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Your Work Your Rights
Open access and copyright
Cindy de Jonge, Elisabeth Svensson, Sabine Lengger
Why is ‘open access’ an issue?
Image: Giulia Forsythe http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/6799831691
Why is ‘open access’ an issue?
Open access – will it ever work?
―Libraries and academics have
been trying for over a decade to
develop new ways of
knowledge and research, but the
barriers to entry enjoyed by the
incumbent journals are just too
high (loyal readership, brand
recognition, ‗boards‘ of
academics who peer review
research), as are the value
proposition (they bring order to
an anarchic process — the
development of knowledge).‖
Overview on the media industry by Morgan
Boycott of Elsevier and the
Research Works Act – more than
12000 researchers signed and
refused to work for Elsevier
Figure: Laasko and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124
Types of OA
Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge
OA journals (gold OA)
OA archives or repositories (green OA)
Gold open access
perform peer review.
Found in ―Directory of open access journals‖
You want to publish? You pay the production costs
upfront (800 - 4000 €)
This money comes from:
Author (if described in project funding)
From funding agent (KNAW and NWO)
From university funding
Fee waivers from the journals
Be aware of predatory publishers!
Green open access
OA repositories – self archiving
Do not perform peer review
Preprints (i.e. before review) and postprints (final draft after
! Some journals do refuse articles that have circulated as preprints (referred to as Ingelfinger Rule)
Found on http://www.opendoar.org/ and
http://roar.eprints.org/ , also http://www.openoasis.org/
Some useful links
Figshare http://figshare.com/ – for anything (posters, negative
results, data flopping around on your hdd etc etc). Each public upload
gets a DOI (i.e. citable)
Dryad http://datadryad.org/ - for basic and applied biosciences
Github https://github.com/about – for coding
arXiv.org – For Physics, Computer science, Mathematics, Quantitative
Biology etc (http://arxiv.org/)
University of Utrecht - http://igiturarchive.library.uu.nl/search/search.php?m=simple&language=en&p=1
Open lab notebook –
Open access in the Netherlands
NWO / KNAW
KNAW requires funded research to be openly
NWO encourages open access publishing
Over 231.000 open access publications, over
15.000 datasets, information about
researchers, research projects and research
institutions in the Netherlands.
HBO Kennisbank (http://www.hbo-kennisbank.nl/ )
10.000 theses, over 3.700 publications, 610 study
So? Open access summary.
Purpose: ―... the purpose of OA is not to punish or
undermine expensive journals, but to provide an
accessible alternative and take full advantage of new
technology —the internet— for widening distribution
and reducing costs. Moreover, for researchers
themselves, the overriding motivation is not to solve
the journal pricing crisis but to deliver wider and
easier access for readers and larger audience and
impact for authors.‖
Your work – your copyright
You don‘t have to sign over full copyrights to a
You can retain the right to provide green OA
Read the publishers‘ rules
Accommodation of mandatory green OA
Copyright licenses: http://creativecommons.org/
Already published and signed away your copyright?
Have you ever 'hit a paywall'?
Are you being encouraged to publish with open
access by your supervisors / your institution?
What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages
of open access?
What do you think your institution should do to promote
Have you published open access?
What do you think you/we should do to promote oa?
Many students do not know about the issue of publishing and copyright.
Some students have been actively encouraged to publish open
access, however, in general it seems to be a non-topic. If the issue is
brought forward by the students themselves, the response by the PIs is
usually very positive. Especially, it is not clear that there are funds available
from funding agents and university libraries for funding gold open access.
In order to inform everybody better, the following ideas were discussed:
Organize a colloquium about open access and copyright by a librarian active in this
area, from e.g. Utrecht or Wageningen University libraries. Hopefully, this can
generate a discussion.
Our institution is organizing workshops for PhD students. We want to propose a
new workshop that focuses on open access publishing and copyright. One
possibility would be to include this in the workshop on ‗How to write a paper‗.
However, it would be great to make a new workshop on this and also include
social media and internet presence, as new ways to promote your research. This
‗visibility‘ workshop could be given by one or two people (one on OA / one on
outreach). It would be fantastic if scientists gave this workshop.
In other institutions, a lot of the help for publishing rights is given by librarians. It
would be great if the librarians could receive special training and transfer their
knowledge to us.
There are universities who have facilities to put all posters online. We would like to
show our posters off more, too! Also, maybe a blog where all the students can write
would be great! We could post preprints there.
Summary of suggestions
Colloquium on OA and copyright
Workshops for students
Include in ‗How to write a paper‘
Make a ‗Visibility‘ workshop that contains OA and social
More online possibilities for students