AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

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AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

  1. 1. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT GROUP 3 HISTORY PROF. OSCAR EDIG GAME 7 AUTHOR LEIZEL T. MALACAY CARL D
  2. 2. RISE OF POLITICAL PARTIES • Political parties organized advocating nationalism during the American period were not permitted to exist. • TRINIDAD H. PARDO DE TAVERA – He headed the first political party that was formed under the American rule. • Immediate Independence Party and the Nationalista Union – merge in 1907 • Sergio Osmeña and Manuel L. Quezon – they are the leading members of political party. • Felipe Agoncillo and Rafael Palma – prominent leaders of the party.
  3. 3. THE FINALIZATION OF THE GOVERNEMENT • Objective to train the Filipinos for self-government, the Americans appointed qualified Filipinos to government positions. • CAYETANO ARELLANO – was appointed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. • FLORENTINO TORRES – was the first attorney General. • GREGORIO ARANETA – was named as Secretary of Finance and Justice.
  4. 4. THE FINALIZATION OF THE GOVERNEMENT • 2,777 Americans are working in the government office 2, 697 Filipinos. • JONES LAW OF 1916 – the Filipinos did not stop working for their independence from United States. • August 29, 1916 – United States Congress passed the Jones Law of 1916. • October 3, 1916 – the elections of the Philippines Legislative were held. • October 16, 1916 – Sergio Osmeña elected as Speaker of the House Representative, Manuel L. Quezon as President of the Philippines Senate. • October 16, 1918 - the Council of State was formed by Governor- General Harrison.
  5. 5. PROGRESS UNDER AMERICAN RULE • ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT • TRANSPORTATION • COMMUNICATION • EDUCATION • RELIGION • HEALTH CONDITIONS UNDER THE AMERICAN • CULTURAL INFLUENCE OF THE AMERICAN
  6. 6. ROAD TO PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE • EARLY STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE • INDEPENDENCE MISSION • OSROX MISSION • TYDINGS-MCDUFFIE ACT
  7. 7. THE COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES • CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION • THE PHILIPPINES CONSTITUTIONS OF 1935 • COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES • REORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT • WOMEN SUFFRAGE • CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
  8. 8. THE COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES • Was inaugurated on November 15, 1935. it was proclaimed by U.S Secretary Dern as representative of the President of the United States.
  9. 9. CULTURAL AND SOCIAL CHANGES • EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM – support given by the American to education continued during Commonwealth period. – Education gave emphasis on vocational and adult education. National vocational schools were establish in the most part of the country. – Many changes were also introduced in our educational system. – Elementary course was reduced from seven years to six years.
  10. 10. CULTURAL AND SOCIAL CHANGES • SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT – the 1935 Constitution provided that “ the promotion of social justice to ensure the well-being and economic security of all people should be the concern of the State. Based on the provision the National Assembly enacted several laws. – Some of the laws enacted were: 1) `the court of Industrial relations was created in 1936 to handle and decide cases involving conflicts between workers and employers. 2) The Eight-hour Labor Law was passed fixing the working time at eight hours a day.
  11. 11. ECONOMY DURING THE COMMONWEALTH • TRADE AND INDUSTRY– Several measures were taken by the government to improve the economy of the country. – They encourage the Filipinos to patronize goods produced in the Philippines. • TRADE RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES – Filipinos enjoyed economic growth. – This arrangement was found to be disadvantage on the part of the Filipinos because they became dependent on the U.S. market in the process of neglecting other foreign markets.
  12. 12. ECONOMY DURING THE COMMONWEALTH • AGRICULTURAL REFORMS– the agricultural sectors experienced also economic growth through the efforts exerted by the government farm production increased, more irrigation systems were built and local plant nurseries were established.
  13. 13. GROUP 3 Prepared and Reported by: LEIZEL T. MALACAY Karl Joseph G. Dagohoy RESEARCHER Kadil Geraldine Bete, Jayasimen R. Ugpo, Emmalou D. MEMBERS: Kester S. Dagapioso Mohinog, Lindy S. Hangad, Warren P.

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