GENERAL KNOWLEDGEThere are few terms, which we can call “ART”:• Literature• Architecture• Music• Cinema• Drawing
LITERATURE The main direction of literature in XX century was Modernism. Modernism is characterized by a break with the traditional styles of poetry and prose. The modernist literary movement was driven by a desire to overturn traditional modes of representation and express the new sensibilities of the time. Many wonderful not- modernist novels were written.‐ George Bernard Shaw ‘The Irrational Knot’, ‘Immaturity’;‐ John Galsworthy ’The Forsyte Saga’‐ Rudyard Kipling ‘The Jungle Book’‐ Herbert George Wells ’Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress Upon Human Life and Thought’
ARCHITECTURE Modernism and Postmodernism was manifested in architecture. Modernism emerged as a reaction against the world before First World War. Stylistically Modernism was functional, drawing upon objects that were designed for a specific purpose such as an attempt to enrich Modern architecture. Many shopping malls and office complexes used this style.
MUSIC “BRITISH INVASION” The British Invasion was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid 1960s when a group of rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom became popular in the United States. Bands such as The Beatles and The Rolling Stones would get their start during this time and go on to make a lasting impact on the American music scene.• The Beatles (1960-1970) were the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in the history of popular music.• The Rolling Stones (1962- present time) are an English rock band formed in London.
CINEMA British cinema have always been a little bit separately from the rest of Europe. Special importance in the late 50s and early 60s played a commercial British film, which was based on the detective genre, including the following novels of Agatha Christies Poirot and Miss Marple and the famous James Bond movies.
DRAWING• Vorticism was a short-lived modernist movement in British art of the early 20th century. (Wyndham Lewis)• English style of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism (Harold Gilman, Spencer Gore)
DRAWING In the 1950s, the London based Independent Group formed; from which pop art emerged.• Eduardo Paolozzi• Richard William Hamilton
CONCLUSION Cultural figures and achievements made in the 20th century, certainly deserve attention. Culture of England at that time had a significant impact on world culture.