-spaced text indent each paragraph 1” margins Recommended font: Courier or Times New Roman justified margins
  9. 9. Essay Content <ul><li>Make sure to include the thesis statement in your introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Develop your ideas according to the outline </li></ul><ul><li>Close your argument with a conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize information from the previous paragraphs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do introduce new information in the conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Writing Techniques
  11. 11. Sentence Variety <ul><ul><li>By using expansions (adjectives, adverbs, verbal and prepositional phrases and appositives) </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Example: Mary has a long, red skirt . </li></ul><ul><li>In structure (use of compound and </li></ul><ul><li>complex sentences) </li></ul><ul><li> Example: I went to Baskin Robbins , and </li></ul><ul><li> I ate a sundae . ( compound sentence ) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sentence Variety <ul><li>In structure – complex sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I saw the woman, who was killing the cockroach , scream crazily . </li></ul><ul><li>In sentence arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Example: In the middle of the </li></ul><ul><li>desert , Will Smith punched the alien. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Other Techniques <ul><li>Achieve unity </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct word order for emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Use occasional questions, exclamations, or commands </li></ul><ul><li>Use connectives (and, but, therefore…) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Also Remember <ul><li>Writing purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare / Contrast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The tone (sad, humorous, serious, concerned…) </li></ul><ul><li>Your audience (formal / informal) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Avoid the Following <ul><li>Breaking one idea into short, monotonous sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Including sentences with unrelated or illogical details </li></ul><ul><li>Using too many details even though related </li></ul>
  16. 16. Avoid the Following <ul><li>Redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary changes in point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Run-ons (A run-on sentence has at least two sentences. Each one should be written separately.) </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect: Do you see the man in the car he is my father. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct: Do you see the man in the car? He is my father. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Citation <ul><li>Short quotations (three lines or less) should be enclosed in quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Don’t ask what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country.” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Citation <ul><li>On a new line, indent longer quotations ( four or more lines ), and set off in single space without quotation marks. Return to the original margin when you finish the quote. </li></ul><ul><li>Always identify the source using APA </li></ul><ul><li>or MLA style </li></ul><ul><li>My country, ‘tis of thee, </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet land of liberty, </li></ul><ul><li>Of thee I sing: </li></ul><ul><li>Land where my fathers died, </li></ul><ul><li>Land of the pilgrims’ pride, </li></ul><ul><li>From every mountainside </li></ul><ul><li>Let freedom ring. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-America , by Samuel Francis Smith </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Plagiarism <ul><li>When you use someone’s ideas without citing, you receive credit for someone else’s intellectual effort </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid plagiarism, make sure to identify and document all your quotes, cites, and reference sources </li></ul>
  20. 20. Save Your Work <ul><li>If you use a computer or word processor, make sure you save your work </li></ul><ul><li>Make more than one copy ! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Go to the LAD Center! <ul><li>Proofread </li></ul><ul><li>Check grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Check work format </li></ul><ul><li>Check essay outline </li></ul><ul><li>Check quotations and citations </li></ul>
  22. 22. Prepare Your Second Draft… … and go back to the LAD Center for a second opinion              
  23. 23. Preparing Your Final Paper <ul><li>Make sure to include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Cover page with your name, student number, the title of your work, course and section, professor’s last name, and date </li></ul><ul><li>Reference list at the end of your work </li></ul><ul><li>Revise quotations and citations </li></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Capital Community College Library. Available at </li></ul><ul><li>Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Available at </li></ul><ul><li>The Research Paper. Available at </li></ul>
  25. 25. Questions? Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Culture Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines (LAD) February 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd August 2004 Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005