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Avoiding Plagiarism

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  • 1. Avoiding Plagiarism University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  • 2. Objective
    • To provide the student information on plagiarism, what it is, and how to avoid it
  • 3. What is Plagiarism?
    • Using someone’s ideas without citing or quoting; thereby, receiving credit for someone else’s intellectual effort
  • 4. When Do People Plagiarize?
    • When you do not give credit to another person’s:
      • Ideas, theories, opinions, anecdotes
      • Statistics, facts, graphs, images
      • Spoken or written quotes, even if you paraphrase them
  • 5. How to Avoid Plagiarism
    • Use quotes for
      • Information that comes directly from any source
      • Words, spoken or written, that you use directly from another person
    • Make sure you document the source
  • 6. How to Avoid Plagiarism
    • Paraphrase
      • Write the information in your own words, but do not change its meaning or intention
      • Because you are using someone else’s idea , always mention the source even if you use your own words
  • 7. Document your Sources
    • You must document all the sources of information that you have used to prepare any oral or written report
    • Information which is common knowledge does not need to be documented
  • 8. What Is Considered Common Knowledge?
    • Any information, fact, or statement that is widespread and known by a variety of people is considered common knowledge
    • There is no need to give credit to information that is of common knowledge
  • 9. Be Aware
    • You are plagiarizing if
      • You do not use quotation marks
      • (“ ”), even if you do mention the source
      • You paraphrase by just changing a few words and not using your own
  • 10. How Do I Mention the Source?
    • There are many styles by which you can give credit. The most used are:
      • APA – American Psychological Association
        • Used in the sciences
      • MLA – Modern Language Association
        • Used in the humanities
  • 11. Tips
    • Remember to quote or cite authors for information you have obtained from different sources
    • Organize the material you are going to use
    • Each paper or project should have a bibliography or reference list
  • 12. For More Information
    • http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/wts/plagiarism.html
    • http://www.waldenu.edu/acad-rsrcs/writing-center/plagiarism/
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html
  • 13.
    • Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago
    • Coordinator
    • Center for Languages and Cultures
    • April-June 2003
    • Revised by: Patricia Kidd
    • Administrative Assistant
    • LAD Project
    • August 2004
    • Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano
    • January 2005

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