History<br />Edward James Muggeridge (Eadward Muybridge), born April 9, 1830, England (died on May 8th 1904), was an expert photographer when it came to capturing motion pictures. He spent most of his life in the USA (mostly California) and changed his name several times such as Eduardo Santiago (probably inspired<br />by the Spanish influence in California). Muybridge is known as the creator of the zoopraxiscopewhich is an early device for displaying motion pictures. Muybridge later got his own statue in San Francisco, CA.<br />
Eadward Muybridge, in the year 1874, had discovered that his wife had been disloyal to him, cheating on him with Major Harry Larkyns.<br />On the 17th of October of the same year, Eadward Muybridge hunted down Larkyns and said to him:<br />"Good evening, Major, my name is Muybridge and here is the answer to the letter you sent my wife"<br />Muybridge then shoots and brutally kills Harry Larkyns!<br />He was put on trial and the jury dismissed the case as Justifiable Homicide.<br />
<ul><li>Known as the father of motion pictures, Muybridge took several pictures of “scenes” and put them all together into a mini-movie. He enjoyed capturing animal life and sometimes humans too. After suffering a serious stagecoach accident, he returned to his homeland for a few years where he started taking photography seriously. While recuperating in England, he learned the wet-collodion process. He later returned to San Francisco, CA, where he became very successful with his photography.
In 1872, Governor Stanford, of California, who was also a race horse owner, had a question and was eager to find out the answer: “Do all four of a horse's hooves lift off the ground at the same time during a gallop?” And so he hired Muybridge to figure it out. In 1878, Muybridge had successfully captured a horse in motion. This series of photographs, called the “Sallie Gardner at a Gallop,” was one of the first forms of videography.</li></li></ul><li>The Horse in Motion<br />Muybridge, 1878<br />Zoopraxiscope<br />Stamped on recto<br />
A COUPLE WALTZING<br />Muybridge, 1893<br />Phenakistoscope<br />
Horse Galloping<br />(The Horse in Motion)<br />Description:This set of photographs shows the viewer exactly how a horse runs. When put together, they form a mini-clip that can be seen over and over again. It was created by Eadward Muybridge in 1878 in order to prove that horses DO lift all four of their hooves when galloping.<br />Analysis:Muybridge uses black and white photos (colored photos didn’t exist yet) to capture a scene. The photos themselves aren’t of great quality, but very entertaining when put together in a “.gif” image. Your focus is on the change of the horse as it moves along. Has a 18th century/medieval feel.<br />Interpretation: Eadward created this work as a request from ex. Governor Stanford, of CA, in order to find out if a horse lifts all 4 of its hooves when moving. It inspired Muybridge to create other, similar photographs that “move.”<br />Judgment: I think this is a great piece, as it was the beginning of movies/films. It was an early form of cartooning in a way and it caught the interest of many people. It most definitely communicates movement and catches your eyes immediately. A+ to Muybridge.<br />
POP QUIZ!<br />1.) What year did Eadward Muybridge die?<br />1812<br />1914<br />1820<br />1904<br />2012<br />2.) Which of the following did Muybridge invent?<br />Zoopraxiscope<br />Collotyoscope<br />Phenakistoscope<br />Zoetrope<br />Let Mr.Green decide<br />3.) What is Muybridge considered to be the father of?<br />Father of the spinning wheel<br />Father of motion pictures<br />Father of the Zeotrope<br />Father of the cinema<br />Father of his son<br />