Brief Guidelines for Capitalization UNIVERSITY OF THE SACRED HEARTCENTER FOR LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE DISCIPLINES LAD
Capital Letters In writing, capital letters are used at thebeginning of a sentence and for a proper noun.
A capital letter is used at thebeginning of: A sentence, or a word or phrase that stands alone A direct quotation Proper nouns, that is, names of particular persons, places, or things People’s titles Words for religions and their adjectives The first word and all the important words in the title of books, movies, television programs, etc. Languages Centers and institutes
Examples of a sentence, a word or aphrase that stands alone Perhaps. The stores are closed Yes. today. Are the stores closed today?
Example of a direct quotation She whispered, “Can you hear me?” He answered, “Of course.” If a quotation is part of the structure of a sentence, it begins with a small case letter. She said she was “very pleased” to be invited. If a quoted sentence is interrupted, the second part begins with a small letter: “When the pie is done,” he said, “let it cool on the table.”
Examples of proper nounsParticular Particular Particular persons place idea Ricky Puerto Rico Scientology Martin
Other examples of proper nounsNationalities Organizations Names of days• Germans • US Army and months• Mexicans • National • Tuesday Basketball • July Association
Examples of people’s titles • Mr. Rivera • President Obama • Dr. Maldonado • Uncle Joe
Examples of religions and theiradjectives The She is history Islamic Catholic. of law Judaism •When do we capitalize the word god? It is capitalized when it refers to the deity: In God we trust. It is not capitalized when it refers to the gods of ancient mythology or when it is used as a descriptor: The god Apollo is often shown playing the lyre.
Examples of titles, movies, and television shows I am reading The Art of War by Sun Tzu. Have you seen Harry Potter? My favorite television program is Extreme Makeover: Home edition.
Other examples include…Languages Centers and Institutes English University of the Spanish Sacred Heart French Center for Language German Development Across the Disciplines Mandarin
RememberIf you follow therules, you will learnto capitalizecorrectly.
References Landau S. Ed (2003). Cambridge Dictionary of American English (p. 121, 4th printing). United Kingdom: The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge. Carnegie Mellon University. (2011) Writer’s Style Guide. Retrieved September 20, 2010. from http://www.cmu.edu/marcom/brand- guidelines/images/writers_style_guide.pdf http://leitrimmontessori.com/Pics/registrationpic.jpg, retrieved on September 20, 2010. Soraya font [Word font type] Retrieved on September 201, 2012 from http://media.smashingmagazine.com/cdn_smash/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/fonts-08.jpg The Art of War [Cover page] Retrieved on September 20, 2010 from http://www.tempe.gov/LIBRARY/events/images/books.jpg Agostini, E. (Photographer). (2010) [Photograph] Retrieved on September 20, 2010 from http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/images/stories/large/2010/06/10/RickyMartin101609 881.jpg Newspapers and Flags from Around the World [Puerto Rican Flag] Retrieved on September 20, 2012 from http://www.newspapercountry.com/PuertoRico.png Church of Scientology International. [Image of Scientology cross ] Retrieved on September 20, 2012 from http://www.scientology-europe.org/about/proclamation.html
Prepared by N. PiñeroRevised by LAD professors in May 2012.